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Valero, G. B. L., and Kelts, K. R.1995Sedimentary facies analyses of Northern Great Plains lake sequences as a proxy indicator for abrupt environmental change:Geological Society of America Abstracts with Programs, v. 27, n. 3, p. 91.biota; Cenozoic; changes; climate; correlation; cycles; deglaciation; ecology; environment; glacial geology; glaciation; Great Plains; Holocene; lacustrine environment; lithofacies; Medicine Lake; models; Moon Lake; North Dakota; productivity; Quaternary; South Dakota;
Valero, G.B.L., Kelts, K, and Ito, E.1995Carbonate stable isotope response to environmental change in Northern Great Plains saline lakes:American Society of Limnology and Oceanography; Abstracts of Papers for the Annual Meeting, p. 60aragonite; C-13/C-12; carbon; carbonates; Cass County; Cenozoic; cores; forests; Great Plains; Holocene; isotope ratios; isotopes; lacustrine environment; lake sediments; laminations; Medicine Lake; Moon Lake; North Dakota; O-18/O-16; organic carbon; oxygen; paleoclimatology; paleoecology; paleolimnology; planar bedding structures; Quaternary; salt lakes; sedimentary structures; sediments; South Dakota; stable isotopes;
Valero-Garces, B.L., Laird, K.R., Fritz, S.C., Kelts, K., Ito, E., and Grimm, E.C.1997Holocene climate in the Northern Great Plains inferred from sediment stratigraphy, stable isotopes, carbonate geochemistry, diatoms, and pollen at Moon Lake, North Dakota:Quaternary Research, v.48, n.3, p.359-369.absolute age; algae; Barnes County; C-13/C-12; C-14; carbon; Cenozoic; climate; dates; diatoms; geochemistry; Great Plains; Holocene; isotope ratios; isotopes; lacustrine environment; lake sediments; lithostratigraphy; microfossils; miospores; Moon Lake; North Dakota; O-18/O-16; oxygen; paleoclimatology; paleolimnology; palynomorphs; Plantae; pollen; Quaternary; radioactive isotopes; sediments; stable isotopes;
Valvik, J. R.1990Depositional environments, ichnology and diagenesis of the upper Frobisher-Alida beds of the Elkhorn Ranch and Roughrider fields of western North DakotaMaster's, University of North Dakota, Grand Forks, ND, 210 p.
Van Alstine, J. B.1980Postglacial ostracod distribution and paleoecology, Devils Lake Basin, northeastern North DakotaDoctoral, University of North Dakota, Grand Forks, ND, 150 p.
Van Alstine, J. B.1981Postglacial ostracod distribution and paleoecology, Devils Lake Basin, northeastern North DakotaProceedings of the North Dakota Academy of Science, V. 35, p. 16
Van Alstine, James B.1975Paleontology of brackish-water faunas in two tongues of the Cannonball Formation (Paleocene, Danian), Slope and Golden Valley Counties, southwestern North Dakota (abstract):North Dakota Academy of Science Proceedings, v. 29, pt. 1, p. 30.Cannonball Formation; Ludlow Formation; Paleocene; mollusks; foraminiferids; ostracods; paleoecology; biostratigraphy
Van Alstine, James B.1974Paleontology of brackish-water faunas in two tongues of the Cannonball Formation (Paleocene, Danian), Slope and Golden Valley Counties, south-western North Dakota:University of North Dakota M.S. thesis, 101 p., illus.Cannonball Formation; Ludlow Formation; Paleocene; stratigraphy; paleontology; lithology; foraminiferids; bivalves; Ophiomorpha; charaphytes; gastropods; ostracods; biostratigraphy; paleoecology; paleoenvironments; localities; measured sections
Van Sant, J.N., and Ellman, R.C.1959Methods and costs of mining lignite in North Dakota:U.S. Bureau of Mines Information Circular 7891, 82 p.North Dakota; mining; lignite; costs; methods; maps; Fort Union Formation; Paleocene; reserves; history; photographs; graphs; illustrations;
Van Valen, Leigh, and Sloan, R. E .1977Ecology and the extinction of the dinosaurs:Evolutionary Theory, v. 2, no. 1, p . 37-64, illus.vertebrate paleontology; Cretaceous; Paleocene; Hell Creek Formation; Tullock Formation; Fox Hills Sandstone; Cannonball Formation; sedimentation; depositional environments; evolution; dinosaurs; mammals; plants; paleoclimate; paleoecology; extinction
VanderBusch, D.1991Soil survey of Mountrail County, North DakotaNational Cooperative Soil Survey, Washington, DC, 187 p.
