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AuthorDateTitleSourceAnnotations
Cahill, R. A., Shiley, R. H., and Shimp, N. F.1982Forms and volatilities of trace and minor elements in coal; I, A comparison of three pyrolysis unitsEnvironmental Geology Notes, V. 102, pp. 1-22
Caine, Thomas A.1904Soil survey of the Fargo Area:N. Dak. Agr. Coll. Survey 2d Bienn. Rept., p. 59-86, illus. incl. soil map.The surficial geology, soil types, soil conditions, drainage, and agricultural conditions are discussed.
Caine, Thomas A., and Kocher, A. E.1904Soil survey of Jamestown area:N. Dak. Agr. Coll. Survey 2d Bienn. Rept., p. 87-111, illus. incl. soil map.The climate, physiography, surficial geology, soil types, agricultural conditions, and history of settlement are discussed.
Caldwell, John W.1954Surface structure of western Stark County and adjacent areas of North Dakota:N. Dak. Geol. Survey Rept. Inv. no. 14, 1 sheet, illus. incl. geol. map (scale 1:125,000).The stratigraphy and structure are discussed for the Fryburg-South Heart area and the Little Badlands syncline area. The illustrations include a surface structure map and a form-line map.
Caldwell, W. G. E.1982The Cretaceous System in the Williston Basin; a modern appraisalin, Christopher, J. E., Kaldi, J., Dunn, C. E., Kent, D. M., and Lorsong, J. A., eds., Fourth International Williston Basin Symposium, Saskatchewan Geological Society, Regina, Saskatchewan, pp. 295-312
Caldwell, W. W.1978The Middle Missouri tradition in retrospect:Nebraska Academy of Science Transactions, v. 6, p. 131-134.archeology; climatology; Missouri River trench; North Dakota; South Dakota; tree ring studies
Callender, Edward1969Origin and diagenesis of lacustrine carbonate minerals (abstract):Geological Society of America Abstracts with Programs, 1969, pt. 7, p. 29.Devils Lake; carbonates; lake sediments
Callender, Edward1968The postglacial sedimentology of Devils Lake, North Dakota (Univeristy of North Dakota Ph.D. dissertation, 312 p., illus.): abstract:Dissertation Abstracts International, B, Sciences and Engineering, 1969, v. 29, no. 8, p. 2938-2939.Devils Lake; sedimentation; salinity; water levels; limnology; water chemistry; sediment-water interfaces; carbonates; hydrologic budget; thermal properties; geology; geologic history; lake sediments
Callender, Edward1967A preliminary report on the postglacial sedimentology of Devils Lake, North Dakota,in Clayton, Lee, and Freers, T. F., eds., Glacial geology of the Missouri Coteau--Midwest Friends of the Pleistocene Field Conference, 1967, Guidebook: North Dakota Geological Survey Miscellaneous Series 30, p. 137-149, illus. including geologic sketch map.Devils Lake; sedimentology; geologic map; analysis; cores; history of sedimentation; Holocene
Callender, Edward, and Armstrong, Richard1967A preliminary study of some calcium mineral equilibria in the water-sediment system of Devils Lake, North Dakota (abstract):North Dakota Academy of Science Proceedings, 1966, v. 20, p. 157-158.Devils Lake; calcium compounds; geochemistry; sediment-water interfaces
Calvert, W. R., Beekly, A. L., Barnett, V. H., and Pishel, M. A.1914Geology of the Standing Rock and Cheyenne River Indian Reservations, North and South Dakota:U. S. Geol. Survey Bull. 575, 49 p., illus. incl. geol. map (scale 1:500,000).The geography, stratigraphy, paleontology, structure, hydrogeology, and economic geology are discussed for the two reservations.
Camara, M., and Moran S. R.1976Glacial stratigraphy of southeastern North Dakota (abstract):North Dakota Academy of Science Proceedings, v. 30, pt. 1, p. 5.glacial geology; till; stratigraphy
Camara, Michael1977Glacial stratigraphy of southeastern North Dakota:University of North Dakota M. S. thesis, 66 p., illus.lithostratigraphy; Quaternary; Sheyenne River trench; James River trench; drift prairie; Pleistocene history; till; petrology; lithology; morphostratigraphy; ecostratigraphy; topography; glacial features; glacial advances; research methods
Cameron, C. C.1973Peat, in Mineral and water resources of North Dakota: U.S. Congress, Senate, Interior and Insular Affairs Committee, 93rd Congress, 1st Session (SuDoc no. Y4.In8/13:M66/39); also issued: North Dakota Geological Survey Bulletin 63, p. 137-140, illus.natural resources; peat deposits; economic geology
Camfield, P. A., Gough, D. I., and Porath, H.1971Conductive structures in the north-western United States and south-west Canada:Geophysical Journal, v. 23, no. 4, p. 387-398.magnetic studies; geophysics; magnetic anomalies; Williston Basin; magnetic stations; central Plains; northern Rockies
Camfield, P. A., Gough, D. I., and Porath, H.1970bPreliminary results from geomagnetic deep sounding studies in the northwestern U.S. and south-west Canada (abstract):EOS, v. 51, no. 4, p. 268.western North Dakota; magnetic anomalies
Camfield, P. A., Gough, D. I., and Porath, H.1970aMagnetometer array studies in the north-western United States and south-western Canada:Geophysical Journal, v. 22, p. 201-221, illus.western North Dakota; magnetic studies; magnetic anomalies
Campau, Donald E., and Lane, B. B.1965Problems of correlating Permo-Triassic redbeds in Williston Basin (abstract):American Association of Petroleum Geologists Bulletin, v. 49, no. 9, p. 1573.Williston Basin; stratigraphic correlation; Permo-Triassic redbeds; salt solution
Campbell, E. H.1992The perspective of the hobbyist in the utilization of the fossil resources of North DakotaProceedings of the North Dakota Academy of Science, V. 46, p. 9
Campbell, J. C.1990The National Gazetteer of the United States of America: North DakotaUS Geological Survey Professional Paper P 1200-ND, pp. xx-xxv
Campbell, J.M., and Hoganson, J.W.1995Champsosaurus gigas Erickson: A restored and mounted skeleton (ND94-225.1) in the North Dakota state fossil collection:Proceedings of the North Dakota Academy of Science, v. 49, p. 64.North Dakota; Symposium; fossils; Paleocene freshwater environments; vertebrates; reptiles; Champsosaurus; specimens;
Campbell, Marius R. and others1915Guidebok of the western United States. Part A, the Northern Pacific Route, with a side trip to Yellowstone Park:U. S. Geol. Survey Bull. 611, 212 p., illus. incl. geol. maps (scale 1:500,000).The geology and geography of North Dakota, particularly the towns along the Northern Pacific Railroad, are described. Strip maps illustrate the topograpy and geology of the area adjacent to the railroad.
Cannon, M. E., and Nielsen, G. A.1984Estimating production of range vegetation from easily measured soil characteristicsSoil Science Society of America Journal, V. 48, pp. 1393-1397
Caramanica, F.P.1992Ordovician corals of the Red River-Stony Mountain Province,in, Erickson, J. M., and Hoganson, J. W., eds., Proceedings of the F. D. Holland Jr., Geological Symposium, North Dakota Geological Survey, Bismarck, ND, p. 23-97.corals; Ordovician; Red River Formation; rugose corals; Stony Mountain Formation; Tabulata; Winnipeg Formation; Bighorn Formation; Manitoba; Wyoming; North Dakota; stratigraphy; distribution; paleoecology; evolution; paleontology;
Caramanica, Frank P.1973Ordovician corals of the Williston Basin periphery (University of North Dakota Ph. D. dissertation, 570 p., illus.); abstract:Dissertation Abstracts International, B, Sciences and Engineering, 1974, v. 35, no. 1, p. 408-409.Williston Basin; Wyoming; Manitoba; eastern North Dakota; Ordovician; Red River Formation; Stony Mountain Formation; Stonewall Formation; Bighorn Formation; corals; stratigraphic history; lithology; stratigraphy; paleontology
Carcoana, R., Cihacek, L. J., and Weiser, H. C.1994Effect of wind erosion sediments on nitrogen level of the Sheyenne River near Kindred, North Dakota,in, North Dakota Water Quality Symposium Proceedings: Fargo, ND, N.D. Water Resour. Res. Inst., p. 196-203.Cass County; erosion features; Kindred; nitrogen; North Dakota; pollution; Sheyenne River; soils; surface water; water quality; water resources; wind transport;
Carlisle, J.1991The Bakken Formation of the Williston Basin; deposition, maturation, and fracturingin, Hansen, W. B., ed., 1991 Guidebook to geology and horizontal drilling of the Bakken Formation, Montana Geological Society, Billings, MT, p. 89
Carlisle, J.1990The Bakken Formation of the Williston Basin; deposition, maturation, and fracturingin, Hansen, W. B., ed., Bakken Formation short course; study notes No.1, Montana Geological Society, Billings, MT, p. 15
Carlisle, W. J.1990The Bakken Formation of the Williston Basin; deposition, maturation, and fracturingAmerican Association of Petroleum Geologists Bulletin, V. 74, p. 1318
Carlson, C. A.1994Identification of an isotopic and hydrochemical anomaly in the discharge area of the Fox Hills Aquifer, south-central North Dakota; evidence for Pleistocene subglacial recharge?Doctoral dissertation. East Lansing, MI: Michigan State University, 153 p.aquifers; Cenozoic; discharge; Fox Hills Aquifer; geochemical anomalies; geochemistry; glacial environment; glaciation; ground water; hydrochemistry; hydrogen; isotopes; movement; North Dakota; Northern Great Plains aquifer system; paleohydrology; Pleistocene; Quaternary; recharge; stable isotopes;
Carlson, C. E.1968bTriassic-Jurassic of Alberta, Saskatchewan, Manitoba, Montana, and North Dakota,in Rocky Mountains-Breaking barrier boundaries: American Association of Petroleum Geologists Bulletin, v. 52, no. 10, p. 1969-1983, illus,; condensed, 1968: Oil & Gas Journal, v. 66, no. 3, p. 132-138, illus.Triassic rocks; Jurassic rocks; paleogeologic map; isopach maps; paleotectonic map; stratigraphy; lithology; cross sections; stratigraphic correlations; oil fields; oil and gas; depositional environments
Carlson, C. E.1968aHere's more on Triassic, Jurassic in Rockies, Canada:Oil & Gas Journal, v. 66, no. 3, p. 132-138, illus.Triassic sediments; Jurassic sediments; Williston Basin; paleogeologic maps; paleotectonic map; isopach maps
Carlson, C. E., and Gibson, H. A.1967Triassic-Jurassic of Alberta, Saskatchewan, Manitoba, Montana, and North Dakota (abstract):American Association of Petroleum Geologists Bulletin, v. 51, no. 9, p. 1899.Triassic rocks; Jurassic rocks; Williston Basin; stratigraphic correlation; oil; economic geology
Carlson, C. G.1993Medicine Pole Hills Field, Bowman County, North Dakotain, Kihm, A. J., and Hartman, J. H., eds., The Marshall Lambert Symposium, North Dakota Geological Society, Bismarck, ND, pp. 52-55
Carlson, C. G.1993A Lodgepole play in North DakotaAmerican Association of Petroleum Geologists Bulletin, V. 77, p. 1444
Carlson, C. G.1993Permian to Jurassic redbeds of the Williston BasinNorth Dakota Geological Survey Miscellaneous Series No. 78, 21 p.
Carlson, C. G.1992Oil Development in North Dakota: a Historical and Stratigraphic Reviewin, Erickson, J. M., and Hoganson, J. W., eds., Proceedings of the F. D. Holland Jr., Geological Symposium, North Dakota Geological Survey, Bismarck, ND, pp. 277-288
Carlson, C. G.1991Permian to Jurassic redbeds of the Williston Basinin, Christopher, J. E., and Haidl, F. M., eds., Sixth International Williston Basin Symposium, Saskatchewan Geological Society, Regina, Saskatchewan, p. 150
Carlson, C. G.1987Winnipegosis Production in North Dakotain, Johnson, R. P., and Carlson, C. G., eds., 1987 Field Trip Supplement for Fifth International Williston Basin Symposium, North Dakota Geological Society, Bismarck, ND, pp. 9-13
Carlson, C. G.1986Slope Formationin, Clausen, E. N., and Kihm, A. J., eds., Tertiary and Upper Cretaceous of south-central and western North Dakota Field Trip Guidebook, North Dakota Geological Society, Bismarck, ND, p. 26
Carlson, C. G.1990The horizontal Bakken play in North DakotaAmerican Association of Petroleum Geologists Bulletin, V. 74, p. 1318
Carlson, C. G.1985Geology of McKenzie County, North DakotaNorth Dakota Geological Survey Bulletin 80; ND State Water Commission County Groundwater Studies No. 37, Part I, 48 p.
Carlson, C. G.1987Lower Paleozoic - subsurface commentsin, Johnson, R. P., and Carlson, C. G., eds., 1987 Field Trip Supplement for Fifth International Williston Basin Symposium, North Dakota Geological Society, Bismarck, ND, pp. 4-8
Carlson, C. G.1985Deadwood Formation and Winnipeg Group stratigraphy of Williston BasinAmerican Association of Petroleum Geologists Bulletin, V. 69, p. 844
Carlson, C. G.1983Geology of Morton County, North DakotaNorth Dakota Geological Survey Bulletin 72; ND State Water Commission County Groundwater Studies No. 27, Part I, 37 p.
Carlson, C. G.1983Geology of Billings, Golden Valley, and Slope counties, North DakotaNorth Dakota Geological Survey Bulletin 76; ND State Water Commission County Groundwater Studies No. 29, Part I, 48 p.
Carlson, C. G.1982Geology of Grant and Sioux counties, North DakotaNorth Dakota Geological Survey Bulletin 67; ND State Water Commission County Groundwater Studies No. 24, Part I, 32 p.
