Rehabilitated? Indeed, Rehabilitated!
Rehabilitiert? Ja, Rehabilitiert!
Eisfeld, Dr. Alfred. "Rehabilitated? Indeed, Rehabilitated!" Volk auf dem Weg, February 2009, 10.
This translation from the original German-language text to AmericanEnglish is provided by Alex Herzog, Boulder, Colorado
Dr. Alfred Eisfeld
In "Volk aud dem Weg," issue 0809, 2009, we reported about some information that has been gleaned through research in the Archives of the Russian Federation. The special volume of the series "Heimatbuecherder Landsmannschaft der Deutschen aus Russland" that appeared in December of 2008, on the general theme of "Von der Autonomiegruendungzur Verbannung und Entrechtung. Die Jahre 1918 und 19141 bis 1948 in derGeschichte der Deutschen aus Russland" [From the Onset of Autonomy to Exile and Deprivation of Rights. The Years 1918 and 1941 to 1948 in the History of Germans from Russia] presents a great deal more than we couldmention within that article.
Of course, we must still make this somewhat limiting observation that to this day not all documents have been made accessible to researchers or have been identified by researchers as to their potential content of the history of the Germans in Russia. For this reason it is very important that the generation who lived through it all document its own experiences for generations succeeding them. In the special volume cited above there are three excellent contributions by Johann Kempen, Henriette Goettte and Harry Haegelen, which, one can hope, might prompt other contemporary witnesses to write down their own experiences.
During our research of the archives, there was a special "discovery" that might not even be one for one or the other reader. Among the personal documents of the Special Settlers [Soviet term for the deported Germans - Tr.], there were some certifications of rehabilitation based on Article 1.1 of the Russian Laws dated October 18, 1991, # 1761-1, "On the Rehabilitation of the Victims of Political repression." These acts of rehabilitation ensued without the victims having to apply for them, and these documents remained [hidden] in the archived sets simply because those affected or their relatives had not requested them. Most of them have emigrated to Germany in the meantime, and others are no longer alive.
Thus it is up to everyone personally whether he/she might request written proof of rehabilitation or not. Anyone who resided in any of the Soviet "Special Settlements" actually has the right to do so.
I personally received such certification after having officially applied for it. Why do I have to have it? Is it of any use to me? In the certification, one reads that application of the Directive of the NKVD of the Soviet Union (# 181) of October 11, 1945 against my father and me was illegal, and that I was therefore rehabilitated. Good to know!
Within the Russian Federation, personal documents affecting specific family members may be viewed as archived by the Information Center of the Interior Administration of the Republic. There one can also receivethe certifications I have mentioned. The address can be found via the following Internet site: http:www.memo.rurehabilitateadr-refChapter1.htm
Our appreciation is extended to Alex Herzog for translation of this article.