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AuthorDateTitleSourceAnnotations
Sackreiter, D.K., and Ulmer, J.H.1973Late Cenozoic stratigraphy of central North Dakota (abstract):Geological Society of America Abstracts with Programs, v. 5, no. 4, p. 346-347.stratigraphy; Cenozoic; Pleistocene; Tertiary; Charging Eagle Formation; Medicine Hill Formation; Horseshoe Valley Formation; Snow School Formation; Oahe Formation
Sackreiter, Donald Keith1973Latest Cenozoic stratigraphy of Lake Sakakawea area, northeast Mercer County, North Dakota:University of North Dakota M.S. thesis, 66 p., illus.Mercer County; stratigraphy; Charging Eagle Formation; type section; Medicine Hill Formation; Snow School Formation; Coteau Formation; Oahe Formation; lithology; geologic history; glacial history; hydrogeology; sediments; textural analyses; clay mineralogy; geologic age; Quaternary; Pleistocene; Holocene
Sahl, B. L.1994A comparison of wellhead protection area delineation methods at Larimore, North Dakota.Master's thesis. Grand Forks, ND: University of North Dakota, 177 p.aquifers; Elk Valley Aquifer; Grand Forks County; ground water; hydraulic conductivity; Larimore; models; MODFLOW; North Dakota; porosity; recharge; water table; water wells; water yield; wellhead protection; wells;
Sahl, B. L., and Gerla, P. J.1994A comparison of wellhead protection area models at Larimore, ND; RESSQC, GPTRAC, MODFLOW/ GWPATH:North Dakota Water Quality Symposium Proceedings, Fargo, ND, N.D. Water Resour. Res. Inst., p. 327-334.aquifers; data processing; GPTRAC; Grand Forks County; ground water; GWPATH; Larimore; models; MODFLOW; North Dakota; pollution; protection; recharge; RESSQC; water quality; water resources; wellhead protection;
Sahl, B. L., Gerla, P. J., Strobel, M. L., Hammen, J. L., and Sachau, G. K.1992Low-cost delineation of a wellhead protection area for Larimore, North DakotaMidwest Ground Water Conference, Sioux Falls, SD, 1992 Abstracts with Program
Saini-Eidukat, B., and Pederson, B.1995Use of electric pulse disaggregation to liberate fossils from North and South Dakota sediments:Proceedings of the North Dakota Academy of Science, v. 49, p. 67.North Dakota; Symposium; techniques; Electric Pulse Disaggregation; fossils; preparation; macrofossils; Cretaceous; Mowry Formation; Burleigh County; Carlisle Formation; Milbank, South Dakota; Minnelusa Formation; liberation;
Salisbury, Richard A.1966Jurassic stratigraphy of the southern two-thirds of North Dakota:University of North Dakota M.S. thesis, viii, 124 p., illus.Jurassic; stratigraphy; Piper Formation; Rierdon Formation; Swift Formation; Morrison Formation; lithology; correlations; structural features; Williston Basin; Nesson Anticline; Cedar Creek Anticline; Mercer High; "Anderson High"; Stark High; East Dunn High; economic geology; petroleum; salt; gypsum; geologic history; well data; isopach maps; structure maps; cross sections
Salomon, N.L.1974Late Cenozoic drainage evolution in northwestern McKenzie County, North Dakota (abstract):North Dakota Academy of Science Proceedings, v. 28, pt. 1, p. 28; paper, 1976: North Dakota Academy of Science Proceedings, v. 28, pt. 2, p. 44-49, illus.Yellowstone River; McKenzie County; glacial geology; drainage changes; fluvial features; geomorphology; Quaternary
Salomon, N.L.1973Glacial stratigraphy of northeastern North Dakota (abstract):North Dakota Academy of Science Proceedings, v. 27, pt. 1, p. 29; paper, 1975: North Dakota Academy of Science Proceedings, v. 27, pt. 2, p. 23-29, illus.Pleistocene; glacial drift; lithology; geologic history; stratigraphy; Gardar Formation; Dahlen Formation; Wylie Formation; Falconer Formation; Lower Red Lake Falls Formation
Salomon, Nena L.1975Pleistocene stratigraphy of Cavalier and Pembina Counties and adjacent areas,in Geology of Cavalier and Pembina Counties: North Dakota Geological Survey Bulletin 62, Part 1 (North Dakota State Water Commission County Groundwater Studies 20), p. 40-57.Cavalier County; Pembina County; Pleistocene stratigraphy; lithology; Red Lake Falls Formation; Gardar Formation-type section; Dahlen Formation-type section; Wylie Formation; Falconer Formation; glacial history
Salomon, Nena, Harris, K.L., Moran, S.R., and Clayton, L.1973Late Quaternary glacial history of the upper midwest (abstract):Geological Society of America Abstracts with Programs, v. 5, no. 4, p. 347.glacial deposits; till; stratigraphy; Minnesota; North Dakota; South Dakota; Manitoba; Red River Valley; Marcoux Formation; Hawk Creek Till; St. Hilaire Formation; Red Lake Falls Formation; Granite Falls Till; Minnedosa Till; Floral Formation; New Ulm Till; Leonard Till; Battleford Formation; Huot Formation; Falconer Formation; Quaternary stratigraphy
Samson, S. D.1994Chemical and physical characteristics of saline soils in Grand Forks County, ND.Bachelor's. Grand Forks, ND: University of North Dakota, 31 p.chemical properties; evapotranspiration; geochemistry; Grand Forks County; ions; North Dakota; pH; physical properties; salinity; soils; Solonchak soils; wetlands;
Sandberg, B. S.1986Shoreline recession; past, present, and future, Lake Sakakawea, North DakotaMaster's, University of North Dakota, Grand Forks, ND, 185 p.
Sandberg, B. S., and Reid, J. R.1986Prediction of bank recession, Lake Sakakawea, NDProceedings of the North Dakota Academy of Science, V. 40, p. 124
Sandberg, Charles A.1973Salt and potash,in Mineral and water resources of North Dakota: U.S. Congress, Senate, Interior and Insular Affairs Committee, 93rd Congress, 1st Session (SuDoc no. Y4.In8/13:M66/39); also issued: North Dakota Geological Survey Bulletin 63, p. 140-151, illus.salt deposits; potash deposits; production; geology; maps; Prairie Formation; Madison Group; Opeche Formation; Pine Salt; Dunham Salt; Williston Basin
Sandberg, Charles A.1964Precambrian to Mississippian paleotectonics of the southern Williston Basin (abstract),in Williston Basin Symposium, 3d International, Regina, Saskatchewan, 1964, Proceedings: Billings Geological Society, p. 37-38.Williston Basin; tectonic history; Paleozoic; Mesozoic; structural geology
Sandberg, Charles A.1962Geology of the Williston Basin, North Dakota, Montana and South Dakota with reference to subsurface disposal of radioactive waste:U.S. Atomic Energy Commission, U.S. Geological Survey TEI-809, 148 p., illus. including a geologic map.Williston Basin; geologic map; geology; stratigraphy; structural geology; isopach maps; lithology; structural maps; Cedar Creek Anticline; Nesson Anticline; faults (geologic); economic geology; oil and gas; lignite; uranium; groundwater; radioactive wastes disposal
Sandberg, Charles A.1961Distribution and thickness of Devonian rocks in the Williston Basin and in central Montana and north-central Wyoming:U.S. Geological Survey Bulletin 1112-D, p. 105-127, illus.Elk Point Group; Winnipegosis Formation; Prairie Formation; Dawson Bay Formation; Souris River Formation; Duperow Formation; Birdbear Formation; Three Forks Formation; depositional environments; geologic history; lithology; petroleum potential
Sandberg, Charles A.1960Thickness and distribution of Devonian formations in relation to buried pre-Madison structural features in the Williston Basin (abstract):American Association of Petroleum Geologists Bulletin, v. 44, no. 6, p. 960-961; reprinted: American Association of Petroleum Geologists Rocky Mountain Section Record 1960, p. 161-162.Devonian; Williston Basin; structural features; stratigraphy; oil fields
Sandberg, Charles A., and Hammond, Charles R.1958Devonian system in Williston basin and central Montana:Am. Assoc. Petroleum Geologists Bull., v. 42, no. 10, p. 2293-2334, illus incl. geol. map (scale approx. 1:5,000,000).The Devonian stratigraphy and geologic history are discussed. Petroleum possibilities from the Devonian sediments are discussed.
Sandberg, Charles A., and Mapel, W.J.1967Devonian of the northern Rocky Mountains and Plains,in International Symposium on the Devonian System, Calgary, 1967, v. 1: Calgary, Alberta, Alberta Society of Petroleum Geologists, p. 843-877, illus.structural geology; correlation chart; stratigraphy; paleotectonics; maps; isopach maps; geologic history; Devonian
Sandberg, Dorothy T.1959Structure contour map on top of the middle member of the Piper formation of middle Jurassic age in the Williston basin and adjacent areas in Montana, North Dakota, and South Dakota:U. S. Geol. Survey Oil and Gas Inv. Map OM-179, scale 1:750,000.An east-west cross section and a sample log showing part of the Jurassic System are included on the map. A brief text includes a discussion of the stratigraphy, structure, and oil production of the Piper Formation.
Sando, S. K., and Lent, R. M.1995Spatial and seasonal variability in water quality of Devils Lake, North Dakota, September 1988 through October 1990:U. S. Geological Survey Water Resources Investigations 95-4081, 41 p.Benson County; closed systems; Devils Lake; ecology; geochemistry; hydrochemistry; hydrology; lacustrine environment; levels; limnology; North Dakota; Ramsey County; sampling; seasonal variations; spatial variations; surface water; water quality;
Sando, S. K., and Sether, B. A.1993Physical-property, water-quality, plankton, and bottom-material data for Devils Lake and East Devils Lake, North Dakota, September 1988 through October 1990US Geological Survey Open-File Report OF 93-0066, 178 p.
Sando, S. K., Guttormson, K. G., and Gleich, T. A.1990Water resources data collected during water year 1988 at selected James River basin sites in North Dakota and South DakotaUS Geological Survey Open-File Report OF 90-0101, 230 p.
Sando, S. K., Wiche, G.J., Lundgren, R.F., and Sether, B.A.2003Reconnaissance of mercury in lakes, wetlands, and rivers in the Red River of the North Basin, North Dakota, March through August 2001:U.S. Geological Survey Water Resources Investigations Report 03-4078, http://nd.water.usgs.gov/pubs/wri/wri034078/index.html.North Dakota; water; mercury; lakes; wetlands; rivers; Red River of the North; Devils Lake; outlet; Sheyenne River; concentrations; Lake Ashtabula; sinks; concentration; drainage basins; geochemistry; hydrochemistry; hydrology; lacustrine environment; metals; pollutants; pollution; rivers and streams; surface water; USGS; wetlands;
Sando, S.K., and Wiche, G.J.1990Variability of dissolved solids in Devils Lake, North Dakota,in North Dakota water quality symposium: North Dakota State University Extension Service, p. 140.Devils Lake; geochemistry; hydrochemistry; hydrology; limnology; North Dakota; Ramsey County; solutes; surface water; variations; water quality;
Sando, T.1997Devils Lake Emergency Outlet Plan (EOP):Proceedings of the North Dakota Academy of Science, v. 51, p. 53-57.North Dakota; Symposium; emergency outlet; planning; fluctuation; Devils Lake Emergency Outlet Plan; EOP; flooding; floods; outlets; Sheyenne River; engineering; water quality; salinity; concentrations; minerals; evaporation; size; configuration; maps; tables;
Sando, W. J.1995Geologic history of salt beds and related strata in the upper part of the Madison Group (Mississippian), Williston Basin, Montana and North Dakota:U. S. Geological Survey Bulletin, p. 51.anhydrite; bibliography; biostratigraphy; carbonate rocks; Carboniferous; Charles Formation; chemically precipitated rocks; Chesterian; chronostratigraphy; corals; cross-sections; cyclic processes; diachronism; epicontinental seas; evaporites; foraminifers; invertebrates; Kibbey Formation; lithostratigraphy; Madison Group; marine environment; Meramecian; microfossils; Mission Canyon Limestone; Mississippian; Montana; North Dakota; Osagian; paleoclimatology; paleogeography; Paleozoic; petroleum; regression; salt; sedimentary rocks; sedimentation; sulfates; Williston Basin;
Sando, W. J., and Bamber, E. W.1985Coral zonation of the Mississippian System in the Western Interior Province of North AmericaUS Geological Survey Professional Paper P 1334, 61 p.
Sando, William J.1978cCoral zones and problems of Mississippian stratigraphy in the Williston Basin, Montana and North Dakota (abstract),in Changes in stratigraphic nomenclature by the U.S. Geological Survey, 1977: U.S. Geological Survey Bulletin 1457-A, p. 110.Madison Group; Charles Formation; Mission Canyon Formation; Kibbey Formation; coral zones; geologic age; correlations
Sando, William J.1978bCoral zones and problems of Mississipain stratigraphy in the Williston Basin (abstract):U.S. Geological Survey Professional Paper 1100, p. 232.Charles Formation; Mission Canyon Formation; Kibbey Formation; Mississippian; geologic age; coral zones
Sando, William J.1978aCoral zones and problems of Mississippian stratigraphy in the Williston Basin,in Williston Basin Symposium, the economic geology of the Williston Basin: Montana Geological Society 24th Annual Conference, p. 231-237, illus.Madison Group; coral zonation; biostratigraphy; Charles Formation; geologic age
Sando, William J.1960Corals from well cores of Madison Group, Williston basin:U.S. Geological Survey Bulletin 1071-F, p. 157-190, illus.Williston Basin; Madison Group; Mississippian; Montana; stratigraphy; paleontology; corals; Lodgepole Formation; Mission Canyon Formation; Charles Formation
Sandoval, F.M., Bond, J.J., Power, J.F., and Willis, W.O.1973Lignite mine spoils in the northern Great Plains; characteristics and potential for reclamation,in Some environmental aspects of strip mining in North Dakota: North Dakota Geological Survey Educational Series 5, p. 1-24, illus.lignite reserves; production; land use; geology; reclamation; spoil banks; analyses; chemical properties; physical properties; overburden
Sandoval, Fred M., and Shoesmith, Lloyd1961Genetic soil relationships in a saline glacio-lacustrine area:Soil Science Society of America Proceedings, v. 25, no. 4, p. 316-320, illus.salinity; soils; Red River Valley; water table; soil chemistry; glacial Lake Agassiz deposits
Sandoval, Fred M., Benz, L.C., and Mickelson, R.H.1964Chemical and physical properties of soils in a wet saline area in eastern North Dakota:Soil Science Society of America Proceedings, v. 28, no. 2, p. 195-199, illus.Red River Valley; soil chemistry; salinity; water table; drainage; Dakota Sandstone; soil water; groundwater
Sankey, J.2003New theropod and bird teeth from the Late Cretaceous (Maastrichtian) Hell Creek and Lance Formations,in Anderson, J., Sues, H.D., Fox, M., Case, J.A., Eberle, J., Goodwin, M., and Carlson, S., conveners, Sixty third annual meeting, Society of Vertebrate Paleontology, Science Museum of Minnesota; Abstracts: Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology, v. 23, n. 3, Suppl., p. 93.Archosauria; assemblages; Aves; Chordata; classification; Cretaceous; Diapsida; dinosaurs; Hell Creek Formation; Lance Formation; Maestrichtian; Mesozoic; Montana; morphology; North Dakota; Reptilia; Richardoestesia; Saurischia; Senonian; taxonomy; teeth; Tetrapoda; Theropoda; Troodon; Vertebrata; Wyoming;
Sankey, J.T.2002Theropod dinosaur diversity in the latest Cretaceous (Maastrichtian) of North America:Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology, v. 22, n. 3, Suppl., p. 103. Alberta; Archosauria; biodiversity; Campanian; Canada; Chordata; Cretaceous; Diapsida; diet; dinosaurs; Hell Creek Formation; Judith River Formation; Lance Formation; Maestrichtian; Mesozoic; Montana; North Dakota; Paronychodon; quantitative analysis; Reptilia; Richardoestesia isosceles; Saurischia; Senonian; taxonomy; teeth; Tetrapoda; Theropoda; Vertebrata; Wyoming;
Sankey, J.T., and Pearson, D.2001Small theropod dinosaur assemblage, Hell Creek Formation (Late Cretaceous), North Dakota:Proceedings of the South Dakota Academy of Science 80, p. 353-355. Archosauria; assemblages; Chordata; Cretaceous; Diapsida; dinosaurs; Great Plains; Hell Creek Formation; Maestrichtian; Mesozoic; North Dakota; Northern Great Plains; Reptilia; Saurischia; Senonian; teeth; Tetrapoda; Theropoda; Vertebrata;
Sanocki, C. A.1996Using a geographic information system to create a gaging station database for Minnesota and parts of North Dakota, South Dakota, Iowa, and Wisconsin:U. S. Geological Survey Open File Report, p. 48.databases; data processing; geographic information systems; GIS; hydrology; Iowa; Minnesota; North Dakota; peak flow; South Dakota; streamflow; surface water; WATSTORE; Wisconsin;
Sanocki, C. A.1995Physical characteristics of stream subbasins in the upper Minnesota River Basin, west-central Minnesota, northeastern South Dakota and southeastern North Dakota:U. S. Geological Survey Open File Report 95-0162, 16 p., 1 sheet.drainage basins; fluvial features; Great Plains; hydrologic maps; hydrology; lakes; maps; Minnesota; Minnesota River valley; North Dakota; rivers; South Dakota; streams; wetlands;
Sato, Yoshiaki, and Denson, N.M.1967Volcanism and tectonism as reflected by the distribution of nonopaque heavy minerals in some Tertiary rocks of Wyoming and adjacent states:U.S. Geological Survey Professional Paper 575-C, p. C42-C54, illus.Williston Basin; Tertiary; Arikaree Formation; White River Formation; Golden Valley Formation; Fort Union Group; mineralogy; heavy minerals; volcanism; paleotectonics; sediment sources
Savage, D.1983Geological/geophysical study progressesWestern Oil Reporter, V. 40, pp. 53-55
Savage, D.1983North Dakota; some plan increased drilling, others cut backWestern Oil Reporter, V. 40, pp. 68-69
Sawatzky, H.B.1977Buried impact craters in the Williston Basin and adjacent area,in Roddy, D.J., Pepin, R.A., and Merrill, R.B., eds., Impact and explosion cratering; planetary and terrestrial implications (Proceedings of the Symposium on Planetary Cratering Mechanics, 1976): New York, Pergamon Press, p. 461-480, illus.Williston Basin; Red Wing Creek (North Dakota) Crater; Hartney (Manitoba) Crater; Viewfield (Saskatchewan) Crater; Eagle Butte (Alberta) Crater; Dumas (Saskatchewan) Crater; petroleum; exploration; production; meteorite craters; structural geology
Sawatzky, H.B.1975aAstroblemes in the Williston Basin,in Fuels; a geological appraisal: Saskatchewan Geological Society Special Publication 2, p. 95-117, illus. including geologic sketch map.Williston Basin; structural geology; meteorite craters; Red Wing Creek Crater; Hartney Crater; Viewfield Crater; Saskatchewan; Manitoba; North Dakota
Sawatzky, H.B.1975bAstroblemes in the Williston Basin:American Association of Petroleum Geologists Bulletin, v. 59, no. 4, p. 694-710, illus.Williston Basin; meteorite craters; Red Wing Creek, North Dakota; Viewfield, Saskatchewan; Hartney, Manitoba; stratigraphy; structural geology; cross sections; petroleum geology
Sawatzky, H.B.1974Astroblemes in the Williston Basin:Canadian Society of Exploration Geophysicists Journal, v. 10, no. 1, p. 23-38, illus.Red Wing Creek Crater; Viewfield Crater; Hartney Crater; fossil craters; meteorite craters; structural geology; petroleum; exploration; structural traps
Sawatzky, Henry B.1976Why petroleum explorationist should be on lookout for buried fossil craters (abstract):American Association of Petroleum Geologists Bulletin, v. 60, no. 8, p. 1409-1410.Williston Basin; Red Wing Creek; anomalies; craters; meteor craters; structure; petroleum; exploration; production; Viewfield, Saskatchewan; Cretaceous; Triassic; Jurassic
Sawyer, G. T.1981A study of crocodilian coprolites from Wannagan Creek Quarry (Paleocene; North Dakota)Ichnofossils II, Scientific Publications of the Science Museum of Minnesota, V. 5, p. 29
Saxton, K. E., Stockle, C. O., Meyer, M. W., and Baumer, O. W.1988Soil water assessment by simulation for dryland agricultural hydrologyASAE Publication, V. 07-88, pp. 33-40
Sayre, A. N.1936The relation of the drought of 1934 to ground-water supplies in the James and Sheyenne River-basins of North and South Dakota:Am. Geophysical Union, Trans., 17th Ann. Meeting, Pt. II, p. 366-370.The sources of water supplies for cities and farms and the effect of the drought on well levels were studied and the results of the study are discussed with suggestions for additional water supply.
