Odessa Book of Mourning - 2
Trauerbuch Odessa - 2
"Odessa Book of Mourning - 2." Volk auf dem Weg, January 2008, 13.
This translation from the original German-language
text to American English is provided by Alex Herzog,
Memorial Book for more than 10,000 German Victims
of Soviet State Terror
The "Odessa Book of Mourning" [translated
title] deals with the Stalinist measures of terror
against Germans in the areas of Odessa, Nikolayev
and Cherson (Ukraine) during the years 1918 - 1953.
For this book, authors Anton Bosch, Anton Bertsch
and Michael Wanner spent ten years doing research,
searching for and collecting information.
Soon after the publication of the first edition of
"Trauerbuch Odessa" [Odessa Book of Mourning]
the response was so strong that a second edition was
urgently needed. So toward the end of 2007 the "Trauerbuch
Odessa - 2" was published, an edition that was
expanded via lists of names of victims from Odessa,
Nikolayev and Cherson, corrected and completed.
This edition contains the names of more than 10,000
persons who were victims of repression during the
time span of 1928 to 1953. For each person, the following
eight items of information are listed [as available]:
last name, first name, father's name, year of birth,
place of birth, date of arrest, date of sentencing,
and the terms of punishment.
Preceding the extensive listing are articles on
the time of persecution in the colonist districts
Glueckstal, Hoffnungstal, Kutschurgan, Beresan, Nikolayev
and Odessa - including tables, statistics concerning
numbers of victims, as well as photos that provide
insight into the conditions of the time. This opus
is intended particularly for those for whom the true
history of Soviet State terror remains important
the form of a memorial book.
As early as the time of glasnost the authors began
collecting and analyzing responses of the Soviet
authorities on the rehabilitation of repressed family
members. The publication in 1991 by "Neues
(Moscow) of lists of names of German-Russian victims
in Odessa (1200 names) gave strong impetus to activating
the research work. As of 1994, searches in Ukrainian
archives also became possible. Other documents included
in the work were those that arrived after an appeal
in issue 05/2002 of VadW.
Thus various remittances, with documents from government
registries, states' attorneys, departments of the
Ministry of the Interior and memorial associations
in the successor states to the Soviet Union, made
it possible for the authors to glean the names of
2,000 additional persons and to include them in
"Trauerbuch Odessa - 2" as well.
However, due to the lack of sometimes reliable information,
places of birth and other data of numerous repressed
persons could not be clarified completely even in
this edition. Also missing in this book are the names
of thousands of persecuted Germans who were dragged
from their homes without a sentencing decision by
a troika [therefore largely undocumented - Tr.]; many
of these found their death or submerged in other cultures.
For these reasons the search continues for further
information, which will become part of a third edition.
Our appreciation is extended
to Alex Herzog for translation of this article.