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AuthorDateTitleSourceAnnotations
Waage, Karl M.1960Faunal distribution in the Cretaceous Fox Hills formation (abstract):Geological Society of America Bulletin, v. 71, no. 12, pt. 2, p. 1997.Fox Hills Formation; Cretaceous; ammonoids; gastropods; paleoecology
Waage, Karl M.1968The type Fox Hills Formation Cretaceous (Maestrichtian), South Dakota, part I. Stratigraphy and paleoenvironments:Peabody Museum of Natural History, Yale University Bulletin 27, 175 p ., illus.Fox Hills Formation; type area; South Dakota; stratigraphic nomenclature history; early surveys; Meek and Hayden; stratigraphy; Pierre Shale; Trail City Member; lithofacies; lithology; paleontology; measured sections; Timber Lake Member; Iron Lightning Member; cephalopod zones; geologic age; paleoenvironments
Wagner, A. A.1947Laboratory tests on earth materials from proposed borrow areas and gravel pits for Dickinson Dam, Heart River Unit-Missouri Basin Project:U. S. Bur. Reclamation, Eng. and Geol. Control and Research Div., Materials Lab. Rept. EM-125, 68 p., illus.The results of the tests are summarized and discussed.
Wagner, A. A.1946Laboratory tests on earth materials from Spillway and N. E. Borrow Areas-Heart Butte Dam, Heart River Project, North Dakota:U. S. Bur. Reclamation, Eng. and Geol. Control and Research Div., Earth Materials Lab. Rept. EM-116, 31 p., illus.The results of the tests are summarized and discussed. The data are arranged in five broad soil classification groups.
Wagner, A. A.1946Laboratory tests on Earth Materials from proposed pervious borrow areas - Heart Butte Dam, Heart River Project, North Dakota:U. S. Bur. Reclamation, Eng. and Geol. Control and Research Div., Earth Materials Lab. Rept. EM-96, 21 p., illus.Samples from nine gravel pits were tested and the results of the tests are discussed.
Wahl, T.L.2004Uncertainty of predictions of embankment dam breach parameters:Journal of Hydraulic Engineering, v. 130, n. 5, p. 389-397. case studies; dams; embankments; erosion; excavations; failures; flood control; foundations; North Dakota; prediction; reservoirs; risk assessment; seepage; water supply;
Wakefield, W. W.1965Much good oil-hunting land left in North Dakota's Mississippian:Oil & Gas Journal, v. 63, no. 22, p.138-141, 144, 146, illus.Mississippian; Charles Formation; Mission Canyon Formation; Williston Basin; cross sections; lithofacies; structure maps; Glenburn oil field; Tolley oil field; Black Slough oil field; reefs; production; depositional history; petroleum reserves
Wald, J. D.1991Chemical and physical data related to ground water in the vicinity of abandoned uraniferous lignite mines, western North Dakota, December 1983 through June 1988US Geological Survey Open-File Report OF 91-0527, 161 p.
Wald, J. D., and Cates, S. W.1995Water resources data for the Fort Berthold Indian Reservation, west-central North Dakota:U. S. Geological Survey Open File Report 95-0304, 272 p., 1 sheet.data acquisition; Dunn County; Fort Berthold Indian Reservation; geophysical surveys; gravity surveys; Great Plains; ground water; hydrology; levels; maps; McLean County; Mountrail County; North Dakota; springs; surface water; water quality; water resources; water supply;
Wald, J. D., and Christensen, P. K.1986Water-resources data for the lower James River, Dickey, LaMoure, and Stutsman counties, North DakotaNorth Dakota State Water Commission Water Resources Investigation, V. 2, p. 491
Wald, J. D., and Norbeck, S. W.1983Ground-water data for selected coal areas in western North DakotaUS Geological Survey Open-File Report OF 83-0219, 226 p., 9 Sheets
Wald, J. D., Helgesen, C. S., and Pokladnik, M. C.1989Water-quality data for selected wells and drains in the Oakes study area, south-central North Dakota, December 1986 through September 1987US Geological Survey Open-File Report OF 89-0063, 60 p.
Waldren, Charles H.1955Preliminary investigation of conodonts in the Winnipeg formation (Ordovician) of North Dakota (abs.):N. Dak. Acad. Sci., Proc., v. 9, p. 17.The methods of study and the genera found in the samples are discussed.
Waldren, Charles H., Meldahl, Elmer G., and McGowan, LaVern L.1955North Dakota oil state:Compass, v. 32, no. 2, p. 98-108, illus.; reprinted, 1955: N. Dak. Geol. Survey Bull. 28, p. 98-108, illus.A brief summary of the geology of the Williston basin, and the history and development of the oil industry in North Dakota are presented.
Wali , M. K ., and Harthill, M.1976Geochemistry of lignite spoils reclamation in North Dakota (abstract):Geological Society of America Abstracts with Programs, v. 8, no. 6, p. 1155-1156.Fort Union Formation; Tongue River Member; Sentinel Butte Member; Paleocene; spoils; geochemistry; experimental studies; fertilizer; reclamation
Wali, M. K., and Freeman, P. G.1973Ecology of some mined areas in North Dakota,in Some environmental aspects of strip mining in North Dakota: North Dakota Geological Survey Educational Series 5, p. 25-47, illus.lignite; spoil materials; mining; soil analyses; vegetation; soil chemistry
Wali, Mohan K. (Editor)1973Some environmental aspects of strip mining in North Dakota:North Dakota Geological Survey Educational Series 5, 121 p., illus.lignite; strip mining; ecology; reclamation; revegetation; environmental effects; economics; cost; legal aspects (Separate papers are indexed under individual authors.)
Walker, R. E ., Maio, C. G., and Johnson , R. P.1977Oil and gas developments in northern Rockies in 1976:American Association of Petroleum Geologists Bulletin, v. 61, no. 8, p. 1346-1355, illus.petroleum; natural gas; production; exploration; statistical analyses
Wallick, B. P.1983Depositional environment of Bullion Creek Formation (Paleocene) in southern McKenzie County, North DakotaAmerican Association of Petroleum Geologists Bulletin, V. 67, pp. 1359-1360
Wallick, B. P.1984Sedimentology of the Bullion Creek and Sentinel Butte Formations (Paleocene) in a part of southern McKenzie County, North DakotaMaster's, University of North Dakota, Grand Forks, ND, 245 p.
Wallick, B. P., and LeFever, R. D.1985Fluvial-lacustrine cycles in the Paleocene of western North DakotaSEPM Midyear Meeting Abstracts, V. II, p. 93
Waltz, G.D.1996The depositional environment of the Kisbey Sandstone from the Madison Group (Mississippi), north-central North Dakota:Master's thesis. Grand Forks, ND, University of North Dakota, 187 p. Bottineau County; Burke County; Carboniferous; clastic rocks; coastal environment; geophysical surveys; intertidal environment; Kisbey Sandstone; lithofacies; Madison Group; McHenry County; Mississippian; Mountrail County; North Dakota; paleogeography Paleozoic; Renville County; Rolette County; sandstone; sedimentary rocks; surveys; Ward County; well logging;
Wanek, A.1993Investigation to identify a water supply for a rural water association in Bottineau County, North DakotaNorth Dakota State Water Commission Ground Water Studies, V. 101, 73 p.
Wanek, A.1993Investigation to identify a supplemental water supply in Bottineau County, North Dakota for the City of MohallNorth Dakota State Water Commission Ground Water Studies, V. 104, 156 p.
Wanek, A.2001A water supply investigation for the City of Fortuna, Divide County, North Dakota:North Dakota Ground-Water Studies No. 108, Bismarck, ND, North Dakota State Water Commission, 82 p. aquifers; Divide County; Fortuna, North-Dakota; ground water; levels; monitoring; North Dakota; variations; water quality; water resources; water supply; water table; water use; water wells;
Wanty, D. A.1984The spatial variation of several hydrogeochemical parameters within the Apple Creek drainage basin, North DakotaMaster's, Oklahoma State University, Stillwater, OK, 105 p.
Wanty, D. A., and Hounslow, A. W.1984The spatial variation of selecting geochemical parameters within the Apple Creek basin, North DakotaEos; Transactions of the American Geophysical Union, V. 65, p. 888
Wardner, C. A.1963Dedication, Dr. A. Rodger Denison:North Dakota Academy of Science Proceedings, v. 17, p. 3-4, illus.petroleum geologist; A. Rodger Denison; memorial
Wardner, C. A., and Neel, J. K.1974Chemical characteristics of ground water in the Elk Valley Aquifer (abstract):North Dakota Academy of Science Proceedings, v. 28, pt. 1, p. 36.Turtle River Basin; water chemistry; Grand Forks County; groundwater; hydrogeology; aquifers; geochemistry
Waring, Gerald A.1949Statistical data on glacial boulders:Science, v. 109, p. 283-284, illusThe number of glacial boulders of different size-groups in the James River area, South Dakota, and the Crosby-Minot area, North Dakota, were studied statistically.
Warren, G. K.1868On certain physical features of the upper Mississippi River:Am. Naturalist, v. 2, p. 497-502.A large lake basin extending from Lake Traverse to the north end of Lake Winnipeg and having a well defined beach to mark its former level, was observed during the survey of the region.
Wartman, B. L.1984Geology and hydrology of the Inyan Kara Formation (Lower Cretaceous), North Dakotain, Jorgensen, D. G., and Signor, D. C., eds., Proceedings of the Geohydrology of the Dakota Aquifer Symposium; October 5-6, 1982, National Water Well Association, Lincoln, NE, pp. 22-26
Wartman, B. L.1983Stratigraphy of the Inyan Kara Formation (Lower Cretaceous) in the vicinity of the Nesson Anticline, northwestern North DakotaMaster's, University of North Dakota, Grand Forks, ND, 126 p.
Warwick, P. D.1982The geology of some lignite-bearing fluvial deposits (Paleocene), southwestern North DakotaMaster's, North Carolina State University, Raleigh, NC, 116 p.
Warwick, P. D., Flores, R. M., and Cavaroc, V. B.1982Paleocene lignite-bearing fluvial deposits, southwestern North DakotaGeological Society of America Abstracts with Programs, V. 14, pp. 93-94
Warwick, P. D., Flores, R. M., Murphy, E. C., and Obradovich, J. D.1995Parasequences in the Paleocene Ludlow and Cannonball members of the Fort Union Formation, Williston Basin, North Dakota:Geological Society of America Abstracts with Programs, v. 27, n. 4, p. 60.Cannonball Member; Cenozoic; correlation; depositional environment; Fort Union Formation; lithofacies; Ludlow Member; North Dakota; Paleocene; Paleogene; sequence stratigraphy; Tertiary; Williston Basin;
Warwick, P. D., Flores, R. M., Nichols, D. J., and Murphy, E. C.1996Depositional sequences and correlations within the Fort Union Formation, Williston Basin, North Dakota and Montana:American Association of Petroleum Geologists and Society of Economic Paleontologists and Mineralogists Annual Meeting Abstracts, v. 5, p. 147.biostratigraphy; biozones; boreholes; Cannonball Member; Cenozoic; correlation; deltaic environment; Fort Union Formation; Ludlow Member; marine environment; microfossils; Montana; North Dakota; outcrops; Paleocene; Paleogene; palynomorphs; progradation; Sentinel Butte Formation; sequence stratigraphy; Tertiary; thickness; Tongue River Member; Williston Basin;
Warwick, P.D., Flores, R.M., Nichols, D.J., Murphy, E.C., and Obradovich, J.D.1997Fort Union chronostratigraphic and depositional sequences, Williston Basin, North Dakota, South Dakota, and Montana:Geological Society of America Abstracts with Programs. v. 29, n. 6, p. 204.absolute age; Ar-Ar; biostratigraphy; biozones; Cenozoic; chronostratigraphy; clastic rocks; coal; Cretaceous; dates; fluvial environments; Fort Union Formation; K-T boundary; lithofacies; Mesozoic; miospores; mires; Montana; North Dakota; Paleocene; Paleogene; palynomorphs; peat; pollen; sea level changes; sedimentary rocks; sediments; Sentinel Butte Formation; sequence stratigraphy; spores; stratigraphic boundary; Tertiary; tonstein; transgression; Williston Basin;
Warwick, P.D., Flores, R.M., Nichols, D.J., Murphy, E.C., and Ochs, A.M.1998Lower Fort Union chronostratigraphic depositional sequences, Williston Basin, North Dakota, South Dakota, and Montana:Geological Society of America Abstracts with Programs, v. 30, n. 7, p. 174.absolute age; Ar-Ar; biozones; brackish water-environments; burrows; Cannonball Member; Cave Hills; Cedar Creek Anticline; Cenozoic; chronostratigraphy; clastic rocks; coal; correlation; dates; depositional environments; Fort Union Formation; Ludlow Member; marine environments; massive bedding; Medicine Rock State Park; Montana; North Dakota; Paleocene; Paleogene; paleohydrology; planar bedding structures; sandstone; sedimentary rocks; sedimentary structures; Snow Creek; South Dakota; Tertiary; tonstein; Williston Basin;
Warwick, Peter D., Flores, Romeo M., Nichols, Douglas J., Murphy, Edward C.2000Depositional sequences within the Fort Union Formation (Paleocene), Williston Basin, North Dakota, South Dakota, and Montana:American Association of Petroleum Geologists Annual Meeting Expanded Abstracts, p. 154.absolute age; Ar Ar; biozones; boreholes; Cannonball Member; Cenozoic; clastic rocks; coal; dates; deltaic environment; deposition; Fort Union Formation; Ludlow Member; marine environments; microfossils; Montana; North Dakota; outcrops; Paleocene; Paleogene; palynomorphs; progradation; regression; sea level changes; sedimentary rocks; Sentinel Butte Member; sequence stratigraphy; shallow water environments; South Dakota; Tertiary; Tongue River Member; tonstein; transgression; Williston Basin;
Waters, D. L.1984Depositional cycles and coral distribution, Mission Canyon and Charles formations, Madison Group (Mississippian), Williston Basin, North DakotaMaster's, University of North Dakota, Grand Forks, ND, 173 p.