Scattolini, R., and Howell, F.L.1974Preliminary study of heat flow in western North Dakota (abstract):EOS (American Geophysical Union, Transactions), v. 55, no. 5, p. 557.Burke County; Bottineau County; Billings County; heat flow; geothernal studies
Scattolini, R., Howell, F., and Bunker, C.1980Heat-flow and heat-production studies in North DakotaAmerican Association of Petroleum Geologists Bulletin, V. 64, pp. 780-781
Scattolini, Richard1978Heat flow and heat production studies in North Dakota (Universtiy of North Dakota Ph.D. dissertation, 264 p., illus.); abstract:Dissertation Abstracts International, B., Science and Engineering, 1979, v. 40, no. 1, p. 136B.heat flow; thernal gradient; thermal conductivity; Bouguer gravity anomalies; electrical conductivity anomalies; earthquakes; temperature data; well data; Williston Basin; geothermal energy
Schaaf, Joel W.1965A study of the correlation between Jamestown, North Dakota earth currents and Zurich sunspot numbers:North Dakota Academy of Science Proceedings, 1964, v. 18, p. 39-46, illus.earth currents; telluric currents; sunspots
Schaap, B. D., Lenz, D .M., and Wald, J. D.2002A study to assess the effects of variable hydrologic conditions on the western prairie fringed orchid (Platanthera praeclara) in the Sheyenne National Grassland, North Dakota:Midwest Ground Water Conference 47, p. 22. aquifers; ecology; ecosystems; ground water; hydrology; moisture; North Dakota; Platanthera praeclara; rainfall; Sheyenne Delta; Sheyenne National Grassland; soils; vegetation;
Schaap, B.D.2004Digital data to support development of a pesticide management plan for the Standing Rock Indian Reservation, Sioux County, North Dakota, and Corson County, South Dakota:U.S. Geological Survey Data Series DS 0102 (http://water.usgs.gov/pubs/ds/ds102/).buried valleys; digital data; environmental management; geographic information systems; ground water; Indian reservations; information systems; North Dakota; pesticides; pollutants; pollution; Sioux County; South Dakota; Standing Rock Indian Reservation; surficial geology; USGS;
Schaefer, N.O., Schaefer, T., Bell, G.L., and Schumacher, B.A.1995A specimen of Plioplatecarpus from the upper Cretaceous Pierre Shale, Cedar Creek Anticline, southwestern North Dakota:Proceedings of the North Dakota Academy of Science, v. 49, p. 59.North Dakota; Symposium; fossils; mosasaur; Pierre Shale; Bowman County; Plioplatecarpus; specimens; Campanian;
Schelkoph, G. M., Malterer, T. J., and Steadman, E. N.1985A comparative study of peat and lignite on the basis of proximate and ultimate analysisGeological Society of America Abstracts with Programs, V. 17, p. 709
Schimel, D. S., Coleman, D. C., and Horton, K. A.1985Soil organic matter dynamics in paired rangeland and cropland toposequences in North DakotaGeoderma, V. 36, pp. 201-214
Schindler, F. V., and Knighton, R. E.1994Redistribution and fate of applied 15N; enriched urea under irrigated continuous corn production:North Dakota Water Quality Symposium Proceedings, Fargo, ND, N.D. Water Resour. Res. Inst., p. 46-56.agriculture; Dickey County; ground water; irrigation; isotopes; N-15; nitrogen; North Dakota; Oakes-North Dakota; pollution; soil-profiles; soils; stable isotopes; water quality; water resources;
Schlag, A.J.1999In situ measurement of denitrification in the Elk Valley Aquifer:Master's thesis. Grand Forks, ND, University of North Dakota, unpaginated. agricultural waste; aquifers; denitrification; drinking water; Elk Valley Aquifer; fertilizers; ground water; in situ; mitigation; nitrate ion; North Dakota; pollutants; pollution; septic systems; waste disposal; water resources;
Schmid, Roger W.1969Ground water:North Dakota Water and Pollution Control Conference Official Bulletin, v. 36, nos. 11 & 12, p. 2-3, 7.groundwater; aquifer systems; water supply
Schmid, Roger W.1964Ground water in the Rolla area, Rolette County, North Dakota (with pump test analyses by Milton O. Lindvig):North Dakota State Water Conservation Commission North Dakota Ground-Water Studies 57, 47 p., illus.Rolette County; groundwater; water quality; aquifer testing; water wells; well logs; water supply; water analyses; hydrogeology
Schmid, Roger W.1963bGround water in the vicinity of Ryder, Ward County, North Dakota--SWCC project no. 931:North Dakota Water Conservation Commission North Dakota Ground-Water Study 53, 33 p., illus.hydrogeology; well data; glacial geology; glacial aquifers; water resources; water analyses
Schmid, Roger W.1963aGround water in the vicinity of Dickinson, Stark County:North Dakota Water Conservation Commission North Dakota Ground-Water Study 51, 34 p., illus. including a geologic map, scale 1:190,080.hydrogeology; aquifers; Tertiary; Tongue River Formation; Golden Valley Formation; White River Group; well data; water resources; water quality; water analyses
Schmid, Roger W.1962Ground water conditions in the vicinity of Parshall, Mountrail County, North Dakota, SWCC project no. 791:North Dakota Water Conservation Commission North Dakota Ground-water Study 41, 31 p., illus.hydrogeology; well data; water resources; glacial aquifers; water analyses
Schmid, Roger W.1961Report on ground water availability for irrigation purposes in the Little Muddy Valley area, Williams County, North Dakota, SWCC project no. 776:North Dakota Water Conservation Commission North Dakota Ground-water Study 36, 22 p., illus.water resources; aquifers; Tertiary; Fort Union Formation; irrigation water; water quality; well data
Schmidt, W., and Gosnold, W.D.1997Borehole temperature history in the northern plains:Proceedings of the North Dakota Academy of Science, v. 51, p. 177.North Dakota; Collegiate Communications; graduate; Northern Great Plains; history; boreholes; temperature; climate change; models; global warming; Historical Climate Network; South Dakota; Nebraska; temperature profiles; HCN; Ground Surface Temperature; GST;
Schmidt, W.L.2000Air-ground temperature exchange: Doctoral dissertation. Grand Forks, ND, University of North Dakota, 123 p.air; atmospheric precipitation; Bottineau County; Cass County; correlation coefficient; Fargo, North Dakota; Langdon, North Dakota; least squares analysis; Minot, North Dakota; North Dakota; paleoclimatology; paleotemperature; regression analysis; seasonal variations; secular variations; snow; statistical analysis; Streeter, North Dakota; temperature;
Schmidt, W.L., Gosnold, W.D., and EnzJ.W.2001A decade of air ground temperature exchange from Fargo, North Dakota,in Beltrami, H., and Harris, R.N., eds., Inference of climate change from geothermal data: Global and Planetary Change, v. 29, n. 3-4, p. 311-325. air temperature; atmospheric precipitation; boreholes; Bottineau County; Bottineau, North Dakota; Cass County; Cenozoic; climate; climate change; coupling; decadal variations; Fargo, North Dakota; freezing; geothermal gradient; global change; global warming; ground temperature; heat flow; heat transfer; Holocene; IGCP; Minot North, Dakota; North Dakota; Quaternary; seasonal variations; snow; snow cover; temperature; thawing; Ward County;
Schmidt, William L., Gosnold, William D., and Enz, John W.2001A decade of air-ground temperature exchange from Fargo, North Dakota:Global and Planetary Change, v. 29, n. 3-4, p. 311-325. air temperature; atmospheric precipitation; boreholes; Bottineau County; Cass County; Cenozoic; climate; climate change; coupling; decadal variations; Fargo; freezing; geothermal gradient; global change; global warming; ground temperature; heat flow; heat transfer; Holocene; IGCP; Minot; North Dakota; Quaternary; seasonal variations; snow; snow cover; temperature; thawing; Ward County;
Schmitt, Daniel J., and Fisher, Timothy G.2000Evidence for the Milnor Beach, an early Lake Agassiz shoreline in Southeast North Dakota:Geological Society of America Abstracts with Programs, v. 33, n. 4, p. 3.beach ridges; bucket auger method; Cenozoic; erosion; glacial features; glacial lakes; lacustrine; Lake-Agassiz; Milnor Beach; North Dakota; Pleistocene; Quaternary; shore features; shorelines; Vibracore;
Schmitt, George T.1953Regional stratigraphic analysis of middle and upper marine Jurassic in northern Rocky Mountains-Great Plains:Am. Assoc. Petroleum Geologists Bull., v. 37, no. 2, p. 355-393, illus. incl. geol. maps (scale approx. 1:12,500,000).Western North Dakota is included in the study. The formations are described. Tectonic and environmental conditions are reconstructed from isopach-lithofacies and paleogeologic maps. Clastic ratios and sand-shale ratios are used to define the lithologic variation.
Schmitz, Emmett R.1955Stream piracy and glacial diversion of Little Missouri River, North Dakota:Grand Forks, N. D., North Dakota, Univ., M.S. Thesis (unpub.), 39 p., illus. incl. geoL map (scale 1:63,360); condensed, 1957: Compass, v. 34, p. 310-326, illus.The structure, stratigraphy, physiography, and topography of the area are described. The geologic history of the Little Missouri River is discussed. The geologic map includes parts of McKenzie and Dunn Counties and the Fort Berthold Indian Reservation.
Schmitz, Emmett R., and Kresl, Ronald J.1955Postglacial warping in North Dakota:Compass, v. 32, no. 2, p. 92-97, illus.; reprinted, 1955: N. Dak. Geol. Survey Bull. 28, p. 92-97, illus.The evidence of tilting recorded by Upham on the Herman beach of Lake Agassiz is correlated with the evidence calculated by Leonard along the Little Missouri River.
Schmoker, J. W.1993Use of formation-density logs to determine organic-carbon content in Devonian shales of the western Appalachian Basin and an additional example based on the Bakken Formation of the Williston BasinU. S. Geological Survey Bulletin, V. B 1909, pp. J1-J14
Schmoker, J. W.1990Formation resistivity as an indicator of oil generation in the Bakken Shalein, Hansen, W. B., ed., Bakken Formation Short Course, Montana Geological Society, Billings, MT, p. 22
Schmoker, J. W., and Hester, T. C.1991Formation resistivity as an indicator of oil generation; Bakken Formation of North Dakota and Woodford Shale of Oklahomain, Hansen, W. B., ed., 1991 Guidebook to geology and horizontal drilling of the Bakken Formation, Montana Geological Society, Billings, MT, p. 115
Schmoker, J. W., and Hester, T. C.1990Formation resistivity as an indicator of oil generation; Bakken Formation of North Dakota and Woodford Shale of OklahomaAmerican Association of Petroleum Geologists Bulletin, V. 74, p. 1345
Schmoker, J. W., and Hester, T. C.1990Formation resistivity as an indicator of oil generation; Bakken Formation of North Dakota and Woodford Shale of OklahomaThe Log Analyst, V. 31, pp. 1-9
Schmoker, J. W., and Hester, T. C.1989Oil generation inferred from formation resistivity; Bakken Formation, Williston Basin, North DakotaThe Log Analyst, V. 30, p. 100
Schmoker, J. W., and Hester, T. C.1983Organic carbon in Bakken Formation, United States portion of Williston BasinAmerican Association of Petroleum Geologists Bulletin, V. 67, pp. 2165-2174
Schmoker, J. W., and Hester, T. C.1983Porosity and thermal maturity of limestone bodies in Jurassic Swift Formation, Williston Basin, North DakotaUS Geological Survey Open-File Report OF 83-0723, 14 p.
Schnacke, A. W., Jr.1982Glacial geology and stratigraphy of southeastern Pierce and southwestern Benson counties, North DakotaMaster's, University of North Dakota, Grand Forks, ND, 140 p.
Schneider, S. R., McGinnis, D. F., Jr., and Pritchard, J. A.1981Delineation of drainage and physiographic features in North and South Dakota using NOAA-5 infrared dataProceedings of the Fifth Annual William T. Pecora Memorial Symposium on Remote Sensing, pp. 324-330
Schneiderman, J. S.1995Letter from Washington; Geology and policy decisions for river ecosystems:Journal of Geological Education, v. 43, n. 3, p. 292-293.ecosystems; floods; geologic hazards; history; human activity; legislation; Missouri River; Montana; North Dakota; Pick Sloan Act 1944; policy; reservoirs; rivers; South Dakota; streams; water management; water storage; water supply;
Schoenberg, M.E.1998Hydrogeology and sources of recharge to the Buffalo and Wahpeton aquifers in the southern part of the Red River of the North drainage basin, west-central Minnesota and southeastern North Dakota:U.S. Geological Survey Water-Resources Investigations 97-4084, 35 p.aquifers; atmospheric precipitation; bedrock; Buffalo Aquifer; Clay County, Minnesota; drawdown; ground water; heterogeneity; hydraulic conductivity; hydraulic head; hydrodynamics; Idaho; Minnesota; North Dakota; petrology; recharge; Red River of the North Basin; Richland County; transmissivity; USGS; Wahpeton Aquifer; Wilkin County, Minnesota;
Schopf, James M., Gray, R. J., and Felix, C. J.1955Uranium in carbonaceous rocks, lignite investigations-coal petrology [North and South Dakota],in Geologic investigations of radioactive deposits-Semiannual progress report-December 1, 1954 to May 31, 1955: U. S. Geol. Survey Rept. TEI-540, p. 155, 159-161, illus. (Report prepared for U. S. Atomic Energy Commission.)The results of petrologic investigations of Dakota uraniferous lignite are presented.
Schroeder, S. A.1987Slope gradient effect on erosion of reshaped spoilSoil Science Society of America Journal, V. 51, pp. 405-409
Schroeder, S. A., and Bauer, A.1984Soil water variation in spoil and undisturbed sites in North DakotaSoil Science Society of America Journal, V. 48, pp. 656-659
Schuchert, Charles1922Lance and Union formation are Mesozoic in age:Pan-Am. Geol., v. 37, p. 65-66.The stratigraphic position of the two formations is discussed.
Schuchert, Charles1921Are the Lance and Fort Union formations of Mesozoic time?:Science, n.s., v. 53, no. 1359, p. 45-47.The U. S. Geol. Survey Professional Paper by T. W. Stanton, (1921) "The Fauna of the Cannonball Marine Member of the Lance "Formation" is reviewed. The Cannonball and Fox Hills faunas are discussed.
Schuh, W. M.1991Effects of an organic mat filter on artificial recharge with turbid waterWater Resources Research, V. 27, pp. 1335-1344
Schuh, W. M.1990Seasonal variation of clogging of an artificial recharge basin in a northern climateJournal of Hydrology, V. 1221, pp. 193-215
Schuh, W. M.1993Spatial variation of root-zone and shallow vadose-zone drainage on a loamy glacial till in a sub-humid climateJournal of Hydrology, V. 148, pp. 27-60
Schuh, W. M.1989Calibration of Soil Hydraulic Parameters through Separation of Subpopulations in Reference to Soil Texturein, van Genuchten, M. T., Leig, F. J., and Lund, L. J., eds., Proceedings of the International Workshop on Indirect Methods for Estimating the Hydraulic Properties of Unsaturated Soils, U. S. Salinity Laboratory, USDA-ARS, Riverside, CA, pp. 489-498
Schuh, W. M.1987Apparatus for extraction of undisturbed samples on noncohesive subsoilsSoil Science Society of America Journal, V. 51, pp. 1678-1679
Schuh, W. M.1988In-situ method for monitoring layered hydraulic impedance development during artificial recharge with turbid waterJournal of Hydrology, V. 101, pp. 173-189
Schuh, W. M., and Cline, R. L.1990Effects of soil properties on unsaturated hydraulic conductivity pore-interaction factorsSoil Science Society of America Journal, V. 54, p. 1509
Schuh, W. M., and Cline, R. L.1987Compendium of selected North Dakota unsaturated flow data in functional formatNorth Dakota State Water Commission Water Resources Investigation, V. 4, 202 p.
Schuh, W. M., and Klinkebiel, D. L.1994A study of water and tracer movement to the Carrington Aquifer:North Dakota Water Quality Symposium Proceedings, Fargo, ND, N.D. Water Resour. Res. Inst., p. 103-111.agriculture; aquifers; Carrington Aquifer; Foster County; ground water; movement; nitrate ion; North Dakota; pollution; recharge; tracers; water quality; water resources;
Schuh, W. M., and Shaver, R. B.1989Hydraulic effect of turbid water infiltration through a shallow basinin, Johnson, A. I., and Finlayson, D. J., eds., Proceedings of the International Symposium on Artificial recharge of ground water, American Society of Civil Engineers, New York, NY, pp. 85-96
Schuh, W. M., and Shaver, R. B.1989Feasibility of artificial recharge to the Oakes Aquifer, southeastern North Dakotain, Johnson, A. I., and Finlayson, D. J., eds., Artificial Recharge of Ground Water, American Society of Civil Engineers, New York, NY, pp. 74-84
Schuh, W. M., and Shaver, R. B.1988Feasibility of artificial recharge to the Oakes aquifer, Evaluation of experimental recharge basinsNorth Dakota State Water Commission Water Resources Investigation, V. 7, p. 248
Schuh, W. M., and Sweeney, M. D.1986Particle-size distribution method for estimating unsaturated hydraulic conductivity of sandsSoil Science, V. 142, pp. 247-254
Schuh, W. M., Cline, R. L., and Sweeney, M. D.1991Unsaturated soil hydraulic properties and parameters for the Oakes Area, Dickey County, North DakotaNorth Dakota State Water Commission Water Resources Investigation, V. 18, p. 343 p.
Schuh, W. M., Cline, R. L., and Sweeney, M. D.1988Comparison of a laboratory procedure and a textural model for predicting in situ soil water retentionSoil Science Society of America Journal, V. 52, pp. 1218-1227
Schuh, W. M., Cline, R. L., Kosse, M. J., and Sletton, D. W.1993Review and experimental evaluation of effects of short-term PVC contact and distilled water wash procedures on measured pesticide concentrations in field samplesNorth Dakota State Water Commission Water Resources Investigation, V. 24, p. 49 p.