Carlson, C. G.1982Structure map on top of the Cretaceous Pierre Formation in North DakotaNorth Dakota Geological Survey, Miscellaneous Map, No. 23, 1 Sheet, 1:1,000,000
Carlson, C. G.1979Geology of Adams and Bowman counties, North Dakota:North Dakota Geological Survey Bulletin 65, Part 1 (North Dakota State Water Commission County Groundwater Studies 22), 29 p., illus. including geologic maps, scale 1:126,720.physiography; stratigraphy; Sauk Sequence; Tippecanoe Sequence; Kaskaskia Sequence; Absaroka Sequence; Zuni Sequence; Tejas Sequence; Pierre Formation; Fox Hills Formation; Hell Creek Formation; Ludlow Formation; Cannonball Formation; Sentinel Butte Formation; White River Group; lithology; paleoenvironments; geologic history; lignite; petroleum; Williston Basin; Cedar Creek Anticline; uranium
Carlson, C. G.1973aCement rockin Mineral and water resources of North Dakota: U.S. Congress Senate, Interior and Insular Affairs Committee, 93rd Congress, 1st Session (SuDoc no. Y4.In8/13:M66/39); also issued: North Dakota Geological Survey Bulletin 63, p. 133-134.limestone; cement; deposits; Niobrara Formation; utilization
Carlson, C. G.1972Stratigraphic position of lignite beds in the Tertiary rocks of Mercer and Oliver Countiesin Depositional environments of the lignite-bearing strata in western North Dakota: North Dakota Geological Survey Miscellaneous Series 50, p. 95-104, illus.Mercer County; Oliver County; Tertiary; lignite; Sentinel Butte Formation; Tongue River Formation; geologic maps
Carlson, C. G.1962Subsurface geology of Kidder Countyin Geology and ground water Resources of Kidder County, North Dakota--Part 1, Geology: North Dakota Geological Survey Bulletin 36, North Dakota State Water Conservation Commission County Ground Water Studies 1, p. 68-70.Kidder County; subsurface geology; Precambrian; Paleozoic; Mesozoic; Cenozoic
Carlson, C. G., and Anderson, S. B.1973bStructure, in Mineral and water resources of North Dakota: U.S. Congress, Senate, Interior and Insular Affairs Committee, 93rd Congress, 1st Session (SuDoc no. Y4.In8/13:M66/39); also issued: North Dakota Geological Survey Bulletin 63, p. 43-44, illus.structural geology; Williston Basin; Nesson Anticline; Cedar Creek Anticline; earthquakes; Red Wing fault; Sanish fault; faults (geologic)
Carlson, C. G., and Anderson, S. B.1973aStratigraphy, in Mineral and water resources of North Dakota: U.S. Congress, Senate, Interior and Insular Affairs Committee, 93rd Congress, 1st Session (SuDoc no. Y4.In8/13:M66/39); also issued: North Dakota Geological Survey Bulletin 63, p. 30-41, illus.stratigraphy; stratigraphic column; geologic maps
Carlson, C. G., and Freers, T. F.1975Geology of Benson and Pierce Counties, North Dakota:North Dakota Geological Survey Bulletin 59, Part 1 (North Dakota State Water Commission County Ground Water Studies 18) 32 p., illus. including geologic map, scale 1:126,720.Benson County; Pierce County; geologic map; Precambrian rocks; Paleozoic rocks; Mesozoic rocks; Quaternary deposits; stratigraphy; Coleharbor Formation; glacial deposits; Holocene; Walsh Formation; lithology; geologic history; glacial history; glacial Lake Souris; economic geology; sand and gravel; petroleum; bedrock topographic map; cross sections
Carlson, C. G., and LeFever, J. A.1987The Madison, a nomenclatural review with a look to the futurein, Carlson, C. G., and Christopher, J. E., eds., Fifth International Williston Basin Symposium, Saskatchewan Geological Society, Regina, Saskatchewan, pp. 77-83
Carlson, C. G., and Thompson, S. C.1987Stratigraphy of the Deadwood Formation and Winnipeg Group in the Williston Basinin, Peterson, J. A., Kent, D. M., Anderson, S. B., Pilatzke, R. H., and Longman, M. W., eds., Williston Basin; anatomy of a cratonic oil province, Rocky Mountain Association of Geologists, Denver, CO, pp. 71-81
Carlson, Clarence G., Bakken, Wallace E., and Kume, Jack1960Subsurface geology and development of petroleum in North Dakota:Compass, v. 37, no. 2, p. 123-143, illus., reprinted: North Dakota Geological Survey Bulletin 34.structural geology; Williston Basin; oil fields; stratigraphy; Nesson Anticline; Cedar Creek Anticline; Pre-Mesozoic paleogeologic map; petroleum; exploration; production; reserves
Carlson, Clarence G.1958The stratigraphy of the Deadwood-Winnipeg interval in North Dakota and north western South Dakotain North Dakota Geological Society and Saskatchewan Geological Society, Second Williston Basin Symposium, Regina, Saskatchewan, April 23-25, 1958: p. 20-26, illus.The stratigraphy, economic possibilities, and history of nomenclature of the Winnipeg-Deadwood interval are discussed, Isopach maps are included for each formation and member of the interval.
Carlson, Clarence G.1973cGeology of Mercer and Oliver Counties, North Dakota:North Dakota Geological Survey Bulletin 56, Part 1 (North Dakota Water Commision County Ground Water Studies 15), 72 p., illus. including geologic map, scale 1:125,000.stratigraphy; Paleozoic; Mesozoic; isopach maps; Fox Hills Formation; Hell Creek Formation; Cenozoic; Ludlow Formation; Cannonball Formation; Tongue River Formation; Sentinel Butte Formation; Golden Valley Formation; Pleistocene; geomorphology; geologic history; glacial geology; economic geology; geologic map
Carlson, Clarence G.1973bGeneralized bedrock geologic map of North Dakota:North Dakota Geological Survey Miscellaneous Map 16, colored, scale 1:2,534,400.bedrock geologic map; North Dakota
Carlson, Clarence G.1969aBedrock geologic map of North Dakota:North Dakota Geological Survey Miscellaneous Map 10, scale 1:1,000,000.geologic map; North Dakota; bedrock geology; glacial geology
Carlson, Clarence G.1969bDeep oil and gas possibilities of the Nesson Anticline areain Eastern Montana symposium--The economic geology of eastern Montana and adjacent areas: Billings, Montana, Montana Geological Society 20th annual conference, p. 27-31, illus.Nesson Anticline; Devonian; Bakken Formation; Three Forks Formation; Duperow Formation; Interlake Formation; Red River Formation; Beaver Lodge oil field; oil; natural gas; Williston Basin
Carlson, Clarence G.1967Cross-section of Paleozoic rocks of western North Dakota:North Dakota Geological Survey Miscellaneous Series 34, 3 p., illus. (A reprint of "North Dakota (Section E-F, Plate 5)" in Stratigraphic cross section of Paleozoic rocks--Oklahoma to Saskatchewan: American Association of Petroleum Geologists Cross Section Publication 5, p. 13-15.)Paleozoic; stratigraphy; Cambrian; Ordovician; Silurian; Devonian; Mississipian; Pennsylvanian; Permian; geologic history; oil and gas production; cross sections
Carlson, Clarence G.1964dSand and gravelin The mineral resources of North Dakota: Grand Forks, University of North Dakota General Extension Division, p. 87-90.economic geology; sand and gravel
Carlson, Clarence G.1964eStone, in The mineral resources of North Dakota: Grand Forks, University of North Dakota General Extension Division, p. 90-92, 96, illus.dimension stone; Fox Hills Sandstone; Fort Union Group
Carlson, Clarence G.1964cThe Niobrara Formation of eastern North Dakota-- Its possibilities for use as a cement rock:North Dakota Geological Survey Report of Investigation 41, 56 p., illus.Niobrara Formation; Cretaceous; stratigraphy; lithology; chemical analysis; X ray diffraction analysis; well logs; geologic map; Grand Forks County; Walsh County; Pembina County; economic geology; cement
Carlson, Clarence G.1964bLimestone, in The mineral resources of North Dakota: Grand Forks, University of North Dakota General Extension Division, p. 92-95, 97-100. illus.subsurface limestones; Mesozoic; Paleozoic; White River Formation; cement rock deposits; Niobrara Formation; chemical analysis
Carlson, Clarence G.1964aFacies relationships of the Winnipeg Group in eastern North Dakotain Williston Basin Symposium 3rd International, Regina, Saskatchewan, 1964, Proceedings: Billings, Montana, Billings Geological Society, p. 45-49, illus.Winnipeg Group; Ordovician; facies (sedimentary); Black Island Formation; Icebox Formation; Roughlock Formation; isopach map; cross sections; sandstone; shale; limestone; Grand Forks County
Carlson, Clarence G.1960bStratigraphy of the Winnipeg and Deadwood Formations in North Dakota:North Dakota Geological Survey Bulletin 35, 149 p., illus.Winnipeg Formation; Deadwood Formation; conodonts; Ordovician; Cambrian; stratigraphy; isopach maps; lithology; paleontology
Carlson, Clarence G.1960aStratigraphy of the Winnipeg and Deadwood Formations in North Dakota:University of North Dakota M.S. thesis, 149 p., illus.Winnipeg Formation; Deadwood Formation; Ordovician; Cambrian; stratigraphy; lithology; stratigraphic nomenclature; paleontology; conodonts; cross sections; isopach maps; stratigraphic correlations; well logs
Carlson, Clarence G., and Anderson, S. B.1966bPotash in North Dakota:North Dakota Geological Survey Miscellaneous Series 26, 12 p., illus.potash; Devonian; Prairie Formation
Carlson, Clarence G., and Anderson, S. B.1966aA look at the lower and middle Madison of northwestern North Dakota:North Dakota Geological Survey Report of Investigation 43, 14 p., illus.Mississippian; Madison Formation; stratigraphy; stratigraphic nomenclature; well logs; lithology; petroleum potential
Carlson, Clarence G., And Anderson, S. B.1965Sedimentary and tectonic history of North Dakota part of Williston Basin:American Association of Petroleum Geologists Bulletin, v. 49, no. 11, p. 1833-1846, illus.; reprinted, 1966, North Dakota Geological Survey Miscellaneous Series 28, 14 p., illus.geologic history; structure features; sedimentary deposits; depositional history; isopach maps; petroleum; production; tectonics; lithology; depositional environments
Carlson, Clarence G., and Eastwood, W. P.1962Upper Ordovician and Silurian rocks of North Dakota:North Dakota Geological Survey Bulletin 38, 52. p., illus.stratigraphy; Ordovician; Silurian; Stony Mountain Formation; Stonewall Formation; Interlake Formation; deposition (sediments); economic geology; oil; petrography; carbonates; isopach maps; lithology; structural geology; cross sections
Carlson, Clarence G., and Laird, Wilson, M.1964Study of the spoil banks associated with lignite strip mining in North Dakota--A report prepared for the 39th Legislative Assembly:North Dakota Geological Survey Miscellaneous Series 24, 28 p., illus.strip mines; reclamation; spoil banks
Carlson, K.1989Historical and stratigraphic review of oil development in North DakotaNorth Dakota Geological Survey Newsletter, June 1989, pp. 11-19
Carlson, K.1990Historical, stratigraphic review of oil development in N. DakotaOil and Gas Journal, V. 88, pp. 67-69
Carmichael, Virgil W.1975The Sentinel Butte Member of the Fort Union Formation, Powder River County, Montana, in Energy resources of Montana: Montana Geological Society 22nd annual publication, p. 125-141, illus.stratigraphy; Paleontology; lignite; stratigraphic correlation; Geologic Age; western North Dakota; Paleocene; Tertiary; Sentinel Butte Member; Fort Union Formation
Carmichael, Virgil W.1968Procedures for rapid estimation of Fort Union coal reserves,in Technology and use of lignite--Bureau of Mines--University of North Dakota Symposium, Grand Forks, North Dakota, 1967, Proceedings: U.S. Bureau of Mines Information Circular 8376, p. 10-18, illus.Fort Union Formation; lignite; reserves; geology; mapping; drilling; methodology; aerial photography
Carpenter, S. J., Erickson, J. M., and Owen, M. R.1985Formation, diagenesis and FOC-RFC cementation of fossiliferous concretions of the Fox Hills Fm., (Upper Cretaceous) of North DakotaGeological Society of America Abstracts with Programs, V. 17, p. 539
Carpenter, S. J., Erickson, J. M., Lohmann, K. C., and Owen, M. R.1988Diagenesis of fossiliferous concretions from the Upper Cretaceous Fox Hills Formation, North DakotaJournal of Sedimentary Petrology, V. 58, pp. 706-723
Carpenter, S.J., Erickson, J.M., and Hoganson, J.W.2002Isotopic characterization of the Late Cretaceous Fox Hills-Hell Creek estuary:Geological Society of America Abstracts with Programs, v. 34. n. 6, p.31-32.