Waters, D. L., and Holland, F. D., Jr.1983Corals of Madison Group (Mississippian), Williston Basin, North DakotaAmerican Association of Petroleum Geologists Bulletin, V. 67, p. 1360
Waters, D. L., and Sando, W. J.1985Coral zonules; new tools for petroleum exploration in Mission Canyon Limestone and Charles Formation, Williston Basin, North DakotaAmerican Association of Petroleum Geologists Bulletin, V. 69, p. 870
Waters, D. L., and Sando, W. J.1987Coral zonules; new tools for petroleum exploration in the Mission Canyon Limestone and Charles Formation, Williston Basin, North Dakotain, Peterson, J. A., Kent, D. M., Anderson, S. B., Pilatzke, R. H., and Longman, M. W., eds., Williston Basin; anatomy of a cratonic oil province, Rocky Mountain Association of Geologists, Denver, CO, pp. 193-208
Waters, D. L., and Sando, W. J.1987Depositional cycles in the Mississippian Mission Canyon Limestone and Charles Formation, Williston Basin, North Dakotain, Carlson, C. G., and Christopher, J. E., eds., Fifth International Williston Basin Symposium, North Dakota Geological Society, Grand Forks, ND, pp. 123-133
Waters, D. L., and Sando, W. J.1987Corals from the Madison Group, Williston Basin, North Dakotain, Carlson, C. G., and Christopher, J. E., eds., Fifth International Williston Basin Symposium, North Dakota Geological Society, Grand Forks, ND, pp. 83-97
Watson, K. V., Scattolini, R.. And Howell, F. L.1976Terrestrial heat flow measurements at four shallow wells in southwestern North Dakota:North Dakota Academy of Science Proceedings, v. 30, pt. 1, p. 50.Bowman County; Hettinger County; Mercer County; Oliver County; bore-hole temperatures
Watt, Arthur D.1971Validation of names of species of fossil plants described by R. W. Brown in 1962:Taxon, v. 20, no. 4, p. 639-640.Paleocene; paleobotany; nomenclature
Watts, B.C., Hall, T.F., and Petri, D.J.1998Horse Creek air-injection project; An overview:Journal of Petroleum Technology, v. 50, n. 1, p. 78-80.air injection; calorimetry; enhanced recovery; high pressure; Horse Creek Field; models; North Dakota; oil and gas fields; permeability; petroleum engineering; porosity; pressure; production; reservoir properties; simulation; Williston Basin;
Wayman, C. H., and Genasci, G. A.1981Permits handbook for coal developmentColorado School of Mines Press, Golden, CO, 616 p.
Wayne, W. J.1988Pleistocene periglacial conditions, U.S. MidlandsProceedings of the Fifth International Conference on Permafrost, V. 5, No. 3, p. 70
Wayne, W. J., Aber, J. S., Agard, S. S., Bergantino, R. N., Bluemle, J. P., Coates, D. A., Cooley, M. E., Madole, R. F., Martin, J. E., Mears, B., Jr., Morrison, R. B., and Sutherland, W. M.1991Quaternary geology of the Northern Great Plainsin, Morrison, R. B., ed., Quaternary nonglacial geology; conterminous U.S, Geological Society of America, Boulder, CO, pp. 441-476
Weaver, John T.1906Chemical consideration of the soils of the Cooperstown-Carrington area:N. Dak. Agr. Coll. Survey 3d Bienn. Rept., p. 109-115.The common rocks and minerals which had a part in the formation of the soils in the area are considered as to their composition and contribution as sources of plant food.
Webb, M.W.1998A revised summary of Lancian (Latest Cretaceous) mammal localities with introduction to a new Lancian locality (Lance Formation) in the southwestern Bighorn Basinin, Keefer, W.R., and Goolsby, J.E., eds., Cretaceous and lower Tertiary rocks of the Bighorn Basin, Wyoming and Montana: Casper, WY, Wyoming Geological Association Guidebook 49, p. 131-136.Alberta; Bighorn Basin; biostratigraphy; Western Canada; Chordata; Colorado; Cretaceous; Lance Formation; Lancian; Mammalia; Mesozoic; Montana; North Dakota; Saskatchewan; South Dakota; Tetrapoda; Utah; Vertebrata; Wyoming;
Webster, M., and Arsdale, T. V.1995Geochemical microseep survey of the Plaza and Wabek productive trends, Mountrail and Ward counties, North Dakota,in Hunter, L. D. V., and Schalla, R. A., eds., Seventh International Williston Basin Symposium: Billings, MT, Montana Geological Society, p. 57-65.North Dakota; Williston Basin; geochemistry; soil gas; microseep; Plaza Field; Wabek Field; natural gas; surveys; analysis; North Dakota Geological Society; Saskatchewan Geological Society;
Webster, R.1992Mapping source rock properties of the Bakken Shale in North Dakota using porosity and resistivity well logsAmerican Association of Petroleum Geologists Annual Meeting Abstracts, V. 1992, p. 138
Webster, R. L.1982Analysis of petroleum source rocks of the Bakken Formation (Devonian and Mississippian) in North DakotaMaster's, University of North Dakota, Grand Forks, ND, 150 p.
Webster, R. L.1982Analysis of petroleum source-rocks of Bakken Formation (lowermost Mississippian) in North DakotaAmerican Association of Petroleum Geologists Bulletin, V. 66, p. 641
Webster, R. L.1984Petroleum source rocks and stratigraphy of Bakken Formation in North DakotaAmerican Association of Petroleum Geologists Bulletin, V. 68, p. 593
Webster, R. L.1984Petroleum source rocks and stratigraphy of the Bakken Formation in North Dakotain, Woodward, J., Meissner, F. F., and Clayton, J. L., eds., Hydrocarbon source rocks of the Greater Rocky Mountain region, Rocky Mountain Geological Association, Denver, CO, pp. 57-81
Webster, R. L.1987Petroleum source rocks and stratigraphy of the Bakken Formation in North Dakotain, Peterson, J. A., Kent, D. M., Anderson, S. B., Pilatzke, R. H., and Longman, M. W., eds., Williston Basin; anatomy of a cratonic oil province, Rocky Mountain Association of Geologists, Denver, CO, pp. 269-286
Webster, R. L.1992Petroleum Source Rocks and Stratigraphy of the Bakken Formation in North Dakotain, Erickson, J. M., and Hoganson, J. W., eds., Proceedings of the F. D. Holland Jr., Geological Symposium, North Dakota Geological Survey, Bismarck, ND, pp. 149-178
Weeks, E. P.1985Methods for estimating gaseous diffusion parameters in the unsaturated zonein, Neuman, S. P., and Simpson, E. S., eds., Hydrogeology of rocks of low permeability, International Association of Hydrogeologists, pp. 209-222
Wehrfritz, B. D.1993Silcrete: A distinctive rock type related to K/T boundary eventsin, Kihm, A. J., and Hartman, J. H., eds., The Marshall Lambert Symposium, North Dakota Geological Society, Bismarck, ND, pp. 16-17
Wehrfritz, Barbara D.1978The Rhame Bed (Slope Formation, Paleocene) a silcrete and deep-weathering profile, in southwestern North Dakota:University of North Dakota M.S. thesis, 158 p., illus.Slope County; Bowman County; stratigraphy; nomenclature; lithology; type section; origins; paleoenvironment; paleosol; measured sections; Bear Den Member; paleontology; Slope Formation; Paleocene
Weimer, R. J., Porter, K. W., and Land, C. B .1979Comparison of porefilling material in some Pennsylvanian and Cretaceous reservoir and nonreservoir sandstones (abstract):American Association of Petroleum Geologists Bulletin, v. 63, no. 3, p. 550.SEM study; thin-section study; Tyler Sandstone; depositional environments
Weiner, Edward J. and Dodd, William E.1999Pressurized grout remote backfilling at AML sites near Beulah and Zap, North Dakota:Proceedings of the Annual National Meeting of the American Society for Surface Mining and Reclamation, n. 16, v. 2, p. 366-380.abandoned mines; Beulah; boreholes; coal mines; drilling; grouting; land subsidence; lignite; Mercer County; mines; mining; monitoring; North Dakota; reclamation; remediation; sedimentary rocks; sinkholes; solution features; stress; underground mining; Zap;
Weinzapfel, A. C., and Neese, D. G.1986Gooseneck Field, northern Williston BasinOil and Gas Journal, V. 84, pp. 72-74
Weinzapfel, A. C., and Neese, D. G.1986Gooseneck Field, northern Williston Basinin, Noll, J. H., and Doyle, K. M., eds., Wyoming Geological Association 1986 Symposium, Wyoming Geological Association, Casper, WY, pp. 61-82
Weiser, H. C., and Cihacek, L. J.1994Preliminary results of a study on the fate of nitrates in wind erosion sediments and their effect on water quality:North Dakota Water Quality Symposium Proceedings, Fargo, ND, N.D. Water Resour. Res. Inst., p. 216-222.Cass County; erosion features; ground water; nitrate ion; North Dakota; pollution; Red River Valley; sediments; soils; water quality; water resources; wind transport;
Weiser, Paul K.1975Soil survey of Oliver County, North Dakota:U.S. Department of Agriculture, Soil Conservation Service (SuDoc no. A57.38:024), 130 p., illus. including soil maps, scale 1:20,000.soils; genesis; climate; morphology; horizons; profiles; color; consistency; utilization; management; classification; engineering properties; soil mechanics; soil maps
Wells, Philip V.1970Postglacial vegetational history of the Great Plains:Science, v. 167, no. 3925, p. 1574-1582, illus.Pleistocene; palynology; paleobotany; paleoenvironments; radiocarbon dates; Tappen, North Dakota; Great Plains; paleoecology; paleoclimates
Wells, Roger C.1937Analyses of rocks and minerals from the laboratory of the United States Geological Survey:U. S. Geol. Survey Bull. 878, 134 p.A sample of thenardite from dry lake deposits of Divide County, North Dakota is included in the analyses reported.
Wenger, W. J., and Lanum, W. J.1954Characteristics of petroleum from Williston Basin fields:Petroleum Eng., v. 26, no. 7, p. C-43-C-47, illus.Crude oil samples from North Dakota and Montana fields were analyzed. The data from the analysis, and geological and other data that identify the oil are presented.
Wenger, W. J., and Morris, J. C.1968Processing characteristics of crude oils from the Williston Basin:U.S. Bureau of Mines Report of Investigations 7183, 96 p.Williston Basin; oil fields; production; stratigraphy; physical properties; chemical properties
Wenzel, L. K., and Sand, H. H.1942Water supply of the Dakota Sandstone in the Ellendale-Jamestown area, North Dakota with reference to changes between 1923 and 1938:U. S. Geol. Survey Water-Supply Paper 889-A, 81 p., illus.The study of water-bearing formations includes parts of Stutsman, Barnes, La Moure, and Dickey Counties. The water and wells in the Dakota "Sandstone, " and the artesian wells and flow are described. Records of artesian wells in the area are included in the report.