Schuh, W. M., Klinkebiel, D. L., and Gardner, J. C.1993Use of an integrated transient flow and water budget procedure to predict and partition components of local rechargeJournal of Hydrology, V. 148, pp. 27-60
Schuh, W. M., Meyer, R. F., Sweeney, M. D., and Gardner, J. C.1993Spatial variation of root-zone and shallow vadose-zone drainage on a loamy glacial till in a sub-humid climateJournal of Hydrology, V. 148, pp. 1-26
Schuh, W.M.1999Climatic effects on groundwater in eastern North Dakota:Proceedings of the North Dakota Academy of Science, v.53, p.53-57.North Dakota; climate change; floods; water table: Pingree; Stutsman County; soil; wetland; hydrology; Kidder County; Cogswell; Forman; Sargent County; McLeod; Enderlin; groundwater;
Schuh, W.M.1998Did global warming flood Grand Forks?:North Dakota Water, p.8-11.flooding; floods; climate; global warming;
Schulte, Frank J.1972Groundwater of the Spiritwood Lake area, Stutsman County, North Dakota (University of North Dakota Ph.D. dissertation, 329 p., illus.); abstract:Dissertation Abstracts International, B, Sciences and Engineering, 1973, v. 33, no. 9, p. 4344B.groundwater movement; geology; bedrock geology; Pierre Shale; Pleistocene; glacial history
Schulte, Frank J.1974The study of ground water movement in selected areas of North Dakota:North Dakota Water Resources Research Institute, report no. WI-22-027-74, OWRT A-023-NDAK(2); NTIS report no. PB-248 076/2ST, 98 p., illus.groundwater movement; groundwater potential; hydrogeology; Pleistocene sediments; Spiritwood Lake; Pierre Shale; water chemistry
Schulte, Frank J.1966The Edinburg moraine of northeastern North Dakota:North Dakota Academy of Science Proceedings, 1965, v. 19, p. 45-53, illus.Edinburg Moraine; glacial geology; Walsh County; Pembina County; lithology
Schultz, Edward H.1958The Ordovician-Silurian contact in the Williston Basin,in Billings Geol. Soc., Guidebook, 9th Ann. Field Conf., Beartooth Uplift and Sunlight Basin, August 14-16, 1958: p. 44-48, illus.Isopach maps based on mechanical logs are used to show the various configurations that may be considered characteristic of Silurian and Ordovician sedimentation in the basin. The upper Stony Mountain Formation is postulated as the top of the Ordovician.
Schultz, L. G., Tourtelot, H. A., Gill, J. R., and Boerngen, J. G.1981Mineralogical and chemical composition of the Pierre Shale and equivalent rocks, northern Great Plains, U.S.AGeological Society of America Abstracts with Programs, V. 13, p. 225
Schultz, L.G.1978Mixed-layer clay in the Pierre Shale and equivalent rocks, northern Great Plains region:U.S. Geological Survey Professional Paper 1064-A, 28 p., illus.X ray diffraction patterns; geochemistry; clays; mineralogy; Montana; South Dakota; Wyoming
Schultz, Leonard G.1964Quantitative interpretation of mineralogical composition from X-ray and chemical data for the Pierre shale:U.S. Geological Survey Professional paper 391-C, 31 p., illus.Pierre Shale; Cretaceous; clay minerals; geochemistry; X ray analyses; methodology
Schultz, Leonard G., Tourtelot, Harry A., and Gill, James R.1960Mineralogy of the Pierre Shale (Upper Cretaceous) in South Dakota and adjacent areas (abstract):Geological Society of American Bulletin, v. 71, no. 12, p. 2041.Pierre Shale; Cretaceous; mineralogy
Schumaker, K.2003Soricids from the Medicine Pole Hills local fauna (latest Eocene) of North Dakota,in Anderson, J., Sues, H.D., Fox, M., Case, J.A., Eberle, J., Goodwin, M., and Carlson, S., conveners, Sixty third annual meeting, Society of Vertebrate Paleontology, Science Museum of Minnesota; Abstracts: Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology, v. 23, n. 3, Suppl., p. 94-95.affinities; Cenozoic; Chadron Formation; Chordata; Domnina; Domnina gradata; Domnina thompsoni; Eocene; Eutheria; Insectivora; Mammalia; Medicine Pole Hills fauna; morphology; North Dakota; occurrence; Paleogene; size; Soricidae; teeth; Tertiary; Tetrapoda; Theria; Vertebrata;
Schumann, R. R.1993Preliminary geologic radon potential assessment of North DakotaUS Geological Survey Open-File Report OF 93-0292-H, pp. 91-115
Schumann, R. R., Owen, D. E., Dubiel, R. F., and Szarzi, S. L.1993EPA Region 8 geologic radon potential summaryUS Geological Survey Open-File Report OF 93-0292-H, pp. 36-41
Schumann, R. Randall, ed.1993Geologic radon potential of EPA Region 8; Colorado, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Utah, and Wyoming:U. S. Geological Survey Open File Report , 184 p.Colorado; geologic hazards; isotopes; Montana; noble gases; North Dakota; pollution; prediction; radioactive isotopes; radon; Rn-222; South Dakota; Utah; Wyoming; zoning;
Schwartz, D. A.1987The deposition and diagenesis of the Bluell Zone, upper Mission Canyon Formation (Mississippian), Flaxton Field, Burke County, North DakotaMaster's, University of North Dakota, Grand Forks, ND, 246 p.
Schwartz, D. A., and Hendricks, M. L.1989Structural and stratigraphic controls on Duperow production, southern McKenzie County, North DakotaAmerican Association of Petroleum Geologists Bulletin, V. 73, p. 1174
Schwert, D. P., and Ashworth, A. C.1981Late Quaternary insect assemblages associated with the Des Moines Lobe; IProceedings of the North Dakota Academy of Science, V. 35, p. 12
Schwert, D.P.1995Going with the flow?: Geotechnical implications of land use decision-making, Red River corridor, Fargo, North Dakota, and Moorhead, Minnesota:Proceedings of the North Dakota Academy of Science, v. 49, p. 70.North Dakota; Symposium; Fargo; Moorhead, Minnesota; Red River of the North; Brenna Formation; destabilization; engineering;
Schwert, D.P.2003A geologistís perspective on the Red River of the North; History, geography, and planning/management issues:Moorhead, MN, Red River Basin Institute, Proceedings 1st International Water Conference, 16 pages [pagination not continuous; proceedings published on CD-ROM].North Dakota; Red River of the North; history; geography; planning; management; Cass County; Clay County, MN; Fargo; Moorhead; Red River Valley; flooding; mass wasting; slumping; Lake Agassiz; Sherack Formation; Brenna Formation; creep; earthflow; urban engineering; expansive clays;
Schwert, D.P., and Peihl, M.E.1997Toils induced by weak soils; geo-historic perspectives on Northern Pacific Railway's construction of the Stockwood Fill, Clay County, Minnesota:NDGS Newsletter, v.24, n.2, p.22-28.Clay County Minnesota; construction; design; foundations; Minnesota; North Dakota; piles; railroads; Red River Valley; soil mechanics; Stockwood Fill; weak soils;
Scott, M. W.1981Annotated bibliography of the geology of North Dakota 1960-1979North Dakota Geological Survey Miscellaneous Series No. 60, 287 p.
Scott, M.W. and Lerud, J.1992The impact of F.D. Holland Jr., on geological literature,in, Erickson, J. M., and Hoganson, J. W., eds., Proceedings of the F. D. Holland Jr., Geological Symposium, North Dakota Geological Survey, Bismarck, ND, p. 303-318.geological literature; history; North Dakota;
Scott, Mary Woods1973Near hits??? in North Dakota:North Dakota Geological Survey, n. p., illus.oil wells; drill stem tests; well logs
Scott, Mary Woods1976Bibliography and index of North Dakota water resources, 1878-1970:North Dakota Water Resources Research Institute Research Report no. WI-221-038-76; also issued as National Technical Information Services (NTIS) report no. PB-226-346, 570 p.water supply; floods; rivers; dams; irrigation; erosion; stream flow; conservation; geology; hydrogeology; groundwater; lakes; water quality; bibliographies
Scott, Mary Woods1972Annotated bibliography of the geology of North Dakota, 1806-1959:University of North Dakota M.S. thesis, 132 p., illus.; published: North Dakota Geological survey Miscellaneous Series 49, 132 p., illus.geology; North Dakota; bibliographies
Seager, O. A., Blackstone, D. L., Jr., Cobban, W. A., Downs, G. R., Laird, W. M., and Sloss, L. L.1942Stratigraphy of North Dakota:Am. Assoc. Petroleum Geologists Bull., v. 26, no. 8, p. 1414-1423.This is a discussion of the article by V. H. Kline (1942) entitled "Stratigraphy of North Dakota." It is an attempt to clarify certain geologic interpretations involved in Kline's article. Additional information and data are presented.
Seago, J.B., Wright, M.R., Wiesner, C.H., and Smith, R.S.E.1970Soil survey of Wells County, North Dakota:U.S. Department of Agriculture, Soil Conservation Service (SuDoc no. A57.38:W46), 84 p., illus. including soil maps, scale 1:20,000.soils; distribution; morphology; genesis; classification; utilization; management; airphotos; soil maps
Seeland, D.1988Late Cretaceous through early Eocene fluvial systems of northern Wyoming, eastern Montana, and western North DakotaGeological Society of America Abstracts with Programs, V. 20, p. 468
Seeland, D. A.1985Oligocene paleogeography of the Northern Great Plains and adjacent mountainsin, Flores, R. M., and Kaplan, S. S., eds., Cenozoic paleogeography of the west-central United States, Rocky Mountain Section, Society of Economic Paleontologists and Mineralogists, Denver, CO, pp. 187-205
Seeland, D. A., Hardie, J. K., Gibbons, A. B., Johnson, E. A., Biewick, L. R. H., McLellan, M. W., Molnia, C. L., and Pierce, F. W.1993Geological log signatures of Lower Tertiary and Upper Cretaceous rocks in the Powder River Basin, Wyoming and MontanaOil and Gas Investigation Chart OC-0140, USGS, Reston, VA, 1 Sheet
Seelig, B. D.1989Sodic soil characteristics and genesis as a function of landscape positionDoctoral, North Dakota State University, Fargo, ND, 183 p.
Seelig, B. D.1994A groundwater assessment system for pesticide best management practices:North Dakota Water Quality Symposium Proceedings, Fargo, ND, N.D. Water Resour. Res. Inst., p. 335-343.agriculture; algorithms; aquifers; ground water; North Dakota; pesticides; pollution; risk assessment; water quality; water resources;
Seelig, B. D., and Richardson, J. L.1991Salinity and sodicity in North DakotaNorth Dakota State University Extension Service Circular EB57, Fargo, ND, 16 p.
Seelig, B. D., Richardson, J. E., and Kinghton, R. E.1991Comparison of statistical and standard techniques to classify and delineate sodic soilsSoil Science Society of America Journal, V. 55, pp. 1042-1048
Seelig, B. D., Richardson, J. L., and Baker, W. T.1990Characteristics and taxonomy of sodic soils as a function of landform positionSoil Science Society of America Journal, V. 54, pp. 1690-1697
Seelig, B. D., Richardson, J. L., and Heidt, C. J.1990Sodic soil spatial variability and classification in coarse-textured till of central North DakotaSoil Survey Horizons, V. 31, pp. 33-43
Seelig, B., and Gulsvig, A. R.1988Soil survey of Kidder County, North DakotaU. S. Department of Agriculture, Soil Conservation Service, Washington DC, 166 p.
Seidel, R. E.1986Deflation basin stratigraphy; southwestern North DakotaDoctoral, University of North Dakota, Grand Forks, ND, 235 p.
Seidel, R. E.1984Deflation basin stratigraphy, southwestern North DakotaNorth Dakota Geological Survey Newsletter, Dec 1984, pp. 12-14
Seidel, R. E., and Reid, J. R.1981Deflation basin stratigraphy, Slope County, North Dakota; progress reportProceedings of the North Dakota Academy of Science, V. 35, p. 11
Seiler, R. L.1995Prediction of areas where irrigation drainage may induce selenium contamination of water:Journal of Environmental Quality, v. 24, n. 5, p. 973-979.arid environment; California; Dickey County; drainage; drought; infiltration; irrigation; Kesterson Reservoir; National Irrigation Water Quality Program; New Mexico; NIWQP; North Dakota; pollutants; pollution; prediction; remediation; selenium; soils; surface water; trace elements;
Semken, H. A.1981Holocene climatic variability; the record based on mammals from Northern Plains archaeological sitesGeological Society of America Abstracts with Programs, V. 13, p. 316
Service, R.F.1998Catalytic explanation for natural gas:Science, v.280, n.5363, p.524-525.alkanes; Bakken Formation; C-13/C-12; carbon; catalysis; chemical composition; components; experimental studies; genesis; hydrocarbons; isotope ratios; isotopes; laboratory studies; metals; methane; natural gas; North Dakota; organic compounds; Paleozoic; petroleum; pyrolysis; rare earths; source rocks; stable isotopes; temperature;
Sether, B. A., and Wiche, G. J.1989Meteorologic and hydrologic data collected for computing evaporation from Devils Lake, North Dakota, 1986-88North Dakota State Water Commission Water Resources Investigation, V. 10, p. 172
Sether, B.A., Berkas, W.R., and Vecchia, A.V.2004Constituent loads and flow weighted average concentrations for major subbasins of the upper Red River of the North Basin, 1997-99:U.S. Geological Survey Scientific Investigations Report SIR 2004 5200, 62 p. (http://water.usgs.gov/pubs/sir/2004/5200/) bacteria; biochemical oxygen demand; dissolved materials; drainage basins; fluvial environment; geochemistry; hydrochemistry; hydrology; Minnesota; North Dakota; nutrients; Red River of the North Basin; Red River Valley; rivers and streams; sediments; stream sediments; suspended materials; USGS; water quality;
Sether, B.A., Berkas, W.R., and Vecchia, A.V.2004Constituent loads and flow-weighted average concentrations for major subbasins of the upper Red River of the North Basin, 1997-99: U.S. Geological Survey Scientific Investigations Report 2004-5200, 62 p. URL: http://water.usgs.gov/pubs/sir/2004/5200/ North Dakota; Minnesota; Red River of the North; basin; water-quality characteristics; data; sampling; constituent loads; estimates; biochemical oxygen demand; bacteria; dissolved solids; nutrients; suspended sediment; pathogens; nitrate concentrations; phosphorus concentrations; multiple regression model; subbasins;
Severson, R. C., and Wilson, S. A.1990Assessment of geochemical variability and a listing of geochemical data for surface soils of eastern North Dakota and parts of northeastern South Dakota and northwestern MinnesotaUS Geological Survey Open-File Report OF 90-0310, 58 p.
Severson, R. C., Wilson, S. A., and Grundy, W. D.1988Baseline geochemistry of soils, with emphasis on selenium, at the Oakes irrigation test area, North DakotaUS Geological Survey Open-File Report OF 88-0638, 38 p.
Severson, R.C., McNeal, J.M., and Gough, L.P.1978Total and extractable element composition of some Northern Great Plains soils,in Geochemical survey of the western energy regions, fifth annual progress report, July 1978: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 78-1105, p. 87-116, illus.soils; geochemistry; chemical analyses; methods; calcium; potassium; sodium; copper; iron; magnesium; manganese; nickel; zinc; cadmium; cobalt; lead
Severson, Ronald C., Gough, Larry P., and McNeal, James M.1977Availability of elements in soils to native plants, northern Great Plains,in Geochemical survey of the western energy regions, fourth annual progress report, July 1977: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 77-872, p. 98-143, illus.soil chemistry; plant chemistry; methods; biogeochemistry; soil properties; soil mineralogy
Sewell, J. M., and Pickering, L. A.1982National Uranium Resource Evaluation, Lemmon Quadrangle, South Dakota and North DakotaU. S. Department of Energy, Grand Junction Office, Grand Junction, CO, 27 p.
Sexton, N.R.1994Effects of Section 404 permits on wetlands in North Dakota:U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service Resource Publication No. 200, 16 p.basin management; Clean Water Act; dredged materials; filling materials; Great Plains; land management; land use; nonpoint sources; North Dakota; pollution; prairies; regulations; wetlands;
Shanks, K., and Bailey, T.1982Exploration in the Mississippian Mission Canyon of the Catwalk Fieldin, Christopher, J. E., Kaldi, J., Dunn, C. E., Kent, D. M., and Lorsong, J. A., eds., Fourth International Williston Basin Symposium, Saskatchewan Geological Society, Regina, Saskatchewan, pp. 183-189
Shanley, K. W.1983Stratigraphy and depositional model, upper Mission Canyon Formation (Mississippian), Northeast Williston Basin, North DakotaMaster's, Colorado School of Mines, Golden, CO, 172 p.
Shanley, K. W., and Cross, T. A.1988Genetic sequence relationships of Winnipegosis platform carbonates, southern Elk Point Basin, North DakotaAmerican Association of Petroleum Geologists Bulletin, V. 72, pp. 246-247
Sharff, William Lee1973Little Missouri Grasslands study interim background report concerning archaeological and paleontological literature relating to the Little Missouri Grasslands area:North Dakota State University Graduate Program in Community and Regional Planning, 24 p.paleontology; archeology; bibliographies
Sharma, P. P., Carter, F. S., and Halvorson, G. A.1993Water retention by soils containing coalSoil Science Society of America Journal, V. 57, pp. 311-316
Sharma, P.P., and Butler, R.D.1995Hydrologic characterization of wetlands in surface coal minelands of North Dakota,in Schuman, G.E., and Vance, G.F., eds. Decades later, a time for reassessment Proceedings of the 12th annual national meeting of the American Society for Surface Mining and Reclamation No. 12, p. 839.abandoned mines; aquifers; characterization; coal; constructed wetlands; Coteau Prairie Wetlands; ground water; hydrology; mines; North Dakota; recharge; reclamation; sedimentary rocks; vegetation; water balance; wetlands;
Sharma, P.P., Carter, F.S., and Halvorson, G.A.1993Status of soil water in surface coal minelands of west central North Dakota (1989-1992),in Zamora, B.A., and Connolly, R.E., The challenge of integrating diverse perspectives in reclamation: Proceedings of the Annual National Meeting of the American Society for Surface Mining and Reclamation No. 10, p. 144-154.abandoned mines; coal mines; environmental analysis; ground water; hydrology; infiltration; land use; mines; mining; North Dakota; polluted water; ponds; rainfall; recharge; reclamation; runoff; semi arid environment; soil treatment; soil water balance; soils; surface mining; terrestrial environment; unsaturated zone;
Sharma, P.P., Carter, F.S., Halvorson, G.A., and Doll, E.C.1995Surface and root zone hydrology of minelands:Mandan, ND, North Dakota State University, Land Reclamation Research Center, 151 p.abandoned mines; hydraulic conductivity; hydrology; land management; land use; mines; North Dakota; pore water; preferential flow; rainfall; reclamation; roots; seasonal variations; soils; spatial distribution; surface water; water regimes;
Sharp, Z. D., and Cerling, T. E.1996Annual climatic patterns in the Pleistocene; straight from the horse's mouth:Geological Society of America Abstracts with Programs, v. 28, n. 7, p. 361.C-13/ C-12; carbon; carbonates; Cenozoic; Chordata; cycles; enamel; Equidae; Equus; Eutheria; gas chromatograms; geochemistry; Hippomorpha; isotope ratios; isotopes; Lake Agassiz; Mammalia; mass spectra; North Dakota; O-18/ O-16; oxygen; paleoclimatology; Perissodactyla; phosphates; Pleistocene; Quaternary; spectra; stable isotopes; teeth; Tetrapoda; Texas; Theria; Vertebrata;
Sharp, Z.D., and Cerling, T.E .1998Fossil isotope records of seasonal climate and ecology; straight from the horse's mouth:Geology, v. 26, n. 3, p. 219-222.Astrohippus ansae; biochemistry; Cenozoic; Chordata; climate; Equidae; Equus; Eutheria; gas chromatograms; geochemical indicators; Hippomorpha; Holocene; isotope ratios; isotopes; Lake Agassiz; Mammalia; mass spectra; Miocene; Neogene; O-18/O-16; oxygen; paleoclimatology; paleoecology; Perissodactyla; Pleistocene; Pliocene; Quaternary; seasonal variations; South Dakota; spectra; stable isotopes; teeth; Tertiary; Tetrapoda; Texas; Theria; Vertebrata;
Shaver, R. B.1993Field vs. lab alkalinity and pH; effects on ion balance and calcite saturation indexGround Water Monitoring & Remediation, V. 13, pp. 104-112
Shaver, R. B.1990An interim water supply for the Oakes aquifer test area of the Garrison Diversion Unit: Production-well test data, water quality analyses, and as-built construction data, North DakotaNorth Dakota State Water Commission Water Resources Investigation, V. 19, p. 174
Shaver, R. B.1990An interim water supply for the Oakes aquifer test area of the Garrison Diversion Unit: Evaluation and selection of well-field sites and new well-field design, North DakotaNorth Dakota State Water Commission Water Resources Investigation, V. 30, p. 72
Shaver, R. B.1988Water chemistry variation in aquifers of glacial origin in North DakotaProceedings of the North Dakota Water Quality Symposium, pp. 24-49
Shaver, R. B.1989Occurrence, origin, and management considerations of hydraulic barriers in Pleistocene buried valley aquifers in North DakotaEos; Transactions of the American Geophysical Union, V. 70, p. 322
Shaver, R. B.1989Feasibility of artificial recharge to the Oakes aquifer, southeastern North Dakota: Preliminary cost analysis of a project-scale and pilot-scale well field and artificial-recharge facilitiesNorth Dakota State Water Commission Water Resources Investigation, V. 8, p. 113
Shaver, R. B.1986The feasibility of artificial recharge to the Oakes Aquifer in southeastern North Dakotain, 31st annual Midwest ground water conference; October 27-29, 1986, US Geological Survey, Water Resources Division, Little Rock, AR
Shaver, R. B.1985A hydrochemical approach to the analysis of ground-water flow in the Spiritwood aquifer system, Dickey and parts of LaMoure and Sargent counties, North DakotaNorth Dakota State Water Commission Water Resources Investigation, V. 1, p. 102
Shaver, R. B.1984Hydrogeology of the Spiritwood aquifer system Dickey and parts of Lamoure and Sargent counties, North DakotaNorth Dakota State Water Commission Ground Water Studies, V. 91, Part II, p. 445
Shaver, R. B.1984Ground-water data for the Spiritwood aquifer system Dickey and parts of Lamoure and Sargent counties, North DakotaNorth Dakota State Water Commission Ground Water Studies, V. 91, Part I, p. 76
Shaver, R. B.1994An analysis and conceptual hydrogeologic model of a till aquitard overlying the Spiritwood Aquifer in southeastern North Dakota:Water resources Investigation, Bismarck, ND, North Dakota State Water Commission, 192 p.aquifers; aquitards; clastic sediments; Dickey County; geochemistry; ground water; hydrochemistry; hydrodynamics; hydrographs; Lamoure County; levels; models; North Dakota; sediments; Spiritwood Aquifer; till; water quality;
Shaver, R. B., and Hove, M.1990Feasibility of artificial recharge to the Oakes aquifer, southeastern North DakotaNorth Dakota State Water Commission Water Resources Investigation, V. 6, 422 p.