Carrell, L. A., and Sippel, M. A.1996Improved recovery demonstration for Williston Basin carbonates; Annual report, June 10, 1995-June 9, 1996:DOE/BC/14984-10, National Technical Information Service order number DE96001254NEG, 79 p.carbonate rocks; Carboniferous; dolostone; enhanced recovery; geophysical surveys; Mississippian; Montana; North Dakota; Ordovician; Paleozoic; petroleum engineering; porosity; Ratcliffe Formation; Red River Formation; reservoir rocks; sedimentary rocks; seismic surveys; South Dakota; surveys; Williston Basin;
Carroll, W. K., and Gerhard, L. C.1979Dolomitization in upper Red River Formation (Upper Ordovician), North Dakota (abstract):American Association of Petroleum Geologists Bulletin, v. 63, no. 3, p. 430.Red River Formation; porosity zones; biogenic structures; sedimentary structures; lithology; dolomitization; Ordovician
Carroll, W. Kipp1979Depositional environments and paragenetic porosity controls, upper Red River Formation, North Dakota:North Dakota Geological Survey Report of Investigation 66, 51 p., illus.Red River Formation; Ordovician; tectonic setting; lithofacies; paleoenvironments; diagenesis; dolomitization; porosity; depositional history; petroleum potential
Carroll, W. Kipp1978bDepositional and paragenetic controls on porosity development, upper Red River Formation, North Dakotain Williston Basin Symposium, the economic geology of the Williston Basin: Montana Geological Society 24th Annual conference, p. 79-94, illus.Red River Formation; Ordovician; Williston Basin; lithology; paleoenvironment; isopach maps; structural geology; diagenesis; diagenetic mechanisms; diagenetic fabrics; porosity development; dolomitization; stratigraphy; depositional history
Carroll, W. Kipp1978aDepositional and paragenetic controls on porosity development, upper Red River Formation, North Dakota:University of North Dakota M.S. thesis, 153 p., illus.Red River Formation; Ordovician; lithofacies; depositional environments; porosity; stratigraphy; petroleum; production; exploration; well data; core descriptions
Casella, V. R., Fleissner, J. G., and Styron, C. E.1982Secular equilibrium of radium in Western coalin, Filby, R. H., Carpenter, B. S., and Ragaini, R. C., eds., Proceedings of the American Nuclear Society Conference on Atomic and nuclear methods in fossil energy research; December 1-4, 1980, Plenum Press, New York, NY, Mayaguez, Puerto Rico, pp. 473-479
Casey, F.X.M., Derby, N., Knighton, R.E., Steele, D.D., and Stegman, E.C.2002Initiation of irrigation effects on temporal nitrate leaching:Vadose Zone Journal, v. 1, n. 2, p. 300-309. management practices; clastic sediments; depth; Dickey County; drainage; fertilizers; ground water; irrigation; leaching; Mollisols; monitoring; nitrate ion; North Dakota; rhizosphere; sand; sediments; soils; time factor; unsaturated zone; water quality;
Castano, J. R., Clement, J. H., Kuykendall, M. D., and Sharpton, V. L.1994Source rock potential of impact craters:American Association of Petroleum Geologists and Society of Economic Paleontologists and Mineralogists Annual Meeting Abstracts, p. 118.Africa; alginite; aliphatic hydrocarbons; alkanes; Ames Structure; amorphous materials; Arbuckle Group; Bosumtwi Crater; carbonate rocks; Deadwood Formation; dolostone; Ghana; granites; hydrocarbons; igneous rocks; impact craters; isoprenoids; kerogen; macerals; modern analogs; North Dakota; oil and gas fields; Oklahoma; Ordovician; organic materials; Paleozoic; paraffins; petroleum; plutonic rocks; Red River Formation; Red Wing Field; sedimentary rocks; source rocks; Winnipeg Formation;
Castano, J.R., Clement, J.H., Kuykendall, M.D., a d Sharpton, V.L.1997Source-rock potential of impact craters:in Johnson, K.S., and Campbell, J.A., Ames structure in northwest Oklahoma and similar features; Origin and petroleum production (1995 symposium): Oklahoma Geological Survey Circular No. 100, p. 100-103.Ames Structure; case studies; clastic rocks; craters; impacts; lacustrine environment; marine environment; Newporte Field; North Dakota; Oil Creek Formation; Oklahoma; organic compounds; petroleum; porosity; potential deposits; reservoir rocks; sandstone; sedimentary rocks; source rocks;
Cates, S. W., Aiken, C. L. Ziegler, D. G., and Gosnold, W. D., Jr.1991High-accuracy gravity data used for rapid delineation of small, shallow aquifers in west-central North DakotaEos; Transactions of the American Geophysical Union, V. 72, p. 132
Cates, S.W., and Macek-Rowland, K.M.1998Water resources of the Fort Berthold Indian Reservation, west central North Dakota:U. S. Geological Survey Water Resources Investigations 98-4098, 75 p. bedrock; Dunn County; Fort Berthold Indian Reservation; hydrodynamics; hydrology; Mercer County; New Town Aquifer; North Dakota; rivers and streams; Sanish Aquifer; surface water; USGS; water balance; water quality; water resources; While Shield Aquifer;
Cathles, L. M., III, and Hauser, E. C.1993New frontiers close to home; North America's central corridorCornell Engineering Quarterly, V. 27, pp. 27-31
Catt, D. M.1982Depositional environments of Ratcliffe Interval, Mississippian Madison Group, Williston Basin, North DakotaAmerican Association of Petroleum Geologists Bulletin, V. 66, pp. 557-558
Catt, D. M.1982Depositional environments and diagenesis of the Ratcliffe Interval, Madison Group (Mississippian), Williston Basin, North DakotaMaster's, University of North Dakota, Grand Forks, ND, 180 p.
Chacko, V. T., Chu, B. C. S., and Gummer, W. D.1981Seasonal variation of nitrogen and phosphorus species in the Red RiverInland Waters Directorate, V. 128, p. 12
Chamberlin, Thomas C.1883Preliminary paper on the terminal moraine of the Second Glacial Epoch:U. S. Geol. Survey 3rd Ann. Rept., p. 291-402, illus.The moraine of the Dakota Valley glacier and the moraine of the Missouri Coteau are described as portions of the terminal moraine.
Chambers, K.E.1998Genetic diversity in pre and post bottleneck populations of North American Bison bison; Ancient DNA analysis of archaeological bison skeletal remains:Doctoral dissertation. University Park, PA, Pennsylvania State University, 153 p.archaeology; Artiodactyla; biodiversity; Bison; Bison bison; bones; Bovidae; Cenozoic; Chordata; DNA; Eutheria; Fort Niobrara; fossils; Holocene; Mammalia; Montana; National Bison Range; Nebraska; North Dakota; Quaternary; Ruminantia; skeletons; Sully's Hill; Tetrapoda; Theria; Vertebrata; Wyoming;
Chamney, Thomas P.1958Isometric panel diagram-Jurassic systemin Goodman, A. J., Jurassic and Carboniferous of western Canada: Am. Assoc. Petroleum Geologists, John Andrew Allan Memorial Volume, p. 98-99, illus.The lateral correlation of the Jurassic System is discussed for western Canada and northern United States. The panel diagram crosses northwestern North Dakota, incorporating the Williston basin.
Chaney, M. A., and Ahern, J. L.1987The gravity field over the Williston BasinEos; Transactions of the American Geophysical Union, V. 68, p. 1458
Chang, Huey-C. K.1989Characterization of coal molecular structure using high resolution chromatographic techniquesDoctoral, Brigham Young University, Provo, UT, 279 p.
Chang, Shih T.1950Tests on North Dakota shale to determine possible use as highway material:Grand Forks, N. Dak., North Dakota, Univ., M.S. Thesis (unpub.), 50 p., illus.The general geology of the state is reviewed. The geological origin, distribution, and physical properties of North Dakota shale are discussed. The shale deposits studied are of Cretaceous age.
Charpentier, R. R., and Krystinik, K. B.1984Developing an oil generation model for resource assessment of Bakken Formation, Williston BasinAmerican Association of Petroleum Geologists Bulletin, V. 68, p. 461
Chayes, Dale N., and Erickson, J. Mark1973Preliminary paleocurrent analysis from cross-strata in the Timber Lake Member, Fox Hills Formation, in North Dakota:Compass, v. 50, no. 2, p. 38-44, illus.Fox Hills Formation; Cretaceous; paleocurrents; sandstone; sedimentary structures; Sioux County; Emmons County; depositional environments
Check, R.1956Winnipegosis Formatin of Saskatchewan and adjacent areas (abs.)in N. Dak. Geol. Soc., Williston Basin Symposium, 1st Internat., Bismarck, N. Dak., Oct. 1956: p. 140.The areal extent and lithology of the formation are discussed. The oil and gas potential of the Winnipegosis reefs is mentioned.
Chen, G., Olsen, O.G., Leavitt, P.R., and Laird, K.R.1998Drought frequency in North America; Predicting the future using conditional probability analysis of paleoclimatic record:Geological Society of America Abstracts with Programs, v. 30, n. 7, p. 218.algae; Cenozoic; climate; diatoms; drought; evaporation; global change; global warming; history; Holocene; hydrology; lacustrine environments; microfossils; models; Moon Lake; North Dakota; paleoclimatology; paleohydrology; paleolimnology; Plantae; prediction; probability; Quaternary; atmospheric precipitation; reconstruction; statistical analysis; Weibull model; Western Canada;
Cherven, V. B., and Jacob, A. R.1985Evolution of Paleogene depositional systems, Williston Basin in response to global sea level changesin, Flores, R. M., and Kaplan, S. S., eds., Cenozoic paleogeography of the west-central United States, Rocky Mountain Section, Society of Economic Paleontologists and Mineralogists, Denver, CO, pp. 127-170
Cherven, Victor B.1978Fluvial and deltaic facies in the Sentinel Butte Formation, central Williston Basin:Journal of Sedimentary Petrology, v. 48, no. 1, p. 159-170, illus.McKenzie County; Paleocene; fluvial environment; sedimentation; sedimentary structures; cross bedding; deltas; meanders; channels; paleoenvironments
Cherven, Victor B.1973High- and low-sinuosity stream deposits of the Sentinel Butte Formation (Paleocene) McKenzie County, North Dakota:University of North Dakota M.S. thesis, 73 p., illus.Sentinel Butte Formation; Paleocene; stratigraphy; lithology; sedimentary structures; paleocurrent directions; depositional environments; sand beds; mineralogy; silt beds; clay beds; lignite beds; sedimentology; cross sections
Childers, R. D., and Clement, R. L.1990Application of MWD (measurement-while-drilling) gamma ray logging to horizontal Bakken wellsin, Hansen, W. B., ed., Bakken Formation short course; study notes No.1, Montana Geological Society, Billings, MT, p. 16
Chimney, P.1982Relation of lithofacies and diagenesis to porosity development, Mission Canyon Formation (Mississippian), eastern Montana and western North DakotaEarth Science Bulletin, V. 15, p. 142
Chimney, P. J., and Wittstrom, M. D., Jr.1983Relation of lithofacies and diagenesis to porosity development, Mississippian Mission Canyon Formation, eastern Montana and western North DakotaAmerican Association of Petroleum Geologists Bulletin, V. 67, p. 1332
Chimney, P. J., and Wittstrom, M. D., Jr.1982Relation of lithofacies and diagenesis to porosity development, Mission Canyon Formation (Mississippian), eastern Montana and western North DakotaAmerican Association of Petroleum Geologists Bulletin, V. 66, p. 559
Chimney, P.J., Treska, C.E., and Wolosin, C.A.1992Richarton/Taylor Fields; U.S.A., Williston Basin, North Dakota,in, Foster, N.H., and Beaumont, E.A. (compilers), Stratigraphic Traps III, in the collection, Treatise of Petroleum Geology, Atlas of Oil and Gas Fields. Tulsa, OK: American Association of Petroleum Geologists, p. 421-445.Williston Basin; Stark County; gas fields; marine; combination trap; traps; discovery; structure; stratigraphy; reservoir; facies; diagenesis; Ordovician; Red River Formation; Heart River fault; condensate; seismic methods; Winnipeg Formation; Ordovician; sandstone; Black Island Member; condensate; maps; sections; photomicrographs; North Dakota;
Chinburg, Wayne, and Holland, F. D., Jr.1966Report of the Oligocene rhinoceros, Subhyracodon, in North Dakota (abstract):North Dakota Academy of Science Proceedings, 1965, v. 19, p. 213.Oligocene; White River Formation; Stark County; rhinoceros; vertrebrate paleontology
Chisolm, W. A.1965Heavy minerals in Cretaceous and Tertiary rocks associated with uranium occurrencesin Denson, N. M., and Gill, J. R., Uranium-bearing lignite and carbonaceous shale in the southwestern part of the Williston basin--a regional study: U.S. Geological Survey Professional Paper 463, p. 21-26, illus.Cretaceous; Tertiary; Williston Basin; heavy minerals; Hell Creek Formation; Fort Union Formation; Brule Formation; Arikaree Formation; mineralogy; Chadron Formation
Chmelik, James1960Pleistocene geology of northern Kidder County, North Dakota:University of North Dakota M.A. thesis, 63 p., illus. including geologic map, scale 1:63,360.Northern Kidder County; geologic map; glacial geology; Tertiary rocks; Cretaceous rocks; glacial deposits; drift; outwash deposits; lithology; glacial features; till; glacial lake deposits; moraines; eskers; bedrock; preglacial drainage
Christensen, K. C.1987The stratigraphy and petrography of siliceous Paleosols within the lower Fort Union Formation (Paleocene), southeastern Montana and southwestern North Dakotapp. 15-16
Christensen, P. K., and Miller, J. E.1988The hydrologic system of the lower James River, North DakotaUS Geological Survey Water-Resources Investigation Report, 2, 100 p.
Christensen, R. C.1991Instrumental neutron activation analysis of Knife River Flint from the primary source areaMaster's, University of Mississippi, Oxford, MS, 173 p.