Wesolowski, E. A.1991Estimated use of water in North Dakota in 1985 and trends during 1960-85US Geological Survey Water-Resources Investigation Report, 1 Sheet
Wesolowski, E. A.1994Proposed streamflow modeling of selected reaches of the Souris River between Lake Darling and J. Clark Salyer National Wildlife Refuge:North Dakota Water Quality Symposium Proceedings, Fargo, ND, N.D. Water Resour. Res. Inst., p. 246.models; movement; North Dakota; processes; Souris River; streamflow; streams; surface water; water quality; water resources;
Wesolowski, E. A.1994Calibration, verification, and use of water quality model to simulate effects of discharging treated wastewater to the Red River of the North at Fargo, North Dakota:U. S. Geological Survey Water Resources Investigations 94-4058, 143 p.calibration; Cass County; Clay County; conductivity; data processing; digital simulation; discharge; dye tracers; Fargo; geochemistry; Great Plains; hydrochemistry; hydrology; Minnesota; North Dakota; numerical models; QUAL2E; Red River of the North; rivers; statistical analysis; streams; surface water; temperature; waste disposal; waste water; water quality; water treatment;
Wesolowski, E. A.1995Verification of a water quality model to simulate effects of discharging treated wastewater during ice-cover conditions to the Red River of the North at Fargo, North Dakota, and Moorhead, Minnesota:U. S. Geological Survey Water Resources Investigations 95-4292, 20 p.calibration; Cass County; Clay County; computer programs; data processing; discharge; Fargo; geochemistry; hydrochemistry; hydrology; ice; Minnesota; models; Moorhead, Minnesota; nitrogen; North Dakota; organic materials; oxygen; pH; phosphorus; QUAL2E; Red River of the North; simulation; streamflow; temperature; waste water; water quality; water treatment;
Wesolowski, E. A.1996Uncertainty analysis of the simulations of effects of discharging treated wastewater to the Red River of the North at Fargo, North Dakota, and Moorhead, Minnesota:U. S. Geological Survey Water Resources Investigations 96-4015, 27 p.ammonia compound; Cass County; Clay County; discharge; Fargo; geochemistry; hydrochemistry; hydrology; ice; Minnesota; models; Monte Carlo analysis; Moorhead, Minnesota; North Dakota; organic materials; pollutants; pollution; Red River of the North; simulation; statistical analysis; trace elements; uncertainty analysis; waste water; water quality; water treatment;
Wesolowski, E. A., and Nelson, D.1990North Dakota; water supply and useUSGS Water-Supply Paper W 2350, pp. 401-408
Wesolowski, E. A., and Nelson, R. A.1987Low-flow traveltime, longitudinal-dispersion, and reaeration characteristics of the Souris River from Lake Darling Dam to J. Clark Salyer National Wildlife Refuge, North DakotaUS Geological Survey Water-Resources Investigation Report, WRI 87-4241, 66 p.
Wesolowski, E. A., Zainhofsky, S. D, and Dresser, V. M.1996Statistical and descriptive summaries of water resources data for the Cannonball River basin, North Dakota and South Dakota:U. S. Geological Survey Open File Report 96-0108, 301 p.Cannonball River basin; data; ground water; levels; North Dakota; South Dakota; statistical analysis; streamflow; surface water; water quality; water resources; water table; water use;
Wesolowski, E.A.1996Simulation of wastewater effects on dissolved oxygen during low streamflow in the Red River of the North at Fargo, North Dakota, and Moorhead, Minnesota:U.S. Geological Survey Fact Sheet 235-96, 4 p.ammonium ion; boundary conditions; Cass County; Clay County Minnesota; dissolved materials; dissolved oxygen; elementary geology; environmental analysis; Minnesota; North Dakota; oxygen; Red River of the North; seasonal variations; Sheyenne River; simulation; streamflow; surface water; USGS; waste water; water management; water quality;
Wesolowski, Edwin A.2000Proposal and work plan to calibrate and verify a water-quality model to simulate effects of wastewater discharges to the Red River of the North at drought streamflow near Fargo, North Dakota, and Moorhead, Minnesota:U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 00-0190, 60 p.biochemical oxygen demand; calibration; Cass County; Clay County; conductivity; discharge; drought; Fargo; fluvial environments; hydrodynamics; Minnesota; monitoring; Moorhead, Minnesota; North Dakota; pH; pollution; Red River of the North; sediments; streamflow; surface water; temperature; waste water; water quality;
West, Robert M.1972Upper deciduous dentition of the Oligocene insectivore Leptictis (=Ictops) acutidens:Carnegie Museum Annals, v . 44, article 3, p .25-32, illus.vertebrate paleontology; White River Formation; Slope County; Leptictis haydeni
West, Robert M.1973New records of fossil mammals from the early Eocene Golden Valley Formation, North Dakota:Journal of Mammalogy, v. 54, no. 3, p. 749 -750.Golden Valley Formation; Eocene; paleontology; Stark County; mammals
Westergaard, William H.1904The water supply of the Eckelson Quadrangle:N. Dak. Agr. Coll. Survey 2d Bienn. Rept., p. 168-179.The surface water and groundwater resources of the area are discussed. The report includes a table of well records for the quadrangle.
Western Oil Reporter1976More drilling boosted North Dakota oil output:v. 33, no. 4, p. 40-41.petroleum; oil fields; production; drilling
Westman, G. H., and Parish, L. M.1983Garrison study area report; resource and potential reclamation evaluationU. S. Bureau of Land Management, Billings, MT, 26 p.
Wetmore, M. J.1994Diagenetic controls of reservoir quality in the Mississippian Wayne Beds in the Williston Basin, Bottineau County, North Dakota.Master's thesis. Grand Forks, ND: University of North Dakota, 238 p.Bottineau County; burial; C-13/ C-12; carbon; carbonate rocks; Carboniferous; cementation; diagenesis; isotope ratios; isotopes; Mission Canyon Limestone; Mississippian; North Dakota; O-18/ O-16; oxygen; Paleozoic; permeability; petroleum; porosity; production; reservoir rocks; saturated zone; sedimentary rocks; stable isotopes; Wayne Beds; Williston Basin;
Wetmore, M. J., and Videtich, P. E.1992Porosity preservation and occlusion in Mississippian carbonates, Williston Basin, North DakotaAmerican Association of Petroleum Geologists Annual Meeting Abstracts, V. 1992, pp. 140-141
Weymouth, J. W.1986Archaeological site surveying program at the University of NebraskaGeophysics, V. 51, pp. 538-552
Weymouth, J. W.1989Magnetic and archaeological correlations at the Fort Union Trading Post National Historic Sitein, 59th Annual International SEG Meeting Abstracts, October 29-November 2, 1989, Dallas, Society of Exploration Geophysicists, Tulsa, OK, pp. 289-291
Wharen, George B.1926The economic use of North Dakota lignite for steam generation:Mech. Eng., v. 48, no. 6, p. 583-585, illus.The characteristics of lignite are presented. The uses of lignite are discussed. The principal deposits in the state are listed.
Wheatcraft, S. B.1987Hydrogeochemistry of the Sundre Aquifer, Minot, North DakotaMaster's, Oklahoma State University, Stillwater, OK, 108 p.
Wheatley, Jonathan M., Wilson, John P., Redmond, Roland L., Ma, Zhenkui, and DiBenedetto, Jeff2000Automated land cover mapping using Landsat thematic mapper images and topographic attributes,in, Wilson, John P., and Gallant, John C., eds., Terrain analysis; Principles and applications: New York, John Wiley & Sons, p. 355-289.digital terrain models; geophysical surveys; Great Plains; land cover; land management; Landsat; McKenzie County; North-Dakota; remote sensing; soils; terrains; thematic mapper; topography; vegetation;
Whisonant, B. J., Rae, P. J., and Ramsey, L. K.1988New materials improve the cementation of salt formations in the Williston BasinProceedings of the Society of Petroleum Engineers, pp. 339-346
White, Charles A.1884The glacial drift in Montana and Dakota:Am. Jour. Sci. 3rd Ser., v. 27, p. 112-113.Glacial drift was observed in the Missouri River valley from the Great Falls of the Missouri to Bismarck, North Dakota.
White, Charles A.1883On the existence of a deposit in northeastern Montana and northwestern Dakota that is possibly equivalent with the Green River Group:Am. Jour. Sci. 3rd Ser., v. 25, p. 411-414.The top stratum of Sentinel Butte is described as Green River of Eocene age. Stratigraphic evidence is presented for this claim. The discovery of fossil fish in the deposit is mentioned.
White, Charles A.1883bOn the commingling of ancient faunal and modern floral types in the Laramie Group:Am. Jour. Sci. 3rd Ser., v. 26, p. 120-123.The report deals especially with the Fort Union Group in northeastern Montana and adjacent parts of North and South Dakota and the large collection of plants made by F. V. Hayden from this stratum. Many of Hayden's localities were collected by White. Fossil lists are included, listing Mollusca, Vertebrata, and plant fossils.
White, Charles A.1883Glacial drift in the upper Missouri River region:Am. Jour. Sci. 3rd Ser., v. 25, p.206.Glacial drift was observed by the author for some distance north and westward from Bismarck, North Dakota up the Missouri and Yellowstone River valleys.
White, E. J., and Marchant, L. C.1971Evaluation of the Madison Limestone in the Williston Basin from well logs and cores:U.S. Bureau of Mines Report of Investigations 7497, 27 p., illus.groundwater movement; limestones; aquifer characteristics; porosity; saturation; core drilling; sampling; bore holes; oil industry; petrography; chemical analyses; physical properties; geology; hydrogeology; oil-water interface; water chemistry; Madison Limestone; core analyses; log analyses; Mississippian
White, E. J., and Marchant, L. C.1970Reservoir rock characteristics of the Madison Limestone in the Williston Basin:Log Analyst, v. 11, no. 5, p. 17-25, illus.Williston Basin; Flat Lake oil field; Madison Formation; Ratcliffe interval; log interpretation; porosity; physical properties; flow characteristics; permeability; water saturation; mineralogy
White, E. M., Hudak, G. J., and Hannus, L. A.1986Geomorphology of the Beaver Creek archaeology site, North DakotaProceedings of the South Dakota Academy of Science, V. 65, pp. 51-61
White, Eugene W.1958An investigation of the mineralogy, petrography, and paleobotany of uranium-bearing lignites (consists of thesis: Uranium mineralization in some North and South Dakota lignites):U. S. Atomic Energy Comm. Rept. NYO-7948, 79 p., illus. incl. geol. map (scale 1:941,800). (Report prepared by Pennsylvania State Univ., College of Mineral Industries.)The megascopically visible uranium minerals from 11 deposits of Tertiary lignite from North and South Dakota are characterized on the basis of optical, chemical, X-ray diffraction, and dehydration properties.
White, J.E., and Lessenger, M.A.1988Caliper effect on borehole coupling,in Emerson, D.W., and Middleton, M.P., eds., ASEG/ SEG international geophysical conference & exhibition; extended abstracts: Exploration Geophysics (Melbourne), v. 19, n. 1-2, p. 201-204. acoustical methods; body waves; boreholes; Burke County; caliper logging; coupling; Cretaceous; elastic waves; geophysical methods; geophysical profiles; guided waves; Mesozoic; North Dakota; P-waves; seismic methods; seismic profiles; seismic waves; Stone View Field, North Dakota; surface waves; tomography; traveltime; tube waves; vertical seismic profiles; waveforms; wavelength; wavelets; well logging;
White, P. D.1996The taphonomy and a suggested structure of the dinosaurian assemblages of the Hell Creek Formation (Maastrichtian), eastern Montana and western North Dakota.Master's thesis. Kingston, RI: University of Rhode Island, 83, p.assemblages; Chordata; Cretaceous; dinosaurs; Hell Creek Formation; Maestrichtian; Mesozoic; Montana; North Dakota; reptiles; Reptilia; Senonian; taphonomy; Tetrapoda; tetrapods; Vertebrata; vertebrates;
White, P. D., and Fastovsky, D. E.1996The taphonomy and a suggested structure of the dinosaurian assemblage of the Hell Creek Formation (Maastrichtian), eastern Montana and western North Dakota:Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology, v.16, n. 3, Suppl., p. 73.assemblages; Chordata; Cretaceous; databases; data processing; dinosaurs; Hell Creek Formation; herbivorous taxa; Maestrichtian; Mesozoic; Montana; North Dakota; nutrition; paleoenvironment; preservation; reptiles; Reptilia; Senonian; statistical analysis; taphonomy; Tetrapoda; tetrapods; Vertebrata; vertebrates;
White, P.D., Fastovsky, D.E., and Sheehan, P.M.1998Taphonomy and suggested structure of the dinosaurian assemblage of the Hell Creek Formation (Maastrichtian), eastern Montana and western North Dakota:Palaios, v. 13, n. 1, p. 41-51.Archosauria; assemblages; fossils; Ceratopsia; Ceratopsidae; Chordata; clastic rocks; Cretaceous; data processing; Diapsida; dinosaurs; fluvial environments; Glendive, Montana; Hell Creek Formation; Maestrichtian; Marmarth, North Dakota; Mesozoic; Montana; mudstone; North Dakota; Ornithischia; preservation; Reptilia; sedimentary rocks; Senonian; Slope County; statistical analysis; taphonomy; Tetrapoda; Triceratops; Vertebrata;
Whiteman, W. A., Box, M. R., and Craney, D. L.1998The Red River "B" Zone at Cedar Hills Field, Bowman County, North Dakota,in Kreis, L. K. (organizer), Eighth International Williston Basin Symposium; Core Workshop Volume: Regina, Saskatchewan, Saskatchewan Geological Society, p. 23-40.North Dakota; Williston Basin; cores; Red River Formation; Cedar Hills Field; Bowman County; Ordovician; horizontal drilling; stratigraphy; carbonates; structure; hydrocarbon; lithology; illustrations; maps; well log; cross-section; photographs; diagrams; North Dakota Geological Society; Saskatchewan Geological Society;
Whittaker Steve2004Geological storage of greenhouse gases; The IEA Weyburn CO (sub 2) monitoring and storage project:Reservoir, v. 31, n. 7, p. 10. Canada; carbon dioxide; characterization; gas storage; geophysical methods; ground water; high resolution methods; human activity; image analysis; imagery; magnetic methods; migration; monitoring; Montana; movement; North Dakota; oil and gas fields; petroleum; prediction; remote sensing; risk assessment; Saskatchewan; seismic methods; well logs; Weyburn Field; Williston Basin;
Wiche, G. J.1985Rise of Devils Lake, North DakotaUSGS Water-Supply Paper W 2275, pp. 34-35
Wiche, G. J.1986Hydrologic and climatologic factors affecting water levels of Devils Lake, North DakotaUS Geological Survey Water-Resources Investigation Report, WRI 86-4320, 62 p.
