History Culture German Russian History
Travel Routes for Germans leaving Russia
to North America
Electronic mail message from Arthur E. Flegel, Menlo
In response to your query regarding travel routes
taken by Germans leaving Russia, I am pleased to share what my research
and interviews have uncovered. I am also submitting copies of this
message to others for whatever benefit it may provide.
Although in rare occurences there could have been other routes
of travel the following method was almost universally pursued in
the Black Sea Area. The services of a Jewish travel agent named
Mischler, copies of whose advertisements I have, were normally engaged
for travel arrrangements. He had a well established route beginning
with Odessa via train through Warsaw, Poland to Berlin, Germany
and from there to the seaports at Hamburg or Bremerhaven in Germany.
His agents along the way were well trained to assist and take care
of his clients' needs. I have no report that anyone working through
him was ever stranded. However, on occasion the travellers did have
problems with border authorities or having reached their seaport
destination in Germany, chose for one reason or another to remain
there for a period of time before continuing on to the USA. Usually,
it was because they had run low on funds and decided to earn some
money before continuing to their final destination.
For those who were unable to acquire passports, Mischler also had
a well organized underground. This was the means my parents had
to take in 1899 since the Czarist Government would not issue my
father a passport because he had been in the military and the Russo-Japanese
War was imminent.
I believe your Ganske people were among those of several groups
who emigrated about 1906-1908 from Kronental (Nemetzko Chaginskoe)
in the Caucasus. Normally people from there would go to the nearest
RR Station, Woronzovka, present day Salsk from where they rode the
train to Odessa.to proceed as described above.
There was a second agent named Stickler or Stickley whose services
were seemingly less dependable and therefore less prominent.
Travelling by ship from Odessa across the Black Sea and then the
Mediterranean and around the coast of Europe back to Bremen would
have been a long detour and quite costly, so it appears most likely
the information that the family travelled from Odessa by water is
to use any images from the GRHC website may be requested
by contacting Michael