Shaver, R. B., and Pusc, S. W.1992Hydraulic barriers in Pleistocene buried-valley aquifersGround Water, V. 30, pp. 21-28
Shaver, R. B., and Schuh, W. M.1990Feasibility of artificial recharge to the Oakes Aquifer, southeastern North Dakota; hydrogeology of the Oakes AquiferNorth Dakota State Water Commission Water Resources Investigation, V. 5, p. 123
Shaver, R. B., and Schuh, W. M.1989Feasibility of artificial recharge to the Oakes Aquifer, southeastern North Dakotain, Johnson, A. I., and Finlayson, D. J., eds., Proceedings of the International symposium on Artificial recharge of ground water, American Society of Civil Engineers, New York, NY, pp. 74-84
Shaver, R. B., and Schuh, W. M.1989Feasibility of artificial recharge to the Oakes aquifer, southeastern North Dakota: Executive summaryNorth Dakota State Water Commission Water Resources Investigation, V. 9, p. 79
Shaver, R. B., and Wucetich, J.1995An evaluation of injection well plugging from a ground water heat pump system in southeastern North Dakota,in, Johnson, A. I., and Pyne, R. D. G., eds., Artificial recharge of ground water; II: Proceedings of the Second International Symposium on Artifical Recharge of Ground Water, v. 2, p. 720-729.chemical composition; ground water; heat pumps; injection; North Dakota; storage; wells;
Shaver, R., and Ripley, D.1989On the determination of recharge and evapotranspiration by model calibration in shallow water-table aquifersin, Solving ground water problems with models, National Water Well Association, Dublin, OH, pp. 251-269
Shaver, R.B.1998The determination of glacial till specific storage in North Dakota:Ground Water, v. 36, n. 4, p. 552-557.aquifers; buried valleys; clastic sediments; coefficient of volume change; consolidometer tests; cores; fluvial environments; glacial environments; ground water; ICBM; North Dakota; sediments; stress; till; water storage; water table;
Shay, Creighton T.1970Paleobotanical studies in the Lake Agassiz basin (abstract):Geological Association of Canada-Mineralogical Association of Canada, Joint Annual Meetings, Abstracts of Papers, p. 47, University of Manitoba, Winnipeg.glacial Lake Agassiz; paleobotany; palynology
Shay, Creighton T.1967Vegetation history of the southern Lake Agassiz basin during the past 12,000 years,in Life, land and water--Conference on environmental studies of the Glacial Lake Agassiz region, 1966, Proceedings: University of Manitoba Department of Anthropology Occasional Paper 1, p. 231-252, illus.paleobotany; vegetation; history; paleoclimatology; Pleistocene; Holocene; climatic changes; Quaternary
Sheehan, P. M., Fastovsky, D. E., Hoffmann, R. G., Gabriel, D. L., Berghaus, C. B., and Coombs, W. P.1990Sudden or gradual extinction of the dinosaurs? Patterns of dinosaur diversity at the family level in the Hell Creek FormationGeological Society of America Abstracts with Programs, V. 22, p. 356
Sheehan, P.M., Fastovsky, D.E., Barreto, C., and Hoffman, R.G.2000Dinosaur abundance was not declining in a "3 m gap" at the top of the Hell Creek Formation, Montana and North Dakota:Geology, v. 28, n. 6, p. 523-526.case studies; Cenozoic; Chordata; concentrations; Cretaceous; dinosaurs; extinction; Great Plains; Hell Creek Formation; impacts; K-T boundary; Mesozoic; Montana; North Dakota; Northern Great Plains; Paleocene; Paleogene; Reptilia; stratigraphic boundary; Tertiary; Tetrapoda; Vertebrata;
Sheehan, P.M., Fastovsky, D.E., Hoffmann, R.G., Berghaus, C.B., and Gabriel, D.L.1991Sudden extinction of the Dinosaurs: Latest Cretaceous, Upper Great Plains, U.S.A.:Science, v.254, n.5033, p.835-839.dinosaurs; study; diversity; Hell Creek Formation; Montana; North Dakota; Cretaceous; statistical analysis; asteroid; extinction; sudden; Saurischia; Omithischia; paleoecology;
Sheffield, J. S., Collins, K. B., and Hackney, R. M.1983Salt drilling in the Rocky MountainsOil and Gas Journal, V. 81, pp. 70,72-76
Sheldon, Richard P., Maughan, E.K., and Cressman, E.R.1967bSedimentation of rocks of Leonard (Permian) age in Wyoming and adjacent states,in Anatomy of the western Phosphate field--Intermountain Association of Geologists 15th Annual Field Conference 1967; Salt Lake City, Utah, Intermountain Association of Geologists, p. 1-13, illus.Permian; lithofacies map; paleogeographic map; geologic time; lithology; depositional environments; Phosphoria Sea; Williston Basin; paleocurrents; sediments; evaporites; phosphate deposits
Sheldon, Richard P., Maughan, E.K., and Cressman, E.R.1967aEnvironment of Wyoming and adjacent states--Interval B, in Paleotectonic maps of the Permian System: U.S. Geological Survey Miscellaneous Geologic Investigations Map I-450, text, p. 48-54, illus. pl. 11.Permian; lithofacies map; paleogeographic map; depositional environments; stratigraphy; lithology; sediments; evaporites; carbonates; phosphate deposits
Sheldon, Richard P., Maughan, E.K., and Cressman, E.R.1962Sedimentation in Wyoming and adjacent areas during Leonard (Permian) time (abstract):Geological Society of America Special Paper 68, p. 100-101.Williston Basin; Opeche Formation; depositional environments; Permian
Shelton, John W.1973Newcastle Sandstone, Cretaceous, North Dakota (14),in Models of sand and sandstone deposits: a methodology for determining sand genesis and trend: Oklahoma Geological Survey Bulletin 118, p. 73-76, illus.Williston Basin; Newcastle Formation; Cretaceous; stratigraphy; structure; thickness; cross section; sedimentary structures; depositional environments; geologic history; depositional model
Shelton, John W.1962Shale compaction in a section of Cretaceous Dakota Sandstone, northwestern North Dakota:Journal of Sedimentary Petrology, v. 32, no. 4, p. 873-877, illus.Williston Basin; Williams County; Dakota Sandstone; Cretaceous; lithology; sedimentary structures; compaction
Shemory, B.1988The naming of the Williston BasinNorth Dakota Geological Survey Newsletter, June 1988, pp. 28-30
Shemory, B.1991Drilling North Dakota's discovery wellNorth Dakota Geological Survey Newsletter, Dec 1991, pp. 38-42
Shemory, B.1991Mud, Sweat, & Oil the Early Days of the Williston BasinWilliam E. Shemory, Williston, ND, 208 p.
Shemory, B.1988A drilling rig out of the pastNorth Dakota Geological Survey Newsletter, June 1988, pp. 30-32
Shepard, W.1991Landsat analysis techniques, some applications for Bakken exploration in the Williston Basinin, Hansen, W. B., ed., 1991 Guidebook to geology and horizontal drilling of the Bakken Formation, Montana Geological Society, Billings, MT, pp. 167-177
Shepard, W.1990Landsat analysis techniques; some applications for Bakken exploration in the Williston Basinin, Hansen, W. B., ed., Bakken Formation short course; study notes No.1, Montana Geological Society, Billings, MT, p. 22
Shepard, W.1990Landsat tectonic analysis, some applications for Bakken exploration in the Williston BasinAmerican Association of Petroleum Geologists Bulletin, V. 74, p. 1345
Sheppard, R.A.1973Zeolites,in Mineral and water resources of North Dakota: U.S. Congress, Senate Interior and Insular Affairs Committee, 93rd Congress, 1st Session (SuDoc no. Y4.In8/13:M66/39); also issued: North Dakota Geological Survey Bulletin 63, p. 130-132.Zeolites; uses; properties; deposits
Sherman, G. D., and Thiel, G. A.1939Dolomitization in glacio-lacustrine silts of Lake Agassiz:Geol. Soc. America Bull., v. 50, p. 1535-1551, illus.The distribution of dolomitic silts, data on the distribution of carbonates in the silts, the petrography of the silts, the mode of occurrence of the dolomite, and the origin of the dolomite are discussed.
Sherriff, B. L., and Thomson, S. L.1992The relationship between silicates from the Souris gravel pit and local lithic artifactsGeological Society of America Abstracts with Programs, V. 24, p. 159
Sherrod, Neil R.1963bLate Pleistocene fish from lake sediments in Sheridan County, North Dakota:North Dakota Academy of Science Proceedings, 1963, v. 17, p. 32-36; reprinted: North Dakota Geological Survey Miscellaneous Series 21, 5 p.Sheridan County; sloughs; dugouts; Prophets Mountain Site; glacial geology; lithology; fossil fish; mollusks; ostracods; Pleistocene
Sherrod, Neil R.1963aGlacial geology of western Sheridan County, North Dakota:University of North Dakota M.S. thesis, ix, 92 p., illus.Sheridan County; geomorphology; landform map; glacial features; glacial deposits; Sheyenne River Basin; stratigraphy; Hell Creek Formation; Ludlow Formation; Cannonball Formation; glacial history; lithology; till analyses; paleontology; economic geology; ground water
Shinn, J. D., and Bratton, W. L.1994Air Force Site Characterization and Analysis Penetrometer System (AFSCAPS); laser induced fluorescence cone penetrometer, v. 4, CPT profiles, boring logs and DTE plans, part 2,Final technical report, Contract F08635-88-C-0067, NTIS order number AD-A294 297/7NEG, 138 p.detection; drilling; field studies; gas chromatography; laser-methods; models; North Dakota; oil spills; Oklahoma; penetrometers; planning; pollution; reclamation; remediation; sampling; site exploration; soils; techniques; three dimensional models; Tinker Air Force Base; water;
Shirley, K.1991Oil still hiding out in SherwoodAmerican Association of Petroleum Geologists Explorer, V. 12, pp. 1,6-7
Shjeflo, J.B., Erskine, H.M., Aro, R.S., Branson, F.A., and Harbeck, Guy E., Jr.1962Current studies of the hydrology of prairie potholes:U.S. Geological Survey Circular 472, 11 p., illus.potholes; hydrogeology; Ward County; Dickey County; climate; geology; groundwater; ecology; water chemistry; sedimentation seepage; evaporation
Shock, E. L.1995Methane; an open or shut case?:Nature (London), v. 378, n. 6555, p. 338-339.aliphatic hydrocarbons; alkanes; Bakken Formation; catalysis; clastic rocks; crust; fluid phase; fractured materials; geochemical controls; hydrocarbons; mass transfer; metal ores; methane; migration; mineral deposits; natural gas; North Dakota; ore forming fluids; Paleozoic; petroleum; reservoir rocks; sedimentary rocks; shale; source rocks; structural controls;
Shoemaker, Robert E.1966Fossil leaves of the Hell Creek and Tullock Formations of eastern Montana:Palaeontographica, v. 119, ser. B, pts. 1-3, p. 54-75, illus.Montana; Hell Creek Formation; Tullock Formation; paleobotany; North Dakota; Wyoming; Cretaceous; Paleocene
Sholes, M. A.1988Coal resources of the Baker and Wibaux 30X60-minute quadrangles, eastern Montana and adjacent North DakotaMontana Bureau of Mines and Geology, Butte, MT, 6 p.
Sholes, M. A., Vuke-Foster, S. M., and Derkey, P. D.1989Coal stratigraphy and correlation in the Glendive 30X60-minute Quadrangle, eastern Montana and adjacent North DakotaMontana Bureau of Mines and Geology, Butte, MT, 9 p.
Shown, L.M., Branson, F.A., Miller, R.F., McQueen, I.S., and Hadley, R.F.1978Rehabilitation potential of coal lands in the central region evaluated (abstract):U.S. Geological Survey Professional Paper 1100, p. 110-111.lignite; strip mining; soil moisture; vegetation; sediment yield; Dunn County; reclamation
Shride, A. F., Fischer, E. C., Larrabee, D. M., Weeks, R. A., Sohn, I. G., and Fox, E. L.1947Construction materials and nonmetallic mineral resources of North Dakota:U. S. Geol. Survey Missouri Basin Studies no. 14, map, scale 1:500,000.Each resource indicated on the map is described in the brief text. The resources include: bentonite, glacial boulders, clay, "scoria:" limestone, cement rock, marl, mineral pigment, quartzite, sandstone, sodium sulfate, and volcanic ash.
Shukla1986Sedimentology and geochemistry of a regional dolostone; correlation of trace elements with dolomite fabric and textureSociety of Economic Paleontologists and Mineralogists, Annual Midyear Meeting abstracts, V. 3, p. 102
Shukla1988Sedimentology and geochemistry of a regional dolostone; correlation of trace elements with dolomite fabricsSociety of Economic Paleontologists and Mineralogists Special Publication, V. 43, pp. 145-157
Shurr, G. W.1980Geologic Setting of the Pierre Shale (Upper Cretaceous) in the northern Great PlainsUS Geological Survey Open-File Report OF 80-675, 8 p.
Shurr, G. W.1984Regional setting of Niobrara Formation in Northern Great PlainsAmerican Association of Petroleum Geologists Bulletin, V. 68, pp. 598-609
Shurr, G. W.1987Geologic significance of Cretaceous rocks deposited on the eastern margin of the Western Interior seawayGeological Society of America Abstracts with Programs, V. 19, p. 245
Shurr, G. W.1992Landsat expression of Laramide deformation in the Williston Basin, southwestern North DakotaAmerican Association of Petroleum Geologists Bulletin, V. 76(8), p. p. 1269
Shurr, G. W.1995A review of Neogene tectonics in the Northern Great Plains:Geological Society of America Abstracts with Programs, v. 27, n. 3, p. 85.basement; Cenozoic; faults; folds; fractures; Great Plains; intraplate processes; Minnesota; Neogene; North Dakota; reactivation; South Dakota; tectonics; Tertiary; uplifts;
Shurr, G. W.1994Landsat mapping of tectonic blocks that show strike slip, Northern Great Plains, USA:American Association of Petroleum Geologists and Society of Economic Paleontologists and Mineralogists Annual Meeting Abstracts, p. 258.Billings County; Billings Nose; block structures; continental crust; Cretaceous; displacements; Dunn County; faults; fractures; Great Plains; Landsat; left lateral faults; lineaments; lithosphere; mapping; Mesozoic; Montana; Mountrail County; multispectral scanner; Nesson Anticline; North Dakota; oblique slip faults; outcrops; patterns; petroleum; remote sensing; South Dakota; strike slip faults; systems; tectonics;
Shurr, G. W.1996Overview of shallow gas production from Eagle-equivalent rocks south and east of Cedar Creek Anticline:AAPG Bulletin, v. 80, n. 6, p. 981.anticlines; Bowman County; Cady Creek Field; Cedar Creek Anticline; clastic rocks; Cretaceous; depositional environment; Eagle Sandstone; eolian features; folds; Gaslight Field; lineaments; Little Missouri Field; Mesozoic; Montana; natural gas; North Dakota; oil and gas fields; orientation; paleogeography; petroleum; production; reconstruction; sand-sheets; sandstone; sedimentary rocks; shelf environment; South Dakota; tectonics; West Short Pine Hills Field;
Shurr, G. W.1997Surface expression of hydrocarbon production patterns in the southern Williston Basin, USA:American Association of Petroleum Geologists and Society of Economic Paleontologists and Mineralogists Annual Meeting Abstracts, v. 6, p. 107.aerial photography; block structures; Bowman County; Buffalo Field; Cady Creek Field; carbonate rocks; Cedar Creek Anticline; clastic rocks; development; displacements; drilling; faults; fractures; Gaslight Field; joints; Landsat; Little Missouri Field; Montana; natural gas; North Dakota; oil and gas fields; Ordovician; outcrops; Paleozoic; petroleum; Plevna Field; production; Red River Formation; remote sensing; reservoir rocks; sedimentary rocks; South Dakota; strike slip faults; style; systems; topography; West Short Pine Hills Field; Williston Basin;
Shurr, G. W.1995Tectonic setting of horizontal Bakken production in southwestern North Dakota,in Hunter, L. D. V., and Schalla, R. A., eds., Seventh International Williston Basin Symposium: Billings, MT, Montana Geological Society, p. 23-39.North Dakota; Williston Basin; tectonics; horizontal wells; Bakken Formation; lineaments; Devonian; Mississippian; basement; Landsat; hydrocarbon; production; linear features; blocks; Lodgepole Formation; Cretaceous; Greenhorn Formation; statistics; North Dakota Geological Society; Saskatchewan Geological Society;
Shurr, G. W., and Reiskind, J.1984Stratigraphic framework of the Niobrara Formation (Upper Cretaceous) in North and South DakotaCanadian Society of Petroleum Geologists Memoir, V. 9, pp. 205-219
Shurr, G. W., and Rice, D. D.1985Geologic setting and natural gas potential of Niobrara Formation, Williston BasinAmerican Association of Petroleum Geologists Bulletin, V. 69, p. 867
Shurr, G. W., and Rice, D. D.1987Geologic setting and potential for natural gas in the Niobrara Formation (Upper Cretaceous) of the Williston Basinin, Peterson, J. A., Kent, D. M., Anderson, S. B., Pilatzke, R. H., and Longman, M. W., eds., Williston Basin; anatomy of a cratonic oil province, Rocky Mountain Association of Geologists, Denver, CO, pp. 245-258
Shurr, G. W., and Sieverding, J. L.1980Preliminary synthesis of subsurface stratigraphy of the Niobrara Formation (Upper Cretaceous) in the northern Great PlainsUSGS Open File- Report OF 80-1266, 18 p.