Wiche, G. J.1991Evaporation computed by energy-budget and mass-transfer methods and water-balance estimates for Devils Lake, North Dakota, 1986-1988North Dakota State Water Commission Water Resources Investigation, V. 11, p. 52
Wiche, G. J.1991Hydrologic variability in the Red River of the North Basin at the eastern margin of the Great Basinin, Wall, G., ed., Symposium on the impacts of climate change and variability on the Great Plains, University of Waterloo, Waterloo, Ontario, pp. 171-172
Wiche, G. J.1992Hydrology and water-level fluctuations of Devils Lake, North DakotaUSGS Water-Supply Paper W 2340, pp. 75-87
Wiche, G. J., and Vecchia, A. V.1995Lake-level frequency analysis for Devils Lake, North Dakota:U. S. Geological Survey Open File Report 95-0123, 65 p.autoregression; Benson County; closed systems; Devils Lake; drainage basins; Great Plains; hydrology; lakes; levels; limnology; mass balance; North Dakota; Ramsey County; regression analysis; rivers; statistical analysis; streamflow; streams; surface water;
Wiche, G. J., and Vecchia, A. V.1996Lake-level frequency analysis for Devils Lake, North Dakota:U. S. Geological Survey Water Supply Paper, 57 p.annual variations; autocorrelation; autoregression; Devils Lake; Devils Lake basin; equations; evaporation; fluctuations; frequency analysis; hydrology; levels; mass balance; models; North Dakota; precipitation; regression analysis; reservoirs; seasonal variations; statistical analysis; surface water; transformations; volume;
Wiche, G. J., Benson, R. D., and Emerson, D. G.1989Streamflow at selected gaging stations on the James River in North Dakota and South Dakota, 1953-82, with a section on climatologyUS Geological Survey Water-Resources Investigation Report, WRI 89-4039, 99 p., 1 Sheet
Wiche, G. J., Hoetzer, S. M., and Rankl, J. G.1986Hydrology of the Devils Lake Basin, northeastern North DakotaNorth Dakota State Water Commission Water Resources Investigation, V. 3, 86 p.
Wiche, G. J., Jenson, S. K., Baglie, J. and Domingue, J. O.1992Application of digital elevation models to delineate drainage areas and compute hydrologic characteristics for sites in the James River Basin, North DakotaUSGS Water-Supply Paper W 2383, p. 23
Wiche, G. J., Jenson, S. K., Baglio, J. and Domingue, J. O.1990Application of digital elevation models to delineate drainage areas and compute hydrologic characteristics of sites in the James River Basin, North DakotaUS Geological Survey Open-File Report OF 90-0593, 39 p.
Wiche, G. J., Knox, J. L., and Welsh, L. E.1993Relations between upper-air flow patterns, climate, and hydrologic variability in the Red River of the North Basin in North Dakota, South Dakota, Minnesota, Manitoba, and SaskatchewanUS Geological Survey Circular C 1086, p. 118
Wiche, G. J., Lent, R. M., and Rannie, W. F.1996"Little Ice Age" aridity in the North American Great Plains; a high-resolution reconstruction of salinity fluctuations from Devils Lake, North Dakota, USA; comment:The Holocene, v. 6, n. 4, p. 489-490.algal flora; arid environment; Cenozoic; climate; Devils Lake; diatom flora; diatoms; drought; Great Plains; Holocene; levels; microfossils; Neoglacial; North Dakota; paleoclimatology; paleolimnology; paleosalinity; paleotemperature; plants; Quaternary; reconstruction; Red River; sediments;
Wiche, G. J., Martin, C. R., Albright, L. L., and Wald, G. B.19971997 flood tracking chart for the Red River of the North Basin:U. S. Geological Survey Open File Report 97-0193, 1 sheet.data; drainage basins; floods; gauging; geologic hazards; Minnesota; North Dakota; Red River of the North Basin; streamflow; surface water;
Wiche, G. J., Martin, C. R., Albright, L. L., and Wald, G., B.1997,1997 flood tracking chart for the Sheyenne River basin:U. S. Geological Survey Open File Report 97-0177, 1 sheet.altitude; data; decision making; drainage basins; floods; gauging; geologic hazards; North Dakota; risk assessment; Sheyenne River basin; streamflow; surface water;
Wiche, G. J., Vecchia, A. V., Osborne,Leon, Wood,Carrie M., and Fay, James T.2000Climatology, hydrology, and simulation of an emergency outlet, Devils Lake basin, North Dakota:U.S. Geological Survey Water-Resources Investigations, WRI 00-4174, 16 p.atmospheric precipitation; Benson-County; climate; Devils Lake basin; El Nino; hydrology; North Dakota; Ramsey County; Sheyenne River; simulation; surface water;
Wiche, G.J., and Pusc, S.W.1994Hydrology of Devils Lake area, North Dakota:North Dakota State Water Commission Water Resources Investigation, V. 22, 24 p.Devils Lake; ground water; hydrology; lakes; levels; limnology; North Dakota; Ramsey County; surface water; water balance; water resources;
Wiche, G.J., and Williams, S.T.1997Streamflow characteristics of streams in the upper Red River of the North Basin, North Dakota, Minnesota, and South Dakota:U.S. Geological Survey Open File Report 97-0416, 374 p.annual variations; discharge; drainage basins; hydrodynamics; hydrology; measurement; Minnesota; North Dakota; probability; Red River of the North Basin; rivers; seasonal variations; streams; South Dakota; spatial variations; statistical analysis; streamflow; surface water;
Wiche, G.J., Harkness, R.E., and Williams, S.T.1998Summary of floods of 1993; July and August 1993, in eastern and south-central North Dakotain, Perry, C.A., and Combs, L.J., eds., Summary of floods in the United States, January 1992 through September 1993: U.S. Geological Survey Water-Supply Paper 2499, p. 247-250.cost; damage; destruction; discharge; floods; frequency; geologic hazards; Hudson River; hydrology; Missouri River, Basin; North Dakota; atmospheric precipitation; recurrence interval; rivers and streams; spatial distribution; storms; streamflow; surface water; tributaries; USGS;
Wiche, G.J., Lent, R.M., Rannie, W.F., and Vecchia, A.V.1997A history of lake-level fluctuations for Devils Lake, North Dakota, since the early 1800's:Proceedings of the North Dakota Academy of Science, v. 51, p. 34-39.North Dakota; Symposium; Devils Lake; lake levels; fluctuation; historic; history; atmospheric precipitation; inflow; evaporation; discharge; hydrology; flooding; dendrochronology; climate; map; graph;
Wiche, G.J., Martin, C.R., Albright, L.L., and Wald, G.B.19971997 flood tracking chart for the Sheyenne River Basin:U.S. Geological Survey Open File Report 97-177, 1 sheet.data; drainage basins; floods; gauging; geologic hazards; North Dakota; Cheyenne River Basin; streamflow; surface water;
Wiche, G.J., Martin, C.R., Albright, L.L., and Wald, G.B.19971997 flood tracking chart for the Sheyenne River Basin:U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 97-177, 1 sheet.altitude; data; decision making; drainage basins; floods; gauging; geologic hazards; North Dakota; risk assessment; Sheyenne River Basin; streamflow; surface water; USGS;
Wiche, G.J., Martin, C.R., and Albright, L.L.19971997 flood tracking chart for the Red River of the North Basin:U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 97-193, 1 sheet.altitude; data; decision making; drainage basins; floods; gauging; geologic hazards; Minnesota; North Dakota; Red River of the North Basin; risk assessment; streamflow; surface water; USGS;
Wiche, G.J., Vecchia, A.V., osborne, L.2000Climatology and potential effects of an emergency outlet, Devils Lake basin, North Dakota:U.S. Geological Survey Fact Sheet 89-00, 4 p.Benson County; climate; Devils Lake Basin; discharge; drainage basins; El Nino; geologic hazards; lake level changes; North Dakota; Ramsey County; Red River of the North Basin; spillways; surface water; USGS;
Wiche. G. J., Guttormson, K. G., Robinson, S.M., Mitton, G. B., and Bramer, B. J.2002June 2002 floods in the Red River of the North basin in northeastern North Dakota and northwestern Minnesota:Open-File Report 02-0278, 8 p. (http://nd.water.usgs.gov/pubs/ofr/ofr02278/)
Wiebmer, John D.1977Lignite and North Dakota, a cautious response to accelerated mining demands:Mining Engineering, v. 29, no. 8, p. 24-35,illus.economic geology; mining geology; land use; strip mines; development; reclamation; production; Beulah Mine; Gascoyne Mine; Center Mine; Glenharold Mine; Indian Head Mine; Falkirk Mine; coal gasification; employment; equipment; electric power generation
Wilcke, Wolfgang, and Amelung, Wulf2000Persistent organic pollutants in native grassland soils along a climosequence in North America:Soil Science Society of America Journal, v. 64, n. 6, p. 2140-2148.aridisols; aromatic hydrocarbons; Canada; catenas; chlorinated hydrocarbons; climate; climosequences; Colorado; environmental analysis; geotraverses; grasslands; Great Plains; halogenated hydrocarbons; hazardous waste; hydrocarbons; Kansas; Minnesota; Mollisols; Montana; naphthalene; Nebraska; North Dakota; organic compounds; PCBs; phenanthrene; pollutants; pollution; polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons; prairies; Saskatchewan; soil surveys; soils; statistical analysis; temperature; Texas; Wyoming;
Wild, Robert, and Schellenbaum, Ralph1951X-ray diffraction studies of mineral matter in North Dakota lignite:N. Dak. Acad. Sci., Proc., v. 5, p. 40-42.The experimental procedure of the study is discussed. The mineral analyses of natural lignite, lignite char briquet, and lignite char briquet ash are reported.
Wilde, E. M.1985Diagenetic feature of a Cretaceous clastic shoreline sequence, Northern Great Plains provinceGeological Society of America Abstracts with Programs, V. 17, p. 750
Wilde, E. M.1986Depositional environments and diagenetic features of a Cretaceous clastic sequence, Fox Hills Sandstone of northern Great Plains ProvinceAmerican Association of Petroleum Geologists Bulletin, V. 70, p. 1061
Wilder, Frank A.1906The lignite coals of North Dakota:Econ. Geol., v. 1, p. 674-681.The distribution, quality, and economic value of the lignite beds are discussed.
Wilder, Frank A.1905The lignite of North Dakota and its relation to irrigation:U. S. Geol. Survey Water-Supply Paper 117, 59 p., illus.The lignite deposits are described, analyzed, and evaluated to determine the effectiveness of their use as a fuel for pumping water for irrigation.
Wilder, Frank A.1904The lignite on the Missouri, Heart and Cannon Ball Rivers and its relation to irrigation:N. Dak. Geol. Survey 3rd Bienn. Rept., p. 9-40, illus.The nature and extent of lignite beds in the state are discussed. The possibility of using lignite to generate steam for power is studied.
Wilder, Frank A.1904The Laramie and Fort Union beds in North Dakota:Jour. Geology, v. 12, p. 290-293.The relationship between the "Laramie" beds and the Fort Union beds is discussed.
Wilder, Frank A.1903A possible origin for the lignites of North Dakota:Iowa Acad. Sci., Proc.,v. l0, p. 129-135.The distribution, characteristics, and composition of the lignite beds are discussed. The paleontology of the lignite beds is discussed. An hypothesis of the origin of the lignite beds is presented.
Wilder, Frank A.1903The fuel value of the North Dakota lignites:Eng. and Mining Jour., v. 75, p. 222-223, illus.The composition of the lignite is presented. The economical advantages of the use of lignite are discussed. The results of a test using lignite for railroad engines are presented.
Wilder, Frank A.1903The lignite mines of North Dakota:Eng. and Mining Jour., v. 75, p. 326-327, illus.The history of the mining and production of the lignite is discussed. The lignite deposits and the mines are described.
Wilder, Frank A.1902Significance of the lignite to the state:N. Dak. Geol. Survey 2d Bienn. Rept., p. 190-197.The economic advantages of the lignite in North Dakota are discussed.
