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AuthorDateTitleSourceAnnotations
La Baugh, J.W., Winter, T.C., and Rosenberry, D.O.2000Comparison of the variability in fluxes of ground water and solutes in lakes and wetlands in central North America:in Williams, W.D., ed., 27th SIL congress; Proceedings: Verhandlungen; Internationale Vereinigung fuer Theoretische und Angewandte Limnologie (Proceedings; International Association of Theoretical and Applied Limnology), v. 27, Part 1; p. 420-426.atmospheric precipitation; discharge; evaporation; Great Plains; ground water; hydrology; lacustrine environment; Minnesota; Nebraska; North Dakota; paludal environment; recharge; solutes; surface water; terrestrial environment; variations; water balance; wetlands;
La Baugh, James W., Winter, Thomas C., and Rosenberry, D. O.1999The role of hydrological processes in determining the water-budget and geochemical characteristics of wetlands:Geological Society of America Abstracts with Programs, v. 31, n. 7, p. 494. atmospheric precipitation; Canada; discharge; evapotranspiration; geochemistry; ground water; hydrology; Minnesota; Nebraska; North Dakota; recharge; surface water; water balance; wetlands;
Labandeira, C.C., Johnson, K.R., and Lang, P.J.1999Extinction at the Cretaceous/ Tertiary boundary:Geological Society of America Abstracts with Programs, v. 31, n. 7, p. 72.Arthropoda; Cenozoic; Cretaceous; extinction; Fort Union Formation; geochemical anomalies; Hell Creek Formation; Insecta; Invertebrata; iridium; K-T boundary; leaves; Ludlow Member; Maestrichtian; Mandibulata; mass extinctions; Mesozoic; metals; microfossils; North Dakota; Paleocene; Paleogene; palynomorphs; Plantae; Puercan; Senonian; species diversity; stratigraphic boundary; Tertiary; vegetation; Western Interior; Williston Basin;
Labandeira, C.C., Johnson, K.R., and Wilf, P.2002Impact of the terminal Cretaceous event on plant insect associations:Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, v. 99, n. 4, p. 2061-2066 (http://www.pubmedcentral.nih.gov/picrender.fcgi?artid=122319&action=stream&blobtype=pdf).Arthropoda; biota; Cenozoic; Cretaceous; extinction; fossils; herbivorous taxa; Insecta; Invertebrata; K-T boundary; Mandibulata; Mesozoic; North Dakota; Paleocene; paleoecology; Paleogene; Plantae; stratigraphic boundary; Tertiary;
Labandeira, C.C., Johnsonm K.R., and Lang, P.2002Preliminary assessment of insect herbivory across the Cretaceous-Tertiary boundary; Major extinction and minimum rebound:in Hartman, J.H., Johnson, K.R., and Nichols, D.J., eds., The Hell Creek Formation and the Cretaceous-Tertiary boundary in the Northern Great Plains; An integrated continental record of the end of the Cretaceous: Geological Society of America Special Paper 361, p. 297-327. Arthropoda; biostratigraphy; Cenozoic; colonial taxa; Cretaceous; Fort Union Formation; Great Plains; Hell Creek Formation; herbivorous taxa; Insecta; Invertebrata; K-T boundary; leaves; Mandibulata; mass extinctions; Mesozoic; Montana; morphology; North Dakota; Paleocene; paleoecology; Paleogene; stratigraphic boundary; Tertiary; Williston Basin;
Labandeira, C.C., Wilf, P., and Johnson, K.R.2000New uses of insect associational data for addressing major themes in plant paleobiology:Geological Society of America Abstracts with Programs, v. 32, n. 7, p. 195. adaptive radiation; Arthropoda; biologic evolution; Calhoun Coal Member; Carboniferous; Cenozoic; Cretaceous; Eocene; fossil record; Green River Basin; Illinois Basin; Insecta; Invertebrata; living taxa; Mandibulata; Mesozoic; Missourian; modern analogs; North Dakota; paleobiology; Paleocene; paleoecology; paleoenvironment; Paleogene; paleotemperature; Paleozoic; Pennsylvanian; Plantae; terrestrial environment; Tertiary; Williston Basin;
Labandeira, Conrad C., Johnson, Kirk R., and Wilf, Peter2001Terminal Cretaceous devastation of plant-insect associations:Geological Society of America Abstracts with Programs, v. 33, n. 6, p. 266. Arthropoda; Cenozoic; Cretaceous; herbivorous taxa; Insecta; Invertebrata; K/T boundary; Mandibulata; mass extinctions; Mesozoic; North Dakota; Paleocene; paleoecology; Paleogene; Plantae; terrestrial environment; Tertiary; Williston Basin;
LaBaugh, J. W.1991VIII, Underground waters and springs; spatial and temporal variation in chemical characteristics of ground water adjacent to selected lakes and wetlands in the north central United StatesInternational Association of Theoretical and Applied Limnology Proceedings, V. 24, pp. 1588-1594
LaBaugh, J. W.1988Relation of hydrogeologic setting to chemical characteristics of selected lakes and wetlands within a climate gradient in the north-central United StatesInternational Association of Theoretical and Applied Limnology Proceedings, V. 12, pp. 131-137
LaBaugh, J. W.1987Spatial and temporal variation in chemical characteristics of ground water and water in wetlands of the Cottonwood Lake area, Stutsman County, North Dakota, 1979-85in, Averett, R. C., and McKnight, D. M., eds., Chemical quality of water and the hydrologic cycle, Lewis Publishers, Chelsea, MI, pp. 343-344
LaBaugh, J. W.1987Use of ion ratios as indicators of processes affecting chemical characteristics of selected wetlands in the Cottonwood Lake area, North Dakota, 1979-86Proceedings of the North Dakota Academy of Science, V. 41, p. 28
LaBaugh, J. W., and Swanson, G. A.1988Algae and invertebrates in the water column of selected prairie wetlands in the Cottonwood Lake area, Stutsman County, North DakotaUS Geological Survey Open-File Report OF 88-0451, 96 p.
LaBaugh, J. W., Winter, T. C., Adomaitis, V. A., and Swanson, G. A.1987Hydrology and chemistry of selected prairie wetlands in the Cottonwood Lake area, Stutsman County, North Dakota, 1979-82US Geological Survey Professional Paper P 1431, 26 p.
LaBaugh, J.W.1995Relation of algal biovolume to chlorophyll a in selected lakes and wetlands in the north-central United States:Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences, v. 52, n. 2, p. 416-424. algae; biomass; chlorophyll; Cottonwood Lake; Crescent Lake National Wildlife Refuge; ecology; lacustrine environment; lakes; living taxa; Minnesota; Nebraska; North Dakota; organic compounds; pigments; Plantae; regression analysis; Shingobee River; statistical analysis; wetlands;
LaBaugh, J.W., and Swanson, G.A.1992Changes in chemical characteristics of water in selected wetlands in the Cottonwood Lake area, North Dakota, U.S.A., 1967-1989,in Robarts, R.D., and Bothwell, M.L., Aquatic ecosystems in semi-arid regions; Implications for resource management: NHRI Symposium No. 7, p. 149-162. Cottonwood Lake; discharge; ecology; ecosystems; geochemistry; ground water; hydrology; North Dakota; Stutsman County; temporal distribution; vegetation; water management; water quality; water resources; water table; wetlands;
LaBaugh, J.W., and Swanson, G.A.2003Spatial and temporal variability in specific conductance and chemical characteristics of wetland water and in water column biota in the wetlands in the Cottonwood Lake area,in Winter, T.C., ed., Hydrological, chemical, and biological characteristics of a prairie pothole wetland complex under highly variable climate conditions; The Cottonwood Lake area, east central North Dakota: U.S. Geological Survey Professional Paper P1675, p. 35-53. algae; biota; chlorophyll; conductivity; Cottonwood Lake; ecology; evaporation; geochemistry; ground water; hydrochemistry; hydrology; Invertebrata; North Dakota; nutrients; organic compounds; pH; pigments; Plantae; spatial variations; Stutsman County; surface water; USGS; vegetation; water balance; wetlands;
Laird, K. R., Fritz, S. C., Maasch, K. A., and Cumming, B. F.1996Greater drought intensity and frequency before AD 1200 in the Northern Great Plains, USA:Nature (London), v. 384, n. 6609, p. 552-554.algal flora; assemblages; Cenozoic; diatom flora; drought; Great Plains; Holocene; lacustrine environment; microfossils; Moon Lake; North Dakota; Northern Great Plains; paleoatmosphere; paleoclimatology; paleolimnology; paleosalinity; plants; Quaternary;
Laird, K., and Fritz, S.1996A 2300-year sub-decadal record of drought severity, duration and frequency in the Northern Great Plains:Program and Abstracts of the American Quaternary Association Fourteenth biennial meeting, v. 14, p. 172.algal flora; arid environment; assemblages; precipitation; Cenozoic; cycles; diatom flora; Great Plains; Holocene; microfossils; North Dakota; paleosalinity; plants; Pleistocene; Quaternary; rain; time factor;
Laird, K.R., Fritz, S.C., and Cumming, B.F.1998A diatom-based reconstruction of drought intensity, duration, and frequency from Moon Lake, North Dakota; A sub-decadal record of the last 2300 years:Journal of Paleolimnology, v. 19, n. 2, p. 161-179.algae; arid environments; Barnes County; benthonic taxa; biostratigraphy; brackish water environments; C-14; carbon; Cenozoic; charcoal; climate change; Coniferales; cores; diatoms; drought; fresh water environments; geochronology; Gymnospermae; Holocene; isotopes; lacustrine environments; lake level changes; lead; metals; Moon Lake; Neoglacial; North Dakota; Northern Great Plains; paleohydrology; paleolimnology; paleosalinity; Pb-210; Plantae; Quaternary; radioactive isotopes; salinity; Sequoiadendron gigantum; Spermatophyta; Taxodiaceae; terrestrial environments; tree rings;
Laird, K.R., Fritz, S.C., and Grimm, E.C.1996Century-scale paleoclimatic reconstruction from Moon Lake, a closed-basin lake in the northern Great Plains:Limnology and Oceanography, v. 41, p.890-902.climatic changes; climate; Paleolimnology; North Dakota; Paleoclimatology;
Laird, W. M.1989A geologist looks at the pastProceedings of the North Dakota Academy of Science, V. 43, p. 2
Laird, Wilson M.1968Over 1,000,000 feet of hole cut in 1967 in North Dakota:Western Oil Reporter, v. 25, no. 7, p. 72, 74, illus.oil wells; oil fields; production; exploration
Laird, Wilson M.1967bOil, lignite, and uranium in North Dakota,in Symposium on the Great Plains of North America: North Dakota Institute for Regional Studies, p. 122-125.petroleum; history; lignite; uranium; development; production
Laird, Wilson M.1967aA note on preglacial drainage in the Northern Great Plains,in Glacial geology of the Missouri Coteau--Midwest Friends of the Pleistocene Field Conference 1967, Guidebook: North Dakota Geological Survey Miscellaneous Series 30, p. 167-170, illus.preglacial drainage; buried channels; drainage changes
Laird, Wilson M.1965The problem of Lake Agassiz:North Dakota Academy of Science Proceedings, 1964, v. 18, p. 114-134, illus.glacial Lake Agassiz; history; geologic history; glacial geology; radiocarbon dates; lake stages; bibliographies
Laird, Wilson M.1962bHistory of oil exploration in North Dakota,in Oil and gas fields of North Dakota, 1962--A symposium: Bismarck, North Dakota Geological Society, p. 1-4, illus.Williston Basin; oil fields; exploration; history; oil wells
Laird, Wilson M.1964Resume of the stratigraphy and structure of North Dakota,in Williston Basin Symposium, 3d International, Regina, Saskatchewan, 1964, Proceedings: Billings Geological Society, p. 39-44, illus.structural geology; stratigraphy; tectonic provinces; oil reservoirs
Laird, Wilson M.1962aA brief geologic summary of the Willsiton Basin,in Oil and gas fields of North Dakota, 1962--A symposium: Bismarck, North Dakota Geological Society, p. 5-11.Williston Basin; geology; structure; stratigraphy
Laird, Wilson M.1952North Dakota looks ahead with confidence:Rocky Mountain Oil Reporter, v. 9, no. 3, p. 9, illus.Williston Basin; exploration; oil; stratigraphy
Laird, Wilson M.1946Concretions in North Dakota:Museum Review (North Dakota Historical Society) v. 1, no. 8, 6 p., illus.concretions; Pierre Formation; Fox Hills Formation; Hell Creek Formation; Tongue River Formation; Cannonball Formation; sedimentary structures
Laird, Wilson M.1957Guidebook for geologic field trip in the Minot area, North Dakota-geology month in scouting, October, 1957:N. Dak. Geol. Survey Misc. Ser. no. 2, 18 p., illus. incl. state geol. map (scale 1:2,500,000).The geological processes important in the formation of the landscape in the area and the preglacial and glacial geology of the area are discussed. The trip route covers an area south and east of Minot.
Laird, Wilson M.1957Guidebook for geologic field trip in the Devils Lake area, North Dakota-geology month of scouting, October, 1957:N. Dak. Geol. Survey Misc. Ser. no. 3, 17 p., illus. incl. state geol. map (scale 1:2,500,000).The geological processes important in the formation of the landscape in the area, the preglacial geology, and the glacial geology of the area are discussed. The field trip route covers an area south of Devils Lake in parts of Benson and Eddy Counties
Laird, Wilson M.1956The Williston Basin-a backward look with a view to the futurein N. Dak. Geol. Soc., Williston Basin Symposium, 1st Internat., Bismarck, N. Dak., Oct. 1956: p. 14-22, illus.The basin is defined and the production figures are compiled and interpreted. The reserves are presented. The exploration methods used were surveyed and the results discussed in terms of future exploration.
Laird, Wilson M.1956Guide for geologic field trip in northeastern North Dakota:N. Dak. History, v. 23, no. 1, p. 27-44; reprinted, 1956: N. Dak. Geol. Survey Bull. 30, 20 p., illus. incl. geol. map (scale 1:1,750,000).The bedrock geology, geologic history, glacial geology, geomorphology, and economic geology of the area are discussed. The road log for the trip starts at Grafton in Walsh County, passes through Pembina County, and ends in eastern Cavalier County.
Laird, Wilson M.1956Geology of the North Unit, Theodore Roosevelt National Memorial Park:N. Dak. History, v. 23, no. 2, p. 53-77; reprinted, 1956: N. Dak. Geol. Survey Bull. 32, 27 p., illus.A brief historical sketch of the region is included with the discussion of the geology and geomorphology of the park. Particular attention is given to the geologic processes important in the formation of the land forms in the park. A road log through the test holes are presented.
Laird, Wilson M.1955Oil and North Dakota:N. Dak. Acad. Sci. Proc. v. 9, p. 46-51.The history of oil development and its impact on the state is discussed.
Laird, Wilson M.1955The history of the Geology Department at the University of North Dakota:Compass, v. 32, no. 2, p. 153-156; reprinted, 1955: N. Dak. Geol. Survey Bull. 28, p. 153-156.The development of the department from its beginning as part of the Chemistry Department in 1895 is traced up until 1955. The growth of the State Survey is also discussed.
Laird, Wilson M.1953The geology of the Williston Basin:Williston Basin Oil Review, v. 2, no. 8, p. 26-35, illus.The history of the discovery of oil in the basin is reviewed. The structural geology and stratigraphy of the basin are discussed.
Laird, Wilson M.1952Geology of the Williston Basin in North Dakota-[Pt. 1]:World Petroleum, v. 23, no. 1, p. 42-44, 47-48, 61, illus; [Pt. 2]: World Petroleum, v. 23, no. 2, p. 46-50, illus.; revised, 1952: Oil in Canada, v. 4, no. 20, p. 18-30, illus.; reprinted 1952, in Petroleum Information, An introduction to the Williston Basin, p. 16-32, illus.; reprinted 1953: Interstate Oil Compact Quart. Bull., v. 12, no. 2, p. 71-79, illus.; reprinted 1953: Oil in Canada, v. 6, no. 4, p. 18-26, illus.The structure of the Williston basin, the potential source rocks, and the stratigraphy of the basin are discussed. A series of isopach maps of systems present in the basin is included.