Vaughan, Thomas W.1921Corals from the Cannonball marine member of the Lance formation:U. S. Geol. Survey Prof. Paper 128, p. 61-66, illus.The species of coral are described and illustrated. All the specimens are from North Dakota.
Vecchia, A.A., and Wiche, G.J.1997Using conditional simulations of the level of Devils Lake, North Dakota, to reconstruct historical hydrologic conditions:Proceedings of the North Dakota Academy of Science, v. 51, p. 40-44.North Dakota; Symposium; simulations; Devils Lake; lake levels; historic; hydrology; water mass-balance model; prediction; atmospheric precipitation; closed basin; evaporation; inflow; dendrochronology; models; map; table; graph;
Vecchia, A.V.2a003Water quality trend analysis and sampling design for streams in North Dakota, 1971-2000: U.S. Geological Survey Water Resources Investigations WRI 03 4094, 73 p. (http://nd.water.usgs.gov/pubs/wri/wri034094/index.html).agriculture; annual variations; chemical composition; concentration; design; dissolved materials; geochemistry; hydrochemistry; land use; major elements; North Dakota; nutrients; Red River of the North basin; sampling; seasonal variations; statistical analysis; streams; time series analysis; trace metals; USGS; water quality;
Vecchia, A.V.2005Water-Quality Trend Analysis and Sampling Design for Streams in the Red River of the North Basin, Minnesota, North Dakota, and South Dakota, 19702001:U.S Geological Survey Scientific Investigations Report 20055224, 60p. (http://pubs.usgs.gov/sir/2005/5224/).North Dakota; Minnesota; South Dakota; USGS; water quality; analysis; sampling; streams; Red River of the North; water supply; variability; streamflow; time series model; annual trends; seasonal trends;
Vecchia, Aldo V.2000Water-quality trend analysis and sampling design for the Souris River, Saskatchewan, North Dakota, and Manitoba:U.S. Geological Survey Water-Resources Investigations, WRI 00-4019, 77 p. alkali metals; ammonia compounds; arsenic; boron; Canada; concentrations; dissolved materials; geochemistry; hydrochemistry; Manitoba; metals; nitrogen; North Dakota; oxygen; phosphorus; sampling; Saskatchewan; sodium; Souris River basin; statistical analysis; sulfate ion; surface water; water quality;
Vecchia, Aldo V.2002Simulation of a proposed emergency outlet from Devils Lake, North Dakota:U.S. Geological SurveyWater-Resources Investigations 02-4042, 129 p. atmospheric precipitation; concentration; damage; Devils Lake; drainage basins; environmental effects; floods; geologic hazards; hydrology; lake level changes; mass balance; models; North Dakota; Ramsey County; Red River of the North basin; simulation; statistical analysis; sulfate ion; surface water; time series analysis; water balance; water quality;
Velbel, M. A.1988Petrography and provenance of sands from the Fort Union Formation, southwestern North DakotaSEPM Midyear Meeting Abstracts, V. 5, p. 55
Vennes, J. W., Neel, J. K., Fossum, G. W. (sic G.O. ), and Arndt, M.1974Some chemical and biologic characteristics of ground water in the vicinity of a sanitary landfill (abstract):North Dakota Academy of Science Proceedings, v. 28, pt. 1, p. 34.Langdon; water chemistry; Cavalier County; groundwater; contamination; hydrogeology; engineering geology
Vernik, L.1994Hydrocarbon-generation-induced microcracking of source rocks:Geophysics, v. 59, n. 4, p. 555-563.anisotropy; Bakken Formation; black shale; body waves; clastic rocks; cracks; elastic waves; faults; geophysical surveys; hydrocarbons; kerogen; maturity; microcracks; normal faults; North Dakota; organic materials; P-waves; Paleozoic; pressure; S-waves; sedimentary rocks; seismic surveys; source rocks; stress; ultrasonic methods; Williston Basin;
Vieux, B.E., Freeman, G.E., LeDimet, E., and Guinepain, S.1996Hydrologic and sedimentation simulations in the Prairie Pothole Region of North Dakota:Proceedings of the North Dakota Academy of Science, v. 50, p. 119-125.North Dakota; Symposium; hydrology; sedimentology; simulations; Prairie Pothole Region; sedimentation; transport; rates; erosion; atmospheric precipitation; runoff; topography; soils; vegetation; sediment; land use;
Vigard, Arthur I.1932A study of particle size distribution in North Dakota clays:Grand Forks, N. Dak., North Dakota, Univ., M.S. thesis (unpub.), 48 p., illus.The particle size distribution of clay is compared with the known properties of the clay. A theory of sedimentation of clay is presented. The results of the comparison are discussed. The samples were obtained largely from the ceramic industries in the southwestern part of North Dakota.