Wilder, Frank A.1902Lignite in the Turtle Mountains:N. Dak. Geol. Survey 2d Bienn. Rept., p. 162.The paper is a brief discussion of lignite in the Turtle Mountains, North Dakota.
Wilder, Frank A.1902The lignite deposits of Williams County and vicinity:N. Dak. Geol. Survey 2d Bienn. Rept., p. 56-60, illus.The lignite deposits in the Williams County area are described.
Wilder, Frank A.1902Lignite deposits of Morton County:N. Dak. Geol. Survey 2d Bienn. Rept., p. 147-151, illus.The lignite deposits of Morton County, North Dakota are described.
Wilder, Frank A.1902The lignite deposits of North Dakota:Eng. Mining Jour., v. 74, p. 674-675, illus.The nature and extent of the lignite deposits in North Dakota are discussed.
Wilder, Frank A.1902Lignite deposits of Hettinger County:N. Dak. Geol. Survey 2d Bienn. Rept., p. 159-161.The paper is a brief description of lignite deposits in Hettinger County, North Dakota.
Wilder, Frank A.1902Lignite deposits of Burleigh County:N. Dak. Geol. Survey 2d Bienn. Rept., p. 60-63.The lignite deposits in Burleigh County near Wilton, North Dakota are described.
Wilder, Frank A.1902Lignite deposits of Emmons County:N. Dak. Geol. Survey 2d Bienn. Rept., p. 161-162.The paper is a brief discussion of lignite in Emmons County, North Dakota.
Wilder, Frank A.1902Lignite deposits of Billings County:N. Dak. Geol. Survey 2d Bienn. Rept., p. 63-74, illus.The lignite deposits in Billings County, North Dakota are described.
Wilder, Frank A.1902The lignite coal fields of North Dakota:N. Dak. Geol. Survey 2d Bienn. Rept., p. 33-55, illus.The topography, drainage, stratigraphy, and extent of the lignite fields in North Dakota are described.
Wilder, Frank A.1902Coal deposits of Stark County:N. Dak. Geol. Survey 2d Bienn. Rept., p. 151-159, illus.The lignite deposits of Stark County, North Dakota are described.
Wilder, Frank A.1902The fuel value of the lignites of North Dakota:N. Dak. Geol. Survey 2d Bienn. Rept., p. 168-189, illus.The properties of lignite, the analysis of lignite, and the faults of a comparison study between lignite and eastern bituminous coal are discussed.
Wilder, Frank A., and Wood, L. H.1902Lignite deposits of Oliver County:N. Dak. Geol. Survey 2d Bienn. Rept., p. 83.The paper is the report of a preliminary study of the lignite deposits in Oliver County, North Dakota.
Wilder, Frank A., and Wood, L. H.1902Lignite deposits of Mercer County:N. Dak. Geol. Survey 2d Bienn. Rept., p. 82-83.The paper is a report of a preliminary study of lignite deposits in Mercer County, North Dakota.
Wilder, Frank A., and Wood, L. H.1902Lignite of McLean County:N. Dak. Geol. Survey 2d Bienn. Rept., p. 74-82, illus.The lignite deposits in McLean County, North Dakota are described.
Wilf, P., and Johnson, K.R.2004Land plant extinction at the end of the Cretaceous; A quantitative analysis of the North Dakota megafloral record:Paleobiology, v. 30, n. 3, p. 347-368. biodiversity; Cenozoic; correspondence analysis; Cretaceous; K-T boundary; Marmarth, North Dakota; mass extinctions; Mesozoic; North Dakota; Paleocene; paleoecology; paleoenvironment; Paleogene; Plantae; quantitative analysis; Slope County, North Dakota; statistical analysis; stratigraphic boundary; terrestrial environment; Tertiary; ,Upper Cretaceous; Williston Basin;
Wilf, P., Labandeira, C.C., Kress, W.J., Staines, C.L., Windsor, D.M., Allen, A.L., and Johnson, K.R.2000Timing the radiations of leaf beetles; hispines on gingers from latest Cretaceous to Recent:Science, v. 289, n. 5477, p. 291-294.adaptive radiation; Angiospermae; Arthropoda; biogeography; Cenozoic; Chrysomelidae; Coleoptera; Cretaceous; Endopterygota; Eocene; habitat; Insecta; Invertebrata; Mandibulata; Mesozoic; morphology; Neoptera; North Dakota; paleoecology; Paleogene; phylogeny; Plantae; Pterygota; species diversity; Spermatophyta; taxonomy; Tertiary; Wyoming;
Wilf, Peter, and Johnson, Kirk R.2001Floral turnover and climatic changes associated with the Cretaceous/Paleogene (K/T) boundary, North Dakota, USA:Geological Society of America Abstracts with Programs Abstracts with Programs, v. 33, n. 6, p. 67. biodiversity; Cenozoic; climate change; Cretaceous; extinction; floral studies; Fort Union Formation; Hell Creek Formation; K/T boundary; leaves; Mesozoic; North Dakota; Paleocene; paleoclimatology; paleoecology; Paleogene; paleotemperature; Plantae; sedimentary rocks; statistical analysis; terrestrial-environments; Tertiary; Williston Basin;
Wilgus, C. K., and Holser, W. T.1984Marine and nonmarine salts of Western Interior, United StatesAmerican Association of Petroleum Geologists Bulletin, V. 68, pp. 765-767
Wilhelm, F. J.1978Soil survey of Mercer County, North Dakota:U.S. Department of Agriculture, Soil Conservation Service (SuDoc no. A57.38: M53/3), 223 p., illus. including soil maps, scale 1:20,000.soils; distribution; morphology; genesis; classification; utilization; management; airphotos; soil maps
Wilkening, D.2003Fossil acquisition by screen washing,in Anderson, J., Sues, H.D., Fox, M., Case, J.A., Eberle, J., Goodwin, M., and Carlson, S., conveners, Sixty third annual meeting, Society of Vertebrate Paleontology, Science Museum of Minnesota; Abstracts: Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology, v. 23, n. 3, Suppl., p. 109-110.applications; Cenozoic; Chordata; Cretaceous; experimental studies; field studies; filters; laboratory studies; lower Tertiary; Mesozoic; new methods; North Dakota; paleontology; sample preparation; screens; sedimentary rocks; size; southwestern North Dakota; Tertiary; Vertebrata;
Willard, Daniel E.1909Soil map of North Dakota; Official state agricultural and geologic map:N. Dak. State Agr. and Geol. Survey, 1 sheet, scale 1:125,000.The origin, composition, and use of the mapped soils are described. The boundaries of the glacial lakes are shown and the badlands and rock-capped buttes are designated.
Willard, Daniel E.1909Description of the Jamestown-Tower district:U. S. Geol. Survey, Geol. Atlas, Folio 168, 10 p., illus. incl. geol. Maps (scale 1:125,000); reprinted, 1910: N. Dak. Agr. Coll. Survey 4th Bienn. Rept., p. 173-233, illus.The district includes the Jamestown, Eckelson, and Tower quadrangles in parts of Cass, Barnes, Stutsman, Ransom, and LaMoure Counties. The geology, including Cretaceous, Tertiary, and Quaternary deposits, and groundwater of the area are discussed.
Willard, Daniel E.1907The story of the prairies or the landscape geology of North Dakota:Kalamazoo, Mich., Ihling Bros. Everard Co., 377 p., illus. incl. geol. map; 9th ed., 1921.The topics discussed in the book include: glaciers in North Dakota, glacial Lake Agassiz, other extinct glacial lakes, Devils Lake, Sheyenne River, Maple River, lakes of North Dakota, the Badlands, coal beds, the beginnings of North Dakota, the Coteaus of the Missouri, the plateau region, water supply, a study of soils, minerals in North Dakota, and the future of North Dakota. Geological guides for trips on three railroad lines in North Dakota are included.
Willard, Daniel E.1906The soils of the Tower quadrangle:N. Dak. Agr. Coll. Survey 3d Bienn. Rept., p. 47-50.The soils are divided into four groups for discussion: soils deposited directly from the ice, soils derived from stream deposits, soils derived from lake deposits, and soil deposits derived from shale.
Willard, Daniel E.1906The history of Maple River:N. Dak. Agr. Coll. Survey 3d Bienn. Rept., p. 51-54, illus.The history of the Maple River is associated with the recession of the glacial ice sheet from eastern North Dakota and the formation of Lake Agassiz.
Willard, Daniel E.1906Notes on the wells of a portion of the Dakota artesian basin:N. Dak. Agr. Coll. Survey 3d Bienn. Rept., p. 44-46.The groundwater and artesian wells in the Tower quadrangle are discussed.
Willard, Daniel E.1906Notes on the water supply of a portion of Cass, Barnes and Ransom counties:N. Dak. Agr. Coll. Survey 3d Bienn. Rept., p. 38-43.The water supply is considered in terms of surface water and groundwater. The discussion of surface water includes streams, springs, lakes and ponds, and shallow wells. The groundwater discussion includes artesian wells, and the quality and source of water.
Willard, Daniel E.1906Geologic history of the Tower Quadrangle:N. Dak. Agr. Coll. Survey 3d Bienn. Rept., p. 28-37, illus.The pre-Quaternary history is covered briefly with the major emphasis on Quaternary events and the histories of the Sheyenne and Maple Rivers.
Willard, Daniel E.1906Description of the Tower Quadrangle:N. Dak. Agr. Coll. Survey 3d Bienn. Rept., p. 1-5, illus.The description includes a discussion of the geographic relations, the topography, and the drainage of the quadrangle area.
Willard, Daniel E.1906A preliminary study of the soils west of the Missouri River:N. Dak. Agr. Coll. Survey 3d Bienn. Rept., p. 143-154, illus.A general resume of the knowledge about the great trans-Missouri domain is presented for the general public living in eastern North Dakota. Questions of climate, rainfall, soil, water supply, available fuel, and transportation are discussed.
Willard, Daniel E.1904The water supply:N. Dak. Agr. Coll. Survey 2d Bienn. Rept., p. 144-152, illus.The report is a discussion of the groundwater of southeastern North Dakota.
Willard, Daniel E.1906A description of geologic formations in eastern North Dakota:N. Dak. Agr. Coll. Survey 3d Bienn. Rept., p.6-9.The Cretaceous Pierre and Colorado "Shales" and the Dakota "Sandstone" are found beneath the deposits of glacial drift. The report contains a description of these formations in the Tower quadrangle.
Willard, Daniel E.1904The surface formations of southeastern North Dakota:N. Dak. Agr. Coll. Survey 2d Bienn. Rept., p. 128-134, illus.The surface deposits of southeastern North Dakota are drift materials. The units described are lacustrine silt, beach deposits, delta deposits, sand dunes, back-beach lagoon deposits, morainic islands, and unmodified drift.
Willard, Daniel E.1904The geology of the soils of southeastern North Dakota:N. Dak. Agr. Coll. Survey 2d Bienn. Rept., p. 135-138, illus.The soils and subsoils, their origin, alkali content, and water content are discussed.
Willard, Daniel E.1904Geologic history of eastern North Dakota:N. Dak. Agr. Coll. Survey 2d Bienn. Rept., p. 138-144, illus.The report is a discussion of the bedrock formations under the glacial drift in eastern North Dakota.
Willard, Daniel E., and Erickson, M. B.1904A survey of the Coteaus of the Missouri:N. Dak. Agr. Coll. Survey 2d Bienn. Rept., p. 17-27, illus. incl. map.The origin of the Missouri Coteau is discussed and a geographical description of the area is included in the report.
Willard, Daniel E., and Hibbard, H. V.1906The Quaternary (drift) formations of the Tower Quadrangle:N. Dak. Agr. Coll. Survey 3d Bienn. Rept., p. 10-20, illus.The general character and relations of the drift, ground moraines, and the Fergus Falls moraine of the Wisconsinan Age are described.
Willard, Daniel E., and Hibbard, H. V.1906Late glacial and post-glacial deposits of the Sheyenne and Maple Rivers:N. Dak. Agr. Coll. Survey 3d Bienn. Rept., p. 21-27, illus.The terraces, deposits, and delta of the Sheyenne River, and the terraces and deposits of the Maple River are described.
Willard, Daniel E., and Hibbard, H. V.1906A peculiar type of hills:N. Dak. Agr. ColL Survey 3d Bienn. Rept., p. 55.This is a description and interpretation of kames in the vicinity of Tower City, North Dakota.
Willard, Rex E.1906A preliminary report on the soils of Williams County:N. Dak. Agr. Coll. Survey 3d Bienn. Rept., p. 122-125, illus.The effects of glaciation on soil formation in the form of glacial drift deposits, meltwater channels, and glacial stream deposits are considered. The "buffalo boulder" is illustrated and defined.
Willard, Rex. E.1904Soil survey of the Minot area:N. Dak. Agr. Coll. Survey 2d Bienn. Rept., p. 114-127, illus. incl. soil map.The soils are related to the glacial deposits in the area. The soil types are discussed. The physiography of the area is described.