Laird, Wilson M.1951Geology of the Pembina Hills:N. Dak. Outdoors, v. 13, no. 12, p. 12-13, illus. geol. map (scale 1:1,250,000); reprinted, 1951: N. Dak. Geol. Survey Rept. Inv. no. 4, 2 p., illus. geol. map (scale 1:1,250,000).The geological history and physiographic geology of the area in Pembina and Cavalier Counties is discussed.
Laird, Wilson M.1951Geology of North Dakota in relation to oil (abs.):N. Dak. Acad. Sci.Proc.v.5,p.43-44.The geology of the Williston basin is reviewed. The best possibilities for oil production are discussed.
Laird, Wilson M.1951Discovery heightens interest in North Dakota geology-Pt. 1:World Oil, v. 132, no. 7, p. 73-75, 84, illus.; Pt. 2, v. 133, no. 1, p. 83-85; reprinted, [pt. 1, 2],1951: N. Dak. Geol. Survey Rept. Inv. no. 3, 7 p., illus.The impact of the Clarence Iverson 1 well as the first commercial oil discovery well is discussed. The general structure and stratigraphy of the state is reviewed.
Laird, Wilson M.1951Developments of oil and gas in North Dakota:Mines Mag., v. 41, no. 10, p. 101-110, illus.The conditions as to source beds, reservoir rocks, and traps in North Dakota are outlined. The stratigraphy is reviewed.
Laird, Wilson M.1950The geology of the South Unit, Theodore Roosevelt National Memorial Park:N. Dak. History, v. 17, no. 4, p. 225-240, illus.; reprinted, 1950: N. Dak. Geol. Survey Bull. 25, 18 p., illus.A general description of the geology of the area and the unusual geologic features of the park is given. A road log pointing out features of geologic interest along the main road in the park is included.
Laird, Wilson M.1949Water supply study at Cavalier, North Dakota (abs.):N. Dak. Acad. Sci Proc., v. 2, p. 54.The study area is located in central Pembina County. The area is underlain by deposits associated with Lake Agassiz. The water was found associated with a sand body probably associated with the Pembina delta.
Laird, Wilson M.1949Stratigraphy of North Dakota with reference to oil possibilities:N. Dak. Geol. Survey Rept. Inv. no. 2, 2 sheets, illus. incl. geol. maps (scale 1:3,750,000); revised, Laird, Wilson M., and Towse, D. F., 1953.The report includes maps showing the extent of the geologic systems, Cambrian through Tertiary, present in the state. The stratigraphy is reviewed and data on significant tests for oil and gas in the state are presented.
Laird, Wilson M.1948Oil in North Dakota:N. Dak. Engineer, v. 24, no. 1, p. 6-7, 18-20.The history of oil prospecting in the state is reviewed. The geology of the state as related to the accumulation of oil and the possibilities of oil deposits are discussed.
Laird, Wilson M.1948Ground water in the Zeeland area, North Dakota:N. Dak. State Water Conserv. Comm. Ground-Water Studies no. 12, 38 p., illus. incl. geol. map (scale 1:62,500).The study area is in the southwestern corner of McIntosh County. The glacial deposits and the underlying Pierre Shale are described. The groundwater conditions are discussed and the results of the pumping tests, the quality of the water, and logs of the park is included.
Laird, Wilson M.1946The subsurface stratigraphy of the Nesson Anticline:N. Dak. Geol. Survey Bull. 21, pt. 2, p. 11-25; reprinted, 1951.The core record of the California Company Nels Kamp No. 1 well in Williams County is presented. An interpretation of the stratigraphy of the well is discussed.
Laird, Wilson M.1944bStratigraphy and structure of North Dakota:Natl. Oil Scouts and Landmen's Assoc. Yearbook, v. 14, p. 420-430, illus.; reprinted, 1944: N. Dak. Geol. Survey Bull. 18, 12 p., illus.The general stratigraphy and structure of the state is reviewed. Maps and charts are presented showing the subsurface structure and location of important tests. The status of leasing activity is discussed.
Laird, Wilson M.1944The geology and ground water resources of the Emerado Quadrangle:N. Dak. Geol. Survey Bull. 17, 35 p., illus. incl. geol. map (scale 1:62,500).The quadrangle located in east-central Grand Forks County, is on the Lake Agassiz plain. The report contains discussions of the geography, pre-glacial geology, glacial geology, and groundwater resources of the area.
Laird, Wilson M.1943The geology of the Turtle River State Park:N. Dak. Hist. Quart., v. 10, no. 4, p. 245-251, illus. incl. geol. map (scale 1:6,600); reprinted, 1943, 1959: N. Dak. Geol. Survey Bull. 16, 20 p., illus incl. geol. map (scale 1:6,600).The park is located in Grand Forks County. The area is underlain by glacial deposits associated with the Campbell and McCauleyville beaches of glacial Lake Agassiz. The deposits have been eroded by the Turtle River.
Laird, Wilson M.1941Selected deep well records:N. Dak. Geol. Survey Bull. 12, 31 p.Records of wells in Adams, Foster, Kidder, Logan, Pembina, Ramsey, Renville, Walsh, Ward, and Williams Counties are compiled to present information concerning the stratigraphy of the beds below the Dakota "Sandstone."
Laird, Wilson M., and Folsom, Clarence B., Jr.1956North Dakota's Nesson Anticline-[Pt. 1], [Geologic and production problems]:World Oil, v. 142, no. 4, p. 89-92, 94; [Pt. 2], Madison problems are unusual: World Oil, v. 142, no. 7, p. 136-152; Pt. 1, 2, reprinted, 1956: N. Dak. Geol. Survey Rept. Inv. no. 22, 12 p., illus.The geologic and production characteristics of the area are discussed. A detailed description of operating problems, particularly the Madison problems in the Beaver Lodge and Tioga-Madison pools, is presented.
Laird, Wilson M., and Hansen, Miller1957Guidebook for geologic field trip in the Valley City area, North Dakota-geology month in scouting, October, 1957:N. Dak. Geol. Survey Misc. Ser. no. 1, 15 p., illus. incl. geol. sketch map (scale 1:188,360).The geological processes important in the formation of the landscape in the area, and the preglacial and glacial geology of the area are discussed. The field trip route covers an area north and east of Valley City.
Laird, Wilson M., and Mitchell, Robert H.1942The geology of the southern part of Morton County, North Dakota:N. Dak. Geol. Survey Bull. 14, 42 p., illus. incl. geol. map (scale 1:125,000).The Cretaceous and Tertiary stratigraphy, including 12 detailed sections, is discussed. The report also includes discussions of the structure, physiography, and economic geology of the area.
Laird, Wilson M., and Towse, D. F.1953Stratigraphy of North Dakota with reference to oil possibilities:N. Dak. Geol. Survey Rept. Inv. no. 2, 2 sheets, illus. incl. geol. maps (scale 1:3,750,000), revised.See Laird, Wilson M., 1949a
Laird, Wilson M., and Tuthill, Samuel J.1964Glacial research in south-central Alaska:Compass, v. 41, no. 2, p. 97-103.glacial geology; North Dakota; Alaska; stagnant glacier; model studies
Laird, Wilson M., Boxell, J.V., Rovelstad, Robert W., Reed, Henry E., and Vig, Kenneth1964North Dakota economic conference, full committee report on petroleum, lignite, other mineral resources and power:North Dakota Economic Development Commission, 35 p., illus.petroleum; natural gas; production; geologic map; lignite; reserves; electric power
Laird, Wilson M., Hansen, Miller, Folsom, Clarence B., Jr., and Anderson, Sidney B.1955The Beaver Lodge and Tioga fields, Mountrail and Williams Counties, North Dakota,in Am. Assoc. Petroleum Geologists Rocky Mtn. Sec., 1955 Geological Record: p. 37-54, illus.The history of exploration of the Nesson anticline leading to the discoveries of the two fields is reviewed. The regional geology, the stratigraphy of the two fields, and the reservoir characteristics of the "Mission Canyon Formation" are discussed.
Laird, Wilson M., Ness, Marjorie, and Klipfel, Clarence1952Additional well logs for North Dakota:N. Dak. Geol. Survey Rept. Inv. no. 7, 137 p.A collection of logs, mostly from water wells, is published.
Lammers, G. E., and Hoganson, J. W.1988Oligocene faunal additions and new localities for North DakotaProceedings of the North Dakota Academy of Science, V. 42, p. 14
Lancaster, J. R., and Atkinson, A.1990Drilling parameters are utilized to compute fracture porosity and in situ permeability in a horizontally drilled Bakken wellAmerican Association of Petroleum Geologists Bulletin, V. 74, pp. 1332-1333
Land, C. B.1995Visions of the future; A small independent's view,in, Visions of the future; Technology and invention needs of the independent petroleum industry: Oklahoma City, OK, Interstate Oil and Gas Compact Commission, p. 45-48.Bottineau County; databases; data processing; drilling; enhanced recovery; horizontal drilling; Infield Natural Gas Reserve Growth Joint Venture; interactive techniques; North Dakota; petroleum; secondary recovery; Williston Basin;
Land, Cooper B.1979Tyler Sandstones (Pennsylvanian), Dickinson Area, North Dakota: a 24-million barrel soil-zone stratigraphic trap (abstract):American Association of Petroleum Geologists Bulletin, v. 63, no. 3, p. 485.Stark County; petroleum; sedimentary structures; shallow-water environment; reservoir properties; South Heart Field; Green River Field; paleosols
Land, Cooper B.1976Stratigraphy and petroleum accumulation, Tyler sandstones (Pennsylvanian), Dickinson area, North Dakota (abstract):American Association of Petroleum Geologists Bulletin, v. 60, no. 8, p. 1401-1402.Dickinson Field; South Heart Field; Green River Field; petroleum; production; shoreline depositional environments; paleoenvironments; reservoir rocks; stratigraphic traps; sandstone; porosity
Landis, E.R.1973dResources,in Mineral and water resources of North Dakota: U.S. Congress, Senate, Interior and Insular Affairs Committee, 93rd Congress, 1st Session (SuDoc no. 4.In8/13:M66/39); also issued: North Dakota Geological Survey Bulletin 63, p. 93-99, illus.lignite; resources; reserves
Landis, E.R.1973cMineral fuel resources: coal,in Mineral and water resources of North Dakota: U.S. Congress, Senate, Interior and Insular Affairs Committee, 93rd congress, 1st Session (SuDoc no. Y4.In8/13:M66/39); also issued: North Dakota Geological Survey Bulletin 63, p. 45-52.coal classification; properties; lignite; geologic formations; uses; production; mining; fossil fuels
Landis, E.R.1973bIdentified lignite resources of parts of Grant, Hettinger, Morton, and Stark Counties,in Mineral and water resources of North Dakota: U.S. Congress, Senate, Interior and Insular Affairs Committee, 93rd Congress, 1st Session (SuDoc no. Y4.In8/13:M66/39); also issued: North Dakota Geological Survey Bulletin 63, p. 57-71, illus.lignite; resources; Grant County; Hettinger County; Morton County; Stark County; natural resources
Landis, E.R.1973aGeology, in Mineral and water resources of North Dakota: U.S. Congress, Senate, Interior and Insular Affairs Committee, 93rd Congress, 1st Session (SuDoc no. Y4.In8/13:M66/39); also issued: North Dakota Geological Survey Bulletin 63, p. 9-27, illus.bibliographies; publications; North Dakota Geological Survey; U.S. Geological Survey
Landis, Edwin R.1964Lignitic coal of North Dakota,in The mineral resources of North Dakota: Grand Forks, University of North Dakota General Extension Division, p. 1-13, illus.lignite occurrence; coal mines; strip mining; lignite reserves; coal production, 1951-1962; lignite reserves--estimated original North Dakota reserves
Lane, A. C.1915On certain resemblances between the earth and a butternut:The Scientific Monthly, Nov. 1915, p. 132-139, illus.The article contains some comparisons of the earth's structure and that of the butternut.
Lane, Billy B., Ashmore, Herman T., and Hunter, James D.1967Developments in Northern Rockies in 1966:American Association of Petroleum Geologists Bulletin, v. 51, no. 6, p. 1107-1118, illus.North Dakota; exploration; development
Langenheim, R.L., Jr., Smiley, C.J., and Gray, Jane1960Cretaceous amber from the Arctic coastal plain of Alaska:Geological Society of America Bulletin, v. 71, p. 1345-1356, illus.paleobotany; Cretaceous; amber; Alaska; lignite; North Dakota
Langstroth, Ward T.1971Seismic study along a portion of the Devonian salt front in North Dakota:Geophysics, v. 36, no. 2, p. 330-338, illus.Bottineau County; McHenry County; Ward County; Renville County; Williston Basin; Devonian; Prairie Salt; structure; Nisku Formation; Winnipegosis Formation; geologic cross section; geophysical studies
Langtry, T. M.1982Carbonate bodies within the basal Swift Formation (Jurassic) of northwestern North DakotaMaster's, University of North Dakota, Grand Forks, ND, 267 p.
Langtry, T. M.1983Carbonate bodies within the Basal Swift Formation (Jurassic) of northwestern North DakotaNorth Dakota Geological Survey Report of Investigations No. 81, 67 p.
Langtry, T. M.1982Carbonate sand bodies within the basal Swift Formation (Upper Jurassic) of northwestern North Dakotain, Christopher, J. E., Kaldi, J., Dunn, C. E., Kent, D. M., and Lorsong, J. A., eds., Fourth International Williston Basin Symposium, Saskatchewan Geological Society, Regina, Saskatchewan, pp. 263-275
Lankford, J.D.1955North Dakota today--A status report with special emphasis on its sulfur-recovery facilities:Oil & Gas Journal, v. 53, April 25, 1955, p. 109-112.oil production; sulfur production; natural gas production
Lankford, N. K., and Albright, L. L.1983Water-resources investigations in North Dakota; fiscal year 1983US Geological Survey Open-File Report OF 83-0220, 55 p.
Larocque, G.A., Jr., Swenson, H.A., and Greenman, D.W.1963Ground water in the Crosby-Mohall area, North Dakota:North Dakota Water Conservation Commission, North Dakota Ground-Water Study 54, 57 p., illus.Divide County; Burke County; Renville County; Bottineau County; Ward County; McHenry County; hydrogeology; glacial aquifers; Souris River; Des Lac River; water analyses; Cannonball Formation; Tongue River Formation; Ludlow Formation; aquifers; Tertiary; Fort Union Group; artesian wells
Larrabee, D. M., Clabaugh, S. E., and Dow, D. H.1945Mineral resources of the Missouri Valley region, Part 2, Nonmetallic mineral resources:U. S. Geol. Survey Missouri Basin Studies no. 1, pt. 2, geol. map, scale 1:2,500,000.Structure contours and nonmetallic mineral resources are shown on a geologic base map. Sodium sulfate sodium carbonate, and Fullers earth are the resources indicated in North Dakota.
Larrabee, D. M., Clabaugh, S. E., and Dow, D. H.1945Mineral resources of the Missouri Valley region, Part 4, Construction materials:U. S. Geol. Survey Missouri Basin Studies no. 1, pt. 4, geol. map, scale 1:2,500,000.Structure contours and the deposits of construction materials are indicated on the geologic map. Sand, gravel, limestone, quartzite, bentonite, pottery clay, brick and tile clay, and fire and refractory clay are the materials located in North Dakota.
Larrabee, D. M., Huff, L. C., and Ahlman, C.1946Preliminary map showing sand and gravel deposits of North Dakota:U. S. Geol. Survey Missouri Basin Studies no. 3, scale 1:500,000.The map shows the tested deposits of sand or gravel as well as possible sources. The deposits include stream terraces, glacial lake beaches, outwash plains, old channels and spillways, eskers, kames, and lenses in moraines.
Larsen, D. R.1987Hydrogeology of major glacial-drift aquifers in Burleigh, Emmons, and Kidder counties, North DakotaNorth Dakota State Water Commission Ground Water Studies, V. 93, Part II, 105 p.
Larsen, R. A.1988Major and trace element characterization and correlation of the Sentinel Butte Ash/Bentonite (Paleocene), McKenzie County, North DakotaMaster's, University of North Dakota, Grand Forks, ND, 163 p.
Larson, C. L.1981Effects of wetland drainage on surface runoffin, Richardson, B., ed., Selected proceedings of the Midwest conference on wetland values and management, June 17-19, 1981, Minnesota Water Planning Board, St. Paul, MN, pp. 117-120
Larson, D. R.1987The hydrogeology of major glacial-drift aquifers in Burleigh, Emmons, and Kidder counties, North DakotaNorth Dakota State Water Commission, Bismarck, ND, 99 p.