Christensen, R. J., Hendricks, M. L., and Eisel, J. D.1994,Mississippian buried hills reservoirs along the northeastern flank of the Williston Basin, Canada and United States,in, Dolson, J.C., Hendricks, M. L., and Wescott, W. A., eds., Unconformity-related hydrocarbons in sedimentary sequences; Guidebook for petroleum exploration and exploitation in clastic and carbonate sediments: Denver, CO, Rocky Mountain Assoc. Geol., p. 245-258.Canada; Carboniferous; Charles Formation; deposition; Lodgepole Formation; Madison Group; Mission Canyon Limestone; Mississippian; North Dakota; Paleozoic; petroleum; porosity; reservoir rocks; sedimentation; stratigraphic traps; tectonics; unconformities; Williston Basin;
Christopher, J. E.1987Depositional patterns and oil field trends in the lower Mesozoic of the northern Williston Basin, Canadain, Peterson, J. A., Kent, D. M., Anderson, S. B., Pilatzke, R. H., and Longman, M. W., eds., Williston Basin; anatomy of a cratonic oil province, Rocky Mountain Association of Geologists, Denver, CO, pp. 223-244
Christopher, J. E., Kent, D. M., and Simpson, F.1973Saskatchewan and Manitoba, in The future petroleum provinces of Canada; their geology and potential: Calgary, Alberta, Canadian Society of Petroleum Geologists Memoir 1, p. 121-149, illus.Williston Basin; economic geology; geography; structural geology; stratigraphy; carbonates; oil and natural gas
Cifelli, R.L., Eberle, J.J., Lofgren, D.L., Lillegraven, J.A., and Clemens, W.A.2004Mammalian biochronology of the latest Cretaceous, in Woodburne, M.O., ed., Late Cretaceous and Cenozoic mammals of North America; Biostratigraphy and geochronology: New York, NY, Columbia University Press, p. 21-42. Alberta; Aquilan; assemblages; biochronology; biostratigraphy; Canada; Chordata; Colorado; Cretaceous; Edmontonian; faunal list; Judithian; Lancian; Mammalia; Mesozoic; Montana; New Mexico; North America; North Dakota; Saskatchewan; South Dakota; terrestrial environment; Tetrapoda; Upper Cretaceous; Utah; Vertebrata; Western Interior; Wyoming;
Cihacek L. J., Carcoana, R., and Arndt, J.1994Relationship to water quality of the spatial variability in organic carbon, total N, and NO (sub 3) N in wind erosion sediments deposited in a wetland margin:North Dakota Water Quality Symposium Proceedings, N.D., Fargo, ND, Water Resour. Res. Inst., p. 208-215.Cass County; erosion features; ground water; nitrogen; North Dakota; organic carbon; organic materials; pollution; sediments; surface water; water quality; water resources; wetlands; wind transport;
Cihacek, L. J., and Swan, J. B.1994Effects of erosion on soil chemical properties in the north central region of the United States:Journal of Soil and Water Conservation, v. 49, n. 3, p. 259-265.Alfisols; calcium carbonate; chemical composition; chemical properties; erosion features; magnesiu; Midwest; Mollisols; nitrates; organic carbon; organic materials; pH; phosphorus; potassium; sodium; soil erosion features; soils;
Cihacek, L. J., Sweeney, M. D., and Deibert, E. J.1993Characterization of wind erosion sediments in the Red River Valley of North DakotaJournal of Environmental Quality, V. 22, pp. 305-310
Clapp, C. H.1907The clays of North Dakota:Econ Geol., v. 2, no. 6, p. 551-564.A short discussion of the stratigraphy of the state is followell by a discussion of the clay deposits of Cretaceous and Tertiary age in the state. The stratigraphic positions, physical properties, chemical analysis, and genesis of the deposits are given.
Clapp, C. H., and Babcock, E. J.1906Clay and its properties with special reference to North Dakota clays:N. Dak. Geol. Survey 4th Bienn. Rept., p.9-61.The physical properties, chemistry, and origin of clay are discussed with reference to North Dakota clay deposits.
Clappin, P. F.1987The depositional and diagenetic history of the upper Winnipegosis Formation (Middle Devonian) in the Williston Basin of North DakotaMaster's, Queens College (CUNY), Flushing, NY
Clark, Michael B.1966Stratigraphy of the Sperati Point Quadrangle, McKenzie County, North Dakota:University of North Dakota M.A. thesis, 108 p., illus. including geologic map, scale 1:12,000.McKenzie County, Sperati Point Quadrangle; Badlands; topography; stratigraphy; Tongue River Formation; Sentinel Butte Member; lithology; X ray diffraction; structure; paleontology; depositional environments; geologic history; Golden Valley Formation; Wiota Gravel; glacial outwash deposits; geologic map; stratigraphic sections
Clark, W. H.1908Good roads and road materials:N. Dak. Geol Survey 5th Bienn. Rept., p. 253-269.The relation of roads to topography and geology is discussed. The available road materials, such as sand, gravel, and scoria are discussed.
Clarke, Fremont F.1948Southwestern North Dakota clay deposits, Stark, Slope and Billings counties, N. Dak:U. S. Bur. Mines Rept. Inv. 4219, 32 p., illus. incl. geol. maps.The clay beds were studied to determine the average alumina content, the most feasible method of extracting alumina, and the commercial uses of the clay. The map areas include the South Heart Little Badlands, the Chalky Buttes, the Marmarth area, and the Belfield area.
Clausen, E.1989Origin of the Killdeer Mountain Lake Basin, Dunn County, North DakotaProceedings of the North Dakota Academy of Science, V. 43, p. 41
Clausen, E.1980Origin of the Missouri EscarpmentProceedings of the North Dakota Academy of Science, V. 34, p. 37
Clausen, E.1989Meltwater flood origin for Great Plains drainage networkProceedings of the North Dakota Academy of Science, V. 43, p. 40
Clausen, E. N.1992Catastrophic failure of the Northern Great Plains: a unifying hypothesisGeological Society of America Abstracts with Programs, Annual Meeting, p. A347
Clausen, E. N.1993Evolution of drainage networks: western United StatesProceedings of the North Dakota Academy of Science, V. 47, p. 51
Clausen, E. N.1990Geomorphic history of Western North DakotaBulletin of the Association of North Dakota Geographers, V. 40, pp. 19-23
Clausen, E. N.1990Northern Great Plains geomorphic history from asymmetric drainage dividesProceedings of the North Dakota Academy of Science, V. 44, p. 55
Clausen, E. N.1989Presence of rounded boulders and large cobbles at base of White River Group (Oligocene) strata in Southwest North Dakota and Northwest South DakotaContributions to Geology, V. 27, pp. 1-6
Clausen, E. N.1988Catastrophic flood origin, Little Missouri River valley, Montana, South Dakota, and North DakotaAmerican Association of Petroleum Geologists Bulletin, V. 72, No. 7, p. 867
Clausen, E. N.1988Evidence for gigantic floods in the Missouri River Basin, North Dakota and MontanaProgram and Abstracts of the American Quaternary Association Tenth biennial meeting, June 6-8, 1988, p. 61
Clausen, E. N.1988Topographic map evidence for catastrophic flooding; Missouri River Basin, Montana and North DakotaProceedings of the North Dakota Academy of Science, V. 42, p. 33
Clausen, E. N.1988Age of White River Group, Southwest North Dakota, determined by Yellowstone River incision ratesProceedings of the North Dakota Academy of Science, V. 42, p. 31
Clausen, E. N.1987Record of possible diversions of the Yellowstone River across the Dakotas, North AmericaInternational Union for Quaternary Research, Programme with Abstracts, XIIth International Congress, p. 145
Clausen, E. N.1987Landforms of the Antelope Hills, Pierce County, North Dakotain, Bluemle, J. P., ed., Glacial Geology of Central North Dakota, Field Trip Guidebook, North Dakota Geological Society, Bismarck, ND, pp. 79-88
Clausen, E. N.1987Late Cenozoic erosion of Williston Basin sedimentsin, Carlson, C. G., and Christopher, J. E., eds., Fifth International Williston Basin Symposium, North Dakota Geological Society, Grand Forks, ND, pp. 190-195
Clausen, E. N.1987Origin of the Missouri Escarpment, North Dakotain, Bluemle, J. P., ed., Glacial Geology of Central North Dakota, 1987 Field Trip Guidebook, North Dakota Geological Society, Bismarck, ND, pp. 96-104
Clausen, E. N.1987Late Cenozoic erosion of Williston Basin sedimentsin, Carlson, C. G., and Christopher, J. E., eds., Fifth International Williston Basin Symposium, North Dakota Geological Society, Grand Forks, ND, pp. 190-195
Clausen, E. N.1987The case for Yellowstone River diversions across the DakotasProceedings of the North Dakota Academy of Science, V. 41, p. 63
Clausen, E. N.1987Catastrophic flood model for deep Pleistocene erosion of northern Great Plains, North AmericaGeological Society of America Abstracts with Programs, V. 19, pp. 620-621
Clausen, E. N.1987Evidence for possible abandoned Yellowstone River channels in North and South DakotaGeological Society of America Abstracts with Programs, V. 19, pp. 193-194
Clausen, E. N.1986Origin of quartz latite porphyry cobbles found at base of White River Group sediments in Southwest North Dakotain, Clausen, E. N., and Kihm, A. J., eds., Tertiary and Upper Cretaceous of south-central and western North Dakota 1986 Field Trip Guidebook, North Dakota Geological Society, Bismarck, ND, pp. 41-45
Clausen, E. N.1986Physiography of the Souris River Lowland: Origin of the Souris River LowlandBulletin of the Association of North Dakota Geographers, V. 36(2), pp. 51-58
Clausen, E. N.1986Geomorphic history of Southwest North DakotaProceedings of the North Dakota Academy of Science, V. 40, p. 16
Clausen, E. N.1986Origin of basal conglomerate in Chadron Formation, Southwestern North DakotaAmerican Association for the Advancement of Science Program, 1986 Annual Meeting
Clausen, E. N.1986Free-standing glacial erratics and Quaternary and upper Tertiary sediments, undivided, in, Southwest North Dakotain, Clausen, E. N., and Kihm, A. J., eds., Tertiary and Upper Cretaceous of south-central and western North Dakota; 1986 Field Trip Guidebook, North Dakota Geological Society, Bismarck, ND, pp. 46-47
Clausen, E. N.1983Joekullhlaups on the Great Plains; a study in deductive reasoningProceedings of the North Dakota Academy of Science, V. 37, p. 62
Clausen, E. N.1981Evolution of western North Dakota's regional slope and drainage networkProceedings of the North Dakota Academy of Science, V. 35, p. 9
Clausen, E. N.1985Significance of free-standing glacial erratics south and west of the Missouri River, North and South DakotaProceedings of the North Dakota Academy of Science, V. 39, p. 46
Clausen, E. N.1981Deep glacial erosion in the Northern Great PlainsAmerican Association for the Advancement of Science Program, 1981 Annual Meeting
Clausen, E. N.1982Evidence for glaciation in southwestern North Dakota and northwestern South DakotaProceedings of the North Dakota Academy of Science, V. 36, p. 16
Clausen, E. N.1981Deep Pleistocene erosion in the northern Great PlainsGeological Society of America Abstracts with Programs, V. 13, p. 193
Clausen, E. N.1969Evolution of Badlland caves (abstract):North Dakota Academy of Science Proceedings, v. 23, pt. 1, p. 3.erosion-piping; caves; Badlands
Clausen, E. N.1970Evolution of caves in Badland debris:North Dakota Academy of Science Proceedings, v. 23, pt. 2, p. 56-64, illus.erosion-piping; caves; Badlands
Clausen, E.N.1998Evolution of southwest North Dakota's drainage network:Proceedings of the North Dakota Academy of Science, v. 52, p. 38.phases; drainage networks; glacial history; Cypress Hills Stage; Flaxville Stage; Southwest River Stage; Southwest River Dismemberment Stage; White River Group; Oligocene; Tertiary; Dakota River; Midcontinent River; Alsak River; Mondak River; melting; meltwater; ice sheets; drainage basins; Cannonball Basin; Cheyenne River; Belle Fourche River; Cannonball River; Knife River; Heart River; North Dakota; South Dakota; Big Muddy Creek; Little Missouri River; Lincoln Valley; Hofflund Flats; Yellowstone River; breaching; Milk River; floods; flooding; drainage divides; Missouri River Valley; Spring Creek; Antelope Valley; Beaver Creek; Professional Communications;
Clausen, E.N.1998North Dakota and other "glacial" lakes explained as slack water features:Proceedings of the North Dakota Academy of Science, v. 52, p. 39.North Dakota; glacial lakes; slack water; features; meltdown; Cenozoic; drainage networks; landforms; escarpments; moraines; margins; lacustrine sediments; Lake Agassiz; Lake Souris; Lake Hind; Lake Regina; Lake Missoula; hypotheses; Slack Water Lake Model; models; floods; flooding; meltwater; lacustrine environments; deltaic; flood routes; discharge; Midcontinent River; drainage divides; shoreline features; Agassiz Trench; Agassiz River; proto-Assiniboine River; Red River Valley; Turtle Mountains; Riding Mountain; Souris River; Minnesota; Manitoba; Saskatchewan; Canada; Saskatchewan River Valley; drainage; ice sheets; melting; discharge; Clark Fork Valley; Washington; Montana; Channeled Scablands; catastrophic; Professional Communications;
Clausen, E.N.1997Origin and age of eastern Montana and western North Dakota high-level alluvium:Proceedings of the North Dakota Academy of Science, v. 51, p. 187.North Dakota; Professional Communications; Montana; alluvium; origin; age; Cenozoic; meltdown; ice sheets; meltwater; Mondak River; Great Divide River; floods; Dakota River; Alsask River; Flaxville Channel; Southwest River; Midcontinent River; Yellowstone River; Little Missouri River; Lincoln Valley; Southwest Ice Sheet; Missouri Valley;
Clausen, E.N.1996Physiographic provinces of North America's central region:Proceedings of the North Dakota Academy of Science, v. 50, p. 37.North Dakota; Professional Communications; physiographic provinces; glacial history; Midcontinent Trench; Midcontinent Moraine; Southwest Moraine; Southwest Trench; Great Divide Surface; interpretation; landforms;
Clausen, E.N.1994North American landforms explained by multiple-step deglaciation:Proceedings of the North Dakota Academy of Science, v. 48, p. 79.North Dakota; Professional Communications; landforms; deglaciation; ice sheets; drainage; Tertiary; meltwater; Pliocene; Pleistocene; collapse; features; North America;
Clausen, E.N.1994Meltwater origin for North Dakota's most recent ice sheets:Proceedings of the North Dakota Academy of Science, v. 48, p. 82.North Dakota; Professional Communications; ice sheets; landforms; Tertiary; glaciers; glaciation; meltwater; Oligocene; episodes; White River Group; Miocene; drainage;
Claypool, D. A., Hopkins, D. G., and Richardson, J. L.1990Soil morphology and stratigraphy on an erosional footslope: Dickinson Research Center in western North DakotaSoil Survey Horizons, V. 31, pp. 9-12
Clayton, L., Moran, S. R., and Bluemle, J. P.1980Explanatory text to accompany the geologic map of the North DakotaNorth Dakota Geological Survey Report of Investigations No. 69, 93 p.