Williams, Barrett J.1960Glacial geology of south-central Kidder County; North Dakota:University of North Dakota M. A. thesis, 91 p., illus. including glacial map, scale 1:63,360.Kidder County; Bedrock topography; Fox Hills Sandstone; Sibley Buttes; paleontology; Pierre Shale; Pleistocene; glacial history; radiocarbon dates; glacial deposits; till; size analyses; glacial drift; glacial features; glacial Lake Steele; glacial geologic map; topographic map
Williams, D. L.1984The geochemical evolution of saline groundwater within a fresh water aquifer south of Oakes, North DakotaMaster's, University of North Dakota, Grand Forks, ND, 328 p.
Williams, G. P., and Wolman, M. G.1986Effects of dams and reservoirs on surface-water hydrology; changes in rivers downstream from damsUSGS Water-Supply Paper W 2300, pp. 83-88
Williams, J.1987Possible nutritional stress in a Plains Woodland skeletal populationProceedings of the North Dakota Academy of Science, V. 41, p. 61
Williams, J. A.1974Characterization of oil types in Williston Basin:American Association of Petroleum Geologists Bulletin, v. 58, no. 7, p. 1243-1252, illus.Williston Basin; petroleum; geochemistry; oil types; oil characterization; source beds; Ordovician-Silurian oil; Mississippian oil; Pennsylvanian-Tyler oil
Williams, J. A.1987Characterization of oil types in Williston Basinin, Peterson, J. A., Kent, D. M., Anderson, S. B., Pilatzke, R. H., and Longman, M. W., eds., Williston Basin; anatomy of a cratonic oil province, Rocky Mountain Association of Geologists, Denver, CO, pp. 259-268
Williams, Richard P., and Barker, W. T.1975Vascular flora of Emmons County, North Dakota (abstract):North Dakota Academy of Science Proceedings, v. 29, pt. 1, p. 34.Emmons County; geology; soils; botany; glacial deposits; Cretaceous sediments
Williams, S. T., Lent, R. M., and Wiche, G. J.1996Variations in surface water quantity and quality as a result of the 1993 summer flood in the Devils Lake basin, North Dakota:U. S. Geological Survey Water Resources Investigations 96-4028, 32 p.Devils Lake basin; dissolved materials; floods; geochemistry; hydrochemistry; hydrology; monitoring; natural resources; North Dakota; nutrients; precipitation; rainfall; runoff; streamflow; surface water; water quality;
Williams, S. T., Macek, R. K. M., and Emerson, D. G.1994Climatic and hydrologic aspects of the 1988-92 drought and the effect on people and resources of North Dakota:North Dakota State Water Commission Water Resources Investigation, 87 p.climate; drought; effects; ground water; human activity; hydrology; North Dakota; streamflow; water management; water resources;
Williams, S.T.1996Analysis of the peak-flow gaging network in North Dakota:Water Resources Investigations 96-4178, 25 p.hydrology; least squares analysis; measurement; networks; North Dakota; peak flow; statistical analysis; streamflow; surface water;
Williams, S.T.1999From dry to wet, 1988-97, North Dakota:U.S. Geological Survey Fact Sheet 75-99, 4 p.agriculture; annual variations; aquifers; atmospheric precipitation; climate; damage; drought; environmental effects; floods; geologic hazards; ground water; habitat; hydrology; moisture; monitoring; North Dakota; rivers and streams; soils; streamflow; surface water; USGS;
Williams, S.T.2004Regression equations for estimating concentrations of selected water quality constituents for selected gaging stations in the Red River of the North basin, North Dakota, Minnesota, and South Dakota:U.S. Geological Survey Water Resources Investigations WRI 03 4291, 33 p. (http://water.usgs.gov/pubs/wri/wri034291/).chemical composition; concentration; gauging; geochemistry; hydrochemistry; mathematical methods; mathematical models; Minnesota; North Dakota; Red River of the North Basin; regression analysis; South Dakota; statistical analysis; streamflow; USGS; water quality; water resources;
Williams, S.T.1999Estimated and measured bridge scour at selected sites in North Dakota, 1990-97:U.S. Geological Survey Water-Resources Investigations 99-4124, 54 p. bridges; discharge; erosion; floods; geologic hazards; North Dakota; scour; surface water; USGS;
Williams, S.T.2003Estimated level 1.5 bridge scour at selected sites in North Dakota, 1999-2002:U.S. Geological Survey Open File Report OF 03 0134, 10 p. (http://nd.water.usgs.gov/pubs/ofr/ofr03134/index.html). bridges; depth; erosion; highways; hydrology; measurement; North Dakota; rivers and streams; scour; structures; surface water; USGS; water erosion;
Williams, S.T., and Wiche, G.J.1998Streamflow statistics of selected streams in the lower Red River of the North Basin, North Dakota, Minnesota, and Manitoba:U.S. Geological Survey Open File Report 98-0021, 407 p.Canada; discharge; drainage basins; hydrodynamics; hydrology; Manitoba; Minnesota; monitoring; North Dakota; Red River of the North Basin; rivers; streamflow; streams; surface water;
Williams-Sether, T.2004River gain and loss studies for the Red River of the North Basin, North Dakota and Minnesota:United States Geological Survey Open-file Report 2004-1076 (http://water.usgs.gov/pubs/of/2004/1076/), 21 p.North Dakota; Red River of the North Basin; Minnesota; rivers; Sheyenne River; Turtle River; Forest River; Park River; Wild Rice River; Sand Hill River; Clearwater River; South Branch Buffalo River; Otter Tail River; Dakota Water Resources Act; water quality; groundwater discharge; drainage basins; evaporation; ground water; hydrology; rivers and streams; streamflow; water balance; water resources;
Williams-Sether, T. J.1992Techniques for estimating peak-flow frequency relations for North DakotaUS Geological Survey Water-Resources Investigation Report, WRI 92-4020, 57 p.
Williams-Sether, Tara2003Regression equations for estimating concentrations of selected water-quality constituents for selected gaging stations in the Red River of the North Basin, North Dakota, Minnesota, and South Dakota:U.S. Geological Survey Water-Resources Investigations Report 03-4291, http://pubs.water.usgs.gov/wri034291/.North Dakota; South Dakota; Minnesota; Red River of the North; water quality;
Williams-Sether, Tara2000High-streamflow statistics of selected streams in the Red River of the North basin, North Dakota, Minnesota, South Dakota, and Manitoba:U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 00-0344, 498 p.Canada; discharge; drainage basins; floods; gauging; geologic hazards; Manitoba; Minnesota; variations; North Dakota; probability; Red River of the North basin; South Dakota; statistical analysis; streamflow; streams; water resources;
Willis, Bailey1885Lignites of the Great Sioux Reservation:U. S. Geol. Survey Bull. 21, 16 p., illus.The geology from Mandan to the Moreau River is described. Special emphasis is placed on the lignite deposits between the Grand and Moreau Rivers, South Dakota.
Willis, Ronald P.1959Upper Mississippian-Lower Pennsylvanian stratigraphy of central Montana and Williston Basin:Am. Assoc. Petroleum Geologists Bull., v. 43, no. 8, p. 1940-1966, illus.The stratigraphy, paleontology, and history of sedimentation are discussed.
Willson, Robert G.1967Hydrogeology of the Shell Creek Area, Mountrail County, North Dakota:University of North Dakota M. S. thesis, 68 p., illus. including geologic map, scale 1:63,360.groundwater; hydrogeology; geology; stratigraphy; Fort Union Group; "Lostwood Formation"; "Little Knife Formation"; "Coteau Formation"; lithology; geomorphology; geologic history; glacial deposits; hydrology; runoff; precipitation (atmospheric); water analyses; flow systems; geologic map
Wilson, B. J.1983Petroleum production and petroleum geology of the Bakken Formation, Williston Basin, North DakotaCompass, V. 60, pp. 99-110
Wilson, Everett E.1958Foraminifera from outcrops of the Pierre shale (Upper Cretaceous) of North Dakota:Grand Forks, N. D., North Dakota, Univ., M.S. Thesis (unpub.), 134 p., illus.The stratigraphy, history of nomenclature, paleoecology, analysis of the fauna, and systematic description of the fauna are included in the paper.
Wilson, Everett E.1957An investigation of the corals from the Cannonball formation (Paleocene) of North Dakota (abs.):N. Dak. Acad. Sci. Proc., v. 11, p. 15-16.A new collecting locality is reported and one new species and one genus are recognized for the first time in North Dakota. A total of six species are identified.
Wilson, J. L., and Pilatzke, R. H.1985Carbonate-evaporite cycles in lower Duperow Formation of Williston BasinAmerican Association of Petroleum Geologists Bulletin, V. 69, pp. 870-871
Wilson, J. L., and Pilatzke, R. H.1987Carbonate-evaporite cycles in the lower Duperow Formation of the Williston Basinin, Peterson, J. A., Kent, D. M., Anderson, S. B., Pilatzke, R. H., and Longman, M. W., eds., Williston Basin; anatomy of a cratonic oil province, Rocky Mountain Association of Geologists, Denver, CO, pp. 119-146
Wilson, James L.1956Stratigraphic position of the upper Devonian branchiopod Rhabdostichus in the Williston Basin:Jour. Paleontology, v. 30, no. 4, p. 959-965, illus.The localities of the fossil are indicated and systematic descriptions are presented. The stratigraphic significance of the occurrence of the species is discussed.
Wilson, James Lee1967Carbonate-evaporite cycles in lower Duperow Formation of Williston Basin:Bulletin of Canadian Petroleum Geology, v. 15, no. 3, p. 230-312, illus.Williston Basin; Devonian; Duperow Formation; carbonate rocks; evaporite rocks; sedimentation; stratigraphy; paleontology; lithology; petrography; cross sections; isopach maps; facies (sedimentary); depositional environments; dolomitization
Wilson, John H.1936A proposed geophysical program of exploration for Nebraska and the Dakotas:Geophysics, v. 1, p. 189-195, illus.The geological conditions and the history of exploration of the area are discussed. A method is proposed whereby the area is subjected to a reconnaissance seismic survey to determine the location of the major structural features.
Wilson, Robert W.1965Type localities of Cope's Cretaceous mammals:South Dakota Academy of Science Proceedings, 1965, v. 44, p. 88-90.paleontology; Cretaceous; mammals; Hell Creek Formation; Dakota Territory; North Dakota; localities
Winbourn, G. D.1986Geology, hydrology and hydrogeochemistry of the West Brush Creek development area, Beulah Mine, Mercer County, North DakotaMaster's, University of North Dakota, Grand Forks, ND, 178 p.
Winchell, N. H.1878The water supply of the Red River Valley:Minn., Geol. and Nat. History Survey, 6th Ann. Rept. for the year 1877, p. 9-42, illus.The surface geology of the Red River Valley is described. The history of a large, freshwater lake which occupied the valley is discussed.
Winczewski, L. M.1978Computer interpretation of geophysical logs of Williston Basin shallow Paleocene sediments (abstract):North Dakota Academy of Science Proceedings, Abstracts, v. 32, pt. 1, p. 24.well logs; interpretation; computers
Winczewski, L. M.1982Paleocene coal-bearing sediments of the Williston Basin, North Dakota; an interaction between fluvial systems and an intracratonic basinDoctoral, University of North Dakota, Grand Forks, ND, 94 p.
Winczewski, L. M., and Groenewold, G. H.1982A tectonic-fluvial model for Paleocene coal-bearing sediments, Williston Basin, southwestern North DakotaUtah Geological and Mineral Survey Bulletin, V. 118, pp. 76-88
Winczewski, Lariamie M.1977Western North Dakota lignite strip mining processes and resulting subsurface characteristics:University of North Dakota M. S. thesis, 432 p., illus.Mercer County; Oliver County; mining processes; overburden characteristics; cutting patterns; waste bank characteristics; mass wasting; waste bank morphology; water problems; reclamation processes; reclaimed areas; surface stability; toxic substances; aquifers; groundwater; maps; computer produced maps; cross sections
Winter, T. C.1977Classification of the hydrologic settings of lakes in the north-central United States:Water Resources Research, v. 13, no. 4, p . 753-767, illus.hydrogeology; eastern North Dakota; hydrology; lakes; groundwater; statistical analyses; topography; precipitation; evaporation; drainage basins; limnology; water quality
Winter, T. C.1981The hydrology of prairie lakes and wetlandsin, Richardson, B., ed., Selected proceedings of the Midwest conference on wetland values and management, June 17-19, 1981, Minnesota Water Planning Board, St. Paul, MN, pp. 113-115
Winter, T. C.1987Hydrology of the Cottonwood Lake area, Stutsman County, North DakotaProceedings of the North Dakota Academy of Science, V. 41, p. 27
Winter, T. C., and Carr, M. R.1981Hydrology of prairie wetlandsUS Geological Survey Professional Paper P 1175, p. 239
Winter, T. C., and Carr, M. R.1981Hydrologic setting of wetlands in the Cottonwood Lake area, Stutsman County, North DakotaUS Geological Survey Water-Resources Investigation Report, WRI 80-99, 42 p.