Larson, Kermit E., Bahr, A.F., Freymiller, William, Kukowski, Richard, Opdahl, Donald, Stoner, Howard, Weiser, Paul K., Patterson, Donald, and Olson, Ordell1968Soil survey of Stark County, North Dakota:U.S. Department of Agriculture, Soil Conservation Service, 116 p., illus. including soil maps, scale 1:20,000.soils; distribution; morphology; genesis; classification; utilization; management; airphotos; soil maps
Larson, Wesley M., Omodt, Hollis, Evanson, Donald Kerl, and Dunnigan, Lorn1964Soil survey of Sargent County, North Dakota:U.S. Department of Agriculture, Soil Conservation Service Series 1958, no. 28, 97 p., illus. including soil maps, scale 1:20,000.soils; distribution; morphology; genesis; classification; utilization; management; airphotos; soil maps
Last, W. M.1982Sedimentary processes and deposits in saline lakes of the northern Great PlainsGeological Society of America Abstracts with Programs, V. 14, p. 542
Last, W. M., and Edwards, W. W.1991Petrology of the middle Bakken Member in the Daly Field, southwestern Manitobain, Christopher, J. E., and Haidl, F. M., eds., Sixth International Williston Basin Symposium, Saskatchewan Geological Society, Regina, Saskatchewan, pp. 64-69
Lavine, Irvin1928Developing the lignite fuel of North Dakota:N. Dak. Univ., Quart. Jour., v. 19, p. 185-189.The composition, characteristics, distribution, and estimated reserves of lignite are discussed. The history and future of the lignite industry in North Dakota is discussed.
Lavine, Irvin, Feinstein, H., and Skene, E.1935Glauber salt in North Dakota:Chem. Met. Eng., v. 42, no. 12, p. 681-682, illus.The deposits are in lake bottoms in northwestern North Dakota. The deposits are described and the analyses of samples are presented. The methods of study and sampling are discussed.
Law, Ronald1977Preliminary report on the geology of the near-surface coal beds in the Knife River area, North Dakota:U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 77-481, 12 p. illus.Fort Union Formation; lignite; analyses; composition; stratigraphy; structure contour maps; isopach maps
Lee Roark, C., Cheatham, M., and White, W.1988Paleozoic strontium isotope stratigraphy of the Williston BasinGeological Society of America Abstracts with Programs, V. 20, p. 121
Lee, C. H., Pack, D. D., Galipeau, J. M., and Lawton, D. E.1982National Uranium Resource Evaluation, Dickinson Quadrangle, North DakotaU. S. Department of Energy, Grand Junction Office, Grand Junction, CO, 27 p.
Lee, P.J., and Larson, T.L.O.1977Computer plotting of land leases on digitized base map (abstract):American Association of Petroleum Geologists Bulletin, v. 61, no. 5, p. 808.Williston Basin; maps; computers; land leases; oil and gas
Leefe, J. G. and Carlson, C. G.1993Permian to Jurassic redbeds of the Williston Basin:North Dakota Geological Survey Miscellaneous Series, 21 p.Amaranth Formation; Belfield Member; Black Hills; Canada; clastic rocks; Jurassic; Laterolog; Mesozoic; Minnekahta Limestone; North Dakota; Opeche Shale; Paleozoic; Permian; Pine Salt; Piper Formation; red beds; Reirdon Formation; sedimentary rocks; South Dakota; Spearfish Formation; Triassic; Watrous Formation; well logging; Williston Basin;
Leenheer, M. J., and Zumberge, J. E.1987Correlation and thermal maturity of Williston Basin crude oils and Bakken source rocks using terpane biomarkersin, Peterson, J. A., Kent, D. M., Anderson, S. B., Pilatzke, R. H., and Longman, M. W., eds., Williston Basin; anatomy of a cratonic oil province, Rocky Mountain Association of Geologists, Denver, CO, pp. 287-298
Leer, David K. O., and Bell, Gordon L.1970Investigation of Red River Valley geology, effects of structure design and performance, final report:National Technical Information Service, NTIS report PB-196 133, 59 p.bank stability; landslides; engineering properties; river banks; bridge sites; flooding; drainage; glacial Lake Agassiz; soil; lake deposits
LeFever, J. A.1992Horizontal Drilling in the Williston Basin, United States and Canadain, Schmoker, J. W., Coalson, E. B., and Brown, C. A., eds., Geological Studies Relevant to Horizontal Drilling: Examples from Western North America, Rocky Mountain Association of Geologists, Denver, CO, pp. 177-198
LeFever, J. A.1992Wilson M. Laird Core and Sample LibraryNorth Dakota Geological Survey Newsletter, V. 19, No. 1, p. 23
LeFever, J. A.1991Horizontal Drilling Activity and Results in the Williston Basin-U.S. and Canadain, 2nd International Conference on Horizontal Well Technology, P. C. Crouse and Associates, Inc. and World Oil Magazine, Houston, TX, p. 31
LeFever, J. A.1990History of oil production from the Bakken Formation, North Dakotain, Hansen, W. B., ed., Bakken Formation short course; study notes No.1, Montana Geological Society, Billings, MT, pp. 20-21
LeFever, J. A.1991History of oil production from the Bakken Formation, North Dakotain, Hansen, W. B., ed., 1991 Guidebook to geology and horizontal drilling of the Bakken Formation, Montana Geological Society, Billings, MT, pp. 3-17
LeFever, J. A.1989Horizontal drilling technologyNorth Dakota Geological Survey Newsletter, Dec 1989, pp. 15-17
LeFever, J. A.1990Mississippian nomenclature in North DakotaNorth Dakota Geological Survey Newsletter, Dec 1990, pp. 19-23
LeFever, J. A.1990Horizontal drilling of the Bakken Formation, Williston Basin; a new approachAmerican Association of Petroleum Geologists Bulletin, V. 74, pp. 702-703
LeFever, J. A.1986Evaluation of subsurface rock formations to encourage oil and gas exploration and developmentNorth Dakota Geological Survey Newsletter, Dec 1986, pp. 12-13
LeFever, J. A.1996North Dakota's Dickinson Lodgepole Play; an update:AAPG Bulletin, v. 80, n. 6, p. 974.Carboniferous; drilling; Eland Field; history; Lodgepole Formation; Mississippian; natural gas; North Dakota; Paleozoic; petroleum; pressure; production; waterflooding; Waulsortian facies; wells; Williston Basin;
LeFever, J. A.2001National flood insurance program:NDGS Newsletter, v. 28, n. 1, p. 4-9.National Flood Insurance Program; North Dakota; flooding; floods; floodplains; hazards; mapping; Grand Forks; Fargo;
LeFever, J. A., and Anderson, S. B.1989Mississippian correlation cross-section, southwestern to north-central North DakotaNorth Dakota Geological Survey Miscellaneous Series No. 73, 2 Sheets
LeFever, J. A., and Anderson, S. B.1986Structure and stratigraphy of the Frobisher-Alida and Ratcliffe intervals, Mississippian Madison Group, north-central North DakotaNorth Dakota Geological Survey Report of Investigations No. 84, 17 p.
LeFever, J. A., and Anderson, S. B.1984A little known carbonate reservoir within the lower Lodgepole Formation, northwestern North DakotaSaskatchewan Geological Society Special Publication, V. 7, pp. 31-43
LeFever, J. A., and LeFever, R. D.1995Relationship of salt patterns to hydrocarbon accumulations, North Dakota Williston Basin,in Hunter, L. D. V., and Schalla, R. A., eds., Seventh International Williston Basin Symposium: Billings, MT, Montana Geological Society, p. 69-88. North Dakota; Williston Basin; salt; hydrocarbon; dissolution; stratigraphic column; figures; maps; Silurian; Interlake Formation; Devonian; Ashern Formation; Prairie Formation; well logs; Souris River Formation; Duperow Formation; Mississippian; Charles Formation; Kibbey Formation; Permian; Opeche Formation; Triassic; Spearfish Formation; Jurassic; Piper Formation; hydrocarbon traps; North Dakota Geological Society; Saskatchewan Geological Society;
LeFever, J. A., Anderson, S. B., and Carlson, C. G.1986Madison subcrop - north central North DakotaNorth Dakota Geological Survey Report of Investigations No. 85, 1 Sheet, 1:146,000
LeFever, J. A., Anderson, S. B., and LeFever, R. D.1983'Spearfish water sand': an overlooked play?American Association of Petroleum Geologists Bulletin, V. 67, p. 1347
LeFever, J. A., Halabura, S. P., Fischer, D. W., and Martiniuk, C. D.1995North Dakota's Dickinson Lodgepole discovery; a preliminary exploration model:Oil and Gas Journal, v. 93, n. 33, p. 50-59.Carboniferous; deposition; Devonian; Dickinson Field; evolution; gas chromatograms; lithofacies; Lodgepole Formation; Mississippian; models; natural gas; nomenclature; North Dakota; Paleozoic; petroleum; Prairie Evaporite; production; reservoir properties; reservoir rocks; solution; Waulsortian facies; well logs; Williston Basin;
LeFever, J. A., LeFever, R. D., and Anderson, S. B.1988Salts as indicators of tectonic activity along Nesson Anticline, North DakotaAmerican Association of Petroleum Geologists Bulletin, V. 72, p. 874
LeFever, J. A., LeFever, R. D., and Anderson, S. B.1987Structural evolution of the central and southern portions of the Nesson Anticline, North Dakotain, Carlson, C. G., and Christopher, J. E., eds., Fifth International Williston Basin Symposium, North Dakota Geological Society, Grand Forks, ND, pp. 147-156
LeFever, J. A., LeFever, R. D., and Anderson, S. B.1984Mississippian Frobisher-Alida-Kisbey Sandstone, north-central North DakotaAmerican Association of Petroleum Geologists Bulletin, V. 68, p. 940
LeFever, J. A., Martiniuk, C. D., and Anderson, S. B.1992Correlation Cross-sections along the United States-Canada International Border (North Dakota-Manitoba)North Dakota Geological Survey Report of Investigations No. 92, 5 Plates
LeFever, J. A., Martiniuk, C. D., Dancsok, E. F. R., and Mahnic, P. A.1991Petroleum potential of the middle member, Bakken Formation, Williston Basinin, Christopher, J. E., and Haidl, F. M., eds., Sixth International Williston Basin Symposium, Saskatchewan Geological Society, Regina, Saskatchewan, pp. 74-94
LeFever, J. A., Martiniuk, C. D., Dancsok, E. F. R., and Mahnic, P. A.1992Petroleum Potential of the middle member, Bakken Formation, Williston BasinAmerican Association of Petroleum Geologists Bulletin, V. 76, p. 1262
LeFever, J.A., Bluemle, J.P., and Waldkirch, R.P.1999Flooding in the Grand Forks - East Grand Forks, North Dakota and Minnesota, area:North Dakota Geological Survey Educational Series No. 25, 63 p., 2 sheets.atmospheric precipitation; damage; discharge; floodplains; floods; fluvial features; geologic hazards; Grand Forks County; maps; Minnesota; North Dakota; prediction; Red River of the North; Red River Valley;
LeFever, R. D.1992Earliest stratigraphic record in the North Dakota Williston Basin; constraints on the age of origin and early subsidence history of the basinEos; Transactions of the American Geophysical Union, V. 73, p. 321
LeFever, R. D.1989Sedimentology of the Bullion Creek and Sentinel Butte Formations (Paleocene), western North DakotaNorth Dakota Geological Society, Bismarck, ND, 29 p.
LeFever, R. D.1988Subsidence History of the Williston Basin in North DakotaAmerican Association of Petroleum Geologists Bulletin, V. 72, p. 875
LeFever, R. D.1986The Bullion Creek Formation (Paleocene) of North Dakotain, Clausen, E. N., and Kihm, A. J., eds., Tertiary and Upper Cretaceous of south-central and western North Dakota Field Trip Guidebook, North Dakota Geological Society, Bismarck, ND, pp. 27-28
LeFever, R. D., and Crashell, J. J.1991Structural development of the Williston Basin in southwestern North Dakotain, Christopher, J. E., and Haidl, F. M., eds., Sixth International Williston Basin Symposium, Saskatchewan Geological Society, Regina, Saskatchewan, pp. 222-233
LeFever, R. D., and Heck, T. J.1995Hydrocarbon resources of the North Dakota Williston Basin,in Hunter, L. D. V., and Schalla, R. A., eds., Seventh International Williston Basin Symposium, Billings, MT, Montana Geological Society, p. 279-289.North Dakota; Williston Basin; hydrocarbon; resources; oil; natural gas; stratigraphic column; maps; figures; formations; pools; volumetric analysis; Monte Carlo simulation; assessment; North Dakota Geological Society; Saskatchewan Geological Society;
LeFever, R. D., and LeFever, J. A.1991Newburg and South Westhope Fields, U.S.A.; Williston Basin, North DakotaAmerican Association of Petroleum Geologists Treatise of Petroleum Geology, V. A-06, pp. 161-187Bottineau County; Carboniferous; economic geology; fields; Mesozoic; Mississippian; Newburg Field; North Dakota; Paleozoic; South Westhope Field; Spearfish Formation; stratigraphic traps; traps; Triassic; Williston Basin;
LeFever, R. D., and McCloskey, J. G.1996The Newcastle Formation (Lower Cretaceous) in the U. S. Williston Basin:Geological Society of America Abstracts with Programs, v. 28, n. 4, p. 14-15.clastic rocks; coal; Cretaceous; Mesozoic; mudstone; Newcastle Sandstone; organic residues; sandstone; sedimentary rocks; Williston Basin;
LeFever, R. D., and McClosky, J. G.1995Depositional history of the Newcastle Formation (lower Cretaceous), Williston Basin, North Dakota, South Dakota and eastern Montana,in Hunter, L. D. V., and Schalla, R. A., eds., Seventh International Williston Basin Symposium: Billings, MT, Montana Geological Society, p. 411-416. North Dakota; Williston Basin; Newcastle Formation; South Dakota; Montana; well logs; marine; depositional environments; stratigraphic column; maps; depositional history; cross-section; North Dakota Geological Society; Saskatchewan Geological Society;
LeFever, R. D., and Murphy, E. C.1983Mineral resources and potential problems associated with mining of Cenozoic rocks of the Williston and Powder River basins, northern Great PlainsUND Engineering Experiment Station Bulletin, No. 83-09-MMRRI-01, 181 p.