Clayton, L., Moran, S. R., Bluemle, J. P., and Carlson, C. G.1980Geologic map of North DakotaUSGS, Reston, VA, Special Geologic Maps, No., 1 Sheet, 1:500,000
Clayton, L., Teller, J. T., and Attig, J.1985Surging of the southwestern part of the Laurentide Ice SheetBoreas, V. 14, pp. 235-241
Clayton, Lee1975Bison trails and their geologic significance:Geology (Boulder), v. 3, no. 9, p. 498-500, illus.glacial features; lineaments; aerial photographs; fractures; interpretation; drainage patterns
Clayton, Lee1972bRoadlogin Depositional environments of the lignite-bearing strata in western North Dakota: North Dakota Geological Survey Miscellaneous Series 50, p. 2-30, illus.road log; Billings County; Stark County; Morton County; Oliver County; Mercer County; Dunn County
Clayton, Lee1972aGeology of Mountrail County, North Dakota:North Dakota Geological Survey Bulletin 55, Part 4 (North Dakota Water Commission County Ground Water Studies 14), 77 p., illus. including geologic map, scale 1:126,720.Mountrail County; geologic map; geomorphology; geologic history; stratigraphy; Pleistocene; Coleharbor Formation; Golden Valley Formation; Sentinel Butte Formation; Tongue River Formation; groundwater; surface water; glacial geology; depositional environments; stratigraphy; postglacial history
Clayton, Lee1970cOlfactory factors in landscape evolution (abstract):North Dakota Academy of Science Proceedings, v. 24, pt. 1, p. 4.erosion; gully erosion; lineaments; animal trails; wind erosion
Clayton, Lee1970aBison trails and their geologic significance (abstract):Geological Society of America Abstracts with Programs, v. 2, no. 6, p. 381.lineaments; bison trails; joints
Clayton, Lee1970bGeologic map of Dunn County:North Dakota Geological Survey Miscellaneous Map 11, scale 1:126,720.Dunn County; geologic map; lithology; glacial deposits; glacial history; paleoclimatology
Clayton, Lee1968Hydrogeologic studies at the University of North Dakota:University of Manitoba, Water Resources Research Conference Proceedings, p. 49-54, Winnipeg, Manitoba.seepage studies; groundwater movement; erosion
Clayton, Lee1967Stagnant-glacier features of the Missouri Coteau in North Dakotain Clayton, Lee, and Freers, T. F., eds., Glacial geology of the Missouri Coteau-Midwest Friends of the Pleistocene, Field Conference 1967, Guidebook: North Dakota Geological Survey Miscellaneous Series 30, p. 25-46, illus.glacial features; topography; dead-ice moraine; disintegration ridges; "doughnuts"; collapsed stream sediment; disintegration trenches; ice-walled-lake plains; collapsed lake sediments; Martin River Glacier, Alaska; modern analog
Clayton, Lee1964Karst topography of stagnant glaciers:Journal of Glaciology, v. 5, no. 37, p. 107-112, illus.Alaska; North Dakota; Pleistocene; modern analog; glacial geology; glacial features
Clayton, Lee1966Notes on Pleistocene stratigraphy of North Dakota:North Dakota Geological Survey Report of Investigation 44, 25 p., illus.Pleistocene; stratigraphy; radiocarbon dates; nomenclature; glacial deposits
Clayton, Lee1962bGlacial geology of northern Logan County, south-central North Dakota:University of North Dakota M.S. thesis, 116 p., illus. including geologic maps, scales 1:126,720 and 1:63,360.northern Logan County; glacial geology; surface water; geomorphology; glacial features; glacial Lake Napoleon; moraines; till; bedrock; Pierre Shale; paleontology; upper Cretaceous rocks; Cenozoic deposits; Pleistocene deposits; geologic history; lithology; morphostratigraphic units; Napoleon drift-type area; radiocarbon dates; glacial history; Burnstad drift-type area; correlations; economic geology
Clayton, Lee1962aGlacial geology of Logan and McIntosh Counties, North Dakota:North Dakota Geological Survey Bulletin 37, 84 p., illus. including geologic map, scale 1:253,440.Logan County; McIntosh County; geologic map; geomorphology; glacial features; drainage basins; glacial geology; bedrock; stratigraphy; lithology; paleontology; Cretaceous; Pleistocene; radiocarbon dates; geologic history; land use; groundwater
Clayton, Lee1960Tills of Kidder County, North Dakota:North Dakota Academy of Science Proceedings, v. 14, p. 25-32, illus.Kidder County; till; glacial geology; geologic map; lithology; stratigraphy
Clayton, Lee1961Late Wisconsin Mollusca from ice-contact deposits in Logan County, North Dakota:North Dakota Academy of Science Proceedings, v. 15, p. 11-18, illus., reprinted: North Dakota Geological Survey Miscellaneous Series 12, 8 p., illus.mollusks; paleontology; glacial deposits; Logan County; Pleistocene
Clayton, Lee, and Bailey, Palmer K.1970Tundra polygons in the northern Great Plains (abstract):Geological Society of America Abstracts with Programs, v. 2, no. 6, p. 382.permafrost; southwestern North Dakota; Napoleon glaciation
Clayton, Lee, and Cherry, J.A.1967Pleistocene superglacial and ice-walled lakes of west-central North Americain Clayton, Lee, and Freers, T.F., eds., Glacial geology of the Missouri Coteau--Midwest Friends of the Pleistocene Field Conference 1967, Guidebook: North Dakota Geological Survey Miscellaneous Series 30, p. 47-52, illus.glacial lakes; superglacial lakes; ice-walled lakes; glaciolacustrine sediments
Clayton, Lee, and Freers, T.F., (Editors)1967aGlacial geology of Missouri Coteau and adjacent areas (Guidebook for Midwest Section, Friends of the Pleistocene Meeting):North Dakota Geological Survey Miscellaneous Series 30, 170 p., illus. including geologic sketch maps.This book contains many papers that are indexed under the individual authors.
Clayton, Lee, and Freers, Theodore F.1967bRoadlogs--Jamestown to Bismarck by way of Lehr; Bismarck to Jamestown,in Clayton, Lee, and Freers, T.F., eds., Glacial geology of the Missouri Coteau--Midwest Friends of the Pleistocene Field Conference, 1967, Guidebook: North Dakota Geological Survey Miscellaneous Series 30, p. 1-24, illus.glacial geology; road log; guidebook; Burleigh County; Emmons County; Kidder County; Stutsman County; Logan County
Clayton, Lee, and Hagmaier, J. Ladd1970Tertiary lakes in the Williston Basin (abstract):Geological Society of America Abstracts with Programs, v. 2, no. 5, p. 327-328Williston Basin; Tertiary deposits; lacustrine sediments; fluvial deposits; Sentinel Butte Formation; Tongue River Formation; lake shores; "Lake Williston"
Clayton, Lee, and Moran, S.R.1971Late Quaternary loess in central North Dakota (abstract):Geological Society of America Abstracts, v. 3, no. 4, p. 256.Quaternary deposits; stratigraphy; depositional environments; loess deposits
Clayton, Lee, and Tinker, J.R., Jr.1971Rates of hillslope lowering in the Badlands of North Dakota:North Dakota Water Resources Research Institute report no. WI-221-021-71, NTIS report no. PB-220 355/2, 36 p., illus.erosion; slopes; sediment transport; sediment yield; geomorphology; Badlands; hydrology; runoff; sedimentation
Clayton, Lee, Bickley, W.B., Jr., and Stone, W.J.1970Knife River Flint:Plains Anthropologist, v. 15-50, p. 282-290.Dunn County; Mercer County; quarries; Knife River Flint; Golden Valley Formation; petrography; type area; archaeology; Eocene
Clayton, Lee, Carlson, C.G., Moore, W.L., Groenewold, G., Holland, F.D., Jr., and Moran, S.R.1977The Slope (Paleocene) and Bullion Creek (Paleocene) Formations of North Dakota:North Dakota Geological Survey Report of Investigation 59, 14 p. illus.Fort Union Group; stratigraphic nomenclature; Tertiary; Slope Formation; type section; Bullion Creek Formation; lithostratigraphy
Clayton, Lee, Laird, Wilson M., Klassen, R.W., and Kupsch, W.O.1965Intersecting minor lineations on Lake Agassiz plain:Journal of Geology, v. 73, no. 4, p. 652-656, illus.glacial Lake Agassiz; lineations; lake deposits; glacial features
Clayton, Lee, Moran, S.R., and Bickley, W.B., Jr.1976Stratigraphy, origin, and climatic implications of late Quaternary upland silt in North Dakota:North Dakota Geological Survey Miscellaneous Series 54, 15 p., illus.Oahe Formation; Pleistocene stratigraphy; type sections
Clayton, Lee, Stone, W.J., and Bickley, W.B., Jr.1970Knife River Flint:North Dakota Quarterly, v. 38, no. 2, p. 43-53, illus.Golden Valley Formation; Eocene; archaeology; quarries; petrology; deposits
Clegg, J.D.1971Casing failure study, Cedar Creek Anticline:Journal of Petroleum Technology, v. 23, no. 6, p. 676-684, also issued in 1970 as 45th annual SEP of AIME Fall Meeting. Preprint no. SPE-3036, 12 p.Cedar Creek Anticline; salts; oil fields; oil wells; casings; salt flow; structure map; Spearfish Formation; salt collapse
Clemens, W. A., Archibald, J. D., Sheehan, P. M., Fastovsky, D. E., Hoffmann, R. G., Berghaus, C. B., and Gabriel, D. L.1992Dinosaur diversity and extinction (discussions and reply)Science, V. 256, pp. 159-161
Clement, J. H.1985Cedar Creek; significant paleotectonic feature of Williston BasinAmerican Association of Petroleum Geologists Bulletin, V. 69, p. 845
Clement, J. H.1986Cedar Creek; a significant paleotectonic feature of the Williston BasinAmerican Association of Petroleum Geologists Memoir, V. 41, pp. 213-240
Clement, J. H.1987Cedar Creek; a significant paleotectonic feature of the Williston Basinin, Peterson, J. A., Kent, D. M., Anderson, S. B., Pilatzke, R. H., and Longman, M. W., eds., Williston Basin; anatomy of a cratonic oil province, Rocky Mountain Association of Geologists, Denver, CO, pp. 323-336
Clement, J.H., and Mayhew, T.E.1979Newporte discovery opens new pay:Oil & Gas Journal, v. 77, no. 26, p. 165-168, 170, 172, illus.Renville County; Cambrian; Deadwood Formation; sandstones; Williston Basin; exploration; oil field; geology; stratigraphy; structure; production
Clement, James H.1976Cedar Creek Anticline, past and present (abstract):American Association of Petroleum Geologists Bulletin, v. 60, no. 8, p. 1394-1395.petroleum; natural gas; production; tectonics; structural traps; Williston Basin; exploration; reservoir rocks
Clevenger, W. A.1953Bearing capacity studies of tower foundation materials--Jamestown-Fargo Transmission Line--Missouri River Basin Project, North Dakota:U. S. Bur. Reclamation, Eng. Lab. Br., Earth Lab. Rept. no. EM-359, 50 p., illus.The samples analyzed include glacial moraine and glacial lake-bed soils. The results of the tests are discussed.
Clevenger, W. A.1951Laboratory tests on foundation samples--Jamestown Dam site--Missouri-Souris Division--Missouri River Basin Project, North Dakota:U. S. Bur. Reclamation, Research and Geol. Div., Earth Materials Lab. Rept. no. EM-266, 29 p., illus.The results of laboratory tests on undisturbed samples of foundation materials from two proposed dam axes at the Jamestown Dam site are discussed.
Cline, R. L., Odenbach, C., Schutt, P., and Schuh, W. M.1993Feasibility of stabilization of water levels and expansion of water use from the Englevale aquifer using water conservation, well field modification, and artificial rechargeNorth Dakota State Water Commission Water Resources Investigation, V. 23, 151 p.
Cluff, R. M., Byrnes, A. P., Kolvoord, R. W., Cluff, S. G., and Inden, R. F.1992Thin-bedded peritidal reservoirs of the Silurian Upper Interlake Group, Nesson Anticline area, Williston Basin, North DakotaThe Log Analyst, V. 33, pp. 167-168
Cluff, R. M., Byrnes, A. P., Kolvoord, R.W., Cluff, S. G., and Inden, R.F.1994Thin-bedded peritidal reservoirs of the Silurian upper Interlake Group, Nesson Anticline area, Williston Basin, North Dakota:American Association of Petroleum Geologists and Society of Economic Paleontologists and Mineralogists Annual Meeting Abstracts, p. 123.boundstone; carbonate rocks; clastic rocks; cores; cuttings; dolostone; formation evaluation; Interlake Formation; Llandoverian; mineral composition; mudstone; Nesson Anticline; North Dakota; Paleozoic; porosity; pressure; reservoir rocks; resistivity; sedimentary rocks; Silurian; supratidal environment; well logs; Williston Basin;
Coal Age1964Knife River doubles production:v. 69, no. 9, p. 68-71, illus.lignite; strip mining; production
Coates, D. A., Holmes, C. W., and Verbeek, E. R.1987New origin of columnar joints; dehydration of clays during heating of clinker in Williston BasinN.D, Geological Society of America Abstracts with Programs, V. 19, p. 266
Cobb, W. B., Watkins, W. I., Strahorn, A. T., Stebbins, M. E., Thomas, M., and Anderson, A. C.1917Soil survey of Bottineau County, North Dakota:U. S. Dept. Agr., Bur. Soils, Advance Sheets-Field Operations of the Bur. of Soils, 1915, 54 p., illus. map (scale 1:63,360).Each type of soil is shown on the map, described physically, analyzed chemically, and discussed as to its agricultural value.
Cobban, W. A.1983Molluscan fossil record from the northeastern part of the Upper Cretaceous seaway, Western Interior, V. P 1253pp. 1-25
Cobban, W. A., and Merewether, E. A.1983Stratigraphy and paleontology of Mid-Cretaceous rocks in Minnesota and contiguous areasUS Geological Survey Professional Paper P 1253, 52 p.
Cobban, William A., and Reeside, John B., Jr.1952Correlation of the Cretaceous Formations of the Western Interior of the United States:Geol. Soc. America Bull., v. 63, no. 10, p. 1011-1044, illus.This article includes discussions of the historical background of classification, a standard reference sequence, suggested zonal indices and other fossils, faunal relations, and annotations explaining the items on the correlation charts.
