Joseph Rott Family History
By Connie Dahlke, Napa, California
Joseph Rott b. 1852 Gluckstal, South Russia was the
tenth child of Martin Rott b. 1804 Hunsbach, Elsass, Germany. Martin
Rott emigrated to South Russia as a young child with his parents
in 1809. The family of Martin Rott, Sr. (b. 1767) included wife
Elizabetha Niess (b. abt 1768), and the older siblings of young
Martin: Salome Rott b. 1786 married to Franz Foerderer, Balthasor
Rott b. 1789, Margaretha Rott b. 1791, and Friedrick Rott b. 1799/1800.
Also traveling to South Russia in 1809 were the Georg Landenberger
family, with wife Barbara Rott b. 1769 (who was pregnant) and their
children Anna Maria Landenberger b. 1790, Michael Jacob Landenberger
b. 1793, Georg Landenberger b. abt 1797, Barbara Landenberger b.
1799, and Eva Landenberger b. 1807. Martin Rott, Sr. and Mrs. Barbara
(Rott) Landenberger were the children of Georg Rott and his wife
The party likely took the overland route in 1809, as the Danube
River was closed to travel due to the war with the Turks in the
lower reaches of the Danube. It was an arduous route, through central
Germany, across lower Poland to the border crossing and quarantine
station at Radzivillov. Groups traveling this route aimed to leave
their homes in Germany as soon as the dirt roads were passable in
the spring, with the hope of arriving in South Russia before the
snow began to fall. At the border crossing they could expect to
be held in quarantine for 30 days.
The Rott/Landenberger party arrived in South Russia just as the
Gluckstal colonies were being set up. Salome and Franz Foerderer
were initially assigned to Rastatt, one of the Beresan Colonies
eastward on the Steppe from the Gluckstal Colonies. Some earlier
arrivals in South Russia had been housed in Grigoriopol on the Dniester
River since 1804, most being placed in with Armenian families. The
German colonists found this arrangement to be unsatisfactory, so
they appealed to Duc de Richelieu for their own village. The good
Duc granted their wish and decided to move a village of Moldavians
out of their mud-hut village of Glinnoi into Grigoriopol, and simultaneously
move the German colonists from Grigoriopol into the mud huts of
Glinnoi vacated by the Moldavians. The changeover occurred in the
spring of 1809. The Rott/Landenberger party arrived in the fall
of 1809 – the Rott family was assigned to Houselot G-111 in
Gluckstal, while the Landenberger family was assigned to Houselot
N-90 in Neudorf, a smaller village that was just being established.
And they arrived just in time – baby Martin Landenberger was
born in Neudorf November 10, 1809.
Times were rough for the early colonists. They had many urgent
tasks to complete just to survive the winter. There were 10 water
wells in the village of Glinnoi, which was renamed Gluckstal, but
the mud huts were cramped and unsatisfactory. As soon as possible,
the German colonists laid out decent-sized houselots and began building
brick homes to replace the mud huts. But let us remember that these
“bricks” were made of mud dried in the sun. Later, when
materials were more plentiful, the bricks might have added straw
or “mischt” (manure) to strengthen them. As the village
became more prosperous, colonists built houses out of stone quarried
from the local hillsides. Much later, there was a tile factory which
made roof tiles, but in the early days the roofs were made of thatch.
Early in the spring, all males of working age were required to
break up the steppe sod and begin planting crops. This was virgin
land, never plowed, and it was tough going, especially with the
single plows which were in use at the time. Too often the rains
were unreliable, the grasshoppers ate what did come up, or hailstorms
flattened it all before it could be harvested.
And then there were the epidemics. The German colonists came into
a land where diseases sprang up to which the colonists had no natural
immunity. If a water well or a stream became contaminated from human
or animal waste, it could wipe out all the families which depended
on that water source. In 1812, just 3 years after arrival, Martin
Rott, Sr. died at the age of 45. Elisabetha (Niess) Rott died two
years later in 1814 at the age of 46. By this time Margaretha Rott
had married Johannes Gross and was living in Houselot G-3. Balthasor
Rott married Klara Dieter around 1814 – Balthasor became “head
of household” with voting rights, and he and Klara became
surrogate parents to Balthasor’s younger brothers Friedrick
age 14 and Martin age 10. Eventually Friedrick Rott married Rosina
Schaeffer (married around 1821) and Martin Rott married Catherina
Sauter (married about 1828).