LeFever, R. D., Murphy, E., and Carlson, C. G.1986First day road: Mandan to Bowmanin, Clausen, E. N., and Kihm, A. J., eds., Tertiary and Upper Cretaceous of south-central and western North Dakota Field Trip Guidebook, North Dakota Geological Society, Bismarck, ND, pp. 4-8
LeFever, R. D., Murphy, E., Carlson, C. G., and Clausen, E. N.1986Second day road log; Bowman to Mandanin, Clausen, E. N., and Kihm, A. J., eds., Tertiary and Upper Cretaceous of south-central and western North Dakota Field Trip Guidebook, North Dakota Geological Society, Bismarck, ND, pp. 10-15
LeFever, R. D., Thompson, S. C., and Anderson, D. B.1987Earliest Paleozoic history of the Williston Basin in North Dakotain, Carlson, C. G., and Christopher, J. E., eds., Fifth International Williston Basin Symposium, North Dakota Geological Society, North Dakota Geological Society, pp. 22-36
LeFever, R. D., Wallick, B. P., and Forsman, N. F.1983Markov analysis of Paleocene rocks in the Williston Basin, North Dakota, Montana, and South DakotaGeological Society of America Abstracts with Programs, V. 15, p. 291
LeFever, R.D.1996Sedimentology and stratigraphy of the Deadwood-Winnipeg Interval (Cambro-Ordovician), Williston Basin,in Longman, M.W., and Sonnenfeld, M.D., eds., Paleozoic systems of the Rocky Mountain region: Society for Sedimentary Geology, Rocky Mountain Section, p. 11-28.Cambrian; clastic rocks; Deadwood Formation; depositional environment; lithofacies; marine environment; Middle Ordovician; North Dakota; Ordovician; Paleozoic; sea level changes; sedimentary rocks; stratigraphy; subsidence; transgression; Williston Basin; Winnipeg Formation;
LeFever, R.D.1998Hydrodynamics of formation waters in the North Dakota Williston Basin,in Christopher, J.E., Gilboy, C.F., Paterson, D.F., and Bend, S.L., eds., Eighth International Williston Basin Symposium: Saskatchewan Geological Society Special Publication 13, Saskatchewan Geological Society, Regina, Saskatchewan, p. 229-237.North Dakota; Williston Basin; Carboniferous; chemical composition; connate waters; drill stem tests; fluid dynamics; geochemistry; ground water; hydrodynamics; hydrostatic pressure; Interlake Formation; Llandoverian; Silurian; Madison Group; migration; Mississippian; oil water interface; Ordovician; Paleozoic; petroleum; potentiometric surface; Red River Formation; reservoir-properties; Silurian-; United-States; Upper-Ordovician; Williston-Basin
Leffingwill, Harry A.1970Palynology of the Lance (Late Cretaceous) and Fort Union (Paleocene) Formations of the type Lance area, Wyoming,in Kosanke, T. M., and Cross, A. T., eds, Symposium on palynology of the Late Cretaceous and early Tertiary: Geological Society of America Special Paper 127, p. 1- 64, illus.Cretaceous-Tertiary boundary; stratigraphy; Fox Hills Formation; Lance Formation; Fort Union Formation; Hell Creek Formation; Cannonball Member; Tongue River Member; new taxa; type areas; palynological study; methods; paleontology; correlations; geologic ages; taxonomy
Lefond, Stanley J.1969United States--Major salt deposits--Williston Basin,in Handbook of world salt resources: New York, Plenum Press, p. 66-82, illus.Williston Basin; salt deposits; Ordovician; Devonian; Mississipian; Permian; Triassic; Jurassic; maps
Legault, L.H., Baldini, Thomas L., Gourd, Robert, Bayh, Susan B., Murphy, C. Francis, and Chamberlin, Alice2000Living with the Red; A report to the governments of Canada and the United States on reducing flood impacts in the Red River basin.Ottawa, Ont., Canada and Washington, D.C., U.S.A., International Joint Commission, 82 p.Canada; data bases; data processing; decision making; discharge; drainage basins; floods; geologic hazards; hydrology; Manitoba; mitigation; North Dakota; Northern Great Plains; pollution; Red River valley; rivers and streams; South Dakota; streamflow; transport; urban environment; wetlands;
Leiberg, John B.1889Some notes upon the more recent fossil flora of North Dakota and an inquiry into the causes that have led to the development of the treeless areas of the northwest:Minn. Acad. Nat. Sci, Bull. v. 3, no. 1, p. 145-151.The large amount of silicified wood, lignite, and fossil leave imprints is an indication that western North Dakota has not always been so barren.
Leiberg, John B.1889Notes on the flora of western Dakota and eastern Montana adjacent to the Northern Pacific Railroad:Minn. Acad. Nat. Sci. Bull, v. 3, no. 1, p. 63-69.The paper is primarily a listing of modern flora species found in the area. A brief mention of the fossil flora is made but no species are identified.
Leibman, P. R.1990Bakken Shale typifies horizontal drilling successWorld Oil, V. 211, pp. 53-58
Leier, Glenn1979A 16-year dream becomes a reality: Dinosaur skull is ready for display:UND Dimensions, v. 1, no. 2, p. 4, illus.Triceratops; vertebrate paleontology; reconstruction
Leighton, Morris M.1958Some reflections on certain aspects of the problems of the Des Moines Lobe and Lake Agassizin Friends of the Pleistocene Midwestern Section Guidebook 9th Ann. Field Conf., East-Central North Dakota, 1958: N. Dak. Geol. Survey Misc. Ser. no. 10, p. 58-61, illus.The problem of relating the Des Moines lobe and the Lake Michigan lobe is informally presented. Caution is advised in the use of air photographs and radiocarbon dates in the mapping of glacial geology.
Leite, M. B.1984A fossil horse from the Brule Formation, Stark County, North DakotaProceedings of the North Dakota Academy of Science, V. 38, p. 102
Lemke, R.W., Laird, W. M., Tipton, M. J., and Lindvall, R. M.1965Quarternary geology of northern Great Plains,in The Quarternary of the United States: Princeton, N. J., Princeton University Press, p. 15-27, illus.glacial geology; geomorphology; preglacial drainage; glacial history; radiocarbon dates
Lemke, Richard W.1960Geology of the Souris River area, North Dakota:U.S. Geological Survey Professional Paper 325, 138p., illus. including geologic maps, scale 1:96,000.Souris River Valley; geology; geologic map; gemorphology; stratigraphy; well logs; Cretaceous; Pierre Shale; Fox Hills Sandstone; Hell Creek Formation; Cannonball Member; Tongue River Member; Fort Union Formation; Tertiary; lithology; paleontology; glacial drift; glacial features; glacial deposits; Max moraine; till; glaciofluvial deposits; terraces (geologic); glacial Lake Souris; landslides; glacial geology; geologic history; structural geology; drainage systems; economic geology; engineering geology
Lemke, Richard W.1958Narrow linear drumlins near Velva, North Dakota:Am. Jour. Sci., v. 256, no. 4, p. 270-283, illus. incl. geol. sketch map (scale 1:375,000).The geologic setting of the area is discussed. The morphological characteristics and composition of the ridges are given. The interpretation of the ridges as drumlins is presented and the origin of the drumlins in the Velva area is discussed.
Lemke, Richard W.1958Glacial history of the Souris River lobe, North Dakota,in Friends of the Pleistocene Midwestern Section Guidebook 9th Ann. Field Conf., East-Central North Dakota, 1958: N. Dak. Geol. Survey Misc. Ser. no. 10, p. 85-92, illus.The glacial history of the Souris River lobe and Glacial Lake Souris is discussed. The Souris River lobe is compared to the Leeds lobe to the east.
Lemke, Richard W.1956Engineering-geology problems involving Pleistocene deposits in the northern Great Plains (abs.):Geol. Soc. America Bull., v. 67, no. 12, p. 1716.The report is a discussion of examples of problems caused by Pleistocene deposits. The ground moraine in northwestern North Dakota is classed as unsuitable for irrigation.
Lemke, Richard W.1954Revised interpretation for the origin of linear glacial ridges in north-central North Dakota (abs.):Geol. Soc. America Bull., v. 65, no. 12, p. 1380.The ridges, formerly interpreted to be crevasse fillings, are now interpreted as a special type of drumlinoidal feature.
Lemke, Richard W.1953Geology of the Velva Quadrangle, North Dakota:U. S. Geol. Survey Geol. Quad. Map GQ-31 (scale 1:62,500), with text.The Cannonball Formation and Fort Union "Formation," the structural geology, the glacial deposits, and the geologic history of the area are discussed.
Lemke, Richard W.1952Preliminary geologic map showing boundaries of glacial Lake Souris, North Dakota:U. S. Geol. Survey open-file report, map (scale 1:312,500).
Lemke, Richard W.1950Preliminary report on the geology of the Velva quadrangle North Dakota:U. S. Geol. Survey open-file report, 18 p., illus. incl. geol. map (scale 1:48,000).The report includes discussions of bedrock formations, surficial deposits, glacial history, and economic geology of the area. (See Lemke, Richard W., 1953.)
Lemke, Richard W., and Colton, Roger B.1958Summary of the Pleistocene geology of North Dakota,in Friends of the Pleistocene Midwestern Section Guidebook 9th Ann. Field Conf., East-Central North Dakota, 1958: N. Dak. Geol. Survey Misc. Ser. no. 10, p. 41-57, illus.The literature on the preglacial drainage, the pre-Wisconsinan deposits, and the Wisconsinan Age in North Dakota is summarized.
Lemke, Richard W., and Kaye, Clifford A.1958Two tills in the Donnybrook area, North Dakota,in Friends of the Pleistocene Midwestern Section Guidebook 9th Ann. Field Conf., East-Central North Dakota: N. Dak. Geol. Survey Misc. Ser. no. 10, p. 93-98, illus.The stratigraphic relations, compositions, and ages of two tills believed to belong to two different substages of the Wisconsinan Stage are discussed.
Lemke, Richard W., and Kaye, Clifford A.1953Geology of the Bowbells Quadrangle, North Dakota:U. S. Geol. Survey Geol. Quad. Map GQ-26 (scale 1:62,500) with text.The physiography, geologic history, and lignite deposits are discussed. The various geologic units illustrated on the map are described. The Fort Union "Formation" is the only bedrock unit exposed.
Lemke, Richard W., Jensen, Fred S., and Smith, James H.1951Linear crevasse fillings, outwash channels, and other similarly oriented glacial features in north-central North Dakota (abs.):Geol. Soc. America Bull., v. 62, no. 12, p. 1460.Linear glacial features, Wisconsinan in age, in north-central North Dakota all trend southeast. An hypothesis for this is presented.
Lennox, D. H., Maathuis, H., and Pederson, D.1988Region 13, Western glaciated plainsin, Back, W., Rosenshein, J. S., and Seaber, P. R., eds., Hydrogeology, Geological Society of America, Boulder, CO, pp. 115-128
Lent, R. M.1994Sources and cycling of major ions and nutrients in Devils Lake, North Dakota:U. S. Geological Survey Water Resources Investigations 94-4171, 63 p.Benson County; biochemical sedimentation; closed systems; cores; Devils Lake; drainage basins; ecology; geochemical cycle; geochemistry; Great Plains; hydrochemistry; hydrology; ions; lacustrine environment; lakes; limnology; North Dakota; nutrients; organic materials; Ramsey County; recreation; seasonal variations; sedimentation; sediments; surface water; trace elements; water quality; wetlands;
Lent, R. M., and Zainhofsky, S. D.1995Variations in surface water quality in the Chain of Lakes and its tributaries, Devils Lake Basin, North Dakota, 1957-92:U. S. Geological Survey Water Resources Investigations 95-4102, 87 p.Benson County; Chain of Lakes; Devils Lake Basin; drainage basins; geochemistry; Great Plains; hydrochemistry; hydrology; limnology; North Dakota; nutrients; Ramsey County; seasonal variations; spatial variations; statistical analysis; surface water; Towner County; water quality;
Lent, R. M., Dibb, J. E., Chutter, M., and Lyons, W. B.1988Climatic variability recorded by biogenic silica in Devils Lake, North DakotaEos; Transactions of the American Geophysical Union, V. 69, p. 1144
Lent, R. M., Gaudette, H. E., and Lyons, W. B.1997Mercury accumulation in Devils Lake, North Dakota; Effects of environmental variation in closed-basin lakes on mercury chronologies:Water, Air and Soil Pollution, v. 98, n. 3-4, p. 275-296.alkali metals; cesium; concentration; Cs 137; Devils Lake; drainage basins; geochemistry; hydrochemistry; indicators; isotopes; lead; mercury; metals; North Dakota; organic carbon; organic materials; Pb 210; pollutants; pollution; radioactive isotopes; Ramsey County; saline composition; sedimentation; sediments; surface water;
Lent, R. M., Lyons, W. B., Showers, W. J., and Johannesson, K. H.1995Late Holocene paleoclimatic and paleobiologic records from sediments of Devils Lake, North Dakota:Journal of Paleolimnology, v. 13, n. 3, p. 193-207.alkali metals; C-13/ C-12; carbon; Cenozoic; cesium; Cs 137; Devils Lake; Holocene; isotope ratios; isotopes; lacustrine environment; lake level changes; lead; metals; N 15 N 14; nitrogen; North Dakota; organic compounds; paleolimnology; Pb 210; Quaternary; radioactive isotopes; Ramsey County; silica; stable isotopes;
Lent, R. M., Strobel, M. L., and Gourd, O. S.1993Variations in water quality and detection of agricultural chemicals in small lakes and wetlands associated with the Warwick aquifer on the Fort Totten Indian Reservation, North DakotaPrairie Ecosystems: Wetland Ecology, Management, and Restoration Symposium, Programs with Abstracts, pp. 28-29
Lent, R. M., Wiche, G. J., and Williams, S. T.1994Effects of flooding on surface water quantity and quality in the Devils Lake basin, North Dakota, 1993:North Dakota Water Quality Symposium Proceedings, Fargo, ND, N.D. Water Resour. Res. Inst., p. 234-245.Devils Lake basin; floods; geochemistry; North Dakota; pollution; rainfall; surface water; variations; water quality; water resources;
Lent, R.M.1992Isotope geochemistry and paleobiology of the Devils Lake Basin, North Dakota.Doctoral dissertation. Durham, NH, University of New Hampshire, 204 p.Atlantic Ocean; precipitation; C-13/C-12; Canada; carbon; climate; cores; Devils Lake; dissolved materials; evaporation; fractionation; geochemistry; Gulf of Mexico; ions; isotopes; meteoric water; N-15/N-14; nitrogen; North Dakota; organic carbon; paleoclimatology; paleolimnology; pore water; recharge; runoff; seasonal variations; sediments; Spiritwood Aquifer; stable isotopes; surface water;
Lent, R.M., and Lyons, W.B.2001Biogeochemistry of silica in Devils Lake; implications for diatom preservation:Journal of Paleolimnology, v. 26, n. 1, p. 53-66. algae; biochemistry; Cenozoic; concentration; cores; Devils Lake; diatoms; Holocene; iron; lacustrine environment; lake sediments; lake level changes; metals; microfossils; modern analogs; North Dakota; paleoclimatology; paleoecology; paleolimnology; paleosalinity; Plantae; productivity; Quaternary; reconstruction; salinity; sediments;
Lent, R.M., and Wiche, G.J.1997Importance of bottom-sediment processes to major-ion and nutrient budgets of Devils Lake, North Dakota:Proceedings of the North Dakota Academy of Science, v. 51, p. 45-49.North Dakota; Symposium; Devils Lake; sedimentation; closed basin; fluctuation; hydrology; water chemistry; lake levels; climate; flooding; drought; inflow; atmospheric precipitation; chemistry; biology; dissolved solids; nutrients; ions;
Lent, R.M., Gaudette, H.E., and Lyons, W.B.1995Isotopic geochemistry of the Devils Lake drainage system, North Dakota; initial results:Geological Society of America Abstracts with Programs, v.27, n.3, p.68.alkaline earth metals; precipitation; Devils Lake; dilution; drainage; geochemistry; ground water; hydrochemistry; hydrogen; hydrology; isotope ratios; isotopes; meltwater; metals; North Dakota; O-18/O-16; oxygen; Ramsey County; seasonal variations; snow; Sr-87/Sr-86; stable isotopes; strontium; surface water;
Lent, R.M., Gaudette, H.E., and Lyons, W.B.1997Strontium isotopic geochemistry of the Devils Lake drainage system, North Dakota; A preliminary study and potential paleoclimatic implications:Journal of Paleolimnology, v. 17, n. 1, p. 147-154.alkaline earth metals; atmospheric precipitation; Cenozoic; changes; climate; Devils Lake; dilution; drainage basins; evaporation; geochemistry; ground water; Holocene; hydrochemistry; hydrology; isotope ratios; isotopes; levels; mafic composition; meltwater; metals; meteoric water; North Dakota; O-18 O-16; oxygen; Quaternary; Ramsey County; recharge; solution; Sr-87 Sr-86; stable isotopes; strontium;
Lenz, Brett R.1999Sediment liquefaction features at the Bobtail Wolf folsom site, Dunn County, North Dakota:Geological Society of America Abstracts with Programs, v. 31, n. 7, p. 402.alluvium; archaeology; bedrock; Bobtail Wolf folsom site; Cenozoic; clastic sediments; convoluted beds; drainage basins; Dunn County; Holocene; liquefaction; North Dakota; outwash; Pleistocene; quarries; Quaternary; sandstone dikes; sedimentary structures; sediments; Spring Creek; till; volcanoes; Williston Basin;
Leonard, A.G.19701918 field notes:North Dakota Quarterly, v. 38, no. 2, p. 54-80, illus. (with introduction by C.B. Folsom).Williams County; McKenzie County; Dunn County; geology; history; glacial geology; Ray Quadrangle
Leonard, Arthur G.1932Black Butte and its "eruption":N. Dak., Univ., Quart. Jour., v. 23, p. 160-162.The origin of Black Butte is discussed. The burning of the lignite beds and the formation of "scoria" are discussed in connection with the explanation of the so called "eruption" of Black Butte.