Cohee, George V., and Wright, W. B.1975bChanges in stratigraphic nomenclature by the U.S. Geological Survey, 1974:U.S. Geological Survey Bulletin 1405-A, 36 p., illus. (North Dakota on pages A2-A3).Big Snowy Formation; Mississippian; stratigraphic nomenclature
Cohee, George V., and Wright, W. B.1976Changes in stratigraphic nomenclature by the U.S. Geological Survey:U.S. Geological Survey Bulletin 1422-A, 84 p., illus. (North Dakota on pages A4-A5, A16-A17).Birdbear Formation; Devonian; Greenhorn Formation; Cretaceous; stratigraphic nomenclature
Cohee, George V., and Wright, W. B.1974Listing of nomenclature changes:U.S. Geological Survey Bulletin 1394-A, p. A16-A17.Golden Valley Formation; Paleocene; Eocene; geochronology
Cohee, George V., and Wright, W. B.1975aChanges in stratigraphic nomenclature by the U.S. Geological Survey, 1973:U.S. Geological Survey Bulletin 1395-A, 68p., illus. (North Dakota on pages A16-A17, A20-A21).Fox Hills Sandstone; Cretaceous; Judith River Formation; stratigraphic nomenclature
Cohee, George V., Bates, R.G., and Wright, W.B.1970Changes in stratigraphic nomenclature by the U.S. Geological Survey:U.S. Geological Survey Bulletin 1294-A, 55 p., illus. (North Dakota on page A2).Arikaree Formation; Miocene; geologic age; stratigraphic nomenclature
Cohen, Arthur D., and Ting, Francis, T. C.1973Comparison of a silicified Paleocene peat from North Dakota and a modern Taxodium peat from the Okefenokee Swamp of Georgia (abstract):Geological Society of America Abstracts, v. 5, no. 7, p. 579.lignite, Paleocene; Golden Valley County; peat; composition; paleontology
Cole, Willard A., and Zetterstrom, John D.1954Investigations of lightweight aggregates of North and South Dakota:U. S. Bur. Mines Rept. Inv. 5065, 43 p., illus.The shale and clay deposits of North and South Dakota are studied as possible raw materials for the production of lightweight aggregates.
Collier, Arthur J.1919The Nesson Anticline, Williams County, North Dakota:U. S. Geol. Survey Bull. 691-G, p. 211-217, illus. structure map (scale approx. 1:26,500).The topography, geology, structure, lignite deposits, and oil and natural gas possibilities of the area are discussed.
Collier, Arthur J.1918A formation hitherto unaccounted for in North Dakota (abs.):Washington Acad. Sci. Jour. v. 8, p. 412-413.The material filling the valleys along the Missouri River in eastern Montana and western North Dakota is identified as loess.
Collier, J. C.1988Pressure-solution features of the Birdbear Formation (Devonian), Williston Basin, North DakotaMaster's, University of North Dakota, Grand Forks, ND, 91 p.
Colton, R. B.1979Geologic map of the Bainville SE quadrangle, Montana and North Dakota:U.S. Geological Survey Miscellaneous Field Studies Map MF-1112, scale 1:24,000.North Dakota; Williams county; Montana; geology
Colton, Roger B.1958Note on the intersecting minor ridges in the Lake Agassiz Basin, North Dakota, in Friends of the Pleistocene Midwestern Section Guidebook 9th Ann. Field Conf., East-Central North Dakota, 1958: N. Dak. Geol. Survey Misc. Ser. no. 10, p. 74-77, illus.The article is based on the work of Horberg (1951) in the same area. The origin of the ridges is interpreted. Superposition of the ridges is noted.
Colton, Roger B.1958Ice-crack moraines in northwestern North Dakota and northeastern Montana, in Friends of the Pleistocene Midwestern Section Guidebook 9th Ann. Field Conf., East-Central North Dakota, 1958: N. Dak. Geol. Survey Misc. Ser. no. 10, p. 99-107, illus.The distribution, shape, composition, origin, and significance of the ice-crack moraines are discussed.
Colton, Roger B., and Lemke, R. W.1955Drumlins in North Dakota (abs.):Geol. Soc. America Bull., v. 66, no. 12, p. 1673.The drumlins are described as to location, shape, size, and orientation.
Colton, Roger B., Lemke, Richard W., and Lindvall, Robert M.1963Preliminary glacial map of North Dakota:U.S. Geological Survey Miscellaneous Geologic Investigations Map I-331, scale 1:500,000.glacial map; glacial deposits; glacial Lake Agassiz; glacial features; radiocarbon dates; preglacial drainage; North Dakota
Comeskey, A. E.1993Estimation of a water budget for Agnes Marsh, Grand Forks CountyNorth Dakota, Master's, University of North Dakota, Grand Forks, ND, 133 p.
Comeskey, A. E.1989Hydrogeology of the Plaza area Mountrail County, North DakotaNorth Dakota State Water Commission Ground Water Studies No. 94, 71 p.
Comeskey, A. E.1989Hydrogeology of Camp Grafton South, Eddy County, North DakotaNorth Dakota State Water Commission Ground Water Studies No. 88, 81 p.
Comeskey, A. E.1983Ground-water resources of the Powers Lake area, Burke County, North DakotaNorth Dakota State Water Commission Ground Water Studies No. 85, 44 p.
Comeskey, A. E.1988Hydrogeology of the Lost Lake aquifer system in the Wilton-Washburn area McLean County, North DakotaNorth Dakota State Water Commission Ground Water Studies No. 93, Part I, 64 p.
Comeskey, A. E., and Reiten, J.1982Ground-water resources of the Surrey area, Ward County, North DakotaNorth Dakota State Water Commission Ground Water Studies No. 87, 99 p.
Conkright, M. E., Sackett, W. M., and Peters, K. E.1986Application of the pyrolysis-carbon isotope method for determining the maturity of kerogen in the Bakken ShaleOrganic Geochemistry, V. 10, pp. 1113-1117
Connett, P.W., and Erickson, J.M.1996Paleoenvironmental interpretations of the Bullhead lithofacies (Cretaceous:Maastrichtian) Iron Lightning Member, Fox Hills Formation based on physil mineralogy:Proceedings of the North Dakota Academy of Science, v. 50, p. 36.North Dakota; Professional Communications; Paleoenvironments; Cretaceous; Maastrichtian; Fox Hills Formation; Bullhead lithofacies; Iron Lightning Member; mineralogy; physils; clay minerals; interpretation; Cedar Creek Anticline; Fox Hills Seaway;
Conrad, C.1962Williston cheers Portal into homestretch:Pipeline Engineer, v. 34, p. 302-304, 306, illus.Portal Pipeline Company; oil pipeline; North Dakota; construction
Conta, J. F., Richardson, J. L., and Prunty, L.1985Percolation tests, soil texture, and saturated hydraulic conductivity in lacustrine soils in North DakotaJournal of Environmental Quality, V. 14, pp. 191-194
Cook, C.W.1976A Mechanical well log study of the Poplar interval of the Mississippian Madison Formation in North Dakota:North Dakota Geological Survey Report of Investigation 52, 20 p. illus.Madison Formation; Poplar Interval; Mississippian; well logs; stratigraphy; stratigraphic correlations; lithology; anhydrites; carbonates; depositional environments; structural geology; Nesson Anticline; Billings High: Divide High; Cedar Creek Anticline; economic geology; oil; cross sections; isochore map; structure contour map
Cook, Charles W.1974A mechanical well log study of the Poplar Interval of the Mississippian Madison Formation in North Dakota:University of North Dakota M.S. thesis, 154 p., illus.Madison Formation; Poplar Interval; Mississippian; stratigraphy; lithostratigraphy; Williston Basin; sedimentary rocks; carbonate rocks; evaporites; anhydrite; salt; lithofacies; reservoir rocks; petroleum; exploration; well logging; cross sections; structure contour map
Cook, S. M.1981Coal geology of the Garrison area, McLean County, North DakotaUS Geological Survey Open-File Report OF 81-0022, 24 p.
Cook, S.M., and Spencer, J.M.1979Geophysical and lithologic logs for 1978 coal drilling in Montrail, Renville, Ward and Williams Counties, North Dakota:U.S. Geological Survey Open-file Report 79-912, 124 p.lignite; drill-hole data; geophysical logs; lithology
Cooley, A.M.1954Progress report on Leonardite:Report of North Dakota Research Foundation, 13 p.leonardite; lignite; humic acid; analysis; methodology; utilization
Cooley, M. E.1986Divisions of potential fracture permeability based on distribution of structures and linear features in sedimentary rocks, Northern Great Plains-Rocky Mountains region of Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Wyoming, and northern NebraskaUSGS-Miscellaneous Investigations Series Map I-1687, 1 Sheet, 1:1,335,000
Cooley, M. E.1983Linear features determined from Landsat imagery in North DakotaUS Geological Survey Open-File Report OF 83-0937, 1 Sheet
Cooley, R. L., Konikow, L. F., and Naff, R. L.1986Nonlinear-regression groundwater flow modeling of a deep regional aquifer systemWater Resources Research, V. 22, pp. 1759-1778
Cooper, F. D.1972The mineral industry in North Dakota:Minerals Yearbook, Part 2, Washington, DC, U.S. Bureau of Mines, p. 537-549.North Dakota; minerals;
Cooper, H. M., Abernethy, R. F., and Tarpley, E. C.1948Description of mine samples, in U. S. Bureau of Mines, Analyses of Michigan, North Dakota, South Dakota, and Texas coals: U. S. Bur. Mines Tech. Paper 700, p. 64-95.The description includes the location of the mine, sample location in the mine, stratigraphic position, thickness of bed, system of mining, and estimated life of the mine.
Cooper, H. M., Snyder, N. H., Abernethy, R. F., and Tarpley, E. C.1948Analyses of mine, tipple, and delivered samples, in U. S. Bureau of Mines, Analyses of Michigan, North Dakota, South Dakota, and Texas coals: U. S. Bur. Mines Tech. Paper 700, p. 27-63.Lignite from North Dakota mines is analyzed as follows: 1) proximate analysis--moisture, volatile matter, fixed carbon, and ash, 2) ultimate analysis-sulfur, hydrogen, carbon, nitrogen oxygen, and ash 3) softening temperature of ash; 4) agglomerating index; 5) mineral-matter-free basis: a) dry fixed carbon and B t.u., b) moist B.t.u.
Cooper, Margaret1955Bibliography and index on uranium and thorium and radioactive occurrences in the United States, Pt. 4, Arkansas, Iowa, Kansas, Louisiana, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Oklahoma, South Dakota, and Texas:Geol. Soc. America Bull., v. 66, p. 257-326.The main bibliography consists of an author listing followed by three indexes: a gazetteer, a geographical index, and a subject index.
Cope, Edward D.1883On a new extinct genus and species of Percidae from Dakota Territory:Am. Jour. Sci. 3rd Ser., v. 25, p. 414-416.Four fossil fish collected at Sentinel Butte are described and measured. A new genus, Plioplarchus, is named and described.
Cope, Edward D.1883[White River beds near Sully Springs, Dakota]:Am. Philos. Soc. Proc., v. 21, p. 216-217.The article is a letter from Prof. E. D. Cope reporting the discovery of a new lake of White River age in southwestern North Dakota.
Cope, Edward D.1875The vertebrata of the Cretaceous formations of the West:U. S. Geol. Survey of the Territories, Rept., v. 2, 302 p., illus.The species are described and illustrated. Some of the specimens are from the area now included in the state of North Dakota.
Cope, Edward D.1874[On the Cretaceous age of the lignites of the West]:Philadelphia, Acad. Nat. Sci., Proc. v. 26, p. 10-13.Professor Cope presents a discussion of the vertebrate paleontological evidence for the Cretaceous age of the lignite beds in the upper Missouri River region. Remarks by LeConte and Frazer are included.
Cowdery, T. K.1995Similar agricultural areas, different ground water quality; Red River of the North Basin, 1993-95:U. S. Geological Survey Open File Report 95-0441, 4 p.agriculture; agrochemicals; aquifers; drainage basins; Great Plains; ground water; land use; Minnesota; North Dakota; Otter Tail Study Area; Ransom County; Red River of the North Basin; Red River Valley; Richland County; shallow aquifers; Sheyenne Delta Study Area; Sheyenne River; soils; water quality;
Cowdery, T. K., and Goff, K.1994Nitrogen concentrations near the water table of the Sheyenne Delta Aquifer beneath cropland areas, Ransom and Richard counties, North Dakota:North Dakota Water Quality Symposium Proceedings, Fargo, ND, N.D. Water Resour. Res. Inst., p. 89-102.aquifers; ground water; nitrogen; North Dakota; pollution; rainfall; Ransom County; recharge; Richland County; Sheyenne Delta Aquifer; Sheyenne River; water quality; water resources;
Cowdery, T. K., and Saylor, K. N.1996Contrasting water quality of two surficial aquifers in the Red River of the North drainage basin, North Dakota and Minnesota:Biennial Conference on Water Resources in Minnesota, v. 5, St. Paul, MN, Minnesota Water Resources Research Center, p. 98.agriculture; aquifers; drainage basins; ground water; herbicides; irrigation; Minnesota; North Basin; North Dakota; nutrients; Otter Tail Aquifer; pesticides; pollutants; pollution; Red River; sampling; shallow aquifers; Sheyenne Delta Aquifer; surficial aquifers; water quality;
Cowdery, T.K.1997Shallow ground water quality beneath cropland in the Red River of the North Basin, Minnesota and North Dakota, 1993-95:US Geological Survey Water Resources Investigations 97-4001, 52 p.agrochemicals; aquifers; controls; denitrification; ground water; herbicides; insecticides; land use; Minnesota; nitrate ion; North Dakota; Otter Tail Aquifer; pesticides; pollutants; pollution; rainfall; Red River of the North Basin; shallow aquifers; Sheyenne Delta Aquifer; triazines; water quality; water table;
Cowdery, T.K.1998Ground water quality in the Red River of the North basin, Minnesota and North Dakota, 1991-95:U. S. Geological Survey Water Resources Investigations 98-4175, 15 p. aquifers; clastic sediments; Cretaceous; depth; drainage basins; drift; geochemistry; ground water; hydrochemistry; isotopes; manganese; Mesozoic; metals; Minnesota; North Dakota; nutrients; organic compounds; pesticides; pollutants; pollution; radioactive isotopes; Red River of the North basin; sediments; spatial variations; surficial aquifers; surficial geology; till; triazines; USGS; water quality; herbicides;
Cowdery, T.K., and Brigham, M.E.1992Baseflow dissolved-solids loads to streams of the Red River of the North basin, South Dakota, North Dakota and Minnesota:Midwest Ground Water Conference No. 37, p. 38. dissolved materials; ground water; hydrology; Minnesota; North Dakota; Red River of the North; rivers and streams; South Dakota; streamflow; water quality;
Cox, Herbert M.1953Williston basin-Mississippian reservoir characteristics and proved reserves:Am. Assoc. Petroleum Geologists Bull., v. 37, no. 10, p. 2294-2302, illus.The structure, lithologic character of the pay zone, and reservoir data are discussed for the Beaver Lodge and Tioga fields in North Dakota and the East Poplar and Richey fields in Montana. The reserves are calculated for the fields.
