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New Horisons In Wheat Breeding

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Title: New Horisons In Wheat Breeding
Author: Edwards, Ian B.
Description: An academic history of the history of wheat breeding efforts begins the discussion. Next is a discussion of spring wheat. genetic gains through conventional breeding follows. Hybrid wheat has been utilized but is reaching it's yield ceiling. The buzz word of biotechnology is referenced regarding it's usage and it's future in wheat research. The Plant Variety Protection Act of 1970 gave both small and large developers of crop species the ability to keep the flow of improved varieties coming by helping them recover their investments in genetic research. Plant patents on genes have become a growing trend that are not the result of recent innovative research. An overzealous effort has been applied in controlling genes by patents. The problem of oversupply of wheat in the US due to government programs that encourage excess production was coming under more opposition in favor of investment in other profitable areas for public funds to be spent. It was perceived by the article's authors that the future of wheat production would move away from rugged individualism to more of a corporate structure to farming. Breeders would need to be more competitive and able to adapt much more quickly changing market situations. The ability to identify niche markets would be a challenge in the future. Even with expanded advancements in wheat breeding, one is still confined to some degree by the geographic contexts with it's certain characteristics, plus or minus. The future lies in making improvements in lowering costs and in raising production efficiencies.
Date: 1987
Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/10365/6149

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