Leonard, Arthur G.1931Will oil and gas be found in North Dakota?:N. Dak., Univ., Quart. Jour., v. 21, p. 327-336.The stratigraphy and structure of the state are discussed. A log for a well in Foster County which was drilled to the Precambrian is presented. The natural gas production is reviewed and the oil possibilities are discussed.
Leonard, Arthur G.1931North Dakota sand and gravel deposits largely of glacial origin:Pit and Quarry, v. 22, p. 29-33, illus.The deposits are described according to their mode of occurrence and origin: gravel associated with glacial drift; stream terrace gravel; beaches of extinct and existing lakes; residual gravel outside the glaciated area; and deposits of the White River Formation. Examples are given for each type.
Leonard, Arthur G.1928Sources of North Dakota gravels:N. Dak. Engineer, v. 4, no. 2, p.2-5.The gravel deposits are described and classified into five classes on the basis of origin.
Leonard, Arthur G.1926The surface features of North Dakota and their origin,in Leonard, A. G., Gauger, A. W., Budge, W. E., and Dove, L. P., Geology and natural resources of North Dakota: N. Dak., Univ., Departmental Bull., v. 11, no. 1 (N. Dak., Univ., Div. Mines and Mining Expts. Bull. no. 9) p. 11-18; revised, 1930: N. Dak., Univ., Departmental Bull., v. 14, no. 1 (N. Dak., Univ., Div. Mines and Mining Expts. Bull. no. ll) p. 12-20,illus.The lacustrine plains (Lake Agassiz and Lake Souris), the Drift Plain, the Missouri Plateau, the Badlands, and the Turtle Mountains are discussed.
Leonard, Arthur G.1926Lignitic coals of North Dakota:Pan-Am. Geol., v. 45, p. 135-140, illus.The lignite beds are described. The results of microscopic examination of thin-sections of lignite and the chemical analysis of the lignite are reported. The uses of lignite are discussed.
Leonard, Arthur G.1926The lignite deposits of North Dakota,in Leonard, A. G., Gauger, A. W., Budge, W. E., and Dove, L. P., Geology and natural resources of North Dakota: N. Dak., Univ., Departmental Bull.,v. 11, no. 1 (N. Dak., Univ., Div. Mines and Mining Expts. Bull. no. 9) p. 19-23, illus.; revised, 1930: N. Dak., Univ., Departmental Bull., v. 14, no. 1 (N. Dak., Univ., Div. Mines and Mining Expts. Bull. no. 11) p. 40-45, illus.The lignite-bearing formations, the lignite beds, the origin of the lignite, the history of lignite mining, and the quantity of lignite are discussed.
Leonard, Arthur G.1926The geology of North Dakota,in Leonard, A. G., Gauger, A. W., Budge, W. E., and Dove, L. P., Geology and natural resources of North Dakota: N. Dak., Univ., Departmental Bull., v. 11, no.l (N. Dak., Univ., Div. Mines and Mining Expts. Bull. 9) p. 4-10; revised, 1930: N. Dak., Univ., Departmental Bull., v.14, no. 1 (N. Dak., Univ., Div. Mines and Mining Expts. Bull.l l) p. 5-11, illus.The stratigraphy of the state from the "Dakota Sandstone" through the glacial deposits is described.
Leonard, Arthur G.1925Stark County,in Leonard, Arthur G., Babcock, E. J., and Dove, L. P., The lignite deposits of North Dakota: N. Dak. Geol. Survey Bull. 4, p. 140-146, illus.The Fryburg coal bed and the Heart River coal bed in the Belfield-South Heart district, and the Lehigh coal bed in the Lehigh district are described.
Leonard, Arthur G.1925Possibilities of oil and gas in North Dakota:N. Dak. Engineer, v. 2, no. 1, p. 11-13.The geologic structure and stratigraphy are discussed. The occurrence of natural gas in Bottineau and Renville Counties is reported.
Leonard, Arthur G.1925Oliver County,in Leonard, Arthur G., Babcock, E. J., and Dove, L. P., The lignite deposits of North Dakota: N. Dak. Geol. Survey Bull. 4, p. 139-140.The thickness and locations of several lignite beds in Oliver County are reported.
Leonard, Arthur G.1925Mercer County,in Leonard, Arthur G., Babcock, E. J., and Dove, L. P., The lignite deposits of North Dakota: N. Dak. Geol. Survey Bull. 4, p. 125-131, illus incl. geol. sketch map (scale 1:63,360).The most important and extensive coal bed in the county is the Beulah-Zap coal bed. It is described in detail and its distribution is indicated on the map. The coal beds near Stanton and Hazen are also discussed.
Leonard, Arthur G.1925McKenzie County,in Leonard, Arthur G., Babcock, E. J., and Dove, L. P., The lignite deposits of North Dakota: N. Dak. Geol. Survey Bull. 4, p. 95-111, illus.The entire county is underlain by workable beds of lignite. The county is divided into four districts and the lignite deposits in each district are described.
Leonard, Arthur G.1925The lignite deposits of North Dakota,in Leonard, Arthur G., Babcock, E. J., and Dove, L. P., The lignite deposits of North Dakota: N. Dak. Geol. Survey Bull. 4, p. 1-9, illus.This general introduction to the lignite of North Dakota includes discussions of the lignite bearing formations, the burning of the lignite beds, the origin of lignite, the history of lignite mining, and the quantity of lignite in North Dakota. The illustrations include a map showing the distribution of lignite beds over 4 feet thick.
Leonard, Arthur G.1925Hettinger County,in Leonard, Arthur G., Babcock, E. J., and Dove, L. P., The lignite deposits of North Dakota: N. Dak. Geol. Survey Bull. 4, p. 88-95, illus.There are numerous lignite deposits in the county. One of the most important, the Coalbank coal bed, is described in detail.
Leonard, Arthur G.1925Dunn County,in Leonard, Arthur G., Babcock, E. J., and Dove, L. P., The lignite deposits of North Dakota: N. Dak. Geol. Survey Bull. 4, p. 80-87.The lignite beds along the valley of the Little Missouri River in Dunn County are described.
Leonard, Arthur G.1925Bowman and Slope Counties,in Leonard, Arthur G., Babcock, E. J., and Dove, L. P., The lignite deposits of North Dakota: N. Dak. Geol. Survey Bull. 4, p. 58-77, illus.The Scranton and Bowman coal beds are described as the important lignite deposits in Bowman County. The coal beds in Slope County are divided into five groups and described.
Leonard, Arthur G.1925Billings and Golden Valley Counties,in Leonard, Arthur G., Babcock, E. J., and Dove, L. P., The lignite deposits of North Dakota: N. Dak. Geol. Survey Bull. 4, p. 34-58, illus.The lignite beds of the Fort Union and "Lance Formations" are described. Measured sections are included in the report.
Leonard, Arthur G.1925Adams and Grant Counties,in Leonard, Arthur G., Babcock, E. J., and Dove, L. P., The lignite deposits of North Dakota: N. Dak. Geol. Survey Bull. 4, p. 31-34.The Scranton and Haynes coal beds are the two important lignite deposits in the area. The Haynes coal bed is described in detail.
Leonard, Arthur G.1924Gravel deposits of North Dakota suitable for road surfacing and construction work:N. Dak., Univ., Quart. Jour., v. 14, no. 4, p. 383-393.The gravel deposits are classified according to their mode of occurrence and origin: glacial drift gravel, stream terrace gravel, lake beach gravel, residual gravel outside glaciated areas, and gravel of the White River Formation. Each is described briefly. Examples are given for each class.
Leonard, Arthur G.1922The White River Formation in North Dakota:N. Dak., Univ., Quart. Jour., v. 12, no. 3, p. 218-228, illus.The discussion of the formation includes a description of the lithology and paleontology of the beds at seven known localities. Measured sections are included for some areas and a map showing areas of White River Formation in North Dakota is included.
Leonard, Arthur G.1920Possibilities of oil and gas in North Dakota:N. Dak. Geol. Survey Bull. 1, 9p.The stratigraphy and structure, particularly the anticlines in North Dakota, are discussed. The natural gas production in the state is reviewed and mention is made of the probable source of the gas. Oil possibilities are briefly mentioned.
Leonard, Arthur G.1919The surface features of North Dakota and their origin:N. Dak., Univ., Quart. Jour., v. 9, p. 209-219, illus.The drainage is divided into three drainage areas. The state is divided into three plains: the lacustrine plains, the drift plain, and the Missouri Plateau west of the Missouri River, and each is described. The Badlands and the Turtle Mountains are also described.
Leonard, Arthur G.1919The geology of North Dakota:Jour. Geology, v. 27, no. 1, p. 1-27, illus. incl. geol. map (scale 1:3,125,000).The following formations are described in this discussion: Cretaceous "Benson Shale," Niobrara Formation, Pierre Shale, and Fox Hills Formation; Tertiary? "Lance Formation"; Tertiary Fort Union "Formation" and White River Formation; and Quaternary glacial drift and lake silt.
Leonard, Arthur G.1917Geological map of North Dakota:N. Dak. Geol. Survey, map (scale 1:1,250,000). (Reprinted from N. Dak., Univ., Quart. Jour., v. 7, no. 3, facing p. 232.)Ten geologic formations including glacial deposits are presented on the map.
Leonard, Arthur G.1917The geological history of North Dakota:N. Dak., Univ., Quart. Jour., v. 7, no. 3, p. 228-235, illus. incl. geol. map (scale 1:1,250,000).The surface geology including bedrock and glacial deposits is mapped and the various formations are described.
Leonard, Arthur G.1916The pre-Wisconsin drift of North Dakota:Jour. Geology, v. 24, no. 6, p. 521-532, illus.Some of the features of the pre-Wisconsinan drift in Morton, Dunn, McKenzie, Burleigh, and other counties are described. A map showing the margins of the drift and the Altamont Moraine is included.
Leonard, Arthur G.1916The Pleistocene drainage changes in western North Dakota:Geol. Soc. America Bull., v. 27, p. 295-304, illus.The age of the Missouri River valley, the Pleistocene valleys of the Missouri and Yellowstone Rivers, the preglacial valley of the Little Missouri River, the abnormal drainage features of the Little Missouri tributaries, and the evidence of a postglacial age for the lower Little Missouri Valley are discussed.
Leonard, Arthur G.1916The lignite deposits of North Dakota:N. Dak., Univ., Quart. Jour., v. 6, no. 3, p. 234-240, illus.The lignite bearing formations and the origin of lignite are discussed. The lignite beds are described and the history of lignite mining is reviewed.
Leonard, Arthur G.1913The geological map of North Dakota:N. Dak., Univ., Quart. Jour.,v. 4, no. 1, p. 3-13, illus. incl. geol. map (scale 1:250,000).The surficial geologic formations are described.
Leonard, Arthur G.1912The geology of south-central North Dakota:N. Dak. Geol. Survey 6th Bienn. Rept., p. 21-99, illus incl. geol. map (scale 1:750,000).The physiography, stratigraphy, structure, geologic history, economic resources, water resources, and soils of Morton and Emmons Counties and parts of Burleigh, Kidder, Hettinger, Logan, and McIntosh Counties are discussed.
Leonard, Arthur G.1912Description of the Bismarck Quadrangle:U. S. Geol. Survey, Geol. Atlas, Folio 181, 8 p., illus. incl. geol. map (scale 1:125,000).The topography, stratigraphy, geologic history, economic geology, and water resources of the quadrangle are discussed.
Leonard, Arthur G.1911Natural gas in North Dakota:U. S. Geol. Survey Bull. 431, p. 7-10, illus.The natural gas wells in Bottineau, Williams, and LaMoure Counties are described. The report includes well records and the results of an analysis of the gas.
Leonard, Arthur G.1911The Cretaceous and Tertiary formations of western North Dakota and eastern Montana:Jour. Geology, v. 19, p. 507-547, illus.The formations described are the Pierre Shale, Fox Hills Formation, "Lance Formation," Fort Union "Formation," and White River Formation.
Leonard, Arthur G.1908The geology of southwestern North Dakota with special reference to the coal:N. Dak. Geol. Survey 5th Bienn. Rept., p. 27-114, illus. incl. geol. map ( scale 1:312,500).The drainage, topography, stratigraphy, structure, and coal deposits of Billings and Bowman counties are described.
Leonard, Arthur G.1908The geological history of North Dakota:N. Dak. Geol. Survey 5th Bienn. Rept., p. 227-243.The geological history of North Dakota is presented in a popular account for use in schools.
Leonard, Arthur G.1906Stratigraphy of North Dakota clays:N. Dak. Geol. Survey 4th Bienn. Rept., p. 63-94, illus. incl. geol. map (scale 1:2,250,000).All the geological formations of the state are described. The day deposits of economic value found in each formation are discussed. A state geological map accompanies the report.
Leonard, Arthur G.1906The North Dakota-Montana lignite area:U. S. Geol. Survey Bull. 285, p. 316-330.The area includes most of the western half of North Dakota. The report includes a discussion of the stratigraphy, an analysis of the lignite beds, and a discussion of the occurrence of the lignite beds.
Leonard, Arthur G.1905The purpose and value of a geological survey:Univ. Bull. (N. Dak.),v.2, no.2, p.7-ll, illus.The benefits of a state geological survey are discussed and the history of the North Dakota Geological Survey is reviewed.
Leonard, Arthur G.1904Topographic features of North Dakota:N. Dak. Geol. Survey 3rd Bienn. Rept., p. 127-139, illus.North Dakota is separated into three plains rising one above another, the Red River Valley, the Coteau du Missouri, and the level between. The features on each plain are described and discussed.
Leonard, Arthur G.1904The geological formations of North Dakota:N. Dak. Geol. Survey 3rd Bienn. Rept., p. 140-177, illus.The formations discussed represent the Paleozoic Era, Cretaceous Period, Tertiary Period, and Pleistocene Period. The report includes some measured sections.
Leonard, Arthur G., and Eaton, H. N.1925Ward County,in Leonard, Arthur G., Babcock, E. J., and Dove, L. P., The lignite deposits of North Dakota: N. Dak. Geol. Survey Bull. 4, p. 146-153, illus.The area is divided into four districts: Kenmare, Baden-Donnybrook, Foxholm-Burlington, and Southeastern districts. The important coal beds in each district are described.
Leonard, Arthur G., and Eaton, H. N.1925Divide and Burke Counties,in Leonard, Arthur G., Babcock, E. J., and Dove, L. P., The lignite deposits of North Dakota: N. Dak. Geol. Survey Bull. 4, p. 78-80, illus.Lignite beds in the vicinity of Noonan, Columbus, Larson, and Alkabo are described. Some measured sections are included and reference is made to the chemical analysis of the lignite.
Leonard, Arthur G., and Smith, Carl D.1909The Sentinel Butte Lignite Field, North Dakota and Montana:U. S. Geol. Survey Bull. 341, p. 15-35, illus.The stratigraphy of the "Eocene" Fort Union "Formation" is discussed and three measured sections are presented The overlying Oligocene rocks are mentioned. The lignite is discussed and each lignite bed is described. A map showing the outcrops of the coal beds in the Sentinel Butte lignite field is included in the report.
Leonard, Arthur G., Babcock, E. J., and Dove, L. P.1925The lignite deposits of North Dakota:N. Dak. Geol. Survey Bull. 4, 240 p., illus. incl. maps.The bulletin includes reports by several authors which are individually cited.
Leonard, Arthur G., Dove, L. P. and Eaton, H. N.1925Description of the lignite deposits by countiesin Leonard, Arthur G., Babcock, E. J., and Dove, L. P., The lignite deposits of North Dakota: N. Dak. Geol. Survey Bull. 4, p. 32-165, illus. incl. geol. sketch maps.This section of the bulletin includes reports on individual counties by several authors which are individually cited.
Leonard, Arthur G., Gauger, A. W., Budge, W. E., and Dove, L. P.1926Geology and natural resources of North Dakota:N. Dak., Univ., Departmental Bull., v. 11, no. 1 (N. Dak., Univ., Div. Mines and Mining Expts. Bull. no. 9), 45 p., illus.The bulletin contains articles by several authors which are cited individually.