Winter, T. C., and Rosenberry, D. O.1995Comparison of the effects of climate variability on prairie pothole wetlands in North Dakota and a forested fen in Minnesota:Geological Society of America Abstracts with Programs, v. 27, n. 6, p. 256.arthropods; Cenozoic; climate; cores; Cottonwood Lake; crustaceans; discharge; drought; ecosystems; evapotranspiration; fens; glaciofluvial environment; ground water; Holocene; hydrology; invertebrates; microfossils; Minnesota; North Dakota; ostracods; permeability; potholes; prairies; Quaternary; rainfall; sediments; Shingobee River; surface water; water balance; wetlands;
Winter, T. C., and Rosenberry, D. O.1994Hydrologic factors that affect the delineation of prairie pothole wetlands underlain by glacial till of low permeability in North Dakota:Eos; Transactions of the American Geophysical Union, v. 75, n. 44, Suppl., p. 265.clastic sediments; evapotranspiration; ground water; hydrology; North Dakota; permeability; potholes; prairies; sediments; till; water table; wetlands;
Winter, T. C., and Rosenberry, D. O.1995The interaction of ground water with prairie pothole wetlands in the Cottonwood Lake area, east-central North Dakota, 1979-1990:Wetlands (Wilmington, NC), v. 15, n. 3, p. 193-211.climate; Cottonwood Lake; evapotranspiration; ground water; hydrology; movement; North Dakota; prairies; seepage; Stutsman County; wetlands;
Winter, T. C., Benson, R. D., Engberg, R. A., Wiche, G. J., Emerson, D. G., Crosby, O. A., and Miller, J. E.1984Synopsis of ground-water and surface-water resources of North DakotaUS Geological Survey Open-File Report OF 84-0732, 127 p.
Winter, T.C.2003Geohydrologic setting of the Cottonwood Lake area,in Winter, T.C., ed., Hydrological, chemical, and biological characteristics of a prairie pothole wetland complex under highly variable climate conditions; The Cottonwood Lake area, east central North Dakota: U.S. Geological Survey Professional Paper P1675, p. 1-24.atmospheric precipitation; Cottonwood Lake; discharge; evapotranspiration; ground water; hydraulic conductivity; hydrology; lacustrine environment; North Dakota; preferential flow; recharge; runoff; soils; Stutsman County; surface water; surficial geology; USGS; water balance; water table; wetlands;
Winter, T.C.2001The concept of hydrologic landscapes:Journal of the American Water Resources Association, v. 37,n. 2, p. 335-349.concepts; Crow Wing River basin; digital terrain models; ground water; hydrology; landform description; landscapes; Minnesota; Nebraska; North Dakota; runoff; streams; water resources; watersheds; Wisconsin;
Winter, T.C., ed.2003Hydrological, chemical, and biological characteristics of a prairie pothole wetland complex under highly variable climate conditions; The Cottonwood Lake area, east central North Dakota: U.S. Geological Survey Professional Paper P1675, 109 p.climate; Cottonwood Lake; dynamics; ecology; geochemistry; hydrology; North Dakota; USGS; wetlands;
Winter, T.C., Rosenberry, D.O., Busco, D.C., and Merk, D.A.2001Water source to four U.S. wetlands; Implications for wetland management:Wetlands, v. 21, n. 4, p. 462-473. Cottonwood Lake; Crescent Lake; drainage basins; geochemistry ; ground water; hydrology; land use; Minnesota; Mirror Lake; Nebraska; New Hampshire; North Dakota; rainfall; runoff; Shingobee River; Stutsman County; vegetation; water balance; water quality; wetlands; White Mountains;
Winter. T.C., Rosenberry, D.O., and LaBaugh, J.W.2003Where does the ground water in small watersheds come from?:Ground Water, v. 41, n. 7, p. 989-1000. Canada; case studies; Central America; Costa Rica; Cottonwood Lake; discharge; drainage basins; Europe; geomorphology; Germany; ground water; Harp Lake; hydraulic conductivity; hydrology; Island Lake; Lake Stechlin; lakes; Minnesota; Mirror Lake; models; movement; Nebraska; New Hampshire; North Dakota; Ontario; permeability; properties; provenance; recharge; relief; Shingobee River; surface water; topography; Trout Lake; water balance; water table; watersheds; wetlands; Williams Lake; Wisconsin;
Winters, H. A.1964Problems associated with the Coteau du Missouri in North Dakota (abstract):Association of American Geographers, Annals, v. 54, p. 441-442.Missouri Coteau; description; boundaries
Winters, H. A.1961Landforms associated with stagnant glacial ice:Professional Geographer, v. 13, no. 4, p. 19-23.Missouri Coteau; glacial features; hummocky disintegration moraines; rims; glaciolacustrine deposits; glacial lake plains; glacial stagnation features
Winters, Harold A.1967The extent of the Coteau du Missouri in south-central North Dakota,in Glacial geology of the Missouri Coteau--Midwest Friends of the Pleistocene Field Conference 1967, Guidebook: North Dakota Geological Survey Miscellaneous Series 30, p . 63-71, illus.Missouri Coteau; topography; history; nomenclature
Winters, Harold A.1963Geology and ground water resources of Stutsman County, North Dakota--Part 1, Geology:North Dakota Geological Survey Bulletin 41 (North Dakota Water Conservation Commission County Ground Water Study 2), 84 p., illus. including geologic map, scale 1:126,720.topographic map; bedrock topographic map; geologic map; cross sections; Stutsman County; Precambrian; Paleozoic; Mesozoic; stratigraphy; Niobrara Shale; Pierre Shale; Cretaceous; Fox Hills Sandstone; glacial geology; glacial features; geomorphology; till analyses; glacial history; Streeter Moraine; Millarton Moraine; Eldridge Moraine; Buchanan Moraine; Grace City Moraine; Kensal Moraine; radiocarbon dates; drainage; history
Winters, Harold A.1962Major landforms of the Drift Prairie and the Missouri Coteau, Stutsman County, North Dakota (abstract):Association of American Geographers, Annals, v. 52, no. 3, p. 369-370.Missouri Coteau; glacial features; drift prairie
Winters, Harold A.1960The late Pleistocene geomorphology of the Jamestown area, North Dakota:(Northwestern University Ph.D. dissertation, 144 p., illus. including geologic map, scale 1:84,480); abstract: Dissertation Abstracts, v. 21, no. 6, p. 1521-1522.Stutsman County; geologic map; glacial geology; glacial deposits; drainage; James River; lakes; reservoirs; climate; geology; structural geology; Pierre Shale; bedrock topography; Paleozoic; Precambrian; granite; glacial till; glacio-fluvial deposits; lacustrine deposits; glacial features; glacial history; test-hole logs; lithology
Witkind, Irving J.1959Quaternary geology of the Smoke Creek-Medicine Lake-Grenora area Montana and North Dakota:U. S. Geol. Survey Bull. 1073, 80 p., illus. incl. geol. Map (scale 1:62,500).The stratigraphy, structure, geologic history, and mineral resources of the area are discussed. The buried glacial channels and their relation to the sodium sulfate deposits are discussed.
Witkind, Irving J.1952The localization of sodium sulfate deposits in northeastern Montana and northwestern North Dakota:Am. Jour. Sci., v. 250, no. 9, p. 667-676, illus.The localization of the deposits is related to buried channels of glacial origin. Hypotheses for localization of the deposits are discussed.
Witter, D. N.1988Stratal architecture and volumetric distribution of facies tracts, upper Mission Canyon Formation (Mississippian), Williston Basin, North DakotaMaster's, Colorado School of Mines, Golden, CO, 20 p.
Witter, D. N., and Shanley, K. W.1992Sequence stratigraphy of Mississippian peritidal and shallow marine carbonates, Mission Canyon Formation, Williston Basin, North DakotaAmerican Association of Petroleum Geologists Annual Meeting Abstracts, V. 1992, pp. 144-145
Wittstrom, M. D., Jr.1981Proposed model for the development of Red River (Ordovician) porosity, eastern Montana and western North DakotaRocky Mountain Association of Geologists Newsletter, p. 6
Wittstrom, M. D., Jr.1990Little Knife Field, U.S.A., Williston Basin, North DakotaAmerican Association of Petroleum Geologists Treatise of Petroleum Geology, V. A-018, pp. 159-194
Wittstrom, M. D., Jr., and Chimney, P. C.1980Proposed model for development of Red River (Ordovician) porosity, eastern Montana and western North DakotaAmerican Association of Petroleum Geologists Bulletin, V. 64, pp. 804-805
Wittstrom, M. D., Jr., and Lindsay, R. F.1991Little Knife Field; U. S. Williston BasinAmerican Association of Petroleum Geologists Bulletin, V. 75, p. 695
Wittstrom, Martin D., Jr., and Hagemeier, Marvin E.1979A review of Little Knife Field development:Oil & Gas Journal, v. 77, no. 6, p. 86-92, illus.Dunn County; Billings County; McKenzie County; oil field; Mission Canyon Formation; Mississippian; Duperow Formation; Devonian; production; structure; stratigraphy; reservoir characteristics
Wittstrom, Martin D., Jr., and Hagemeier, Marvin E.1978bA review of Little Knife Field development, North Dakota,in Williston Basin Symposium, the economic geology of the Williston Basin: Montana Geological Society 24th Annual Conference, p. 361-368, illus.Williston Basin; oil field; Dunn County; Billings County; McKenzie County; Mississippian; Mission Canyon Formation; Devonian; Duperow Formation; production; exploration; structure; stratigraphy; lithology; reservoir fluids; cross sections; structure contour map; potential
Wittstrom, Martin D., Jr., and Hagemeier, Marvin E.1978aA review of Little Knife Field development:Wyoming Geological Association Earth Science Bulletin, v. 11, no. 4, p . 1-14, illus.Dunn County; Billings County; McKenzie County; oil field; Mission Canyon Formation; Mississippian; Duperow Formation; Devonian; production; structure; stratigraphy; reservoir characteristics
Wolf, J. K.1987Influence of landscape position on soil water, runoff, soil erosion and crop yieldDoctoral, North Dakota State University, Fargo, ND, 117 p.
Wolfe, S.A., Muhs, D.R., David, P.P., and McGeehin, J.P.1999Late Holocene eolian activity in the Brandon Sand Hills, southwestern Manitoba, Canada:Geological Society of America Abstracts with Programs, v. 31, n. 7, p. 231.Brandon sand hills; Canada; Cenozoic; clastic sediments; eolian features; Great Plains; Holocene; Manitoba; mass spectra; Minot dune field; North Dakota; Northern Great Plains; organic compounds; Paleosols; pedogenesis; provenance; Quaternary; sand; sediments; soils; spectra; vegetation;
Wollenhaupt, N. C., and Richardson, J. L.1982The role of topography in revegetation of disturbed landsin, Mining and Reclamation of Coal Mined Lands in the Northern Great Plains Symposium Proceedings, Montana Agriculture Experiment Station Research Report No. 194, Bozeman, MT, pp. C-2-1 - 11
Wollenhaupt, N. C., Richardson, J. L., Foss, J. E., and Doll, E. C.1986A rapid method for estimating soil salinity from apparent soil electrical conductivity measured with an above-ground electromagnetic induction meterCanadian Journal of Soil Science, V. 66, pp. 315-321
Wood, C., Heldmann, J., Gerszewski, M., Mattern, A., Schmidt, C., Rydell, J., and Langwost, P.1999ACIT; An Internet controlled telescope for asteroid and comet research:Abstracts of Papers Submitted to the Lunar and Planetary Science Conference No. 30, abstr. no. 1839. asteroids; astronomy; atmospheric precipitation; cameras; comets; computer networks; computer programs; data processing; filters; instruments; Internet; monitoring; North Dakota; observatories; PCAnywhere computer program; research; telescopes;
Wood, G. H., Jr.1983Coal occurrences of North America and adjacent areasUS Geological Survey Professional Paper P 1375, p. 15
Wood, J. D.1983Repeat magnetic surveysUS Geological Survey Professional Paper P 1375, p. 132
Wood, L. H.1904Report on the region between the Northern Pacific Railroad and Missouri River. Its topography, climate, vegetation, irrigation possibilities and coal deposits:N. Dak. Geol. Survey 3rd Bienn. Rept., p. 41-125, illus.The topography of the valley of the Little Missouri River and of the Badlands is described. Factors of formation of the Badlands are discussed. The climate of the area is discussed. The distribution and stratigraphic relations of the lignite deposits are discussed. The drift, and in particular, the margin of the drift is described.
Wood, L. H.1902Preliminary report on Ward County and adjacent territory with special reference to the lignite:N. Dak. Geol. Survey 2d Bienn. Rept., p. 84-146, illus.The paper includes discussions of the topographic divisions of the county, stratigraphy, the preglacial surface of the Laramie, and a systematic description of the lignite centers of the county.