Vine, James D.1962Geology of uranium in coaly carbonaceous rocks:U. S. Geological Survey Professional Paper 356-D, p. 113-170, illus.uranium; lignite; coal; shale; classification; petrography; mineralogy; diagenesis; uranium deposits; distribution; North Dakota; Sentinel Butte Formation; Golden Valley Formation; Fort Union Formation; South Dakota; Montana; lithology; regional geology; structural geology; sedimentary geology; groundwater; depositional processes; uranium minerals; Tertiary
Vining, K.C.2003Estimation of monthly evaporation from Lake Ashtabula in North Dakota, Orwell Lake in Minnesota, and Lake Traverse in Minnesota and South Dakota, 1931-2001:U.S. Geological Survey Water-Resources Investigations Report 03-4282, 14 p. [http://water.usgs.gov/pubs/wri/wri034282/].North Dakota; Minnesota; South Dakota; Lake Ashtabula; Orwell Lake; Lake Traverse; evaporation; estimates; Red River of the North; tributaries; losses; reservoirs; water supply; maps; graphs; methods; data acquisition; drainage basins; lacustrine environment; lakes; monthly variations; surface water; temperature; USGS;
Vining, K.C.1997Water-quality assessments of ground water and surface water in the Warwick Aquifer area, Fort Totten Indian Reservation, North Dakota:U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 97-201, 18 p.arsenic; Benson County; drinking water; Eddy County; environmental analysis; Fort Totten Indian Reservation; geochemistry; ground water; hydrochemistry; metals; North Dakota; pesticides; pollutants; pollution; surface water; Warwick Aquifer; water quality; water resources;
Vining, K.C.2004Simulation of runoff and wetland storage in the Hamden and Lonetree watershed sites within the Red River of the North Basin, North Dakota and Minnesota:U.S. Geological Survey Scientific Investigations Report 2004-5168, 28 p. (http://water.usgs.gov/pubs/sir/2004/5168/).North Dakota; Red River of the North Basin; Minnesota; wetlands; Hamden watersheds; Lonetree watershed; runoff; simulations; hydrologic model; models; Sheridan County; maps; graphs; geographic information systems; hydrology; pore water; soils; Streamflow; surface water; water balance; water storage;
Vining, K.C.2002Simulation of streamflow and wetland storage, Starkweather Coulee subbasin, North Dakota, water years 1981-98:U.S. Geological Survey Water-Resources Investigations Report 02-4113, 28 p. Cavalier County; Devils Lake Basin; digital terrain models; drainage basins; frozen ground; gauging; GIS; geographic information systems; hydrology; information systems; mapping; models; North Dakota; Ramsey County; relief; rivers and streams; runoff; simulation; soils; Starkweather-Coulee subbasin; surface water; topography; water management; water storage; wetlands;
Vinopal, R. J., and Edington, D. H.1998Reservoir attributes related to base level cyclicity and diagenesis in the Winnipeg Group, North Dakota,in Kreis, L. K. (organizer), Eighth International Williston Basin Symposium; Core Workshop Volume: Regina, Saskatchewan, Saskatchewan Geological Society, p. 9-22.North Dakota; Williston Basin; reservoirs; diagenesis; Winnipeg Group; cores; analysis; reservoir quality; Black Island Formation; Icebox Formation; Roughlock Formation; lithology; stratigraphy; cycles; facies; depositional environments; sedimentology; illustrations; photographs; permeability; porosity; North Dakota Geological Society; Saskatchewan Geological Society;