In the winter time, the wolf packs in the area could become very
aggressive. When traveling from one village to another, an extra
horse was always included in the team. If the wolf packs attacked
and could not be frightened away, the extra horse would be cut loose
and the wolves would run off after the hapless horse, allowing the
remainder of the team and the wagon to escape safely to their destination.
By the 1850’s Gluckstal had entered its “Golden Age.”
Farmers were more prosperous, and the church and school had a steady,
disciplining effect on the colonists. The foundation built in the
early years began to yield dividends.
Then Czar Alexander II came to the throne in 1855. His great desire
was to modernize and unify Russia. No more would the crown tolerate
serfdoms, nor special colonist status for the Germans. The Czar
freed the serfs in 1861, and in 1871 announced that the German colonists
were henceforth expected to serve in the Russian military. He advanced
many civil reforms in the court system and promoted the industrialization
of Russia, including the building of a vast railroad system. When
Alexander II was assassinated in 1881 his son Alexander III came
to the throne. Alexander III was a strict authoritarian as he ruled
Russia. He continued to push the “Russification” of
all peoples in his land. This meant the German colonists were expected
to conduct all business in Russian, and all school subjects were
to be in Russian, from Russian speaking teachers, with the exception
of Bible classes and German language class.
The Germans resented this change in their historical status. They
had been promised not only freedom to practice their religion and
culture in Russia, but also exemption from military service “forever.”
To their protestations, the crown replied that in Russian culture,
“forever” was 100 years, and their 100 years was expired.
The German colonists began looking elsewhere to settle. Those who
felt strongest about the possibility of military service left first
– many Mennonite Germans left Russia as early as 1871. As
the military conscription was enforced and the reality of Russian
military service became known, more and more German colonists sold
all their possessions and left. Those who stayed often tried to
escape the Cossack’s who were sent to enforce the edict. If
soldiers were seen approaching a village, all the males of military
age would try to hide – some hid in the barn, some hid by
climbing trees -- they hid any place they thought the soldiers would
not find them. Those who were caught hiding or who resisted the
soldiers were often summarily killed. If a young man was known to
have escaped, the bodies of his parents were often found floating
in the river. In the 1880’s a Rott cousin was murdered by
the soldiers and his head was displayed on a pole in the middle
of his village -- a stern warning for any others who thought they
might resist military conscription. (1)
In 1878 Joseph Rott (b. 1852) married Christina Kessler (b. 1861).
The Kesslers had become Baptists prior to this time, and it appears
that Joseph Rott also became a Baptist about the time of his marriage
to Christina. Their marriage is not recorded in the records of either
the Lutheran or Reform records of the time. They worshipped with
the Baptist group in Neudorf and the village of Neudorf became as
important to them as the village of Gluckstal. Later in America,
Gluckstalers would remember that there was one Baptist family in
Gluckstal who would sit outside their home and sing hymns at set
of sun to welcome the Sabbath. (2) Was this the Kessler-Rott family?
From 1880 to 1889 Joseph and Christina (Kessler) Rott had seven
children. Of these, three died in Russia as young children or infants.
Again, no official record has been found of these child deaths,
since they would have been included only in Baptist records.
One day, in the 1880’s Christian Kessler, the father of Christina
(Kessler) Rott, was thrown into the local jail for his religion.
Apparently he took seriously the adage of Gerhard Onken “Every
Baptist is a missionary.” The neighbors (or the local Lutheran
pastor?) complained, and the sheriff took action. When Joseph Rott
heard that his father-in-law was in jail, he went to the authorities
on behalf on Christian Kessler – only to be thrown in jail
also. The next day both men were released. Whether they were punished
as they were released is not known, but the warning was sufficient.