Leopold, E.B., and Mac Ginitie, H.D.1972Development and affinities of Tertiary floras in the Rocky Mountains,in Alan Graham , ed., Floristics and paleofloristics of Asia and eastern North America: New York, Elsevier Publishing Company, p. 147-200, illus.Golden Valley Formation; Paleocene; Eocene; Tertiary; paleontology; Stark County; Mercer County; Dunn County; palynology
Leppart, Gary1971Fossils:North Dakota Outdoors, v. 33, no. 8, p. 12-15, illus.paleontology
Lerbekmo, J. F., and Coulter, K. C.1984Magnetostratigraphic and biostratigraphic correlations of Late Cretaceous to early Paleocene strata between Alberta and North DakotaCanadian Society of Petroleum Geologists Memoir, V. 9, pp. 313-317
Leriche, Maurice1942Contribution a l'etude faunes ichthyologiques marine des terrains Tertiares de la Plaine Cotiere Atlantique et du centre des Etats-Unis:Soc. Geol. France Mem. 45, n. s., v. 20, pts. 2-4, 110 p., illus.Three species of elasmobranchs from Oliver County, North Dakota, are described. Two of the species are said to be of Midway (Paleocene) age.
LeRud, J.1982Lexicon of stratigraphic names of North DakotaNorth Dakota Geological Survey Report of Investigations No. 71, 139 p.
Leslie, E.R., Kelly, D.C., Harrington, G.J., Stiles, C.A., Clechenko, C.C., and Valley, J.W.2003Multi proxy indicators of the Paleocene/Eocene (P/E) boundary in the Williston Basin of North Dakota:Geological Society of America Abstracts with Programs, v. 35, n. 6, p. 585. Bear Den Member; C-13/C-12; carbon; Cenozoic; chemical weathering; chemostratigraphy; clay mineralogy; clay minerals; coal; Eocene; Fort Union Formation; geochemistry; global change; global warming; Golden Valley Formation; isotope ratios; isotopes; kaolinite; lignite; lower Eocene; microfossils; North Dakota; Paleocene; Paleocene Eocene boundary; paleoclimatology; paleoecology; Paleogene; paleotemperature; palynomorphs; sedimentary rocks; sheet silicates; silicates; stable isotopes; stratigraphic boundary; Tertiary; transient phenomena; weathering; Williston Basin;
Leverett, Frank1913Beginnings of Lake Agassiz (abs.):Geol. Soc. America Bull., v. 24, p. 697.The Milnor Beach, different lake stages, different outlets, and waterlaid moraines are mentioned.
Leverett, Frank1932Quaternary geology of Minnesota and parts of adjacent states:U. S. Geol. Survey Prof. Paper 161, 149 p., illus incl. geol. maps.The area described includes the entire state of Minnesota and parts of Wisconsin, Iowa North and South Dakota, which have a glacial history similar to that of Minnesota. The area of North Dakota included is the area of glacial Lake Agassiz.
Leverett, Frank1912Early stages and outlets of Lake Agassiz in relation to the waning ice sheet:N. Dak. Agr. Coll. Survey 6th Bienn. Rept. [1911-1912], p. 17-28, illus. incl. geol. map (scale 1:750,000).The different glacial and lake features present in southeastern North Dakota (Cass, Sargent, Ransom, and Richland Counties) are discussed and illustrated on the map.
Leverett, Frank1912Correlation of Lake Agassiz with glacial lakes in Great Lakes basins (abs.):Mich. Acad. Sci, Rept., v. 14, p. 115.The deformation of the shore lines of Lake Agassiz is correlated with the deformation of the shore lines of Lake Algonquin.
Leverington, D.W., and Teller, J.T.2003Paleotopographic reconstructions of the eastern outlets of glacial Lake Agassiz: Canadian Journal of Earth Sciences, v.40, n.9, p. 1259-1278.North Dakota; Glacial Lake Agassiz; outlets; paleotopographic reconstructions; Nipigon Phase; Glacial Lake Kelvin; Lake Nipigon; stages; Pas stage; Gimli stage; Laurentide Ice Sheet; Lake Nakina; Quaternary; Canada; Campbell stage; McCauleyville stage; Blanchard stage; Hillsboro stage; Emerado stage; Ojata stage; Gladstone stage; Burnside stage; Ossawa stage; Stonewall stage; catastrophic releases;
Lewis, Meriwether, and Clark, William1947-Lewis and Clark in North Dakota:N. Dak. History, v. 14-15, 359 p., illus.(1947-1948)The original manuscript journals and the text of the Biddle edition during the time the expedition remained in North Dakota were combined for this reprinting. Explanatory notes by Russell Reid are included.
Lewis, Meriwether, and Clark, William1904-Original journals of the Lewis and Clark expedition, 1804-1806:New York, Dodd, Mead, and Co., 8 v., illus.(1904-1905) In addition to a description of the landscape, mention is made of the strata observed in the area. It is noted that along the Missouri River in the area of North Dakota, the coal strata and "burnt earth" appear at the same level and in some places meet.
Lewis, Meriwether, and Clark, William1814History of the expedition under the command of Captains Lewis and Clark, to the sources of the Missouri, thence across the Rocky mountains and down the river Columbia to the Pacific ocean. Performed during the years 1804-5-6:New York, Bradford and Inskeep, 2 v.; reprinted, 1903: Chicago, A. C. McClurg and Co., 2 v.The region along the Missouri River in North Dakota is described. Mention is made of deposits of lignite and Glauber's salt. (This edition, compiled by Nicholas Biddle, is often referred to as the Biddle edition.)
Lewis, Paul J.1960How to analyze bioherms in the Williston Basin:World Oil, v. 150, no. 2, p. 82-84, illus.Mission Canyon Formation; Williston Basin; McKenzie County; Mississippian; bioherm facies; petroleum reservoirs
Lewis, Paul J.1953Ordovician of the Williston Basin (abs.):Am. Assoc. Petroleum Geologists Bull., v. 37, no. 11, p. 2615.The correlation between the sediments in the basin and the outcrop areas on the fringes of the basin is discussed.
Lewis, Paul J., and Smith, Maurice H.1957Catalog of formation names for Crazy Mountain Basin and adjacent areas [Mont.-Wyo.-Williston Basin],in Billings Geol. Soc., Guidebook, 8th Ann. Field Conf., Crazy Mountain Basin, Sept. 6-7, 1957: p. 90-98.The distribution, type locality, original describer, gross lithology, and remarks are presented for formation and group names used in the basin and adjacent areas including the Williston basin area of North Dakota.
Lewis, R. C.1979Coal geology of the Bowman-Gascoyne area, Adams, Billings, Golden Valley, and Slope counties, North DakotaUS Geological Survey Open-File Report OF 79-1698, 38 p., 11 Sheets
Lewis, R. C., and Harksen, J. C.1980Coal geology of the Wibaux-Beach area, Wibaux County, Montana, and Golden Valley County, North DakotaUS Geological Survey Open-File Report OF 80-0166, 40 p., 4 Sheets
Lewis, R.C.1977Preliminary report of the geology of the Harmon and Hansen lignite beds in the southern half of the Bowman-Gascoyne area, Slope, Bowman, and Adams Counties, North Dakota:U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 77-377, 4 p., illus.Fort Union Formation; Tongue River Member; lignite; structure; stratigraphy; maps
Lewis, Robert C.1979Coal geology of the Bowman-Gascoyne area, Adams, Billings, Bowman, Golden Valley, and Slope Counties, North Dakota:U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 79-1698, 38 p., illus.lignite; topography; stratigraphy; structural geology; Fort Union coal beds; analyses; drill-hole data; isopach maps
Lewis, S. E.1988A dragon-fly (Odonata; Aeschnidae) from the Paleocene of North DakotaOccasional Papers in Paleobiology, V. 2, No. 2, 2 p.
Lewis, S. E.1989Paleocene insect localities in the United States and CanadaOccasional Papers in Paleobiology, V. 3, p. 11
Li, Y. M., Stanislavova, L., and Chaney, R. L.1994Determination of total cadmium in calcareous soils by extraction using Aliquat-336 and 3-heptanone after aqua regia digestion:Communications in Soil Science and Plant Analysis, v. 25, n. 11-12, p. 2029-2045.3-heptanone; Aliquat-336; alkaline earth metals; aqua regia; atomic absorption spectra; background level; calcareous composition; calcium; chemical analysis; concentration; liquid phase; metals; North Dakota; pollution; remediation; soils; spectra; toxic materials;
Liebig, M. A. and Doran, J. W.1999Impact of organic production practices on soil quality indicators:Journal of Environmental Quality, v. 28, n. 5, p. 1601-1609. agriculture; anaerobic environment; bacteria; biomass; carbon; environmental effects; fertilizers; land use; microorganisms; Nebraska; nitrate ion; nitrogen; North Dakota; pesticides; pollutants; pollution; respiration; soil quality; soil treatment; soils; topsoil;
Lindberg, Marie L.1944Heavy mineral correlation of the Fox Hills, Hell Creek, and Cannonball sediments, Morton and Sioux Counties, North Dakota:Jour. Sed. Petrology, v. 14, p. 131-143, illus.; reprinted, 1945: N. Dak. Geol. Survey Bull. 19.The stratigraphy and sedimentary structures of the formations are reviewed. The mineral suites are described and a schematic correlation between sections and zones is presented.
Lindholm, R.1983Bivalve associations of Cannonball Formation (Paleocene, Danian) of North DakotaAmerican Association of Petroleum Geologists Bulletin, V. 67, p. 1347
Lindholm, R. M.1984Bivalve associations of the Cannonball Formation (Paleocene, Danian) of North DakotaMaster's, University of North Dakota, Grand Forks, ND, 184 p.
Lindsay, R. F.1993Mission Canyon Formation reservoir characteristics in North Dakota, with emphasis on Little Knife FieldBulletin of the Houston Geological Society, V. 35, pp. 28-29
Lindsay, R. F.1988Mission Canyon Formation reservoir characteristics in North Dakotain, Goolsby, S. M., and Longman, M. W., eds., Occurrence and petrophysical properties of carbonate reservoirs in the Rocky Mountain region, Rocky Mountain Association of Geologists, Denver, CO, pp. 317-346
Lindsay, R. F.1987Porosity evolution within Mission Canyon and lower Charles formations, Williston Basin, North DakotaSociety of Economic Paleontologists and Mineralogists, Annual Midyear Meeting abstracts, p. 49
Lindsay, R. F.1987Carbonate and evaporite facies, dolomitization and reservoir distribution of the Mission Canyon Formation, Little Knife Field, North Dakotain, Peterson, J. A., Kent, D. M., Anderson, S. B., Pilatzke, R. H., and Longman, M. W., eds., Williston Basin; anatomy of a cratonic oil province, Rocky Mountain Association of Geologists, Denver, CO, pp. 355-384
Lindsay, R. F.1985Madison Group (Mississippian) reservoir facies of Williston Basin, North DakotaAmerican Association of Petroleum Geologists Bulletin, V. 69, pp. 279-280
Lindsay, R. F.1985Anatomy of a dolomitized carbonate reservoir; Mission Canyon Formation at Little Knife Field, North DakotaAmerican Association of Petroleum Geologists Bulletin, V. 69, p. 854
Lindsay, R. F.1985Rival, North and South Black Slough, Foothills and Lignite oil fields; their depositional facies, diagenesis and reservoir character, Burke County, North DakotaSEPM Core Workshop, V. 7, pp. 217-263
Lindsay, R. F.1982Anatomy of the dolomitized carbonate reservoir, Mission Canyon Formation, Little Knife Field, North DakotaAmerican Association of Petroleum Geologists Bulletin, V. 66, p. 594
Lindsay, R. F., and Kendall, C. G. St. C.1985Depositional facies, diagenesis, and reservoir character of Mississippian cyclic carbonates in the Mission Canyon Formation, Little Knife Field, Williston Basin, North Dakotain, Roehl, P. O., and Choquette, P. W., eds., Carbonate petroleum reservoirs, Springer-Verlag, New York, NY, pp. 175-190
Lindsay, R. F., and Kendall, C. G. St. C.1980Depositional facies, diagenesis and reservoir character of the Mission Canyon Formation of the Williston Basin at the Little Knife Field, Billings, Dunn, and McKenzie counties, North Dakotain, Halley, R. B., and Loucks, R. G., eds., Carbonate reservoir rocks, Society of Economic Paleontologists & Mineralogists, Tulsa, OK, pp. 79-104
Lindsay, R. F., and Roth, M. S.1982Carbonate and evaporite facies, dolomitization and reservoir distribution of the Mission Canyon Formation, Little Knife Field, North Dakotain, Christopher, J. E., Kaldi, J., Dunn, C. E., Kent, D. M., and Lorsong, J. A., eds., Fourth International Williston Basin Symposium, Saskatchewan Geological Society, Regina, Saskatchewan, pp. 153-179
Lindsay, R. F., Anderson, S. B., LeFever, J. A., Gerhard, L. C., and LeFever, R. D.1988Structural history and reservoir characteristics (Mississippian) of Nesson Anticline, North DakotaAmerican Association of Petroleum Geologists Bulletin, V. 72, p. 875
Lindsay, R. F., Anderson, S. B., LeFever, J. A., Gerhard, L. C., and LeFever, R. D.1988Structural history and reservoir characteristics (Mississippian) of Nesson Anticline, North Dakotain, Lomando, A. J., and Harris, P. M., eds., Giant oil and gas fields; a core workshop, Society of Economic Paleontologists and Mineralogists, Tulsa, OK, pp. 741-802
Lindsey, K. B.1954Petroleum in the Williston Basin, including parts of Montana, North and South Dakota, and Canada, as of July 1953:U. S. Bur. Mines Rept. Inv. 5055, 70 p., illusThe geology, history, exploration, drilling activities, economics, and characteristics of the various oil fields of the Williston basin are discussed. The reports of crude petroleum analyses are presented in the appendix of the report. The report includes a comprehensive bibliography of the activity in the Williston basin.
Lindvig, M.O., and Schmid, R.W.1972Progress map showing major glacial drift aquifers in North Dakota and estimated potential yields:North Dakota State Water Commission, 1 sheet, scale 1:1,566,800.aquifers; water supply; bibliographies; maps; groundwater resources
Lindvig, Milton O.1964bPump test analyses,in Ground water in the Rolla area, Rolette County, North Dakota SWCC project no. 797: North Dakota State Water Conservation Commission North Dakota Ground Water Studies 57, p. 16-27, illus.aquifer testing; water wells; water supply; Rolette County
Lindvig, Milton O.1964aCity of Dickinson aquifer test:North Dakota State Water Conservation Commission North Dakota Ground Water Studies 51, supplement, 9 p., illus.aquifer testing; Stark County; water supply; groundwater
Lindvig, Milton O.1965Ground water in the Ellendale area, Dickey County, North Dakota:North Dakota Water Conservation Commission North Dakota Ground-water Study 61, 20 p., illus.groundwater; Dickey County; hydrogeology; well logs; water quality; water analyses; water wells
Lineback, J. A., and Davidson, M. L.1982The Williston Basin; sediment-starved during the Early Mississippianin, Christopher, J. E., Kaldi, J., Dunn, C. E., Kent, D. M., and Lorsong, J. A., eds., Fourth International Williston Basin Symposium, Saskatchewan Geological Society, Regina, Saskatchewan, pp. 125-130
Lineback, J. A., Roth, M. S., and Davidson, M. L.1984Contrasts between Ordovician and Mississippian carbonate depositional styles in Williston BasinAmerican Association of Petroleum Geologists Bulletin, V. 68, pp. 500-501
Lineback, J. A., Roth, M., and Davidson, M. L.1987Sediment starvation in the Williston and Illinois basins during the Devonian and Mississippianin, Peterson, J. A., Kent, D. M., Anderson, S. B., Pilatzke, R. H., and Longman, M. W., eds., Williston Basin; anatomy of a cratonic oil province, Rocky Mountain Association of Geologists, Denver, CO, pp. 147-156
Link, Arthur1975North Dakota's view of coal developmentin Fort Union Coal Field Symposium Proceedings: Montana Academy of Sciences, v. 1, p. G12-G15.lignite; development; planning; state jurisdiction; federal jurisdiction; cooperation
Link, Theo. A.1958The Williston Basin is large and deep,in North Dakota Geological Society and Saskatchewan Geological Society, Second Williston Basin Symposium, Regina, Saskatchewan, April 23-25, 1958: p. 6-7, illus.A brief and general discussion of the history of discovery and production in the Williston basin is given.
