Pied Piper of Leola
Electronic mail message from Jake Bergmann
"These are great stories - thanks - brings back a
few memories of summer months when gophers were a big part of a
kid's life out in the country! In the 1970's Saskatchewan farm kids
were apparently exporting gophers to Japan where they were sold
as exotic pets for $200 - $300 each! Upon hearing this we chuckled
as this was described by some as our revenge for the arrival of
the Datsun on the prairies'! I wonder if any managed to escape and
started up their characteristic colonies with which we were all
This leads to a rather amusing story which supposedly
happened around the turn of the last century in Grand Forks, ND:
"The story of "The Pied Piper of Leola" begins in
1903. A man named C.W. Hawes ran a livery stable in Leola and was
a born promoter, so he was elated when he received a communication
from G.A. Tolbett of Chicago appointing him the local representative
of the Australian Rabbit Extermination Company. Hawes received a
letter outlining the company's plan to exterminate the rabbits in
Australia by shipping in live gophers from America. The plan included
the inoculation of gophers with a disease fatal to rabbits but harmless
to the gophers.
Hawes part in the plan was to buy live gophers and
hold them until Tolbett came to Leola to claim them and ship them
to Australia. So on April 23, 1903, Hawes placed this advertisement
in the McPherson County Herald: "10,000--LIVE GOPHERS WANTED--10,000.
We will pay 25c apiece for female and 15c for male gophers delivered
at Leola House on May 2, 1903."
Soon Hawes had gophers by the hundreds in all kinds
of containers including buckets, wooden boxes and crates covered
with screen wire, lathe or wooden slats. Soon the livery was so
full of gophers there was no room left for extra horses or anything
else. On May 2, the date appointed for the gopher pickup, Dawes
began allowing people to stack crates of gophers on the front porch
of his hotel, the Leola House, much to the consternation of his
guests. A crowd of people gathered and waited for the representative
of the Australian Rabbit Extermination Company. At the end of the
day they were still waiting.
As time passes the difficulties of storing thousands
of gophers in close quarters became apparent. Some gave birth to
more gophers. Then the captive and poorly fed rodents started to
attack and eat each other. The stench became unbearable.
What to do! There was still no world from the Australian
Rabbit Extermination Company. Finally Hawes couldn't take it anymore.
He hacked off lath, ripped off screen wire and turned the gophers
loose on Leola. They swarmed under and over boardwalks until people
could hardly pass without stepping on gophers. As the animals spread
over town they decimated the early gardens. Hawes lost his investment
and whatever popularity he may have had. It was not until long afterward
that Leola folk learned that the whole affair was a practical joke
played on Hawes by William Cochrane, a young man who had come West
for his health and was employed as principal of the Leola schools.
Cochrane was suffering from tuberculosis and before he died a few
years later confessed the whole thing to his brother. Cochrane had
called on a friend in Chicago who helped him set the whole thing