Shurr, G. W., Anna, L. O., and Peterson, J. A.1989Zuni Sequence in the Williston Basin - evidence for paleotectonismAmerican Association of Petroleum Geologists Bulletin, V. 73, pp. 68-87
Shurr, G. W., Ashworth, A. C., Benton, R., Murphy, E. C. and Biek, R. F.1996Regional framework for Tertiary tectonism in the Northern Great Plains,in, Paterson, C. J., and Kirchner, J. G., eds., Guidebook to the Geology of the Black Hills, South Dakota: South Dakota School of Mines and Technology Bulletin 19, p. 129-134.Tertiary; tectonism; Northern Great Plains; Arikaree; Oligocene; Miocene; Brule formation; Chadron Formation; White River Group; folds; landslides; Slim Buttes; North Dakota; South Dakota; Big Badlands; Little Badlands; lineaments; Killdeer Mountains; Golden Valley; syncline; Bear Den Member; Ardmore Bentonite Bed; Pierre Shale; Cretaceous; Minnekahta Formation; Permian; Tyler Formation; Pennsylvanian; Lodgepole Formation; Mississippian; Stark County; Slope County; Chalky Butte; Paleocene; Theodore Roosevelt National Park; Sentinel Butte Formation; slumping; HT Butte lignite bed; Landsat; North Dakota; North Dakota;
Shurr, G. W., Ashworth, A. C., Burke, R. B., and Diehl, P. E.1995Tectonic controls on the Lodgepole Play in northern Stark County, North Dakota - Perspectives from surface and subsurface studies,in Hunter, L. D. V., and Schalla, R. A., eds., Seventh International Williston Basin Symposium: Billings, MT, Montana Geological Society, p. 203-208. North Dakota; Williston Basin; tectonics; Lodgepole Formation; Stark County; North Dakota; Lodgepole Formation; surface geology; subsurface geology; Dickinson; Landsat images; lineaments; linear features; illustrations; maps; photographs; structural geology; petroleum; reservoir; oil; Little Badlands; Golden Valley; Chadron; Brule; Arikaree; syncline; relay ramp; mounds; North Dakota Geological Society; Saskatchewan Geological Society;
Shurr, G.W.1998Shallow gas play around the margins of the Williston Basin:in Christopher, J.E., Gilboy, C.F., Paterson, D.F., and Bend, S.L., eds., Eighth International Williston Basin Symposium: Saskatchewan Geological Society Special Publication 13, Saskatchewan Geological Society, Regina, Saskatchewan, p. 129-139.Cretaceous; folds; Great Plains; lineaments; Mesozoic; natural gas; petroleum; petroleum accumulation; production; reserves; reservoir rocks; resources; shallow depth; structural traps; tectonic elements; tectonics; traps; Williston Basin;
Shurr, G.W.1999Shallow gas potentials on the eastern margin of the Williston Basin:AAPG Bulletin, v. 83, n. 7, p. 1188.artesian waters; Bottineau County; clastic rocks; Cretaceous; Dakota Formation; development; Fox Hills Formation; geophysical surveys; ground water; Hell Creek Formation; history; imagery; Lamoure County; lineaments; Mesozoic; movement; natural gas; Niobrara Formation; North Dakota; oil and gas fields; patterns; permeability; petroleum exploration; Pierre Field; porosity; production; remote sensing; Renville County; reservoir rocks; satellite methods; sedimentary rocks; Souris River Basin; South Dakota; surveys; tectonics; Williston Basin;
Shurr, G.W.1998Landsat expression of lithosphere block margins in the southern Williston Basin, USA:American Association of Petroleum Geologists Annual Meeting Expanded Abstracts, p. ?.block structures; Bowman County; Cedar Creek Anticline; extension tectonics; faults; geophysical surveys; Landsat; lineaments; lithofacies; lithosphere; Montana; natural gas; North Dakota; Ordovician; Paleozoic; patterns; petroleum; production; Red River Formation; remote sensing; Stark County; structural traps; surveys; systems; tectonics; thickness; traps; Williston Basin;
Shurr, G.W.1997Evidence for fractured reservoirs in shallow gas fields near Cedar Creek Anticline in the Northern Great Plains:AAPG Bulletin, v. 81, n. 7, p. 1233.aerial photography; Baker Field; basement tectonics; bedding plane irregularities; block structures; Cedar Creek Anticline; Cedar Creek Field; clastic rocks; Cretaceous; deformation; displacements; drainage; Eagle Sandstone; faults; Gaslight Field; Judith River Formation; Laramide Orogeny; Little Missouri Field; Mesozoic; Montana; natural gas; naturally fractured reservoirs; North Dakota; Northern Great Plains; oil and gas fields; outcrops; patterns; petroleum; Plevna Field; production; remote sensing; resistivity; sandstone; sedimentary rocks; sedimentary structures; South Dakota; striations; systems; tectonics; West Short Pine Hills Field;
Shurr, G.W.2000Basin margin gas is worthy target in Williston Basin:Oil and Gas Journal, v. 98, n. 9, p. 71-74.Alberta; Canada; development; folds; fractures; ground water; Montana; natural gas; North Dakota; oil and gas fields; petroleum; exploration; Pierre Field; Saskatchewan; South Dakota; structural traps; Williston Basin;
Shurr, George W.1977The Pierre Shale, Northern Great Plains; a potential isolation medium for radioactive waste:U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 77-776, 27 p., illus.Pierre Shale; Cretaceous; North Dakota; South Dakota; Colorado; Kansas; underground waste disposal; stratigraphy; structural geology; lithology; Ardmore bentonite bed; mineralogy; thickness; lineaments; tectonics
Shurr, George W.1999Basin margin gas plays:American Association of Petroleum Geologists Annual Meeting Expanded Abstracts, p. A129-130.natural gas; oil wells; petroleum; North Dakota
Shurr, George W.2000Hydrodynamic controls on basin margin gas accumulations in shallow-marine depositional systems:American Association of Petroleum Geologists Annual Meeting Expanded Abstracts, p. 136.anticlines; artesian waters; Bowdoin Dome; Bowdoin Sandstone; Cedar Creek Anticline; Cretaceous; Dakota Formation; Eagle Sandstone; folds; fractures; Gammon Ferruginous Member; gas-water interface; ground water; history; hydrodynamics; Judith River Formation; Little Missouri Field; marine environments; Mesozoic; Montana; natural gas; North Dakota; Northern Great Plains; oil and gas fields; petroleum; Phillips Formation; Plevna Field; pressure; production; reserves; reservoir rocks; shallow water environments; Shannon Sandstone Member; shelf environments; South Dakota; traps; water wells; West Short Pine Hills Field; Williston Basin;
Shurr, George W., and Bredehoeft, J.D.1977The Pierre Shale as a possible waste repository (abstract):Geological Society of America Abstracts with Programs, v. 9, no. 7, p. 1174.Pierre Shale; Cretaceous; radioactive waste; lithology; properties; groundwater; aquifers; contamination; Colorado; South Dakota; North Dakota
Siegel, F.R., Vaz, J.E., and Lindholm, R.C.1982Potential of a new technique for remote sensing of hydrocarbon accumulations and blind uranium deposits; Buried LiF thermoluminescence dosimeters,in Brumfield, J.O., and Schiffman, Y.M., eds., Proceedings of the National Conference on Energy resource management: NASA Conference Publication 2261, Vol. 1, p. 122-132. blind deposits; Bowman County; dosimetry; energy sources; geochemical surveys; measurement; metal ores; mineral exploration; North Dakota; Ordovician; Paleozoic; petroleum; petroleum exploration; Red River Formation; surveys; thermoluminescence; uranium ores;
Sieler, Steven J.2002Soil survey of McIntosh County, North Dakota:North Dakota Agricultural Experiment Station, North Dakota Cooperative Extension Service and North Dakota State Soil Conservation Committee, 464 p., 30 sheets.maps; McIntosh County; North Dakota; Northern Great Plains; soil surveys; soils; soils maps;
Sieverding, J. L., and Shurr, G. W.1982Distribution of chalk reservoirs in Upper Cretaceous Niobrara FormationUS Geological Survey Professional Paper P 1275, p. 34
Sigsby, Robert J.1966b"Scoria" of North Dakota (University of North Dakota Ph.D dissertation, 218 p., illus.; abstract:Dissertation Abstracts, B, Sciences and Engineering, v. 27, no. 5, p. 1520.Paleocene; "Scoria"; burning lignite beds; nomenclature; history; "Clinkertill"; "Clinker"; metamorphic rocks; stratigraphy; Fort Union Group; Tongue River Formation; Sentinel Butte Member; lithology; sediment analyses; mineralogy; combustion; ignition; chemical properties; physical properties; spontaneous combustion; lignite; lignite ash; model study; "scoria" formation; petrography; classification; topography; structure; paleontology
Sigsby, Robert J.1966aThe present general lack of "scoria" in two burning lignite areas in North Dakota:North Dakota Academy of Science Proceedings, 1965, v. 19, p. 7-14, illus.scoria; Buck Hill burning coal bed; Amidon burning coal bed; formation of scoria; chemical processes; thermal processes; Tongue River Formation
Sigsby, Robert J., and Holland, F.D., Jr.1964History of the geologically erroneous term "scoria":Compass, v. 41, no. 2, p. 108-119.scoria; lignite; early investigations
Sikso, H.A.1966Seepage controls and observations, Garrison Damin Engineering geology and soils engineering symposium, 4th Annual, Moscow, Idaho, 1966, Proceedings: Boise, Idaho Department of Highways, p. 183-197, illus.Garrison Dam; seepage control; geology; foundations; lignite; underseepage; engineering geology
Silfer, B. E.1990Neogastropods (Melongenidae, Faciolaiidae, Turridae) from the Cannonball Formation (Paleocene: Thanetian?), North Dakota and South DakotaMaster's, University of North Dakota, Grand Forks, ND, 215 p.
Simmons, M., and Moos, D. K.1990Soil survey of Cavalier County, North DakotaU. S. Department of Agriculture, Soil Conservation Service, Washington, DC, 192 p.
Simon, A., Thomas, R.E., Curini, A. and Shields, F. D. Jr.2002Case study; Channel stability of the Missouri River, eastern Montana:Journal of Hydraulic Engineering, v. 128, n. 10, p. 880-890. case studies; channel geometry; dams; elevation; erosion; failures; fluvial features; Fort Peck Dam; mathematical models; meanders; Missouri River; Montana; morphology; river banks; stability; stabilization; streamflow; water erosion; waterways; North Dakota;
Simons, Elwyn L.1960The Paleocene Pantodonta:American Philosophical Society Transactions, n.s., v. 50, pt. 6, p. 1-81, illus.vertebrate paleontology; mammals; systematic revision; description of skeleton; distribution; stratigraphy; paleoecology; teeth
Simpson, F.1980Low permeability gas reservoirs in marine Cretaceous sandstones of Saskatchewan; Viking-Newcastle (middle to upper Albian) correlations in southeastern Saskatchewan, southwestern Manitoba, northwestern Montana and North Dakotain, Christopher, J. E., and Macdonald, R., eds., Summary of investigations 1980, Saskatchewan Geological Survey, Regina, Saskatchewan, pp. 133-138
Simpson, Howard E.1933Geological and geographical relations of the Missouri Diversion Project, Appendix "D" of Burns and McDonnell Engineering Company, Report of Missouri River Dam and Diversion Project in North Dakota and South Dakota:Kansas City, Missouri, Burns & McDonnell Eng. Co., p. 21-39.geomorphology; geology; climatology; Devils Lake; water resources; artesian wells; Garrison Diversion Project
Simpson, Howard E.1937Change in ground water levels in North Dakota:N. Dak. Geol. Survey Bull. 10, 23 p., illus.The methods of inquiry are discussed. The results of the study are summarized in a table and presented on a map showing changes in water levels for a period of 18 years.
Simpson, Howard E.1935The artesian waters of North Dakota:N. Dak. Geol. Survey Bull. 8 (Artesian Water Conserv. Fund Artesian Water Paper 6), 47 p., illus.The types of artesian systems in North Dakota, the artesian areas, and the artesian system of the Dakota "Sandstone" in North Dakota are discussed. The 5th and 6th Biennial Reports of the State Water Geologist are included.
Simpson, Howard E.1932The ground waters of North Dakota:N. Dak. Geol. Survey Bull. 7 (Artesian Water Conserv. Fund Artesian Water Paper 5), 26 p., illus.The classification of groundwater and the geologic conditions in the state are discussed. The groundwater provinces are described. The 4th Biennial Report of the State Water Geologist is included.
Simpson, Howard E.1930The ground water resources of North Dakotain Gauger, A. W., Leonard, A. G., Chandler, E. F., Simpson, H. E., and Budge, W. E., Geology and natural resources of North Dakota: N. Dak. Univ. Departmental Bull., v. 14, no. 1 (N. Dak. Univ., Div. Mines and Mining Expts. Bull. no. 11) p. 25-39, illus.The general geology and groundwater conditions of the state are discussed.
Simpson, Howard E.1929Geology and groundwater resources of North Dakota:U. S. Geol. Survey Water-Supply Paper 598, 312 p., illus.The physiography and climate of the state are discussed. The geology and water content of the water-bearing formations are described. The artesian systems in North Dakota are described.
Simpson, Howard E.1927The water supply of Harvey, N. Dak., A method of water prospecting:N. Dak. Engineer, v. 3, no. 3; reprinted, 1927: N. Dak. Geol. Survey Bull. 6 (Artesian Water Conserv. Fund Artesian Water Paper 4), 17 p., illus.The method of study, the results of the study, and the recommendations of the geologist are discussed. The 3rd Biennial Report of the State Water Geologist is included.
Simpson, Howard E.1926The Badlands of the Little Missouri:N. Dak., Univ., Quart. Jour.,v. 16, p. 148.A brief and artistic description of the Badlands is presented.
Simpson, Howard E.1925The principles of conservation as applied to artesian water:N. Dak., Univ., Quart. Jour., v. 15, no. 4, p. 287-297, illus.; reprinted, 1926: N. Dak. Geol. Survey Bull. 5 (Artesian Water Conserv. Fund Artesian Water Paper 3), 23 p., illus.The purpose and principles of conservation, the conservation of water, artesian water conditions, and the Dakota artesian system are discussed. The Artesian Water Conservation Law of 1921 and 1925 and the 2nd Biennial Report of the State Water Geologist are included.
Simpson, Howard E.1924Methods of reducing the flow of artesian wells:N. Dak. Geol. Survey Bull. 3 (Artesian Water Conserv. Fund Artesian Water Paper 2), 7 p.; revised, 1932.The methods in use in the Dakota artesian area of North Dakota are reviewed.
Simpson, Howard E.1923Artesian water conditions in North Dakota:N. Dak. Geol. Survey Bull. 2 (Artesian Water Conserv. Fund Artesian Water Paper 1), 8 p.; revised, 1935.The definition and conditions of artesian flow are discussed. The artesian water law enacted by the 17th Legislative Assembly of North Dakota is included. The 1st Biennial Report of the Water Geologist of the state is also included.
Simpson, Howard E.1916The islands of Devils Lake, North Dakota, and their significance (abs.):Geog. Rev., v. 1, p. 135.The islands are described as ice-built boulder piles in a rapidly disappearing glacial lake.
Simpson, Howard E.1912The physiography of the Devils-Stump Lake region, North Dakota:N. Dak. Geol. Survey 6th Bienn. Rept., p. 101-157, illus.The physical features in the vicinity of Devils and Stump Lakes are described and their origin and geographic relations are discussed. Devils Lake is described, including an analysis of the water in 1907. The bedrock of the region is discussed. The history of Devils Lake and Glacial Lake Minnewaukan is discussed.
Simpson, Howard E., Jr.1942The Pleistocene geology of Garrison Quadrangle, North Dakota:Urbana, Ill., Illinois, Univ., M.S. Thesis (unpub.), 40 p., illus. incl. geol. map (scale 1:62,500).The Eocene Fort Union "Formation" and the Pleistocene deposits are mapped and described. The Pleistocene history of the area is outlined. Economic geology of the area is discussed. The field and laboratory methods are described and the results and conclusions are discussed.
Sims, P. K.1983Extension of exposed Precambrian rocks in the Lake Superior region into the subsurfaceGeological Society of America Abstracts with Programs, V. 15, p. 689
Sims, P. K.1995Archean and early Proterozoic tectonic framework of north-central United States and adjacent Canada:U. S. Geological Survey Bulletin, p. T1-T12.absolute age; Archean; Canada; Canadian Shield; correlation; cratons; dates; folds; geologic maps; gneisses; Great Lakes region; Great Plains; greenstone belts; Hudsonian Orogeny; Keweenawan Rift; lithostratigraphy; maps; metamorphic rocks; Midcontinent; Minnesota; Montana; North Dakota; orogenic belts; orogeny; Penokean Orogeny; plate collision; plate tectonics; Precambrian; Proterozoic; rift zones; Sm-Nd; South Dakota; Superior Province; tectonics; terranes; Western Interior; Wyoming; Wyoming Province;
Sims, P. K., Peterman, Z. E., and Hildenbrand, T. G.1989Geology, bedrock topography, and potential mineral resources of the Trans-Hudson Orogen, U.S.AUS Geological Survey Open-File Report OF 89-0169, pp. 38-39
Sims, P. K., Peterman, Z. E., and Hildenbrand, T. G.1990Geology, bedrock topography, and potential mineral resources of the Trans-Hudson Orogen, U.S.AUS Geological Survey Circular C1043, pp. 31-33
Singh, P.R., and Gan, T.Y.2000Retrieval of snow water equivalent using passive microwave brightness temperature data:Remote Sensing of Environment, v. 74, n. 2, p. 275-286.algorithms; atmospheric precipitation; brightness; meltwater; Minnesota; North Dakota; passive microwave; Red River of the North; remote sensing; satellite methods; scatter induced darkening; snow; snow water; temperature;
Sippel, M. A.1995Assessment of reservoir heterogeneity using production type-curves: A case study of the Red River Formation in Harding County, South Dakota and Bowman County, North Dakota (abstract),in Hunter, L. D. V., and Schalla, R. A., eds., Seventh International Williston Basin Symposium: Billings, MT, Montana Geological Society, p. 447. North Dakota; Williston Basin; Red River Formation; South Dakota; reservoirs; production type-curves; North Dakota Geological Society; Saskatchewan Geological Society;
Sippel, M.A.1997Characterization of Red River reservoirs from 3-D seismic at Cold Turkey Creek Field:AAPG Bulletin, v. 81, n. 7, p. 1233-1234.amplitude; characterization; Cold Turkey Creek Field; drilling; geophysical methods; geophysical surveys; North Dakota; oil and gas fields; Ordovician; Paleozoic; permeability; petroleum; petroleum engineering; porosity; Red River Formation; reserves; reservoir properties; seismic methods; seismic waves; South Dakota; three dimensional models; wells; Williston Basin;
Skarie, R. L.1986Hydrologic, geochemical, and mineralogical aspects of saline soils along road ditches in the Red River valleyDoctoral, North Dakota State University, Fargo, ND, 106 p.
Skarie, R. L., Crane, A. M., Fairlie, T. E., Girard, M. M., Hussin, M. M., Keller, L. P., Kulla, S. O., Kyar, R. G., Richardson, J. L., Thompson, R. G., and Voss, R. P.1985Influence of jack pine and deciduous vegetation on soil chemical and morphological propertiesProceedings of the North Dakota Academy of Science, V. 39, p. 50
Skarie, R. L., Richardson, J. L., Maianu, A., and Clambey, G. K.1986Soil and groundwater salinity along drainage ditches in eastern North DakotaJournal of Environmental Quality, V. 15, pp. 335-340
Skarie, R. L., Richardson, J. L., McCarthy, G. J., and Maianu, A.1987Evaporite mineralogy and groundwater chemistry associated with saline soils in eastern North DakotaSoil Science Society of America Journal, V. 51, pp. 1372-1377
Skinner, Morris F.1951The Oligocene of western North Dakotain Soc. Vertebrate Paleontologists, Guidebook, 5th Field Conf., Aug.-Sept. 1951: p. 51-58, illus.A composite stratigraphic section of Oligocene deposits in Stark County, North Dakota, is presented. The North Dakota deposits are correlated with the deposits in South Dakota.