Wood, W. R.1993Joseph N. Nicollet's 1839 manuscript maps of the Missouri River and upper Mississippi Basin:Scientific Papers of the Illinois State Museum, v. 24; 1993, Springfield, IL, Illinois State Museum, 92 sheets.field studies; hydrographic maps; Illinois; Iowa; maps; Minnesota; Mississippi River; Mississippi River basin; Missouri; Missouri River; Nebraska; North Dakota; South Dakota; surface water; water resources; Wisconsin;
Woodward-Clyde Consultants1978pCoal resource occurrence map of the Saddle Butte SW Quadrangle, Dunn County, North Dakota:U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 78-989, 25 p., illus.economic geology; lignite
Woodward-Clyde Consultants1978oCoal resource occurrence map of the Marshall SE Quadrangle, Dunn and Stark Counties, North Dakota:U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 78-997, 26 p., illus.economic geology; lignite
Woodward-Clyde Consultants1978Coal resource occurrence map of the Emmet SW Quadrangle, Mercer and McLean Counties, North Dakota:U. S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 78-990, 22 p ., illus.stratigraphy; Tertiary; Fort Union Formation; physiography; climate; glacial till; Pleistocene; structure; coal geology; lignite; analyses
Woodward-Clyde Consultants1978nCoal resource occurrence map of the Lake Nettie Quadrangle, McLean County, North Dakota:U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 78-994, 22 p., illus.economic geology; lignite
Woodward-Clyde Consultants1978mCoal resource occurrence map of the Garrison Dam North Quadrangle, Mercer and McLean Counties, North Dakota:U. S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 78-992, 24 p., illus.physiography; climate; stratigraphy; Fort Union Formation; Tertiary; Golden Valley Formation; glacial till; Pleistocene; structure; lignite; depositional environments; coal geology; analyses
Woodward-Clyde Consultants1978jCoal resource occurrence map of the Coleharbor Quadrangle, McLean County, North Dakota:U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 78-993, 20 p., illus.economic geology; lignite
Woodward-Clyde Consultants1978kCoal resource occurrence map of the Emmet SE Quadrangle, Mercer and McLean Counties, North Dakota:U. S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 78-991, 22 p., illus.physiography; climate; stratigraphy; Tertiary; Fort Union Formation; Golden Valley Formation; glacial till; Pleistocene; depositional environments; lignite; structure; coal geology; lignite analyses
Woodward-Clyde Consultants1978iCoal resource occurrence map and coal development potential map of the Ziner Butte Quadrangle, Dunn County, North Dakota:U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 78-615, 38 p., illus.economic geology; lignite
Woodward-Clyde Consultants1978gCoal resource occurrence map and coal development potential map of the Marshall NW Quadrangle, Dunn County, North Dakota:U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 78-616, 37 p., illus.economic geology; lignite
Woodward-Clyde Consultants1978hCoal resource occurrence map and coal development potential map of the Schaffner Creek Quadrangle, Dunn and Mercer Counties, North Dakota:U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 78-996, 38 p., illus.economic geology; lignite
Woodward-Clyde Consultants1978eCoal resource occurrence map and coal development potential map of the Golden Valley NW Quadrangle, Dunn and Mercer Counties, North Dakota:U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 78-1044, 38 p., illus.economic geology; lignite
Woodward-Clyde Consultants1978fCoal resource map and coal development potential map of the Mandaree SE Quadrangle, Dunn County, North Dakota:U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 78-988, 34 p., illus.stratigraphy; Fort Union Formation; physiography; climate; Golden Valley Formation; Pleistocene; Paleocene; Eocene; structure; depositional environments; lignite coal geology; resources; reserves; development potential
Woodward-Clyde Consultants1978dCoal resource occurrence map and coal development potential map of the Emerson Quadrangle, Dunn County, North Dakota:U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 78-69, 35 p., illus.economic geology; lignite
Woodward-Clyde Consultants1978bCoal resource occurrence map and coal development potential map of the Dunn Center NE Quadrangle, Dunn County, North Dakota:U. S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 78-1042, 43 p., illus.economic geology; lignite
Woodward-Clyde Consultants1978cCoal resource occurrence map and coal development potential map of the Dunn Center NW Quadrangle, Dunn County, North Dakota:U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 78-1043, 44 p., illus.economic geology; lignite
Woodward-Clyde Consultants1978aCoal resource occurrence map and coal development potential map of the Dodge Quadrangle, Dunn and Mercer Counties, North Dakota:U. S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 78-68, 37 p ., illus.economic geology; lignite
Worcester, B. K., Brun, L. J., and Doering, E. J.1975Classification and management of saline seeps in western North Dakota, soil water:North Dakota Farm Research, v. 33, no. 1, p. 3-7.seepage; groundwater; saline water; geology; springs
World Oil1952Williston Basin pays off:World Oil, v. 134, no. 5, p. 108-112, illus.The problems encountered during the early drilling in the basin are discussed. A list of producing wells and drilling activity in the basin is included.
Worsley, T. R.1971Terminal Cretaceous events:Nature, v. 230, no. 3292, p. 318-320.Mid-Atlantic Ridge; Cretaceous-Tertiary Boundary; Cannonball Formation; North Dakota; depositional environments; sedimentary geology; paleontology
Worthington, Elmer1969Petrified Badlands logs turn back pages of time:The North Dakotan, Greater North Dakota Association, v. 44, no. 6, p. 6-7, illus.Badlands; petrified wood
Wosick, F.1977bStratigraphy and paleontology of the Upper Cretaceous Morden Member (Vermilion River Formation) in the outcrop area, northeastern North Dakota (abstract):North Dakota Academy of Science Proceedings, Abstracts, v. 31, pt. 1, p. 34.Cavalier County; shale; concretions; foraminiferids; paleontology; depositional environment
Wosick, Frederick D.1977aStratigraphy and paleontology of the Upper Cretaceous Morden Member (Vermilion River Formation) in the outcrop area, northeastern North Dakota:University of North Dakota M.S. thesis, 152 p., illus.Cavalier County; Pembina County; stratigraphy; nomenclature; paleontology; methodology; structural geology; geologic history; depositional history; lithostratigraphy; concretions; mineralogy; chemical analyses; foraminiferids; cephalopods; gastropods; pelecypods; geologic age; paleoecology; depositional environments; measured sections; well data
Wright, H.E. Jr.1992Patterns of Holocene climatic change in the Midwestern United States:Quaternary Research, v.38, n.1, p.129-134.Cenozoic; climate; Holocene; Midwest; paleoclimatology; palynomorphs; Quaternary; stratigraphy;
Wright, M. R., and Sweeney, M. D.1977Soil survey of Eddy County and parts of Benson and Nelson Counties, North Dakota:U.S. Department of Agriculture, Soil Conservation Service (SuDoc no. A57.38:Ed2/2), 202 p ., illus . including soil maps, scale 1:20,000.soils; distribution; morphology; genesis; classification; utilization; management; airphotos; soil maps
Wright, M. R., Schaar, J., and Tillotson, S. J.1982Soil survey of Dunn CountyNorth Dakota, U. S. Department of Agriculture, Soil Conservation Service, Washington DC, 235 p.
Wright, S., and Young, J.1996Lodgepole 3-D seismic; design, acquisition and processing:Society of Exploration Geophysicists Annual Meeting Expanded Technical Program Abstracts with Biographies, v. 66, p. 397-400.Carboniferous; data acquisition; data processing; geophysical surveys; Lodgepole Formation; Mississippian; mounds; North Dakota; Paleozoic; petroleum; seismic surveys; Stark County; three dimensional models; Waulsortian facies; Williston Basin;
Wroblewski, A.2002The myth of latest Cretaceous continental draining; reconciling paleontological and geological data sets:Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology, v. 22, n. 3, Suppl., p. 121.Cenozoic; Colorado; Cretaceous; depositional environment; Ferris Formation; Hanna Formation; Hell Creek Formation; Lance Formation; marine environment; Medicine Bow Formation; Mesozoic; Montana; North Dakota; Paleocene; paleoclimatology; paleoenvironment; Paleogene; paleogeography; regression; sea level changes; South Dakota; terrestrial environment; Tertiary; Western Interior Seaway; Wyoming;
Wroblewski, A.F.J.2003Latest Cretaceous sea level and the evolution of the Lance/Hell Creek and Medicine Bow/Ferris deltas:Geological Society of America Abstracts with Programs, v. 35, n. 6, p. 427. aggradation; basin analysis; basins; coastal environment; Cretaceous; deltaic environment; deltaic sedimentation; depositional environment; facies; Ferris Formation; fluvial environment; Green River basin; Hell Creek Formation; Lance Formation; Laramide Orogeny; lithostratigraphy; Medicine Bow Formation; Mesozoic; models; North Dakota; paleoenvironment; paleogeography; sea level changes; sedimentary basins; sedimentary rocks; sedimentation; shorelines; Western Interior Seaway; Wyoming;
Wroblewski, A.F.J.1999Stratigraphy, sedimentology, and paleontology of the Hell Creek Formation (Maastrichtian), Bowman County, North Dakota:AAPG Bulletin, v. 83, n. 7, p. 1190.Arenicolites; Arthropoda; bars; bedding; Bowman County; brackish water environments; burrows; Cedar Creek Anticline; clastic rocks; Cretaceous; Crustacea; Cylindrichnus; estuarine environments; fossil wood; Hell Creek Formation; ichnofossils; Invertebrata; Lissodus selachos; Maestrichtian; Malacostraca; Mandibulata; Mesozoic; Myledaphus bipartitus; North Dakota; Ophiomorpha; planar bedding structures; Polykladichnus; rhizoliths; sand bodies; sandstone; sea level changes; sedimentary rocks; sedimentary structures; sedimentation; Senonian; shale; Skolithos; stratification; Teredolites; thickness; transgression;
Wroblewski, D. and Lunde, N. J.1980Soil Survey of Emmons County, North DakotaU. S. Department of Agriculture, Soil Conservation Service, Washington, DC, 185 p
Wu, J., Norvell, W.A., Hopkins, D.G., Smith, D.B., Ulmer, M.G., and Welch, R.M.2003Improved prediction and mapping of soil copper by kriging with auxiliary data for cation exchange capacity: Soil Science Society of America Journal, v. 67, n. 3, p. 919-927.cation exchange capacity; copper; geochemical surveys; geochemistry; geostatistics; kriging; mapping; metals; North Dakota; quantitative analysis; regression analysis; soil surveys; soils ; statistical analysis; trace elements;
Wu, Nong1994High-resolution electromagnetic images of conductivity structure in the mid-lower crust and upper mantle.Doctoral dissertation. Seattle, WA: University of Washington, 255 p. Canada; conductivity; crust; geophysical surveys; Hudsonian Orogeny; lower-crust; magnetotelluric surveys; mantle; North Dakota; Precambrian; Proterozoic; rapid relaxation inverse method; reflection methods; seismic profiles; three dimensional models; two dimensional models; upper mantle; Williston Basin;
Wulf, George R.1968Lower Cretaceous Muddy Sandstone in the northern Rockies:20th Wyoming Geological Association Field Conference Guidebook, p. 29-34.Muddy Sandstone; Cretaceous; facies (sedimentary); lithology; mineralogy; sedimentary structures; stratigraphy; depositional environments; oil production
Wulf, George R.1964Good Dynneson sand trend may extend northeastward:World Oil, v. 158, no. 2, p. 53-55, illus.Williston Basin; Cretaceous; Dynneson Sandstone; stratigraphy; petroleum reservoirs; cross sections; isopach maps; depositional environments; Mowry Shale
Wulf, George R.1962Lower Cretaceous Albian rocks in northern Great Plains:American Association of Petroleum Geologists Bulletin, v. 46, no. 8, p. 1371-1415, illus.Williston Basin; Newcastle Sandstone; Cretaceous; Albian; Dakota Group; stratigraphy; paleogeologic map; cross sections; Fall River Sandstone; isopach maps; lithology; Skull Creek Shale; lithofacies; paleontology; petrography; sedimentary structures;depositional environments; Dynneson unit; tectonics; paleogeography; Mowry unit
Wyant, Donald G., and Beroni, Ernest P.1950Reconnaissance for trace elements in North Dakota and eastern Montana-pt.l. Geology and radioactivity; pt. 2. Reserves and summary:U. S. Geol. Survey Rept. TEI-61 (pts. 1 & 2), 29 p., illus. incl. geol. map (scale 1:220,040). (Report prepared for U. S. Atomic Energy Commission.)The origin, composition, physical characteristics, and radioactivity of the various formations are described. The analyses of samples of radioactive lignites are presented. The reserves of radioactive lignite are discussed. A report of the petrographic examination of selected samples of lignite is presented.
Wyckoff, J. W.1984A late Holocene environmental record from the Knife River Region, North DakotaProceedings of the North Dakota Academy of Science, V. 38, p. 39
Wyckoff, J. W., and Simon, A.1983Late Quaternary environments at a prehistoric site in western N.DProceedings of the North Dakota Academy of Science, V. 37, p. 64