Decision by Germans to Emigrate From USSR
Institute - Munchen
Hilkes, Peter. "Decision by Germans to Emigrate From USSR." Volk auf dem Weg, June 1991, 11.
Translation from German to English by Alma M. Herman
In the press and media of the Federal Republic numerous suggestions were made regarding the departure from the USSR by all living Germans. In Moscow, as in other areas, there is proof that the picture is more complicated than is assumed. In the coming years many Germans will leave the USSR, yet as before, it is unclear how many are involved. Basically, the following groups can be identified as examples in the Altai-Gebiet (Altai district.)
Those who will surely depart.
Those who have set their sights on departing but choose to bide their time, falling into this classification are those who are awaiting the development of autonomy, as well as those who live in mixed marriages whose spouses or their families are not ready to leave. But the number of mixed marriages has in the past been highly speculative, in part, without fundamental sources of information.
According to information supplied by a leading ethnographer in the USSR about 30% of the Germans live in mixed marriages. Statistics by the Germans themselves make it 60% or even 70%.
Those who under the presently practiced law cannot emigrate since they have no close relatives in the federal republic.
Those who in any case want to stay in the USSR.
Therefore it is likely that in the next few years there will not
be a large number of Germans leaving the USSR. Also “a la
longue” (in the long run) there will be a significant number
of Germans in the Soviet Union whose interest in the German language
and culture will continue and be correspondingly supported. The
same is true for those who wish to emigrate but are lacking elementary
knowledge of the German language and of Germany in general.
Amm.d. Red (Announcement) Regarding the number of mixed marriages, we must not the difference between:
a) What percentage of Germans live in such marriages and
b) What percentage of Germans at the present time do not have German spouses (or partners.) From there one can assume that the second percentage is considerably larger that the first.
Our appreciation is extended to Alma M. Herman for
translation of this article.