Skvarla, J. J., and Farabee, M. J.1986SEM alternatives to TEM as applied to fossil pollenPalynology, V. 10, p. 258
Slaughter, Cecil R., Jr.1999A study of the wetlands that occur on Camp Grafton (South Unit), Eddy County, North Dakota:Fargo, ND, North Dakota State University, Doctoral dissertation, 197 p. alkaline earth metals; aquatic environment; bicarbonate ion; calcium; Camp Grafton; chemical properties; chloride ion; chlorine; detrended correspondence analysis; ecology; Eddy County; electrical conductivity; halogens; magnesium; metals; North Dakota; potassium; principal components analysis; salinity; saturation; sodium; soil management; soils; species diversity; statistical analysis; sulfate ion; wetlands;
Sletto, B.1994Prairie potholes:Earth (Waukesha, Wis.), v. 3, n. 3, p. 40-44.Canada; ecosystems; glacial features; glaciation; Iowa; Minnesota; Montana; North Dakota; potholes; South Dakota; wetlands;
Sloan, Charles E.1972Ground-water hydrology of prairie potholes in North Dakota:U.S. Geological Survey Professional Paper 585-C, 28 p., illus.hydrogeology; surface-groundwater relationships; potholes; glacial drift; water balance; evapotranspiration; groundwater movement; salinity; water table
Sloan, Charles E.1970bPrairie potholes and the water table,in Geological Survey research 1970, Chap. B: U.S. Geological Survey Professional Paper 700-B, p. B227-B231, illus.potholes; water table; salinity; groundwater; observation wells; saline lakes; seepage; groundwater movement; Stutsman County
Sloan, Charles E.1970aBiotic and hydrologic variables in prairie potholes in North Dakota:Journal of Range Management, v. 23, no. 4, p. 260-263, illus.potholes; wildlife habitats; groundwater movement; seepage; vegetation
Sloan, Charles E.1967Ground-water movement as indicated by plants in the prairie pothole region,in Glacial geology of the Missouri Coteau--Midwest Friends of the Pleistocene Field Conference, 1967, Guidebook: North Dakota Geological Survey Miscellaneous Series 30, p. 95-99.potholes; vegetation; seepage; groundwater movement; salinity; hydrologic budget
Sloan, L.C., and Morrill, C.1998Orbital forcing and Eocene continental temperatures:Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology, v. 144, n. 1-2, p. 21-35.Cenozoic; climate; data processing; Eocene; GENESIS model; global; insolation; Milankovitch theory; North Dakota; numerical models; orbital forcing; paleoclimatology; Paleogene; paleotemperature; seasonal variations; terrestrial environment; Tertiary; Western U.S.; Wyoming;
Sloan, R. E.1983Late Cretaceous and Paleocene mammal ages, magnetozones, rates of sedimentation and evolutionGeological Society of America Abstracts with Programs, V. 15, p. 307
Sloan, R. E.1987Paleocene and latest Cretaceous mammal ages, biozones, magnetozones, rates of sedimentation, and evolutionGeological Society of America Special Paper, V. 209, pp. 165-200
Sloan, Robert E.1970Cretaceous and Paleocene terrestrial communities of western North America,in North American Paleontological Convention, 1969, Proceedings, volume 1: Lawrence, Kansas, Allen Press, Inc., p. 427-453, illus.Cretaceous; Paleocene; Tertiary; palynology; paleontology; paleoclimatology; paleobotany; invertebrates; vertebrates; Dinosaurs; mammals; Fort Union Group; Hell Creek Formation; Lance Formation; Golden Valley Formation; stratigraphy; Fox Hills Formation; Cannonball Formation; paleoecology
Slocum, R.C.1978Memorial dedication, Herman T. Ashmore (1916-1976)in Williston Basin Symposium, the economic geology of the Williston Basin: Montana Geological Society 24th Annual conference, p. iii, illus.petroleum geologist; biography
Sloss, L. L.1987Williston in the family of cratonic basinsin, Peterson, J. A., Kent, D. M., Anderson, S. B., Pilatzke, R. H., and Longman, M. W., eds., Williston Basin; anatomy of a cratonic oil province, Rocky Mountain Association of Geologists, Denver, CO, pp. 1-8
Sloss, Laurence L.1956Geologic comparison of Williston and other productive basins,in N. Dak. Geol. Soc., Williston Basin Symposium, 1st Internat., Bismarck, N. Dak., Oct. 1956: Bismarck, N. Dak., Conrad Pub. Co., p. 6-13, illus.The history of a major segment of the continent in terms of the position, sources of sediment, and type of the major sedimentary basins, is reviewed and related to the position of the Williston basin.
Sloss, Laurence L.1952Introduction to the Mississippian of the Williston Basin,in Billings Geol. Soc., Guidebook, 3d Ann. Field Conf., September 4-7, 1952: p. 65-69, illus.The formations are described as they are encountered in the subsurface. An attempt is made to apply central Montana nomenclature to the Mississippian of the basin.
Smeby, J. G.1926Map showing topographic features of North Dakota,in Leonard, A. G., Gauger, A. W., Budge, W. E., and Dove, L. P., Geology and natural resources of North Dakota: N. Dak., Univ., Departmental Bull., v. 11, no. 1 (N. Dak., Univ., Div. Mines and Mining Expts. Bull. no. 9), p. 24-25; reprinted, 1930, in Gauger, A. W., Leonard, A. G., Chandler, E. F., Simpson, H. E., and Budge, W. E., Geology and natural resources of North Dakota: N. Dak., Univ., Departmental Bull., v. 14, no. 1 (N. Dak., Univ., Div. Mines and Mining Expts. Bull. no. 11), p. 32-33, scale 1:2,500,000.The physiographic divisions of the state are illustrated on the map.
Smerdon, J.E., Pollack, H.N., Enz, J.W., and Lewis, M.J.2003Conduction dominated heat transport of the annual temperature signal in soil:Journal of Geophysical Research, B, Solid Earth and Planets, v. 108, n. 9, p. 6. air; annual variations; boreholes; Cass County; climate change; depth; diffusivity; Fargo, North Dakota; heat flow; North Dakota; soils; thermal diffusivity;
Smith, A. J.1989Ostracode and water chemistry relationships in northern Midwest lakesGeological Society of America Abstracts with Programs, V. 21, p. 345
Smith, A. J.1991Lacustrine ostracodes as paleohydrochemical indicators in Holocene lake records of the north-central United StatesDoctoral, Brown University, Providence, RI, 313 p.
Smith, A. J.1994Calibration of ostracodes as hydrochemical indicators using lake sediment records from 1900 to present from the Great Plains:Program and Abstracts of the American Quaternary Association Thirteenth biennial meeting, v. 13, p. 162.Arthropoda; calibration; Cenozoic; climate; Cochrane Lake; Coldwater Lake; Crustacea; geochemistry; Great Plains; Holocene; hydrochemistry; Invertebrata; lacustrine environment; Mandibulata; microfossils; modern; North Dakota; Ostracoda; Quaternary; sedimentation; sediments; South Dakota; surface water;
Smith, A. J.1993Lacustrine ostracodes as hydrochemical indicators in lakes of the north-central United States:Sedimentary and paleolimnological records of saline lakes: Journal of Paleolimnology, v. 8, n. 2, p. 121-134.arthropods; Candona ohioensis; Cenozoic; crustaceans; geochemistry; Holocene; hydrochemistry; invertebrates; lacustrine environment; microfossils; Minnesota; multivariate analysis; North Dakota; ostracods; paleolimnology; Quaternary; South Dakota; statistical analysis; Candona; Cyprididae; Cypridocopina; Podocopida; Ostracoda; Crustacea; Mandibulata; Arthropoda; Invertebrata;
Smith, A. J., and Forester, R. M.1992A regional relationship between effective moisture, lake chemistry, and ostracodesGeological Society of America Abstracts with Programs, V. 24, p. 180
Smith, A. Leonard1950Results of testing proposed earth embankment materials for Jamestown Dam-Missouri-Souris Division-Missouri River Basin Project:U. S. Bur. Reclamation, Research and Geol. Div., Earth Materials Lab. Rept. EM-253, 38 p., illus.The results of the laboratory tests on the samples are discussed. Information on three gravel deposits is included in the study.
Smith, Carl D.1910The Washburn lignite field, North Dakota:U. S. Geol. Survey Bull. 381, p. 19-29, illus.The geology, geography, and structure of the area are discussed. The lignite deposits are described, including the physical and chemical characteristics of the lignite.
Smith, Carl D.1910The Fort Berthold Indian Reservation lignite field, North Dakota:U. S. Geol. Survey Bull. 381, p. 30-39, illus. incl. geol. map (scale 1:250,000).The stratigraphy and structure of the field are discussed. The lignite deposits are described.
Smith, Carneal K., and Redlinger, J. F.1953Soil properties of Fort Union clay shale:Internat. Conf. Soil Mechanics and Found. Eng., 3d, Zurich, Switzerland 1953, Proc., v. 1, p. 62-66, illus.Samples of the Fort Union Clay Shale from the site of the Garrison Dam in North Dakota are discussed. The paper includes the geological description, soil classification, results of laboratory tests, and the field data.
Smith, F.A., and Freeman, K.H.2003Rainfall and the Miocene expansion of C4 grasses; a leaf wax hydrogen isotope paleohydrologic proxy:Geological Society of America Abstracts with Programs, v. 35, n. 6, p. 85. aliphatic hydrocarbons; alkanes; C-13/C-12; carbon; Cenozoic; chemical composition; classification; deuterium; evaporation; geochemistry; grasses; Great Plains; hydrocarbons; hydrogen; isotope ratios; isotopes; Miocene; Neogene; New Mexico; North Dakota; O-18/O-16; organic compounds; oxygen; paleoclimatology; paleoecology; paleoenvironment; Plantae; rainfall; stable isotopes; Tertiary; vegetation;
Smith, George W.1951Williston Basin oil possibilities:World Oil, v. 133, no. 1, p. 78-80, illus.The early development, production, and exploration in the basin are discussed.
Smith, George W.1951Some problems of Williston Basin surface geology,in Billings Geol. Soc., Guidebook, 2nd Ann. Field Conf., September 7-9, 1951: p. 68-69.The problem of a suitable marker bed for surface mapping is discussed.
Smith, George W., and Hadley, Herbert D.1954Developments in Montana, North Dakota, and South Dakota in 1953:Am. Assoc. Petroleum Geologists Bull., v. 38, no. 6, p. 1011-1019, illus.The report is a resume of the developments in petroleum exploration and production. Significant new production is reported for the deeper part of the Williston basin.
Smith, George W., Summers, George E., Jr., Wallington, Dale, and Lee, Jean L.1958Mississippian oil reservoirs in Williston Basin,in Weeks, Lewis G., ed., Habitat of oil--a symposium: Tulsa, Okla., Am. Assoc. Petroleum Geologists, p. 149-177, illus. incl. geol. sketch maps.The relationship between the character and distribution of the Madison Formation and Mississippian oil occurrences in the Williston basin is discussed.
Smith, H.L.1966Geologic map of the New Salem Quadrangle, Morton County, North Dakota:U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Map.geology; economic geology; lignite; Fort Union Formation; geologic map
Smith, Henry L1973Geologic map and lignite deposits of the New Salem Quadrangle, Morton County, North Dakota:U.S. Geological Survey Coal Investigations Map C-62, 1 sheet, scale 1:24,000.geology; economic geology; measured sections; lignite; Fort Union Formation; geologic map
Smith, Henry L.1970Preliminary descriptions of cores, chemical analyses of lignite beds, and map showing locations of holes drilled in Grant, Hettinger, Morton, and Stark Counties, North Dakota:U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 70-308, 43 p., illus.lignite; analyses; lithologic descriptions; test holes; Fort Union Formation
Smith, J. K.1981Permit requirements for energy and other natural resources for the State of North DakotaUS Geological Survey Open-File Report OF 81-1273, 73 p.
Smith, J.B., Pollard, B.C., and Knox, C.C.1973Strippable lignite reserves,in Mineral and water resources of North Dakota: U.S. Congress, Senate, Interior and Insular Affairs Committee, 93rd Congress, 1st Session (SuDoc no. Y4.In8/13:M66/39); also issued: North Dakota Geological Survey Bulletin 63, p. 52-57, illus.lignite reserves; mining; geology; production; strip mines
Smith, Joseph B.1969Strippable coal reserves of Montana, North Dakota, and Wyoming (abstract):American Association of Petroleum Geologists Bulletin, v. 53, no. 1, p. 214.lignite; reserves; Tongue River Formation
Smith, K.T. and Gauthier, J.A.2002Squamate diversity across the Eocene/ Oligocene boundary; new data and the applicability of phylogeny:Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology, v. 22, n. 3, Suppl., p. 108. Acrodonta; biodiversity; Cenozoic; Chadronian; Chordata; Diapsida; Eocene; Lacertilia; Lepidosauria; North Dakota; Oligocene; paleoclimatology; paleoenvironment; Paleogene; phylogeny; Reptilia; Saniwa; Serpentes; Squamata; stratigraphic boundary; Tertiary; Tetrapoda; Tinosaurus; Varanidae; Vertebrata; Western Interior;
Smith, L.1982Intracratonic basins; erosional remnants, bulls-eyes and mantle sinksGeological Association of Canada Meeting Abstracts, V. 7, p. 82
Smith, L. N., and Slagle, L. P.1992Geologic model for the Bakken horizontal play, Williston Basin, North Dakota, USAAmerican Association of Petroleum Geologists Annual Meeting Abstracts, V. 1992, p. 122
Smith, M. G., and Bustin, R. M.1996Lithofacies and paleoenvironments of the Upper Devonian and Lower Mississippian Bakken Formation, Williston Basin:Bulletin of Canadian Petroleum Geology, v. 44, n. 3, p. 495-507.Bakken Formation; Canada; Carboniferous; clastic rocks; cores; depositional environment; Devonian; grain size; hydrogen sulfide; lithofacies; marine environment; Mississippian; Montana; mudstone; North Dakota; paleoenvironment; Paleozoic; sandstone; sedimentary rocks; shallow water environment; textures; thin sections; well logs; Williston Basin;
Smith, M. G., and Bustin, R. M.1995Sedimentology of the late Devonian and early Mississippian Bakken Formation, Williston Basin,in Hunter, L. D. V., and Schalla, R. A., eds., Seventh International Williston Basin Symposium: Billings, MT, Montana Geological Society, p. 103-114. North Dakota; Williston Basin; sedimentology; Devonian; Mississippian; Bakken Formation; marine; hydrocarbon; paleoenvironment; well log analysis; core analysis; lithofacies; fossils; depositional models; North Dakota Geological Society; Saskatchewan Geological Society;
Smith, M., and Bend, S.2004Geochemical analysis and familial association of Red River and Winnipeg reservoired oils of the Williston Basin, Canada:Organic Geochemistry, v. 35, n. 4, p. 443-452. aliphatic hydrocarbons; alkanes; aromatic hydrocarbons; biomarkers; Canada; carbon; gas chromatograms; gasoline; geochemistry; hopanes; hopanoids; hydrocarbons; maturity; n-alkanes; North Dakota; Ordovician; organic compounds; Paleozoic; paraffins; petroleum; petroleum products; Red River Formation; reservoir rocks; Saskatchewan; source rocks; steranes; terpanes; triterpanes; variations; Williston Basin; Winnipeg Formation;
Smith, M.G.1996The Bakken Formation (Late Devonian-Early Mississippian); a black shale source rock in the Williston Basin.Doctoral dissertation. Vancouver, BC, Canada: University of British Columbia, 820 p.anaerobic environment; Bakken Formation; black shale; Canada; Carboniferous; clastic rocks; cross-bedding; depositional environment; Devonian; dissolved materials; hydrogen sulfide; ichnofacies; Mississippian; Montana; mudstone; North Dakota; organic materials; Paleozoic; planar bedding structures; productivity; regression; ripple marks; sandstone; sedimentary rocks; sedimentary structures; sedimentation; sedimentation rates; siliciclastics; source rocks; transgression; Williston Basin;
Smith, M.G., Bustin, R.M.1998Production and preservation of organic matter during deposition of the Bakken Formation (Late Devonian and Early Mississippian), Williston Basin:Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology, v.142, n.3-4, p.185-200.anaerobic environment; Bakken Formation; black shale; Canada; Carboniferous; clastic rocks; concentration; Devonian; lithofacies; Mississippian; Montana; North Dakota; nutrients; organic compounds; paleo-oceanography; paleobathymetry; paleoclimatology; paleocurrents; paleogeography; Paleozoic; preservation; productivity; sedimentary rocks; total organic carbon; upwelling; Williston-Basin;
Smith, M.H.1960Revised nomenclature for the Williston Basin (abstract):American Association of Petroleum Geologists, Rocky Mountain Section, Geological Record, 1960, p. 163-164. (This revision was published by Anderson, S. B., Hansen, Dan E., and Eastwood, William P., 1960, in North Dakota Geological Survey Report of Investigation 36.)Williston Basin; stratigraphy; nomenclature
Smith, Maurice H.1956Types of oil fields in Bottineau County, North Dakota,in N. Dak. Geol. Soc., Williston Basin Symposium, 1st Internat., Bismarck, N. Dak., Oct. 1956: Bismarck, N. Dak., Conrad Pub. Co., p. 101-110, illus.The North Westhope field and the Northeast Landa field are presented as examples of the two known types of oil fields in the county. The history, stratigraphy, structure, and production are discussed for each field.
Smith, Z. A.1989Groundwater in the WestAcademic Press, San Diego, CA, 308 p.
Smithsonian Institution1953Appraisal of the archeological and paleontological resources of the Garrison Reservoir, North Dakota, supplement, January 1953, a project of the Inter-Agency Archeological and Paleontological Program:Missouri Basin Project, Smithsonian Institution, 36 p., illus.Fort Union Group; Paleocene; paleontology; Garrison Reservoir; Tongue River Formation; Cannonball Formation; sites; paleontology; archeology; vertebrate paleontology
Soeripto, R.1986Structural framework of the western Williston Basin, Northeast Montana and adjacent areasMaster's, Colorado School of Mines, Golden, CO, 80 p.
Sohl, Norman F.1967Upper Cretaceous gastropods from the Pierre Shale at Red Bird, Wyoming:U.S. Geological Survey Professional Paper 393-B, 46 p., illus.gastropods; abundance; occurrence; preservation; ecology; Wyoming; Colorado; North Dakota; South Dakota; Montana; systematic descriptions; Pierre Shale; Fox Hills Formation; Bearpaw Shale
Solie, K.L.1995Salinity, radon, and radon precursors in the soils of Grand Forks County, North Dakota.Master's thesis. Grand Forks, ND: University of North Dakota, 119 p.alkaline earth metals; aquifers; geologic hazards; Grand Forks County; ground water; isotopes; metals; noble gases; North Dakota; pollution; Ra-226; radioactive isotopes; radium; radon; Red River Valley; Rn-222; salinity; soil gases; soils; transport;
Soller, D. R.1994Map showing the thickness and character of Quaternary sediments in the glaciated United States east of the Rocky Mountains; Northern Plains states (west of 102 degrees west longitude):U. S. Geological Survey Miscellaneous Investigations Series I-1970-D, 1 sheet.Cenozoic; glacial; glaciated terrains; Great Plains; maps; Montana; North Dakota; Quaternary; sediments; South Dakota; thickness;
Sonderman, M. M.1992Effects of sinkholes on soil moisture and ground water recharge at an abandoned underground coal mine near Wilton, North DakotaMaster's, University of North Dakota, Grand Forks, ND, 188 p.