Listoe, Bruce1955Beta Zeta Chapter history:Compass, v. 32, no. 2, p. 152; reprinted, 1955: N. Dak. Geol. Survey Bull. 28, p. 152.The history of the Geology Club at the University of North Dakota is traced from its founding in 1937, through its installation as the Beta Zeta Chapter of Sigma Gamma Epsilon in 1950, and its activities through 1955 are discussed.
Little , Arthur D., Inc.1954Technology of lignite--Report to Resources Research Committee:Cambridge, Massachusetts, Arthur D. Little, Inc., C-58882-1, 82 p., illus.lignite; reserves; properties; utilization; production; technology; economics; North Dakota; electric power; briquetting; carbonization; coal gasification; hydrogenation
Little, Arthur D., Inc.1955Chemicals from North Dakota lignite--Report to Resources Research Committee:Cambridge, Massachusetts, Arthur D. Little, Inc., C-8882-7, 24 p., illus.lignite; chemicals; technology; economics; chemical industry
Little, Arthur D., Inc.1953Lignite and U.S. energy supplies--Report to Resources Research Committee:Cambridge, Massachusetts, Arthur D. Little, Inc., C-58882, 93 p., illus.energy; supply; sources; reserves; economics; projections; natural gas; petroleum; lignite; coal; production; nuclear energy; Williston Basin
Lloyd, E. R.1914The Cannonball River Lignite Field, North Dakota:U. S. Geol. Survey Bull. 541-G, p. 243-291, illus incl. geol. maps (scale 1:125,000).The geography, stratigraphy, and structural geology of the area are described. The distribution and physical and chemical properties of the lignite deposits are reported. Detailed descriptions of the deposits are given. The area includes parts of Adams, Grant, Hettinger, and Morton Counties.
Lloyd, E. R., and Hares, C. J.1915The Cannonball marine member of the Lance formation of North and South Dakota and its bearing on the Lance-Laramie problem:Jour. Geology, v. 23, p. 523-547, illus. incl. geol. map (scale 1:1,875,000).The Fox Hills Formation, "Lance Formation," and Fort Union "Formation" are described. Several measured sections are included. Particular attention is paid to the Cannonball "Member." A list of the fauna of the Cannonball "Member" is included.
Lobdell, F. K.1992Arthrostylidae (Bryozoa: Cryptostomata) from the Gunn Member, Stony Mountain Formation (Upper Ordovician), North Dakotain, Erickson, J. M., and Hoganson, J. W., eds., Proceedings of the F. D. Holland Jr., Geological Symposium, North Dakota Geological Survey, Bismarck, ND, pp. 99-116
Lobdell, F. K.1988Macropaleontology of the Gunn Member, Stony Mountain Formation (Upper Ordovician), Manitoba and North DakotaDoctoral, University of North Dakota, Grand Forks, ND, 382 p.
Lobdell, F. K.1987Distribution of Arthrostylidae (Bryozoa; Cryptostomata) in the Gunn Member, Stony Mountain Formation (Upper Ordovician), Manitoba and North DakotaGeological Society of America Abstracts with Programs, V. 19, p. 231
Lobdell, F. K.1987A microscopic molluscan fauna from the Stony Mountain Formation (Upper Ordovician) in the subsurface of North DakotaProceedings of the North Dakota Academy of Science, V. 41, p. 98
Lobdell, F. K.1984The Ashern Formation (Middle Devonian) in the Williston Basin, North DakotaMaster's, University of North Dakota, Grand Forks, ND, 187 p.
Lobdell, F. K.1982Lithology and depositional environment of Ashern Formation (Middle Devonian), North DakotaAmerican Association of Petroleum Geologists Bulletin, V. 66, p. 595
Lobdell, F. K.1984Age and depositional history of the Middle Devonian Ashern Formation in the Williston Basin, Saskatchewan and North DakotaSaskatchewan Geological Society Special Publication, V. 7, pp. 5-12
Lobmeyer, D. H.1985Freshwater heads and ground-water temperatures in aquifers of the Northern Great Plains in parts of Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, and WyomingUS Geological Survey Professional Paper P 1402-D, pp. D1-D11
Lobmeyer, D. H.1980Preliminary potentiometric-surface map showing fresh-water heads for the Lower Cretaceous rocks in the northern Great Plains of Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, and WyomingUS Geological Survey Open-File Report OF 80-0757, 1 Sheet
LoBue, C.1982Depositional environments and diagenesis of the Silurian Interlake Formation, Williston Basin, western North Dakotain, Christopher, J. E., Kaldi, J., Dunn, C. E., Kent, D. M., and Lorsong, J. A., eds., Fourth International Williston Basin Symposium, Saskatchewan Geological Society, Regina, Saskatchewan, pp. 29-42
LoBue, C. L.1983Depositional environments and diagenesis, Interlake Formation (Silurian), Williston Basin, North DakotaMaster's, University of North Dakota, Grand Forks, ND, 233 p.
Lochman, Christina1966Lower Ordovician (Arenig) faunas from the Williston Basin, Montana and North Dakota:Journal of Paleontology, v. 40, no. 3, p. 512-548, illus.Williston Basin; Deadwood Formation; Ordovician; lithology; paleontology; paleoecology; trilobites; gastropods; conodonts; graptolites; brachiopods
Lochman, Christina1964bUpper Cambrian faunas from the subsurface Deadwood Formation, Williston Basin, Montana:Journal of Paleontology, v. 38, no. 1, p. 33-60, illus.Williston Basin; Cambrian; Deadwood Formation; lithology; paleontology; paleoecology; brachiopods; trilobites; graptolites
Lochman, Christina1964aBasal Ordovician faunas from the Williston Basin, Montana:Journal of Paleontology, v. 38, no. 3, p. 453-476, illus.Williston Basin; Ordovician; Deadwood Formation; paleontology; lithology; paleoecology; brachiopods; graptolites; trilobites; annelids; gastropods; conodonts
Lochman-Balk, Christina1965Lower Ordovician (Zone D) faunules from the Williston Basin, Montana:Journal of Paleontology, v. 39, no. 3, p. 466-486, illus.Williston Basin; Deadwood Formation; Ordovician; trilobites; paleontology; lithology; Montana; graptolites; gastropods; brachiopods; echinoderms
Lochman-Balk, Christina, and Wilson, James L.1967Stratigraphy of Upper Cambrian-Lower Ordovician subsurface sequence in Williston Basin:American Association of Petroleum Geologists Bulletin, v. 51, no. 6, pt. 1, p. 883-917, illus.Williston Basin; Cambrian; stratigraphy; Ordovician; lithology; paleontology; Deadwood Formation; facies (sedimentary); stratigraphic correlations; brachiopods; trilobites; graptolites; isopach map; paleogeography; geologic history; paleogeologic maps; structural geology; petroleum
Locklin, J. A., and Damp, J. N.1995A compartmentalized carbonate reservoir in the Nesson Zone of the Mississippian Mission Canyon Formation, Williston Basin, North Dakota: A case study from Glass Bluff Field,in Hunter, L. D. V., and Schalla, R. A., eds., Seventh International Williston Basin Symposium: Billings, MT, Montana Geological Society, p. 209-218.North Dakota; Williston Basin; carbonates; reservoirs; hydrocarbon; Glass Bluff Field; Nesson Anticline; core analysis; Charles Formation; Mission Canyon Formation; Mississippian; fossils; illustrations; map; photographs; cross-section; depositional environment; diagenesis; porosity; permeability; production; stable isotopes; North Dakota Geological Society; Saskatchewan Geological Society;
Loeblich, Alfred R., Jr., and Tappan, Helen N.1950Characteristic western interior Callovian species, pt. 2 of North American Jurassic foraminifera:Washington Acad. Sci., Jour., v. 40, no. 1, p. 5-19, illus.One of the seven localities selected for this study was the Sundance Formation in the J. H. Kline Well no. 1, in Ward County, North Dakota. The foraminiferal assemblage from the Callovian (basal Upper Jurassic) beds is described and illustrated.
Loeffler, P.1982Depositional environment and rock fabric, Birdbear ('Nisku') Formation (Upper Devonian), Williston Basin, North DakotaAmerican Association of Petroleum Geologists Bulletin, V. 66, p. 595
Loeffler, P. T.1982Depositional environment and diagenesis, Birdbear Formation (Upper Devonian), Williston Basin, North DakotaMaster's, University of North Dakota, Grand Forks, ND, 268 p.
Lofgren, D.L., Lillegraven, J.A., Clemens, W.A., Gingerich, P.D., and Williamson, T.E.2004Paleocene biochronology; The Puercan through Clarkforkian land mammal ages, in Woodburne, M.O., ed., Late Cretaceous and Cenozoic mammals of North America; Biostratigraphy and geochronology, New York, NY, Columbia University Press, p. 43-105.Alberta; assemblages; biochronology; biostratigraphy; biozones; California; Canada; Cenozoic; Chordata; Clarkforkian; Colorado; faunal list; global; lower Paleocene; Mammalia; Montana; North America; North Dakota; Paleocene; Paleogene; Puercan; Saskatchewan; stratigraphic boundary; terrestrial environment; Utah; Vertebrata; Western Interior; Wyoming;
Logan, K. J.1981The geology and environment of deposition of the Kinneman Creek Interval, Sentinel Butte Formation (Paleocene), North DakotaMaster's, University of North Dakota, Grand Forks, ND, 137 p.
Loken, L. G., and Richardson, J. L.1992Development of salinity in wetland catchmentsin, Seelig, B. D., ed., North Dakota Ground Water Quality Symposium Proceedings, North Dakota State University Extension Service, Fargo, ND, pp. 141-150
Longman, M. W.1982Carbonate diagenesis as a control on stratigraphic traps; with examples from the Williston BasinAmerican Association of Petroleum Geologists, Tulsa, OK, 159 p.
Longman, M. W., Fertal, T. G., and Stell, J. R.1992Reservoir performance in Ordovician Red River Formation, Horse Creek and South Horse Creek fields, Bowman County, North DakotaAmerican Association of Petroleum Geologists Bulletin, V. 76, pp. 449-467
Longman, M. W., Fertal, T. G., and Stell, J. R.1990Reservoir heterogeneity in Red River Formation, Horse Creek and South Horse Creek fields, Bowman County, North DakotaAmerican Association of Petroleum Geologists Bulletin, V. 74, p. 1334
Longman, M.W.1997Recent and Cretaceous methane "vent" communities as analogs for Dickinson Field's Mississippian Lodgepole mound (Stark County, North Dakota):AAPG Bulletin, v. 81, n. 7, p. 1228.alkanes; Arthropoda; Atlantic Ocean; bacteria; Bakken Formation; boundstone; Bryozoa; carbon dioxide; carbonate rocks; Carboniferous; cement; Cenozoic; communities; Cretaceous; Crinoidea; Crinozoa; Crustacea; Denver Basin; Dickinson Field; Echinodermata; fractures; gas fields; gas hydrates; gas seeps; grainstone; Gulf of Mexico; Holocene; hydrocarbons; Invertebrata; lineaments; Lodgepole Formation; Mandibulata; Mesozoic; methane; microfossils; Mississippian; modern analogs; North Atlantic; North Dakota; oil fields; Ostracoda; Paleozoic; petroleum; Pierre Shale; Plantae; Porifera; Quaternary; reservoir rocks; sedimentary rocks; spicules; Stark County; tectonics; thallophytes; thickness; vents; Vermes; wackestone; Waulsortian facies;
Longman, M.W.1996Did the Mississippian Lodgepole buildup at Dickinson Field (North Dakota) form as a gas seep ("vent") community?:The Mountain Geologist, v. 33, n. 4, p. 105-114.Arthropoda; carbon dioxide; carbonate rocks; Carboniferous; cement; clastic rocks; cores; Crustacea; debris; depositional environment; Dickinson Field; Frenzel Well; gas seeps; genesis; hydrothermal vents; Invertebrata; Kadrmas Well; limestone; lithofacies; Lodgepole Formation; Lodgepole Mound; andibulata; marine environment; microfossils; Mississippian; mounds; North Dakota; oil and gas fields; oil wells; Ostracoda; Paleozoic; permeability; petrography; petroleum; petroleum exploration; porosity; reefs; reservoir rocks; sedimentary rocks; shale; Stark County; Waulsortian mound;
Longman, M.W., and Haidl, F.M.1996Cyclic deposition and development of porous dolomites in the Upper Ordovician Red River Formation, Williston Basin,in Longman, M.W., and Sonnenfeld, M.D., eds., Paleozoic systems of the Rocky Mountain region: Society for Sedimentary Geology, Rocky Mountain Section, p. 29-46.brines; carbonate rocks; carbonates; carbonatization; clastic rocks; correlation; cycles; cyclic processes; depositional environment; diagenesis; dolomite; dolomitization; dolostone; lithofacies; mudstone; North Dakota; Ordovician; Paleozoic; permeability; petroleum; porosity; porous materials; Red River Formation; reservoir rocks; sedimentary rocks; sequence stratigraphy; stratigraphy; Williston Basin;
Longman, M.W., and Johnson, M.S., eds.1999A bibliography of Rocky Mountain oil and gas fields:The Mountain Geologist, v. 36, n. 3, p. 99-199.Arizona; Colorado; Montana; natural gas; Nebraska; Nevada; New Mexico; North Dakota; oil and gas fields; oil wells; petroleum; Rocky Mountains; South Dakota; Utah; Wyoming;
Longman, M.W., Luneau, B.A., and Landon, S.M.1998Nature and distribution of Niobrara lithologies in the Cretaceous Western Interior Seaway of the Rocky Mountain region:The Mountain Geologist, v. 35, n. 4, p. 137-170.algae; applications; black shale; clastic rocks; Colorado; Coniacian; Cretaceous; diagenesis; Foraminifera; Fort Hays Limestone Member; Invertebrata; lithofacies; Mesozoic; microfossils; Montana; nannofossils; Nebraska; New Mexico; Niobrara Formation; North Dakota; petroleum exploration; Plantae; porosity; production; Protista; reservoir rocks; Rocky Mountains; Santonian; sedimentary rocks; Senonian; Smoky Hill Chalk Member; South Dakota; well logging; Western Interior Seaway; Wyoming;
Longman, M.W., Odegard, M., Landon, S., and Williams, M.2001Depositional facies and porosity distribution in the Mississippian Sherwood interval, Wabek Field, North Dakota:American Association of Petroleum Geologists Annual Meeting Expanded Abstracts, p. 119.anhydrite; carbonate rocks; Carboniferous; cementation; clastic rocks; depositional environment; diagenesis; geometry; grainstone; limestone; lithofacies; Mesozoic; Mission Canyon Limestone; Mississippian; Mountrail County; mudstone; natural gas; North Dakota; oil and gas fields; packstone; Paleozoic; permeability; petroleum; porosity; production; reservoir rocks; sedimentary rocks; shallow water environment; Sherwood Sandstone; storm environment; stratigraphic traps; sulfates; traps; Triassic; Wabek Field; Ward County;
Lopez, H. D., and Nino, M.1993Phosphorus mineralization during laboratory incubation in soils derived from different textured parent materials:Geoderma, v. 56, n. 1-4, p. 527-537.biogenic processes; chemical fractionation; experimental studies; microorganisms; Mollisols; North Dakota; pedogenesis; phosphorus; physicochemical properties; soils; textures; Typic Haploborolls; weathering;
Lord, M. L.1992Glacial Lake Souris; reflections of runoff and outburst floodsGeological Society of America Abstracts with Programs, V. 24, p. 273
Lord, M. L.1991Depositional record of a glacial-lake outburst; glacial Lake Souris, North DakotaGeological Society of America Bulletin, V. 103, pp. 290-299
Lord, M. L.1989Depositional processes of glacial-lake outburst flows into glacial Lake Souris, North DakotaGeological Society of America Abstracts with Programs, V. 21, p. 40
Lord, M. L.1988Surface geology of the Souris River map area, North DakotaNorth Dakota Geological Survey, Atlas Series, No. 4-A1, 1 Sheet, 1:250,000
Lord, M. L.1988Sedimentology and stratigraphy of Glacial Lake Souris, North Dakota; effects of a glacial-lake outburstDoctoral, University of North Dakota, Grand Forks, ND, 221 p.
