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Hepatitis Virus B and Hepatitis Virus C Co-Infection Among HIV Patients and Development of an Enzyme Linked Immunosorbent Assay (ELISA) for Diagnosis of Equine Protozoa Myeloencephalitis

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dc.contributor.author Kyomuhangi, Annet
dc.description.abstract Study 1: HIV patients with chronic HBV and/or HCV are more likely to die of liver disease and have a more rapid progression to Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome (AIDS) than patients solely infected with HIV. Blood samples were assayed for the presence of HIV 1/2 antibodies, Hepatitis B Surface Antigen (HBsAg) and Hepatitis C antibodies (HCVab). The prevalence of HBV and HCV among HIV patients was 13% and 10%, respectively. This calls for integration of HBV and HCV prevention, and treatment into HIV programs. Study 2: The current techniques used to diagnose EPM have low sensitivities and some are expensive. To improve serologic diagnosis of EPM, a trivalent antigen (rSAG2/4D1/3D2) was expressed, purified and later incorporated into indirect ELISAs. rSAG2 and rSAG4D1/3D2 reported two and one false negative (s), respectively while rSAG2/4D1/3D2 reported none at a cut off of 15% positivity. rSAG2/4D1/3D2 could be more accurate and reliable than rSAG2 and rSAG4D1/3D2. en_US
dc.title Hepatitis Virus B and Hepatitis Virus C Co-Infection Among HIV Patients and Development of an Enzyme Linked Immunosorbent Assay (ELISA) for Diagnosis of Equine Protozoa Myeloencephalitis en_US
dc.date.accessioned 2012-11-13T16:47:40Z
dc.date.available 2012-11-13T16:47:40Z
dc.date.issued 2012-11-13
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10365/22229
dc.date 2012 en_US
dc.thesis.degree Master of Science. en_US
dc.contributor.advisor Gibbs, Penelope
dc.subject.course Master of Science / Veterinary and Microbiological Sciences, College of Agriculture, Food Systems, and Natural Resources, 2012. en_US

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