Cozzolino, J.M., and Falconer, W.A.1977Williston Basin search area analyzed:Oil & Gas Journal, v. 75, no. 3, p. 94-97, illus.petroleum; exploration; evaluation; economics; statistical analysis
Crabb, D.E., and Mowatt, T.C.1970Preliminary mineralogic investigation of some clay horizons in the Fort Union and Ludlow Formations, North Dakota and South Dakota (abstract):Geological Society of America Abstracts with Programs, v. 2, no. 5, p. 328.Tertiary sediments; Ludlow Formation; Fort Union Formation; clays; X ray diffraction; mineralogy; geochemistry
Crafton, J. W., Poundstone, D. J., and Brown, C. A.1982A practical model for evaluating a well producing from a tight gas formationin, Komar, C. A., ed., Proceedings of the Unconventional Gas Recovery Symposium, May 16-18, 1982, Society of Petroleum Engineers, Dallas, TX, Pittsburgh, PA, pp. 481-489
Cramer, D. D.1992Treating-pressure analysis in the Bakken FormationJournal of Petroleum Technology, V. 44, pp. 20-27
Cramer, D. D.1991Understanding the reservoir important to successful stimulationOil and Gas Journal, V. 89, pp. 53-56,58-61
Cramer, D. D.1990Stimulation treatments in the Bakken Formationin, Hansen, W. B., ed., Bakken Formation short course; study notes No.1, Montana Geological Society, Billings, MT, p. 16
Cramer, D. D.1991Stimulation treatments in the Bakken Formation; implications for horizontal completionsin, Hansen, W. B., ed., 1991 Guidebook to geology and horizontal drilling of the Bakken Formation, Montana Geological Society, Billings, MT, pp. 117-140
Crane, P. R., Dilcher, D. L., and Manchester, S. R.1986Nordenskioldia; a vesselless angiosperm from the Paleocene of North AmericaAmerican Journal of Botany, V. 73, p. 697
Crane, P. R., Manchester, S. R., and Dilcher, D. L.1990A preliminary survey of fossil leaves and well-preserved reproductive structures from the Sentinel Butte Formation (Paleocene) near Almont, North DakotaFieldiana: Geology, V. 20, pp. 1-63
Crane, P.R., Manchester, S.R., and Dilcher, D.L.1991Reproductive and vegetative structure of Nordenskioldia (Trochodendraceae), a vesselless dicotyledon from the early Tertiary of the Northern Hemisphere:American Journal of Botany, v.78, n.10, p.1311-1334.paleobotany; taxonomy; new species; distribution; plants; fossils; North Dakota; Montana: Wyoming; flora; Paleocene; Asia; Europe; leaves; extinct;
Crashell, J. J.1991Structural development of Billings and McKenzie counties, southwestern North DakotaAmerican Association of Petroleum Geologists Bulletin, V. 75, p. 1124
Crashell, J. J.1991Tectonic history of Billings and southern McKenzie counties, southwestern North DakotaMaster's, University of North Dakota, Grand Forks, ND, 265 p.
Crass, D. B.1982Distribution of carbonate and evaporite facies of Mississippian Mission Canyon FormationAmerican Association of Petroleum Geologists Bulletin, V. 66, p. 560
Crass, D. B.1987The stratigraphy, petrography, and diagenesis of the Frobisher-Alida interval, Mission Canyon Formation (Mississippian), northern Bottineau and Renville counties, North DakotaMaster's, Baylor University, Waco, TX, 93 p.
Crawford, Jack W.1967Stratigraphy and sedimentology of the Tongue River Formation (Paleocene), southeast Golden Valley County, North Dakota:University of North Dakota M.S. thesis, 73 p., illus.Tongue River Formation; Golden Valley County; Slope County; stratigraphy; Fort Union Group; Ludlow Formation; Cannonball Formation; Sentinel Butte Member; Golden Valley Formation; White River Formation; lithology; structure; nomenclature; sedimentology; size analyses; carbonates; mineralogy; sedimentary structures; paleontology; depositional environments; Teritary; Palocene; economic geology; measured sections
Crawford, M.1985Industry abandons synfuels projectScience, V. 229, p. 633
Crawford, M.1985Great Plains project hangs in the balanceScience, V. 228, pp. 1410-1411
Crawley, M. E., and Emerson, D. G.1982Hydrologic characteristics and possible effects of surface mining in the northwestern part of west branch Antelope Creek basin, Mercer County, North DakotaUS Geological Survey Water-Resources Investigation Report, WRI 81-79, 82 p.
Crawley, M.E.1978Hydrologic evaluation of mining and reclamation in the Beulah Trench area of North Dakota (abstract):U.S. Geological Survey Professional Paper 1100, p.119.geohydrology; groundwater; glacial aquifer; Tongue River aquifer; Sentinel Butte aquifer; water chemistry; lignite aquifers
Crawley, M.E., and Croft, M.G.1978Cation-exchange characteristics of Tongue River sediments at the Gascoyne strip mine, North Dakota (abstract):Geological Society of America Abstracts with Programs, v. 10, no. 5, p. 214.lignite strip mine; groundwater; geochemistry; water chemistry; Fort Union Formation; pollution
Croft, M. G.1985Ground-water resources of McKenzie County, North DakotaNorth Dakota Geological Survey Bulletin 80; ND State Water Commission County Groundwater Studies No. 37, Part III, 57 p.
Croft, M. G.1981Buried-valley aquifers, McKenzie CountyUS Geological Survey Professional Paper P 1175, p. 137
Croft, M. G.1985Ground-water data for McKenzie County, North DakotaNorth Dakota Geological Survey Bulletin 80; ND State Water Commission County Groundwater Studies No. 37, Part II, 455 p.
Croft, M. G., and Crosby, O. A.1984Hydrology of area 46, Northern Great Plains and Rocky Mountain coal provinces, North DakotaUS Geological Survey Open-File Report OF 84-0467, 135 p.
Croft, M.G.1978bGround-water resources of Adams and Bowman counties, North Dakota:North Dakota Geological Survey Bulletin 65, Part 3 (North Dakota State Water Commission County Ground-water Studies 22), 54 p., illus.Adams County; Bowman County; hydrogeology; well data; water chemistry; stratigraphy; water quality; water utilization; aquifers
Croft, M.G.1978aGround-water flow model of Harmon lignite at Gascoyne Mine (abstract):U.S. Geological Survey Professional Paper 1100, p. 119.Bowman County; Fort Union Formation; Tongue River Member; aquifers; groundwater flow; models
Croft, M.G.1974bGround-water basic data for Adams and Bowman Counties, North Dakota:North Dakota Geological Survey Bulletin 65, Part 2 (North Dakota Water Commission County Ground-water Studies 22), 294 p., illus.well data; water wells; water levels; hydrogeology; well logs; aquifer characteristics; water analyses; groundwater resources
Croft, M.G.1976Excessive concentrations of sulfate found below mine area (abstract):U.S. Geological Survey Professional Paper 1000, p. 123-124.Gascoyne Mine; groundwater chemistry; lignite strip mine; environmental effects
Croft, M.G.1973bGround-water resources, Mercer and Oliver Counties, North Dakota:North Dakota Geological Survey Bulletin 56, Part 3 (North Dakota Water Commission County Ground Water Studies 15), 78 p., illus.groundwater resources; aquifers; water wells; water quality; water yield; groundwater recharge; hydrographs
Croft, M.G.1974aFox Hills and basal Hell Creek aquifer (abstract):U.S. Geological Survey Professional Paper 900, p. 85.Adams County; Bowman County; groundwater; aquifers
Croft, M.G.1973aFox Hills and lower Hell Creek aquifers (abstract):U.S. Geological Survey Professional Paper 850, p. 99.Adams County; Bowman County; aquifers; water quality; groundwater flow
Croft, M.G.1970Ground water basic data Mercer and Oliver Counties, North Dakota:North Dakota Geological Survey Bulletin 56, Part 2 (North Dakota State Water Commission County Ground Water Studies 15), 268 p., illus.Mercer County; Oliver County; well data; water wells; well logs; water levels; water quality; water chemistry
Croft, M.G., and Downey, J.S.1975Effects of strip mining on water quality at the Gascoyne lignite mine, Bowman County, North Dakota (abstract):Geological Society of America Abstracts with Programs, v. 7, no. 5, p. 600.water quality; geochemistry; surface water; groundwater; pollution
Croft, M.G., Fisher, D.W., and Anna, L.O.1977Sulfate reduction in aquifers overlying the Pierre Shale, Fort Union coal region (abstract):Geological Society of America Abstracts with Programs, v. 9, no. 6, p. 718.Pierre Shale; Fox Hills Formation; Hell Creek Formation; Fort Union Formation; Tullock Member; Ludlow Member; Tongue River Member; groundwater; aquifers; geochemistry
Croft, M.G., Fisher, D.W., and Crawley, M.E.1978Hydrology and geochemistry of the Harmon lignite bed at the Gascoyne Mine, North Dakota (abstract):Geological Society of America Abstracts with Programs, v. 10, no. 5, p. 214.groundwater; computer model; aquifers; lignite; geochemistry; pollution
Croft, M.G., Fisher, D.W., Thorstenson, D., and Crawley, M.E.1978Hydrology and geochemistry of the Gascoyne lignite mine, North Dakota (abstract):Eos (American Geophysical Union Transactions), v. 59, no. 12, p. 1067.groundwater flow; model; aquifers; mining effects; water quality
Croft, Mack G., and Wesolowski, E.A.1970Transmissivity and storage coefficient of aquifers in the Fox Hills Sandstone and Hell Creek Formation, Mercer and Oliver Counties, North Dakota (abstract):Geological Society of America Abstracts with Programs, v. 2, no. 5, p. 328-329; paper published, 1970: U.S. Geological Survey Professional Paper 700-B, p. 190-195, illus.Fox Hills Sandstone; Hell Creek Formation; Mercer County; Oliver County; aquifers; Cretaceous
Crom, R. L.1987Importance of groundwater to the north central statesin, North central region eight state groundwater workshop proceedings, Iowa State University, Ames, IA, pp. 1-4
Crosby, E. J.1973The mineral industry in North Dakota:County Ground Water Studies, No. 63, Grand Forks, ND, North Dakota State Water Commission, p. 3-4.North Dakota; minerals; economic geology;
Crosby, E.J.1973bSodium sulfate,in Mineral and water resources of North Dakota: U.S. Congress, Senate, Interior and Insular Affairs Committee, 93rd Congress, 1st Session (SuDoc no. Y4.In8/13:M66/39); also issued: North Dakota Geological Survey Bulletin 63, p. 151-154, illus.sodium sulfate deposits; location; potential
Crosby, E.J.1973aThe mineral industry in North Dakota,in Mineral and water resources of North Dakota: U.S. Congress, Senate, Interior and Insular Affairs Committee, 93rd Congress, 1st Session (SuDoc no. Y4.In8/13:M66/39); also issued: North Dakota Geological Survey Bulletin 63, p. 3-4, illus.lignite; petroleum; sand; gravel; natural gas; production data
Crosby, O. A.1985North Dakota; ground-water resourcesUSGS Water-Supply Paper W 2275, pp. 335-340
Crosby, O. A., and Armstrong, C. A.1989Northern Great Plains and Rocky Mountain provinces; Fort Union regionin, Britton, L. J., Anderson, C. L., Goolsby, D. A., and Van Haveren, B. P., eds., Summary of the U.S. Geological Survey and U.S. Bureau of Land Management national coal-hydrology program, 1974-84, pp. 62-72
Crosby, O. A., and Klausing, R. L.1983Hydrology of area 47, Northern Great Plains and Rocky Mountain coal provinces, North Dakota, South Dakota, and MontanaUS Geological Survey Open-File Report OF 83-0221, p. 150
Crosby, O.A.1976Hydrology of strippable lignite deposits (abstracts):U.S. Geological Survey Professional Paper 1000, p. 124.Sentinel Butte aquifers; Tongue River aquifers; groundwater movement; lignite; water quality
Crosby, O.A., Armstrong, C.A., and Paulson, Q.F.1973Water resources of North Dakota,in Mineral and water resources of North Dakota: U.S. Congress, Senate, Interior and Insular Affairs Committee, 93rd Congress, 1st Session (SuDoc no. Y4.In8/13:M66/39); also issued: North Dakota Geological Survey Bulletin 63, p. 161-198, illus.water resources; physiography; drainage; drainage patterns (geologic); precipitation; surface waters; runoff; floods; Missouri River Basin; discharge (water); Red River Basin; groundwater; aquifers; Precambrian aquifers; Paleozoic aquifers; glacial aquifers; Dakota aquifer; Pierre aquifer; Fox Hills-Hell Creek aquifer; Fort Union aquifer; water quality; chemical analyses
Crosby, Spurgeon C., II1958The basement of North Dakota:Grand Forks, N. D., North Dakota, Univ., M.A. Thesis (unpub.), 46 p., illus. incl. basement geologic map (scale 1:2,230,000).The topography, structure, composition, and geologic history of the basement rocks are discussed.
Cross, C. Whitman1921Are the Lance and Fort Union formations of Mesozoic time?:Science, n.s., v. 53, no. 1370, p. 304-307.The review of T. W. Stanton's paper (1921) by Charles Schuchert (1921) is discussed. The position of the U. S. Geological Survey regarding the age of the formations is supported against the position of Schuchert.
Cross, C. Whitman1922Tertiary aspects of Lance beds:Pan-Am. Geol., v. 37, p. 66-67.The sedimentary history of the formation is discussed.