Sondreal, E.A., and Ellman, R.C.1974Laboratory determination of factors affecting storage of North Dakota lignite; computer simulation of spontaneous heating:U.S. Bureau of Mines Report of Investigations 7887, 83 p., illus.lignite; geochemistry; oxidation; specific heat; storage; properties; computer model
Sondreal, Everett A., Kube, W.R., and Elder, J.L.1968Analysis of the northern Great Plains province lignites and their ash: a study of variability:U.S. Bureau of Mines Report of Investigations, no. 7158, 94 p., illus.lignite; analyses; lignite ash; chemical properties; sulfur; uranium; germanium; trace elements; mines
Southard, R. E.1995Flood volumes in the upper Mississippi River Basin, April 1 through September 30, 1993:U. S. Geological Survey Circular 1120-H, 32 p.discharge; drainage basins; floods; gauging; geologic hazards; Great Plains; hydrographs; hydrology; Illinois; Iowa; Kansas; Midwest; Minnesota; Mississippi River Basin; Mississippi Valley; Missouri; Nebraska; North Dakota; reservoirs; rivers; runoff; South Dakota; streamflow; streams; Upper Mississippi valley; waterways; Wisconsin;
Soward, K.S.1975dGeologic map and coal resources of the White Butte West Quadrangle, Hettinger County, North Dakota:U.S. Geological Survey Coal Investigations Map C-69, scale 1:24,000, text, 1 sheet.geologic map; White Butte West Quadrangle; Hettinger County; coal resources; lignite; measured sections; coal analyses; economic geology; oil and gas; sodium chloride; limestone; quartzite; sand and gravel; stratigraphy
Soward, K.S.1975cGeologic map and coal resources of the White Butte NW Quadrangle, Stark and Hettinger Counties, North Dakota:U.S. Geological Survey Coal Investigations Map C-71, scale 1:24,000, text, 1 sheet.geologic map; White Butte NW Quadrangle; Stark County; coal resources; lignite; measured sections; analyses; economic geology; oil and gas; sodium chloride; limestone; sand and gravel; stratigraphy
Soward, K.S.1975bGeologic map and coal resources of the White Butte NE Quadrangle, Stark and Hettinger Counties, North Dakota:U.S. Geological Survey Coal Investigations Map C-72, scale 1:24,000, text, 1 sheet.geologic map; White Butte NE Quadrangle; Stark County; coal resources; lignite; measured sections; economic geology; oil and gas; sodium chloride; limestone; sand and gravel
Soward, K.S.1975aGeologic map and coal resources of the White Butte East Quadrangle, Hettinger County, North Dakota:U.S. Geological Survey Coal Investigations Map C-70, scale 1:24,000, text, 1 sheet.geologic map; White Butte East Quadrangle; Hettinger County; coal resources; lignite; measured sections; stratigraphy; coal analyses; economic geology; oil and gas; sodium chloride; limestone; quartzite; sand and gravel
Speden, Ian G.1970The type Fox Hills Formation, Cretaceous (Maestrichtian), South Dakota, part 2. Systematics of the Bivalvia:Peabody Museum of Natural History, Yale University Bulletin 33, 222 p., illus.lithostratigraphy; biostratigraphy; paleoenvironments; fossils; distribution; systematic descriptions
Spence, Bartholomew J.1912Some physical properties of North Dakota clays:N. Dak. Univ., Quart. Jour., v. 2, p. 141-148.The results of an investigation of the thermal conductivity of the clay deposits are presented.
Spencer, C. W.1985Geologic aspects of tight gas reservoirs in the Rocky Mountain regionJournal of Petroleum Technology, V. 37, pp. 1308-1314
Spencer, C. W., and Krupa, M. P.1985U.S. Geological Survey publications on Western tight gas reservoirsUS Geological Survey Open-File Report OF 85-0548, 92 p.
Spencer, J. M.1980Geophysical and lithologic logs for 1979 drilling in Williams County, North DakotaUS Geological Survey Open-File Report OF 80-0646, 114 p.
Spencer, J. M.1981Lignite geology of the Keene area, McKenzie County, North DakotaUS Geological Survey Open-File Report OF 81-0602, 11 p., 8 Sheets, 1:63,360
Spencer, J. M.1981Geologic map and lignite resources of the Cussicks Spring Quadrangle, Williams County, North DakotaUSGS, Reston, VA, Coal Investigations Maps, No. C-0089, 2 Sheets, 1:24,000
Spencer, J.M.1978aGeophysical and lithologic logs for 1977 coal drilling in McKenzie County, North Dakota:U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 78-451, illus.well logs; lignite; Fort Union Group
Spencer, J.M.1978bLignite geology of southeast Williams County, North Dakota:U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 78-168, 13 p., illus.stratigraphy; physiography; structure; lignite; Fort Union Formation; lignite analyses
Sperr, J. T.1990Exploration models for Bakken Shale reservoirs, Williston Basin, North DakotaAmerican Association of Petroleum Geologists Bulletin, V. 74, p. 1345
Sperr, J. T.1991Exploration models for Bakken shale reservoirs, Williston Basin, North Dakota and Montanain, Hansen, W. B., ed., 1991 Guidebook to geology and horizontal drilling of the Bakken Formation, Montana Geological Society, Billings, MT, pp. 143-149
Sperr, J. T., Stancel, S. G., McClellan, W. A., and Hendricks, M. L.1993Wabek and Plaza fields; carbonate shoreline traps in the Williston Basin of North Dakota:North Dakota Geological Survey Field Study, 24 p.carbonates; coastal environment; gas fields; Mountrail County; North Dakota; oil fields; petroleum exploration; Plaza Field; traps; Wabek Field; Ward County; Williston Basin;
Sperr, T., Stancel, S. G., and Hendricks, M. L.1991Wabek and Plaza fields; carbonate shoreline traps in the Williston Basin of North DakotaAmerican Association of Petroleum Geologists Bulletin, V. 75, p. 1141
Spicer, J. F., Herbert, B. E., and Dorobek, S. L.1994Rock-water interactions in the Madison Aquifer, Williston Basin, North Dakota:American Association of Petroleum Geologists and Society of Economic Paleontologists and Mineralogists Annual Meeting Abstracts, p. 263-264.aquifers; brines; chemical fractionation; cores; fresh water; Great Plains; ground water; Madison Aquifer; matrix; Mesozoic; meteoric water; mineral composition; North Dakota; Paleozoic; porosity; precipitation; salt water; saturation; secondary porosity; solution; Williston Basin;
Splies, Robert G., and Hampton, David G.1959Chemical analysis of clay for alumina content,in Hansen, Miller, 1959, Clays of North Dakota as a potential source of alumina: N. Dak. Geol. Survey Rept. Inv. no. 33, p. 8-10.A shortcut procedure of alumina analysis was developed from the classical methods for use in the laboratory analysis of the clay samples in the report.
Sprain, J. C.1996Seismic expression of the Versippi Lodgepole mound field; Stark County, North Dakota:Society of Exploration Geophysicists Annual Meeting Expanded Technical Program Abstracts with Biographies, v. 66; p. 392-395.carbonate rocks; Carboniferous; depositional environment; Dickinson Field; geophysical surveys; Lodgepole Formation; Mississippian; mounds; North Dakota; oil and gas fields; Paleozoic; petroleum; sedimentary rocks; seismic surveys; Stark County; Versippi Field; Waulsortian facies; Williston Basin;
Sprain, J.C.1997Seismic expression of the Versippi Lodgepole Field, Stark County, North Dakota,in, Coalson, E.B., Osmond, J.C., and Williams, E.T., eds., Innovative applications of petroleum technology in the Rocky Mountain area: Denver, CO, Rocky Mountain Association of Geologists, p. 87-92.Bakken Shale; carbonate rocks; Carboniferous; depositional environment; evaporites; gas fields; geophysical surveys; Mississippian; North Dakota; oil fields; Paleozoic; petroleum; salt; sedimentary rocks; seismic stratigraphy; Stark County; Versippi-Lodgepole Field; Waulsortian facies; Williston Basin;
Squires, R.L., and Saul, L.R.2003New Late Cretaceous (Campanian and Maastrichtian) marine gastropods from California:Journal of Paleontology, v. 77, n. 1, p. 50-63. biometry; Bulbificopsis; Bulbificopsis garza; Calkota; Calkota daileyi; Campanian; chronostratigraphy; Cidarina; Cidarina beta; Cidarina cretacea; Cretaceous; Eripachya; Eripachya jalama; Gastropoda; Invertebrata; Jalama Formation; Maestrichtian; marine environment; Mataxa; Mataxa arida; Mesozoic; Mollusca; Moreno Formation; morphology; new taxa; paleoecology; Pentzia; Pentzia hilgardi; range; revision; Senonian; shallow water environment; taxonomy; type specimens; Washington; upper Maastrichtian; North Dakota; South Dakota;
Stainbrook, Merrill A.1923Apparent fossil fruits from the Fort Union beds of North Dakota:Iowa Acad. Sci, Proc., v. 30, p. 455-458, illus.Small spheroidal bodies collected from the Fort Union beds are described as possible fossilized fruits of an Eocene plant.
Stanley, E.A.1965Upper Cretaceous and Paleocene plant microfossils and Paleocene dinoflagellates and hystrichosphaerids from northwestern South Dakota:Bulletins of American Paleontology, v. 49, no. 222, p. 179-384, illus.Fort Union Formation; Tertiary; Hell Creek Formation; Cretaceous; Cannonball Member; Ludlow Member; geology; palynology; micropaleobotany; South Dakota
Stanton, Timothy W.1922Affinities of the Cannonball fauna:Pan-Am. Geol., v. 37, p. 64-65.The Cannonball fauna includes 2 species of foraminifera, 6 of corals, 60 mollusks, and 2 sharks.
Stanton, Timothy W.1921The fauna of the Cannonball marine member of the Lance formation:U. S. Geol. Survey Prof. Paper 128, p. 1-60, illus. incl. geol. map (scale 1:1,500,000).The stratigraphic, faunal, and paleogeographic relations are discussed. The species are described and illustrated.
Stanton, Timothy W.1917A Cretaceous volcanic ash bed on the Great Plains in North Dakota:Washington Acad. Sci. Jour., v. 7, no. 2, p. 80-81.An ash bed located near Linton, North Dakota, Emmons County, is described. It lies in the Fox Hills Formation and has a thickness of 26 feet at one exposure.
Stanton, Timothy W.1914Boundary between Cretaceous and Tertiary in North America as indicated by stratigraphy and invertebrate faunas:Geol. Soc. America Bull., v. 25, p. 341-354.The "Lance Formation" in North Dakota and its relations with the Fox Hills and its Cretaceous fauna are discussed.
Stanton, Timothy W.1910Fox Hills sandstone and Lance formation ("Ceratops Beds") in South Dakota, North Dakota and eastern Wyoming:Am. Jour. Sci., 4th ser., v. 30, p. 172-188.The stratigraphy and lithology of the Fox Hills Formation are described. Several measured sections and lists of fossils are included in the discussion. The sedimentary history is discussed.
Stanton, Timothy W.1909The age and stratigraphic relations of the "Ceratops Beds" of Wyoming and Montana:Washington Acad. Sci Proc. v. 11, no. 3., p. 239-293.Part of this report is a discussion of the age of the Fox Hills, "Lance," and Fort Union beds along the Missouri River in North Dakota.
Stark, J. R., Hanson, P. E., Goldstein, R. M., Fallon, J. D., Fong, A. L., Lee, K. E., Kroening, S. E., and Andrews, W. J.2000Water quality in upper Mississippi River basin, Minnesota, Wisconsin, South Dakota, Iowa, and North Dakota, 1995-98:U.S. Geological Survey Circular 1211, 35 p.agriculture; biota; geochemistry; ground water; hydrochemistry; Iowa; land use; Minnesota; Mississippi River basin; NAWQA; North Dakota; nutrients; organic compounds; pesticides; petroleum products; pollutants; pollution; South Dakota; surface water; urbanization; volatile organic compounds; water quality; Wisconsin;
Stark, P. H.1991Horizontal drilling; overview of geologic aspects and opportunitiesAmerican Association of Petroleum Geologists Bulletin, V. 75, p. 1399
Stark, Philip H.1978Application of drilling statistics in exploration: a case history in the Williston Basin,in Williston Basin Symposium, the economic geology of the Williston Basin: Montana Geological Society 24th Annual conference, p. 427-435, illus.Red River Formation; petroleum; exploration; wildcat wells; hydrocarbon distribution; economic evaluation
Stasiuk, L.D., Addison, G., and Steedman, R.1998An evaluation of hydrocarbon migration in the Birdbear Formation of southeastern Saskatchewan:in Christopher, J.E., Gilboy, C.F., Paterson, D.F., and Bend, S.L., eds., Eighth International Williston Basin Symposium: Saskatchewan Geological Society Special Publication 13, Saskatchewan Geological Society, Regina, Saskatchewan, p. 50-57.biochemistry; biomarkers; Birdbear Formation; Canada; carbonate rocks; Devonian; dolostone; fluid inclusions; fluorescence; geochemistry; inclusions; migration; Montana; North Dakota; Paleozoic; petroleum; reservoir rocks; resources; Saskatchewan; sedimentary rocks;
Stauffer, M. R., and Gendzwill, D. J.1987Fractures in the Northern Plains, stream patterns, and the Midcontinent stress fieldCanadian Journal of Earth Sciences, V. 24, pp. 1086-1097
Steadman, E. N.1985Palynology of the Hagel lignite bed and associated strata, Sentinel Butte Formation (Paleocene)in, central North Dakota, Master's, University of North Dakota, Grand Forks, ND, 241 p.
Steed, R. W.1983The depositional environment and stratigraphy of the Mississippian Mission Canyon Formation, east-central Williston Basin, North DakotaMaster's, Duke University, Durham, NC, 163 p.
Steenland, N.C.1965Oil fields and aeromagnetic anomalies:Geophysics, v. 30, no. 5, p. 706-739.Williston Basin; Tioga Oil Field; Onstad Field; magnetic anomalies; structure maps; aeromagnetic maps
Steer, D. N., Brown, L. D., Knapp, J. H., and Baird, D. J.1996Comparison of explosive and Vibroseis source energy penetration during COCORP deep seismic reflection profiling in the Williston Basin:Geophysics, v. 61, n. 1, p. 211-221.COCORP; elastic waves; explosions; geophysical surveys; imagery; Montana; noise; North Dakota; reflection methods; seismic surveys; traveltime; Vibroseis; Williston Basin;
Steer, D. N., Knapp, J. H., Brown, L. D., Baird, D. J., and Walters, J. J.1993Explosives vs. Vibroseis; the COCORP Williston Basin deep reflection surveys:Eos; Transactions of the American Geophysical Union, v. 74, n. 43, Suppl., p. 443.crust; deep seated structures; explosions; geophysical surveys; Montana; North Dakota; reflection; seismic surveys; Vibroseis; Williston Basin;
Steiner, Mark A.1978Petrology of sandstones from the Bullion Creek and Sentinel Butte Formations (Paleocene), Little Missouri Badlands, North Dakota:University of North Dakota M.A. thesis, 153 p., illus.Billings County; Golden Valley County; McKenzie County; Fort Union Group; stratigraphic nomenclature; methodology; lithostratigraphy; petrology; quartz; feldspar; lithic clasts; chert; sandstones; petrogenesis; composition; mineralogy; sediment source; measured sections; lithology
Steinwand, A. L., and Richardson, J. L.1989Gypsum occurrence in soils on the margin of semipermanent prairie pothole wetlandsSoil Science Society of America Journal, V. 53, pp. 836-842
Stenzil, S., Buss, R., and Busby, J.1980Maps showing the dissolved solids concentration of waters in the Red River Formation and Mission Canyon Limestone in North Dakota, South Dakota, and parts of Wyoming, and MontanaUS Geological Survey Open-File Report OF 80-0748, 2 Sheets, 1:1,000,000
Stephens, E. Vernon1970bGeologic map of the Heart Butte NW Quadrangle, Morton and Grant Counties, North Dakota:U.S. Geologic Survey Coal Investigations Map C-52, scale 1:24,000, text, 1 sheet.geologic map; Heart Butte NW Quadrangle; Morton County; Grant County; geology; measured sections; lignite; coal resources
Stephens, E. Vernon1970aGeologic map of the Heart Butte Quadrangle, Morton and Grant Counties, North Dakota:U.S. Geological Survey Coal Investigations Map C-53, scale 1:24,000, text, 1 sheet.geologic map; Morton County; Grant County; Heart Butte Quadrangle; measured sections; lignite; geology; coal resources
Stephens, R. A.1986Depositional history and diagenesis of the upper Mission Canyon and lower Charles formations (Mississippian), Billings County, North DakotaMaster's, University of North Dakota, Grand Forks, ND, 236 p.
Stewart, E.E., and Stewart, R.E.1973A multiple land use study for a nine county area of southwestern North Dakota:Little Missouri Grasslands Study, North Dakota State University, Fargo, 300 p., illus.geologic history; Williston Basin; oil; natural gas; lignite; uranium; Leonardite; potash; salt; bentonite; molybdenum; scoria; physiography; climatology; mineral resources; water resources; water utilization; Yellowstone River; Little Missouri River; Knife River; Heart River; Cannonball River; Grand River; water quality; groundwater; floods; soils; Slope County; Bowman County; Hettinger County; Adams County; Golden Valley County; Billings County; Stark County; McKenzie County; Dunn County; mining; paleontology; geologic maps
Stewart, K. W., and Lindsay, C. C.1983Postglacial dispersal of lower vertebrates in the Lake Agassiz regionin, Teller, J. T., and Clayton, L., eds., Glacial Lake Agassiz, Geological Association of Canada, Dept. of Geology, Memorial University of Newfoundland, St. John's, Newfoundland, pp. 391-419
Stoa, R. S., and Anderson, S. B.1982The Wilson M. Laird Core and Sample Libraryin, Christopher, J. E., Kaldi, J., Dunn, C. E., Kent, D. M., Lorsong, J. A., eds., Fourth International Williston Basin Symposium, Saskatchewan Geological Society, Regina, Saskatchewan, p. 2
Stoa, R. S., Stefanovsky, G. L., and Schwartz, D. A.1984Electric log-core relations in the Mission Canyon Formation, north-central Burke County, North DakotaSaskatchewan Geological Society Special Publication, V. 7, pp. 53-56
Stocker, George R.1956Deadwood and Winnipeg correlations in the Williston Basinin N. Dak. Geol. Soc., Williston Basin Symposium, 1st Internat., Bismarck, N. Dak., Oct. 1956: Bismarck, N. Dak., Conrad Pub. Co., p. 112-114, illus.The stratigraphy of the Winnipeg "Formation" in the subsurface of North Dakota, and the stratigraphy of the Deadwood Formation in the Black Hills are presented and correlation between the two is attempted. The oil potential of the unit is discussed.