Violante, A., Arienzo, M., Sannino, F., Colombo, C., Piccolo, A., and Gianfreda, L.1999Formation and characterization of OH-Al-humate-montmorillonite complexes:Organic Geochemistry, v. 30, n. 6, p. 461-468.aluminum; characterization; chemical properties; clay minerals; coal; complexes; Europe; genesis; humates; humic acids; hydrolysis; infrared spectra; ions; Italy; lignite; metals; montmorillonite; North Dakota; organic acids; organic compounds; pH; sedimentary rocks; sheet silicates; silicates; spectra; Wyoming; X-ray diffraction data;
Visher, S. S.1916Notes on the geography of the Red River Valley:Journal of Geography, v. 15, February, p . 202-205.Red River Valley; glacial Lake Agassiz; geography; history
Voelker, Stanley1954Mineral rights and oil development in Williams County, North Dakota:N. Dak. Agr. Coll. Expt. Sta. Bull. 395, 55 p., illus.This report provides information that can be used in development of better management of subsurface rights. The methods of holding rights, the disposal and acquisition of rights, and the sales prices of rights in oil, gas, and minerals are discussed.
Voldseth, N. E.1986Flaxton Field, Burke County, North Dakotain, Noll, J. H., and Doyle, K. M., eds., Wyoming Geological Association 1986 Symposium, Wyoming Geological Association, Casper, WY, pp. 21-43
Voldseth, N. E.1987Coteau and Dale intervals of the Mississippian Mission Canyon Formation; Flaxton Field, Burke County, North Dakotain, Fischer, D. W., ed., Fifth International Williston Basin Symposium, North Dakota Geological Survey, Grand Forks, ND, pp. 89-109
Vuke, S. M.1981Depositional environments of the Early Cretaceous seaway, northwestern United StatesNorthwest Geology, V. 10, pp. 1-12
Vuke, S. M.1984Depositional environments of the Early Cretaceous western interior seaway in southwestern Montana and northern United Statesin, Stott, D. F., and Glass, D. J., eds., Cretaceous Depositional Environments in the Western Interior Seaway, Canadian Society of Petroleum Geologists, pp. 127-144
Vuke, S.M., and Colton, R.B.1995Geologic map of the Glendive 30X60-minute Quadrangle (bedrock emphasis), eastern Montana and adjacent North Dakota:Montana Bureau of Mines and Geology Open File Report 276, 1 sheet.geologic maps; Glendive Quadrangle; Golden Valley County; maps; McKenzie County; Montana; North Dakota; petrology; topography;
Vuke, S.M., and Colton, R.B.1998Geologic map of the Glendive 30' X 60' Quadrangle, eastern Montana and adjacent North Dakota:Montana Bureau of Mines and Geology Open File Report 371, 8 p., 1 sheet. explanatory text; geologic maps; Glendive Quadrangle; Golden Valley County; Great Plains; maps; Montana; North Dakota; stratigraphic units;
Vuke, S.M., Wilde, E.M., Colton, R.B., and Bergantino, R.N.1982Geologic map of the Ekalaka 30'X60' quadrangle, eastern Montana and adjacent North Dakota:Montana Bureau of Mines and Geology Open-file Report No. 278, 1 sheet. areal geology; Bowman County; Ekalaka Quadrangle; geologic maps; maps; Montana; North Dakota; petrology; South Dakota; spatial distribution; tectonic elements; topography;
Vuke-Foster, S. M.1986Geology of Cedar Creek Anticline in Baker, Wibaux, and Glendive 30X60-minute quadrangles, eastern Montana and adjacent North DakotaAmerican Association of Petroleum Geologists Bulletin, V. 70, p. 1060
Vuke-Foster, S. M., Colton, R. B., Stickney, M. C., Wilde, E. M., Robocker, J. E., and Christensen, K. C.1986Geology of the Baker and Wibaux 30X60-minute quadrangles, eastern Montana and adjacent North DakotaMontana Bureau of Mines and Geology, Butte, MT, 1 Sheet, 1:100,000