Lord, M. L.1987Glacial Lake Souris; the history and sedimentology of a glacial lake inundated by catastrophic floodingGeological Society of America Abstracts with Programs, V. 19, p. 749
Lord, M. L.1984Paleohydraulics of Pleistocene drainage development of the Souris, Des Lacs, and Moose Mountain spillways, Saskatchewan and North DakotaMaster's, University of North Dakota, Grand Forks, ND, 162 p.
Lord, M. L., and Kehew, A. E.1986Sedimentology of boulder gravels deposited by floods from glacial-lake outburstsProceedings of the North Dakota Academy of Science, V. 40, p. 118
Lord, M. L., and Kehew, A. E.1987Sedimentology and paleohydrology of glacial-lake outburst deposits in southeastern Saskatchewan and northwestern North Dakota with Supplemental Data 87-33Geological Society of America Bulletin, V. 99, pp. 663-673
Lord, M. L., and Kehew, A. E.1984Paleohydraulic characterization of sudden proglacial lake discharges in the northern Great PlainsEos; Transactions of the American Geophysical Union, V. 65, pp. 893-894
Lorenz, D. L.1992Using a geographic information system to describe the environmental setting of the Red River of the North BasinUS Geological Survey Open-File Report OF 92-0064, 21 p.
Lorenz, D. L.1994Use of remotely sensed data to characterize vegetation in the Red River of the North Basin, Minnesota, North Dakota, and South Dakota,in, Balthrop, B. H. and Baker, E. G., eds., U.S. Geological Survey national computer technology meeting program and abstracts: U.S. Geological Survey Open File Report, p. 27.cluster analysis; drainage basins; Great Plains; hydrology; Minnesota; North Dakota; Red River of the North Basin; Red River Valley; remote sensing; South Dakota; statistical analysis; vegetation; water quality;
Lorenz, D. L., Goldstein, R. M., Cowdery, T.K., and Stoner, J. D.2003Comparison of two methods for delineating land use near monitoring wells used for assessing quality of shallow ground water:U.S. Geological Survey Water Resources Investigations WRI 03 4067, 13 p. (http://mn.usgs.gov/redn/rpts/03 4067.pdf).agriculture; aquifers; ground water; land use; Minnesota; monitoring; North Dakota; pollutants; pollution; recharge; Red River of the North basin; shallow aquifers; South Dakota; surface water; USGS; water balance; water quality; water wells;
Lorenz, D.L., and Stoner, J.D.1996Sampling design for assessing water quality of the Red River of the North basin, Minnesota, North Dakota, and South Dakota, 1993-1995:U. S. Geological Survey Water-Resources Investigations 96-4129, 4 p., 2 sheets.agrochemicals; aquifers; drainage basins; environmental analysis; erosion; eutrophication; fertilizers; ground water; hydrogeologic maps; land use; maps; metals; Minnesota; North Dakota; physiographic maps; pollution; Red River of the North basin; soil erosion; soils; soils maps; South Dakota; surface water; surficial aquifers; toxic materials; water quality; wetlands;
Loss, D.C.1999Status of flood control activities in the Red River Valley:Proceedings of the North Dakota Academy of Science, v.53, p.35-37.flood control; study; Red River Basin; hydrology; Grand Forks; East Grand Forks; North Dakota; Minnesota; Crookston, Minnesota; Grafton; Wahpeton; Breckenridge, Minnesota; Wild Rice River; Marsh River; Ada, Minnesota; Neche; Oakport Township, Minnesota; Minto;
Lovett, R.2004River deep, mountain high:New Scientist, v. 181, n. 2431, p. 46-47. areal geology; Cenozoic; Clark, William; climate change; Columbia River; fluvial features; fossil wood; geomorphology; history; Holocene; igneous rocks; Lewis, Meriwether; Missouri River; Neoglacial; North Dakota; pumice; pyroclastics; Quaternary; volcanic rocks;
Lowitz, C. A.1957Laboratory studies on proposed subgrade and earth construction materials--Sheyenne Delta Sample Area--Red River Valley Unit--Garrison Division--Missouri River Basin Project, North Dakota:U. S. Bur. Reclamation, Div. Eng. Lab., Earth Lab. Rept. EM-493, 34 p.The results of the laboratory tests are summarized and discussed.
Lowitz, C. A.1956Laboratory studies of foundation and backfill materials-Grand Forks Substation-Missouri River Basin Project, North Dakota:U. S. Bur. Reclamation, Div. Eng. Lab., Earth Lab. Rept. no. EM 450, 16 p., illus.The results of the tests on the soil samples are discussed. A log of one of the drill holes is included.
Lu, M.1986Genetic sequence analysis of carbonate and evaporite strata, Upper Mission Canyon (Madison Group), Mississippian, Williston Basin, North DakotaMaster's, Colorado School of Mines, Golden, CO, 139 p.
Lucas, S. G.1984Taxonomic status of Titanoides simpsoni Simons, 1960 and some observations on Pantolambda Cope, 1882 (Mammalia, Pantodonta)New Mexico Journal of Science, V. 24, pp. 47-52
Lucas, S.G.1999Fossil mammals and the Paleocene/ Eocene series boundary in Europe, North America, and Asiain, Aubry, M.P., Lucas, S.G., and Berggren, W.A., eds., Late Paleocene-early Eocene; Climatic and biotic events in the marine and terrestrial records: New York, NY, Columbia University Press, p.451-500.Asia; assemblages; Belgium; biostratigraphy; biozones; California; Canada; Cenozoic; Central Asia; China; Chordata; Colorado; Commonwealth of Independent States; correlation; Ellesmere Island; England; Eocene; Europe; extinction; Far East; first occurrence; France; Great Britain; Kazakhstan; Mammalia; Mississippi; Mongolia; New Mexico; North Dakota; Northwest Territories; Paleocene; Paleogene; Queen Elizabeth Islands; Sparnacian; stratigraphic boundary; teeth; Tertiary; Tetrapoda; Texas; United Kingdom; Vertebrata; Wasatchian; Western Europe; Wyoming;
Lucas, S.G., and Sullivan, R.M.2003Chrysochampsa is Allognathosuchus,in Anderson, J., Sues, H.D., Fox, M., Case, J.A., Eberle, J., Goodwin, M., and Carlson, S., conveners, Sixty third annual meeting, Society of Vertebrate Paleontology, Science Museum of Minnesota; Abstracts: Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology, v. 23, n. 3, Suppl., p. 73.Allognathosuchus; Archosauria; Cenozoic; characterization; Chordata; Chrysochampsa; Crocodilia; Diapsida; Eocene; Golden Valley Formation; holotypes; morphology; New Mexico; North Dakota; Paleocene; Paleogene; Reptilia; revision; San Juan Basin; skulls; Stark County; synonymy; taxonomy; teeth; Tertiary; Tetrapoda; Vertebrata; Wasatchian;
Lukk, Gerhard E.1954The Williston Basin and its exploration problems:Geophysics, v. 19, no. 3, p. 572-581, illus.The history of exploration and the geology of the basin are reviewed briefly. The stratigraphy is discussed and the seismic problems are outlined and discussed.
Lund, S.P., and Hartman, J.H.1999Magnetostratigraphy of Upper Cretaceous/ lower Paleocene strata in the Williston Basin; a reference chronostratigraphic framework for paleoenvironmental and paleogeographic patterns:Geological Society of America Abstracts with Programs, v. 31, n. 7, p. 71.Cannonball Member; Cenozoic; chronostratigraphy; Cretaceous; Fort Union Formation; Fox Hills Formation; Hell Creek Formation; K-T boundary; Ludlow Member; magnetostratigraphy; marine environments; Mesozoic; microfossils; Montana; North Dakota; Paleocene; paleoenvironments; Paleogene; paleogeography; palynomorphs; Pierre Shale; sea level changes; stratigraphic boundary; Tertiary; transgression; Williston Basin;
Lund, S.P., Hartman, J.H., and Banerjee, S.K.2002Magnetostratigraphy of interfingering Upper Cretaceous-Paleocene marine and continental strata of the Williston Basin, North Dakota and Montana:in Hartman, J.H., Johnson, K.R., and Nichols, D.J., eds., The Hell Creek Formation and the Cretaceous-Tertiary boundary in the Northern Great Plains; An integrated continental record of the end of the Cretaceous: Geological Society of America Special Paper 361, p. 57-74. Fort Union Formation; Fox Hills Formation; geochronology; Glendive Quadrangle; Grant County; Great Plains; Hell Creek Formation; K-T boundary; lithostratigraphy; Ludlow Member; magnetostratigraphy; Makoshika State Park; marine environment; Mesozoic; microfossils; Montana; Morton County; North Dakota; Paleocene; paleoenvironment; Paleogene; paleomagnetism; palynomorphs; public lands; relative age; Sioux County; stratigraphic boundary; terrestrial environment; Tertiary; Williston Basin;
Lund, Steven P.1967The Fort Union Group (abstract):North Dakota Academy of Science Proceedings, 1966, v. 20, p. 43.Fort Union Group; Cannonball Formation; Tongue River Formation; Paleocene
Lunde, N. J., and Richardson, J. L.1985Loessial parent materials in Emmons County, North DakotaSoil Survey Horizons, V. 26(4), pp. 28-31
Luther, K. C.1991Gravity modeling of Proterozoic structures in north-central North Dakotain, Christopher, J. E., and Haidl, F. M., eds., Sixth International Williston Basin Symposium, Saskatchewan Geological Society, Regina, Saskatchewan, pp. 234-243
Luther, K. C.1988Proterozoic structures in north-central North Dakota; a gravity studyMaster's, University of North Dakota, Grand Forks, ND, 104 p.
Luther, M.1994NDClear Online; North Dakota's digital spatial data clearing house on the "information superhighway":NDGS Newsletter, v. 21, n. 4, p. 6-10.data acquisition; databases; data processing; data storage; Internet; mapping; NDClear Online; North Dakota; programs; spatial data;
Luther, M. R.1995The Wiley Field: A Mission Canyon depositional model with no topographic barrier (abstract),in Hunter, L. D. V., and Schalla, R. A., eds., Seventh International Williston Basin Symposium: Billings, MT, Montana Geological Society, p. 450-451. North Dakota; Williston Basin; Wiley Field; Bottineau County; hydrocarbon; oil; Mississippian; Mission Canyon Formation; trap; model; carbonates; production; evaporites; illustrations; maps; North Dakota Geological Society; Saskatchewan Geological Society;
Luther, M. R.1990Fluorescent minerals in North DakotaNorth Dakota Geological Survey Newsletter, Dec 1990, p. 17
Luther, M. R.1991Side-looking radar imagesNorth Dakota Geological Survey Newsletter, June 1991, p. 10
Luther, M. R.1989Seasonal evaporite precipitation in East Stump LakeNorth Dakota Geological Survey Newsletter, Dec 1989, p. 4
Luther, M. R.1988Deposition and diagenesis of a portion of the Frobisher-Alida Interval (Mississippian Madison Group), Wiley Field, North DakotaMaster's, University of North Dakota, Grand Forks, ND, 313 p.
Luther, M. R.1988Alternate hypothesis for development of vugular porosity in Mission Canyon FormationAmerican Association of Petroleum Geologists Bulletin, V. 72, No. 7, p. 876
Luther, M. R., and Quinn, C. F.1985Upper Mississippian hydrocarbon producing zones of the Wiley, Chola, Lake Darling and Donnybrook fields, N. E. Williston Basin, North DakotaSociety of Economic Paleontologists and Mineralogists, Annual Midyear Meeting abstracts, V. 2, p. 57
Luther, M. R., Steadman, E. N., and Hills, L.1987Environmental significance of a megaspore flora from the Mission Canyon Formation (Mississippian), Bottineau County, North Dakotain, Carlson, C. G., and Christopher, J. E., eds., Fifth International Williston Basin Symposium, North Dakota Geological Society, Grand Forks, ND, pp. 107-116
Luther, M.L., and Bassler, R.1995Shaded Relief Map of North Dakota:NDGS Miscellaneous Map 32, 1 sheet, 1:500,000.
Luther, M.R., and Christensen, R.C.1995Flakable lithic resources in North Dakota:Proceedings of the North Dakota Academy of Science, v. 49, p. 71.North Dakota; Symposium; lithic resources; archaeology; Knife River Flint; KRF; Fort Union Porcellanite; Tongue River Silicified Sediment; Rhame Bed Silcrete; Taylor Bed Silcrete; Rainy Buttes Silicified Wood; silicified wood; Sentinel Butte Nodular Chert; Fort Union Vitreous Porcellanite; Turtle Valley Chert; Sentinel Butte Tabular Chert; chalcedony; Charlie Creek Chert; Antelope Quarry Chert; Little Badlands Chert; silicified limestone; Little Heart Chalcedony; Chalky Butte Chert;
Lyle, D.1988Multiple pay zones delight playersWestern Oil World, V. 45, pp. 19-22
Lyle, D.1988N.D. pinnacle reefs pique interestWestern Oil World, V. 45, pp. 17-20
Lyle, D.1989Bakken jousters make horizontal tiltWestern Oil World, V. 46, pp. 14-17
Lyons, J. K., and Harris, D. W.1993Impacts of shoreline erosion at Bureau of Reclamation facilities:U. S. Army Corps of Engineers Miscellaneous Paper W, Vicksburg, MS, Waterways Experiment Station, p. 41-48.American Falls Reservoir; Audubon Lake; Bismarck; Burleigh County; controls; erosion features; Idaho; interpretation; North Dakota; shorelines;
Lyons, W. B.1991The paleoclimatic history of Devils Lake, North Dakota: final reportMackay School of Mines, University of Nevada, Reno, NV, 28 p.
Lyons, W.B., Carey, A.E., and Churchill, S.E.2001Paleo groundwater in northwestern Ohio and the significance of Pleistocene recharge in North America:Geological Society of America Abstracts with Programs, v. 33, n. 6, p. 109. Antrim Shale; Cenozoic; deglaciation; Fulton County, Ohio; glacial geology; glaciation; ground water; isotope ratios; isotopes; Laurentide ice sheet; meltwater; mixing; O-18/O-16; Ohio; oxygen; paleohydrology; Paleozoic; Pleistocene; Quaternary; recharge; residence time; sediments; stable isotopes; utilization; water management; water resources; Illinois; Iowa; Missouri; North Dakota; Ontario; Manitoba; Saskatchewan;Michigan; Nebraska; Northwest Territories, Canada; "paleowaters";
Lyons, W.B., Churchill, S.E., and Carey, A.E.2002Paleogroundwater in northwestern Ohio and the significance of Pleistocene recharge and paleolake sediments:Geological Society of America Abstracts with Programs, v. 34, n. 2, p. 43. Cenozoic; chemical composition; Fulton County, Ohio; glacial geology; glacial sedimentation; glaciolacustrine sedimentation; ground water; isotope ratios; isotopes; lacustrine sedimentation; meltwater; northwestern Ohio; O-18/O-16; Ohio; oxygen; paleoclimatology; paleohydrology; paleolimnology; Pleistocene; Quaternary; recharge; sedimentation; stable isotopes; Illinois; Iowa; Missouri; North Dakota; Ontario; Manitoba; Saskatchewan:
Lyson, R.R., Hanks, H.D., and Tremain, E.S.2003New skin structures from a juvenile Edmontosaurus from the Late Cretaceous of North Dakota:Geological Society of America Abstracts with Programs, v. 35, n. 2, p. 13. Chordata; Cretaceous; dinosaurs; Edmontosaurus; Edmontosaurus annectens; Mesozoic; morphology; North Dakota; Reptilia; skin; Slope County; Tetrapoda; Vertebrata;
Lyson, T., Hanks, H.D., and Tremain, E.2003New skin structures from a juvenile Edmontosaurus from the Late Cretaceous of North Dakota, in Anderson, J., Sues, H.D., Fox, M., Case, J.A., Eberle, J., Goodwin, M., and Carlson, S., conveners, Sixty third annual meeting, Society of Vertebrate Paleontology, Science Museum of Minnesota; Abstracts: Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology, v. 23, n. 3, Suppl., p. 74.Archosauria; Chordata; craniums; Cretaceous; Diapsida; dinosaurs; Edmontosaurus; Edmontosaurus annectens; identification; juvenile taxa; Mesozoic; North Dakota; Ornithischia; Ornithopoda; Reptilia; skin; Slope County; Tetrapoda; Vertebrata;