Stoermer, Eugene F., Taylor, Sylvia M., and Callender, Edward1971Paleoecological interpretation of the Holocene diatom succession in Devils Lake, North Dakota:American Microscopical Society Transactions, v. 90, no. 2, p. 195-206, illus.Devils Lake; lake sediments; Holocene; morphology; salinity; glacial Lake Minnewaukan; diatoms; paleontology; paleolimnology; paleoenvironments
Stone, D.S.1999Geology of the Cloud Creek impact structure on the Casper Arch, central Wyoming:AAPG Bulletin, v. 83, n. 7, p. 1188-1189.anticlines; Canada; Casper Arch; Cloud Creek impact structure; cuttings; data processing; fault zones; faults; folds; geophysical methods; geophysical surveys; gravity methods; impact features; Jurassic; magnetic methods; Manitoba; mapping; Mesozoic; metamorphism; mineral composition; North Dakota; petrography; Red Wing Creek impact structure; reflection methods; ring structures; Saint Martin impact structure; salt tectonics; seismic methods; shock metamorphism; surveys; tectonics; Triassic; unconformities; volcanism; Wyoming;
Stone, D.S., and Therriault, A.M.2003Cloud Creek Structure, central Wyoming, USA; Impact origin confirmed:Meteoritics and Planetary Science, v. 38, n. 3, p. 445-455:Bathonian; buried features; Casper Arch; Casper Wyoming; Cloud Creek Structure; cores; framework silicates; geomorphology; geophysical methods; geophysical profiles; geophysical surveys; grains; impact craters; impact features; Jurassic; Mesozoic; metamorphism; morphometry; petrography; planar deformation features; quartz; sedimentary rocks; seismic methods; seismic profiles; shock metamorphism; silica minerals; silicates; size; surveys; Triassic; Wyoming; North Dakota; Red Wing Creek;
Stone, W.J.1970bStratigraphic significance of fossil rhinoceros remains in Slope County, North Dakota (abstract):North Dakota Academy of Science Proceedings, v. 24, pt. 1, p. 32.Miocene; Arikaree Formation; vertebrate paleontology; Slope County
Stone, William J.1973Stratigraphy and sedimentary history of Middle Cenozoic (Oligocene and Miocene) deposits in North Dakota (University of North Dakota Ph.D. dissertation, 251 p., illus.); abstract:Dissertation Abstracts International, B, Sciences and Engineering, 1974, v. 35, no. 1, p. 328-329.White River Group; tectonics; stratigraphy; nomenclature; Chadron Formation; Brule Formation; Arikaree Group; Gering Formation; Sharps Formation; Monroe Creek Formation; Harrison Formation; lithology; geologic age; correlations; stratigraphic nomenclature revisions; paleontology; Killdeer Formation; type sections; petrography; X ray diffraction analyses; sedimentary history; paleoclimates; paleoenvironments; depositional environments
Stone, William J.1971Middle Cenozoic deposits of North Dakota (abstract):Geological Society of America Abstracts with Programs, v. 3, no. 4, p. 281.Oligocene; Miocene; Slope County
Stone, William J.1972Middle Cenozoic stratigraphy of North Dakota,in Depositional environments of the lignite-bearing strata in western North Dakota: North Dakota Geological Survey Miscellaneous Series 50, p. 123-132, illus.Cenozoic; Oligocene; Chadron Formation; Brule Formation; Killdeer Formation; Miocene; stratigraphic nomenclature; White River Group
Stone, William J.1970aSource and significance of cobbles in the Chadron Formation (Oligocene) of North Dakota (abstract):Geological Society of America Abstracts with Programs, v. 2, no. 5, p. 351.Chadron Formation; Oligocene; igneous rocks
Stoner, J. D., and Lorenz, D. L.1995National Water quality Assessment Program; data collection in the Red River of the North Basin, Minnesota, North Dakota, and South Dakota, 1992-95:U. S. Geological Survey Fact Sheet 0172-95, 4 p.aquatic environment; drainage basins; ecology; Great Plains; ground water; Minnesota; monitoring; NAWQA; North Dakota; pollution; Red River; rivers; South Dakota; streams; surface water; water quality;
Stoner, J. D., Lorenz, D. L., Wiche, G. J., and Goldstein, R. M.1993Red River of the North Basin, Minnesota, North Dakota, and South DakotaWater Resources Bulletin, V. 29(4), pp. 575-615
Stoner, J., and Lorenz, D. L.1994Environmental setting of the Red River of the North Basin, Minnesota, North Dakota, South Dakota; framework for a regional water quality assessment,in, Minnesota water '94; managing Minnesota's rivers and watersheds: Minneapolis, MN, Minnesota Divison of Natural Resources, p. 2-3.Minnesota; monitoring; North Dakota; pollution; Red River; soils; South Dakota; surface water; water management; water quality; water resources;
Stoner, J.D.1991National Water-Quality Assessment Program; Red River of the North:U. S. Geological Survey Open-File Report No. 91-0151, 2 p.aquifers; atmospheric precipitation; bedrock; drainage basins; environmental analysis; eutrophication; geomorphology; ground water; hydrology; Minnesota; NAWQA; North Dakota; pollution; Red River of the North basin; salinity; surface water; surficial geology; water balance; water quality; water resources;
Stoner, J.D., Lorenz, D.L., Goldstein, R.M., Brigham, M.E., and Cowdery, T.K.1998Water quality in the Red River of the North, Minnesota, North Dakota, South Dakota, 1992-95:U.S. Geological Survey Circular 1169, 33 p.agriculture; chlorinated hydrocarbons; drainage basins; environmental analysis; fluvial environments; geochemistry; ground water; halogenated hydrocarbons; hydrochemistry; land use; Minnesota; nonpoint sources; North Dakota; organic compounds; PCBs; pollutants; pollution; Red River of the North Basin; sediments; South Dakota; stream sediments; surface water; toxic materials; USGS; volatile organic compounds; water quality;
Storey, Taras P.1958Jurassic of the Williston Basin and adjacent areas:Alberta Soc. Petroleum Geologists, Jour., v. 6, no. 4, p. 90-104, illusThe stratigraphic corrections, nomenclature, and relationships of the Jurassic are discussed.
Stout, H.R., Freymiller, W.F., Glatt, F.J., Heil, R.D., McVay, M. C., Thiele, J.H., and Weiser, P.K.1974Soil survey of Burleigh County, North Dakota:U.S. Department of Agriculture, Soil Conservation Service (SuDoc no. A57.38:B92/2), 112 p., illus. including soil maps, scale 1:20,000.soils; distribution; morphology; genesis; classification; utilization; management; airphotos; soil maps
Stout, Thompson M., and Stone, William J.1971Fossil beavers in Tertiary caprocks in North Dakota and Montana (abstract):Geological Society of America Abstracts with Programs, v. 3, no. 4, p. 281-282.Tertiary; Stark County; paleontology; fossil beaver
Stricker, G.D., and Ellis, M.S.1999Coal quality and geochemistry, Williston Basin, North Dakota:U.S. Geological Survey Professional Paper 1625A, p.81.ash; coal; concentration; geochemistry; lignite; metals; moisture; North Dakota; pollutants; pollution; sedimentary rocks; spatial distribution; trace elements; USGS; Williston Basin;
Stright, D.1990Computer modeling of Bakken fracture systemsin, Hansen, W. B., ed., Bakken Formation short course; study notes No.1, Montana Geological Society, Billings, MT, p. 23
Strobel, M. L.1992Hydrogeological restrictions to saline ground-water discharge in the Red River of the North drainage basin, North DakotaGeological Society of America Abstracts with Programs, V. 24, p. 337
Strobel, M. L., and Gerla, P. J.1992Effects of saline ground-water discharge on water quality in the Red River of the North, Northeastern North Dakota: Preliminary observations of the hydrologic settingNorth Dakota Water Quality Symposium Proceedings, V. 1992, pp. 60-82
Strobel, M. L., and Gerla, P. J.1993Hydrogeologic and anthropogenic influences on the occurrence of saline wetlands in the Red River of the North Valley, Northeastern North DakotaPrairie Ecosystems: Wetland Ecology, Management, and Restoration Symposium, Program with Abstracts, p. 44
Strobel, M. L., and Haffield, N. D.1995Salinity in surface water in the Red River of the North Basin, northeastern North Dakota:U. S. Geological Water Resources Investigations 95-4082, 14 p.aquifers; drainage basins; Forest River; Grand Forks County; ground water; hydrology; North Dakota; Park River; Red River; Red River of the North Basin; rivers; streams; salinity; salt water; streamflow; streams; surface water; Turtle River; Walsh County; water quality; wetlands;
Strobel, M. L., Kelley, J. B., Carlson, S. T., and Salender, H. A.1994Flowing wells in northeastern North Dakota and their possible effect on water quality in the Red River of the North Basin:North Dakota Water Quality Symposium Proceedings, Fargo, ND, N.D. Water Resour. Res. Inst., p. 246-255.aquifers; discharge; Grand Forks County; ground water; movement; North Dakota; pollution; Red River; Red River of the North Basin; salinity; soils; Walsh County; water quality; water resources; wells;
Strobel, M. L., Luther, M. R., and Boespflug, K. L.1992Correlation of texture and thickness of Pleistocene sediments to the presence of saline soils and wetlands and to sediment-water quality in the Red River of the North Basin, North Dakotain, Proceedings, 1992 North Dakota Water Quality Symposium, NDSU Extension Service, p. 248
Strobel, M.L, and Radig, S.A.1997Effects of the 1993 flood on water levels and water quality in the Sheyenne Delta Aquifer, southeastern North Dakota, 1993-94:U.S. Geological Survey Water Resources Investigations 97-4163, 43 p.aquifers; atmospheric precipitation; evapotranspiration; floods; fluctuations; geologic hazards; ground water; hydrodynamics; hydrology; levels; North Dakota; Ransom County; Richland County; Sheyenne Delta Aquifer; spatial variations; topography; USGS; water quality; water table; water wells;
Strobel, M.L.1996Hydrologic factors affecting the discharge of groundwater in the Red River of the North Basin, northeastern North Dakota.Doctoral dissertation. Grand Forks, ND: University of North Dakota, 251 p.advection; aquifers; bedrock; Cenozoic; Cretaceous; Dakota Formation; depositional environment; diffusion; discharge; dissolved materials; Forest River; glacial environment; ground water; hydraulic conductivity; hydrology; Inyan Kara Aquifer; lacustrine environment; Lake Agassiz; Mesozoic; North Basin; North Dakota; Park River; Pleistocene; Quaternary; Red River; salinity; salt water; slug-tests; soils; surface water; thickness; Turtle River; water quality; water wells; wells; wetlands;
Strobel, M.L.1997Hydrogeology and water quality of the Shell Valley Aquifer, Rolette County, North Dakota:U.S. Geological Survey Water Resources Investigations 97-4291, 25 p.aquifer vulnerability; aquifers; benzene; chlorinated hydrocarbons; chlorophenols; concentration; dissolved materials; environmental analysis; geochemistry; ground water; halogenated hydrocarbons; hydrocarbons; hydrochemistry; hydrology; land use; levels; North Dakota; organic compounds; PCBs; pollutants; pollution; potentiometric surface; Rolette County; Shell Valley Aquifer; toluene; water quality; water supply; water table; water use; xylene;
Strong, J.1987Scientific issues related to thermodynamics and radiometric datingProceedings of the North Dakota Academy of Science, V. 41, p. 35
Strum, J.F., Heidt, C.J., and Bigler, R.J.1979Soil survey of Benson County area, North Dakota:Washington, DC, U.S. Soil Conservation Service, 245 p.soil surveys; maps; North Dakota; Benson County;
Sturm, S. D.1982Depositional environments and sandstone diagenesis in the Tyler Formation (Pennsylvanian), southwestern North DakotaMaster's, University of North Dakota, Grand Forks, ND, 238 p.
Sturm, S. D.1982Depositional environments of Tyler Formation in Fryburg and Rocky Ridge area, North DakotaAmerican Association of Petroleum Geologists Bulletin, V. 66, p. 635
Sturm, S. D.1982Depositional environments and sandstone diagenesis in the Pennsylvanian Tyler Formation of southwestern North Dakotain, Christopher, J. E., Kaldi, J., Dunn, C. E., Kent, D. M., and Lorsong, J. A., eds., Fourth International Williston Basin Symposium, Saskatchewan Geological Society, Regina, Saskatchewan, pp. 251-262
Sturm, S. D.1983Depositional environments and sandstone diagenesis in the Tyler Formation (Pennsylvanian), southwestern North DakotaNorth Dakota Geological Survey Report of Investigations No. 76, 48 p.
Sturm, S. D.1987Depositional history and cyclicity in the Tyler Formation (Pennsylvanian), southwestern North Dakotain, Peterson, J. A., Kent, D. M., Anderson, S. B., Pilatzke, R. H., and Longman, M. W., eds., Williston Basin; anatomy of a cratonic oil province, Rocky Mountain Association of Geologists, Denver, CO, pp. 209-222
Sturm, S. D., and Peterson, J. C.1994Tectonic influence on facies architecture and permeability variations; Pennsylvanian Tyler Formation, Fryburg Field, North Dakota:American Association of Petroleum Geologists and Society of Economic Paleontologists and Mineralogists Annual Meeting Abstracts, p. 266.bedforms; Carboniferous; clastic rocks; cores; deltaic environment; development; exploitation; faults; fluvial environment; Fryburg Field; grain size; lithofacies; North Dakota; oil and gas fields; Paleozoic; Pennsylvanian; permeability; petrography; progradation; reservoir rocks; sandstone; sedimentary rocks; sequence stratigraphy; tectonic controls; thickness; Tyler Formation; well logs;
Sturm, S. D., Ripple, R. A., List, D. F., and Foulk, L. S.1997Sequence stratigraphic and tectonic control on growth and reservoir development in Lodgepole Waulsortian mounds, Stark County, North Dakota:American Association of Petroleum Geologists and Society of Economic Paleontologists and Mineralogists Annual Meeting Abstracts, v. 6, p. 112.anaerobic environment; carbonate ramps; Carboniferous; cores; dip; faults; Lodgepole Formation; low energy environment; Mississippian; North Dakota; paleobathymetry; Paleozoic; petroleum; reservoir rocks; sedimentation; sequence stratigraphy; Stark County; tectonic controls; Waulsortian facies; well logs;
Sturrock, A. M., Hanson, B. A., Scarborough, J. L., and Winter, T. C.1986Climatic data for the Cottonwood Lake area, Stutsman County, North Dakota, 1982US Geological Survey Open-File Report OF 86-0477, 24 p.
Sturrock, A. M., Hanson, B. A., Scarborough, J. L., and Winter, T. C.1987Climatic data for the Cottonwood Lake area, Stutsman County, North Dakota, 1983US Geological Survey Open-File Report OF 87-0216, 28 p.
Sullivan Robert E.1960Conservation of oil and gas in North Dakota, a legal history 1948-1958,in Conservation of oil and gas a legal history 1958: American Bar Association, p. 169-181; reprinted: North Dakota Geological Survey Bulletin 33, 12 p.petroleum; natural gas; legal aspects; legislation; history; conservation
Sullivan, J.J., Woolard, L.C., Copen, J.D., and Trout, K., Jr.1966Developments in northern rockies in 1965:American Association of Petroleum Geologists Bulletin, v. 50, no. 6, p. 1248-1260, illus.Williston Basin; oil wells; oil fields; drilling; exploration
Sumann, M., Amelung, W., Haumaier, L., and Zech, W.1998Climatic effects on soil organic phosphorus in the North American Great Plains identified by phosphorus-31 nuclear magnetic resonance:Soil Science Society of America Journal, v. 62, n. 6, p. 1580-1586.Aridisols; atmospheric precipitation; climate effects; Colorado; grasslands; Great Plains; Kansas; Minnesota; molecular weight; Mollisols; Montana; Nebraska; NMR spectra; North Dakota; organic compounds; organic phosphorus; orthophosphate; P-31; phosphonates; phosphorus; Saskatchewan; soils; spectra; temperature; Texas; Western Canada; Wyoming;
Sumner, D. M., Schuh, W. M., and Cline, R. L.1991Field experiments and simulations of infiltration-rate response to changes in hydrologic conditions for an artificial-recharge test basin near Oakes, southeastern North DakotaUS Geological Survey Water-Resources Investigation Report, WRI 91-4127, 46 p.
Suryam, J.V.1975An integrated interpretation of the geophysical and geologic data in the Williston Basin (abstract):Geophysics, v. 40, no. 1, p. 173.Williston Basin; structural geology; geophysics; oil exploration
Suryam, J.V.1974Gravity-magnetics find deep Williston Basin structures:World Oil, v. 178, no. 5, p. 84-86, 88, illus.Williston Basin; Saskatchewan; gravity surveys; magnetic surveys; seismic surveys; structural geology; oil exploration; Pre-Mississippian strata
Suthren, R.J.2001Web based approaches to engaging students in learning on a first year environmental geology course:Geological Society of America Abstracts with Programs, v. 33, n. 6, p. 125-126. college level education; education; environmental geology; field studies; information technology; methods; Oxford Brookes University; virtual reality; World Wide Web; North Dakota State University; Planet Oit exercise; URl (Full text) http://www.brookes.ac.uk/geology/rjs/rjshome.html;
Sveen, Lloyd W.1953How they're whipping Williston's winter:World Oil, v. 136, no. 2, p. 120-122, illus.The problems of blizzards, extreme cold, and frozen ground associated with drilling in the winter in the Williston basin are discussed. Examples of solutions to these problems are presented.
Swain, F.M.1949Early Tertiary Ostracoda from the western interior United States:Journal of Paleontology, v. 23, no. 2, p. 172-181, illus.ostracods; Paleocene; Fort Union Formation; Cannonball Formation; paleontology; Tongue River Member; Western North Dakota
Swain, F.M., Becker, J., and Dickinson, K.A.1971Paleoecology of Tertiary and fossil Quaternary non-marine Ostracoda from the western interior United States,in Colloquium on the Paleoecology of Ostracods: Bulletin du Centre de Recherches Pau-SNPA, v. 5, supplement, p. 461-477, illus.Tongue River Member; Fort Union Formation; Paleocene; ostracods; lithology; paleontology; depositional environments
Swanson, G. A., Winter, T. C., Adomaitis, V. A., and LaBaugh, J. W.1988Chemical characteristics of prairie lakes in south-central North Dakota; their potential for influencing use by fish and wildlifeUS Dept. of the Interior, Fish and Wildlife Service, Washington, DC, 44 p.
Swanson, G.A., Euliss, N.H. Jr., Hanson, B.A., and Mushet, D.M.2003Dynamics of a prairie pothole wetland complex; implications for wetland management,in Winter, T.C., ed., Hydrological, chemical, and biological characteristics of a prairie pothole wetland complex under highly variable climate conditions; The Cottonwood Lake area, east central North Dakota: U.S. Geological Survey Professional Paper P1675, p. 55-94.climate; Cottonwood Lake; dynamics; east central North Dakota; ecology; ground water; hydrology; land management; North Dakota; potholes; prairies; Stutsman County; surface water; USGS; vegetation; wetlands;
Swanson, K. D.1993Pathline and geochemical evolution of ground water in a regional discharge area, Red River Valley, North Dakota (discussion)Ground Water, V. 31, pp. 495-499
Swanson, K. D., McCarthy, G. J., and Schields, P. J.1984X-ray diffraction characterization of solid wastes from two North Dakota coal-fired power plantsProceedings of the North Dakota Academy of Science, V. 38, p. 107
Sweeney, R.E., and Hill, P.L.2003North Dakota aeromagnetic and gravity maps and data; A web site for distribution of data:U.S. Geological Survey Open File Report OF 03 0249 (http://pubs.usgs.gov/of/2003/ofr 03 249/).airborne methods; computer networks; data management; geophysical methods; gravity methods; information management; Internet; magnetic methods; mapping; North Dakota; USGS; World Wide Web;
Sweigard, R. J.1984A procedure for environmental site planning and postmining land use planning for surface-minable land; development, analysis, and applicationDoctoral, Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA, 317 p.
Sweigard, R. J., and Ramani, R.1986Regional comparison of postmining land use practicesMining Engineering, V. 38, pp. 897-904
Swenson, Frank A.1968bRecharge and movement of water in the artesian basin of the Dakotas, in Black Hills area, South Dakota, Montana, Wyoming--Wyoming Geological Association 20th Field Conference, 1968, Guidebook:Casper, Wyoming, Petroleum Information, p. 199-207, illus.groundwater movement; Dakota Sandstone; stratigraphy; water wells; water analyses
Swenson, Frank A.1968aNew theory of recharge to the artesian basin of the Dakotas:Geological Society of America Bulletin, v. 79, no. 2, p. 163-182, illus.Artesian aquifers; Dakota Sandstone; water supply; water wells
Swindell, G. S.1996U. S. horizontal wells show varied production performance:Oil and Gas Journal, v. 94, n . 13, p. 66-69. 1996.Austin Chalk; Cretaceous; drilling; evaluation; horizontal drilling; Mesozoic; natural gas; North Dakota; petroleum; production; Texas; wells;