Crow, P.1978Discoveries spur action across Williston Basin:Oil & Gas Journal, v. 76, no. 34, p. 17-22, illus.Mission Canyon Formation; Red River Formation; Duperow Formation; exploration; production; reservoir rocks; petroleum
Crowley, K. D.1986Fission-track thermochronology of basement from the North American Craton; a 1 billion year record of crustal epeirogenyEos; Transactions of the American Geophysical Union, V. 67, p. 1190
Crowley, K. D., Ahern, J. L., and Naeser, C. W.1985Origin and epeirogenic history of the Williston Basin; evidence from fission-track analysis of apatiteGeology, V. 13, pp. 620-623
Crowley, K. D., Ahern, J. L., and Naeser, C. W.1984Major epeirogenic events in the Williston Basin region; evidence from fission-track datingGeological Society of America Abstracts with Programs, V. 16, p. 480
Crowley, S. S., Stanton, R. W., and Ruppert, L. F.1993Air toxics in coal; the distribution of twelve trace elements in a thick, subbituminous coal bed and impact on mining applications:The Journal of Coal Quality, v. 12, n. 4, p. 141-146.applications; Cenozoic; Clean Air Act; coal; combustion; Fort Union Formation; geochemistry; legislation; mining; Montana; North Dakota; organic residues; Paleocene; Paleogene; pollution; regulations; sedimentary rocks; Tertiary; Tongue River Member; toxicity; trace elements; Wyoming;
Crowley, S. S., Warwick, P. D., Wheeler, E. A., Hower, J. C., and Pontolillo, J.1995Identification of wood in Tertiary lignites from the Gulf Coast Province (La., Tex., Ky.) and North Dakota:Geological Society of America Abstracts with Programs, v. 27, n. 6, p. 245.angiosperms; biodegradation; Calvert Mine; Cenozoic; Claiborne Group; coal; coalification; conifers; Dolet Hills Mine; Eocene; Fort Union Formation; fossil wood; Gulf Coastal Plain; gymnosperm flora; Jackson Group; Kentucky; lignite; Louisiana; North Dakota; organic residues; outcrops; Paleogene; peat; Plantae; plants; preservation; San Miguel Mine; sedimentary rocks; sediments; Spermatophyta; Tertiary; Texas; Wilcox Group;
Cuffey, R. J., Feldmann, R. M., and Pohlable, K. E.1981New Bryozoa from the Fox Hills Sandstone (Upper Cretaceous, Maestrichtian) of North DakotaJournal of Paleontology, V. 55, pp. 401-409
Culbertson, D.M.1962Chemical quality of water and sedimentationin Current studies of the hydrology of prairie potholes: U.S. Geological Survey Circular 472, p. 7-8.potholes; water quality; sedimentation; water chemistry
Culbertson, Thaddeus A.1851Journal of an expedition to the Mauvaises Terres and the Upper Missouri in 1850:Smithsonian Inst., 5th Ann. Rept., p. 84-145; reissued, McDermott, John F., ed., 1952: Smithsonian Inst., Bur. Am. Ethnology Bull. 147, 164 p., illus.The daily journal contains detailed accounts of the geology, biology, climate, people, and cultures encountered. The journey was made up the Missouri River from St. Louis to a point beyond the Milk River. The specimens collected during the trip were presented to the Smithsonian Institute.
Culbertson, William C.1955Strippable coal reserves in the Fort Union region of Montana and North Dakota (abs.):Econ. Geol., v. 50, no. 1, p. 102.The results of the 1950-1953 U. S. Geological Survey project of mapping strippable coal deposits in the area are discussed.
Culver, Garry E.1893Report of Prof. Garry E. Culver:U. S. 52nd Cong., 1st sess., Senate Ex. Doc. 41, pt. 3, p. 191-209, illus. incl. geol. map (scale I:2,500,000).The Dakota artesian basin, the supply of the water, and the geology of the Black Hills are discussed.
Culver, Garry E.1890Report of Professor Garry E. Culver, University of Dakota, field geologist for North and South Dakota:U. S. 51st Cong., 1st sess., Senate Ex. Doc. 222, p. 55-63, illus.The geology of the Dakotas is described and the relation of the water-bearing rock to the surface geology is discussed.
Cumming, Alastair D., Fuller, J. G. C. M., and Porter, J. W.1959Separation of strata: Paleozoic limestones of the Williston Basin,in Bell, W. D., chm., Symposium on concepts of stratigraphic classification and correlation: Am. Jour. Sci., v. 257, no. 10, p. 722-733, illus.Previous work done on the Williston basin Paleozoics is compiled with a discussion of theoretical considerations of the existence of limestones.
Cunningham, R., Zelt, F. B., Snavely, P. D., Morgan, S. R., Passey, Q. R., and Webster, R. L.1990Recognition of hydrocarbon expulsion using well logs; Bakken Formation, Williston BasinAmerican Association of Petroleum Geologists Bulletin, V. 74, p. 637
Curtiss, Robert E.1957Stratigraphic correlation of lignitic uranium deposits in the Sentinel Butte Member, Billings County, North Dakota (abs.):Geol. Soc. America Bull., v. 68, no. 12, p. 1860.Two marker intervals are identified and used for correlation within the Sentinel Butte "Member" throughout Billings County.
Curtiss, Robert E.1961Stratigraphic correlation of uraniferous lignite beds in the Sentinel Butte Member, Fort Union Formation, Billings County, North Dakota:U.S. Atomic Energy Commission RME-5001, 22 p., illus.uranium; lignite; Sentinel Butte Member; Fort Union Formation; Paleocene; stratigraphy; Billings County; structural geology; stratigraphic correlation
Cushing, E.M.1977Description of the Madison Aquifer study, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, and Wyoming:U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 77-514, 8 p., illus.Madison Limestone; aquifer; Mississippian; hydrogeology; groundwater
Cvancara, A. M.1990Sleuthing Fossils: The Art of Investigating Past LifeJohn Wiley & Sons, Inc., New York, NY, 203 p.
Cvancara, A. M.1983Aquatic mollusks of North DakotaNorth Dakota Geological Survey Report of Investigations No. 78, 141 p.
Cvancara, A. M.1985Fossils in deciphering past environments; Cannonball Formation (Paleocene, Danian), central North AmericaProceedings of the North Dakota Academy of Science, V. 39, p. 11
Cvancara, A. M.1985A Field Manual for the Amateur Geologist: Tools and Activities for Exploring Our PlanetPrentice-Hall, Inc., New York, NY, 256 p.
Cvancara, A. M.1986The Cannonball Formation (Paleocene) of central-most North Americain, Clausen, E. N., and Kihm, A. J., eds., Tertiary and Upper Cretaceous of south-central and western North Dakota Field Trip Guidebook, North Dakota Geological Society, Bismarck,ND, pp. 23-24
Cvancara, A. M.1980Bench-forming sandstone as a correlation tool; Cannonball Formation (Paleocene), North DakotaProceedings of the North Dakota Academy of Science, V. 34, p.34
Cvancara, A. M., and Hoganson, J. W.1993Vertebrates of the Cannonball Formation (Paleocene) in North and South DakotaJournal of Vertebrate Paleontology, V. 13, pp. 1-23
Cvancara, A. M., and Hoganson, J. W.1987Sharks, rays and ratfishes from the Cannonball Formation (Paleocene, Danian) of the DakotasProceedings of the North Dakota Academy of Science, V. 41, p. 62
Cvancara, A.M.1976cGeology of the Fox Hills Formation (Late Cretaceous) in the Williston Basin of North Dakota, with reference to uranium potential:North Dakota Geological Survey Report of Investigation 55, 16 p., illus.Fox Hills Formation; Cretaceous; cross sections; isopach map; stratigraphic nomenclature; stratigraphy; lithology; sedimentary structures; structural geology; paleontology; depositional environments; uranium; economic geology
Cvancara, A.M.1976bGeology of the Cannonball Formation (Paleocene) in the Williston Basin, with reference to uranium potential:North Dakota Geological Survey Report of Investigation 57, 22 p., illus.Cannonball Formation; Paleocene; geologic map; cross sections; Tertiary; stratigraphy; sedimentary structures; lithology; structural geology; paleontology; stratigraphic correlations; depositional environments; uranium; economic geology
Cvancara, A.M.1972Summary of the Cannonball Formation (Paleocene) in North Dakotain Depositional environments of the lignite-bearing strata in western North Dakota: North Dakota Geological Survey Miscellaneous Series 50, p. 69-75.Cannonball Formation; Tertiary; stratigraphy; lithology; sedimentary structures; paleontology; depositional environments
Cvancara, A.M.1965bShipworm pallets from the Paleocene (Cannonball Formation) of North Dakota (abstract)in Abstracts for 1964: Geological Society of America Special Papers 82, p. 38-39.Cannonball Formation; Paleocene; mollusks; paleontology
Cvancara, A.M., Clayton, Lee, Bickley, W.B., Jr., and Jacob, A.F.1970New Evidence for paleoenvironmental interpretations of late Quaternary lacustrine deposits in North Dakota (abstract):Geological Association of Canada--Mineralogical Association of Canada Joint Annual Meetings, Abstracts of Papers, p. 17-18.Quaternary; Seibold Site; Stutsman County; paleontology; paleolimnology; radiocarbon dates; Holocene; climatic changes
Cvancara, A.M., Norby, R.D., and Van Alstine, J.B.1976Mollusks of the Sheyenne River, North Dakota, U.S.A.: present and past:Malacological Review, v. 9, no. 1, p. 25-38.Sheyenne River Basin; mollusks; water quality; ecology; fossils; Quaternary; Recent; radiocarbon dates
Cvancara, Alan M.1957Gastropoda from the Pierre Shale (Upper Cretaceous) of Emmons County, south-central North Dakota:Grand Forks, N. D., North Dakota, Univ., M.S. Thesis (unpub.), 62 p., illus.Fourteen species of gastropods found are arranged in twelve genera. The evidence indicates that gastropods cannot be used in defining a Pierre-Fox Hills contact. The concept of a gradational contact is strengthened.
Cvancara, Alan M.1955Lignite-valuable resource of North Dakota:Compass, v. 32, no. 2, p. 133- 137, illus.; reprinted, 1955: N. Dak. Geol. Survey Bull. 28, p. 133-137, illus.This is a general discussion of lignite in North Dakota.
Cvancara, Alan M.1976aAquatic mollusks in North Dakota during the last 12000 years:Canadian Journal of Zoology, v. 54, no. 10, p. 1688-1693, illus.Quaternary; Recent; paleoecology; ecology; biostratigraphy; climatic change; paleontology; radiocarbon dates
Cvancara, Alan M.1970cTeredinid (Bivalvia) pallets from the Paleocene of North America:Paleontology, v. 13, pt. 4, p. 619-622, illus.Cannonball Formation; Paleocene; paleontology; mollusks
Cvancara, Alan M.1971On the cover: late Quaternary frog:Geotimes, v. 16, no. 4, p. 1, 3, illus.Siebold Site; paleontology; fossil frog; radiocarbon dates
Cvancara, ALAN M.1970bNorth Dakota's state fossil:North Dakota Quarterly, v. 38, no. 2, p. 31-35, illus.paleontology; petrified wood; mollusks; Cannonball Formation; Paleocene; Pierre shale; Cretaceous; legislation; "Teredo petrified wood"
Cvancara, Alan M.1970aMussels (Unionidae) of the Red River Valley in North Dakota and Minnesota, U.S.A.:Malacologia, v. 10, no. 1, p. 57-92, illus.Red River Valley; mollusks; Recent; ecology; water quality
Cvancara, Alan M.1967Mussels of the Red River Valley in North Dakota and Minnesota and their use in deciphering drainage historyin Life, land and water--Conference on environmental studies of the Glacial Lake Agassiz region, 1966, Proceedings: Manitoba University Department Anthropology Occasional Paper 1, p. 187-196, illus.Red River Valley; mollusks; ecology; water chemistry; drainage changes
Cvancara, Alan M.1966bRevision of the fauna of the Cannonball Formation (Paleocene) of North and South Dakota--Pt. 1, Bivalvia:University of Michigan, Museum of Paleontology Contributions, v. 20, no. 10, p. 277-374, illus.Cannonball Formation; Palocene; mollusks; pelecypods; paleontology; new species; type localities
Cvancara, Alan M.1966aDistribution and ecology of mussels in the Red River Valley, Grand Forks to Drayton (abstract):North Dakota Academy of Science Proceedings, v. 20, p. 156-157.mollusks; Recent; Red River; water quality
Cvancara, Alan M.1965aBivalves and biostratigraphy of the Cannonball Formation (Paleocene) in North Dakota (University of Michigan Ph.D. dissertation, 470 p., illus.); abstract:Dissertation Abstracts, v. 26, no. 6, p. 3243-3244.Cannonball Formation; Paleontology; stratigraphy; nomenclature; lithology; sedimentary structures; type area; Ludlow Formation; Hell Creek Formation; Fox Hills Sandstone; Tongue River Formation; structural geology; biostratigraphy; paleoecology; depositional environments; mollusks; pelecypods; measured sections; type locality; new species; Tertiary; history
Cvancara, Alan M., and Harrison, S.S.1966Distribution and ecology of mussels in the Turtle River, North Dakota:North Dakota Academy of Science Proceedings, v. 19, p. 128-146, illus.mollusks; Turtle River; Recent
Cvancara, Alan M., Clayton, L., Bickley, W.B., Jr., Jacob, A.F., Ashworth, A.C., Brophy, J.A., Shay, C.T., Delorme, L.D., and Lammers, G.E.1971Paleolimnology of late Quaternary deposits--Seibold Site, North Dakota:Science, v. 171, no. 3967, p. 172-174, illus.Quaternary; Seibold Site; Stutsman County; sloughs; glacial deposits; stratigraphy; paleontology; fish (fossil); radiocarbon dates; palymology; sedimentary history; fossil frog; beaver and muskrat; fossil insects
Cvancara, Alan M., Erickson, J.M., and Delimata, J.J.1971Present and past mollusks of the Forest River, North Dakota (abstract):North Dakota Academy of Science Proceedings, v. 25, pt. 1, p. 5; paper published 1972: North Dakota Academy of Science Proceedings, v. 25, pt. 2, p. 55-65.mollusks; Forest River; Holocene; ecology; paleoecology; paleontology