Soon afterward the family decided to immigrate to America. (3)
After the harvest of 1889, the Joseph Rott and Christian Kessler
families, bags packed, left Gluckstal. They traveled first by train
from Odessa to Bremen, Germany where they boarded the S.S. Ems bound
first for Southhampton, England, then on to New York. They were
on the ship crossing the Atlantic for three weeks. They arrived
in New York on October 16, 1889. The next leg of the trip, again
by train, took them to Eureka, South Dakota. They stayed in Eureka
for the winter, and there in February 1890 their first American
child, Daniel Rott, was born. In the spring of 1890 the Rott family,
with Christian and Louise (Voegele) Kessler, on the advice of their
Baptist pastor in Eureka, headed out to North Dakota, to the area
known as “The Flat,” near Richville, where it was said
that homestead land was still available.
Joseph Rott later said that he arrived in America with US $300
in his pocket. (3) This money had to support the family of 4 adults
and 4 children through the winter in Eureka and supply funds to
purchase essential farm tools, livestock, and household goods to
start their new life, including a pair of oxen and a wagon to carry
their supplies to North Dakota. The money also had to purchase any
necessities needed until they might have a crop for cash income
that next fall.
Joseph Rott and Christian Kessler each filed a homestead claim
for a ¼ section, and they eventually purchased another ½
section. This gave them a full section of 640 acres, plus the “lay
of the land” gave them title to another 30 acres, for a total
of 670 acres. (4)
As with all pioneers, many pressing duties had to be done as quickly
as possible, including building a sod house, digging a well, breaking
the prairie sod and planting a garden and a cash crop. It is unknown
which duty came first, but it can be assumed that all adults and
the oldest son Joe, Jr. (age 10) worked hard that first year just
to survive. It is known that the family lived together in one sod
house for ten years before they built a frame house from wood hauled
in from Dawson, North Dakota. (4)
It is also known that the Rott family provided shelter for other
immigrant families as they arrived from Russia, whether the new
family was related to them or not . (5) The marriage between Christian
Kessler and Louise Voegele was a second marriage for both of them,
and several of the families who settled in Logan County were descendants
of Louise from her first marriage to Philipp Kiess, or were related
to Christian Kessler or Joseph Rott.
Joseph Rott was well respected and considered a leader in his community,
often functioning in the role of a magistrate in those early years.
It was in the Richville area (Logan County) that Joseph Rott became
a Seventh-day Adventist. In the fall of 1890 the Richville Seventh-day
Adventist Church was organized by Pastor Henry Schultz, Joseph Rott
becoming a charter member. The name of the church was later changed
to the Streeter SDA Church. For several years, the Adventist group
met in the homes of its members. As the group grew, it became necessary
to meet in larger quarters, so they arranged to meet in the public
school house. Eventually a group of some twenty families were meeting
together. “Rott soon became a leader in that early church
and a very effective lay evangelist. Rott, with his large, musically
talented family, began to hold evening meetings in his home, inviting
the neighbors to come and sing with them. Older residents of the
Streeter area even today talk about the beautiful music that floated
across the prairies of the Streeter flat as buggies were parked
and horses tied by their owners who were coming to ‘Father
Rott’s’ home at set of sun. After the music, Rott would
preach to the people, and as he touched on subjects unique to Seventh-day
Adventist teachings, Rott invited the neighbors to come and worship
with the little Richville group on the next Sabbath.” [Bob
Dupuy in Nothing to Fear, p. 42]
The Rott family farm had both good years and bad years. One year
the crop was good, and they worked together with their neighbors
in the harvest. All the neighbor’s crop had been harvested
and they had worked one-half day at the Rott place, when a hailstorm
struck, leaving them with only the small amount already harvested,
and no prospect for other income for the next year. One day Joseph
Rott was in town and the grocer asked him if he had enough food
at home. When Joseph Rott said they were running a little low on
staples, the grocer gave the Rotts enough flour for the winter.
“The Rott family then lived that winter on foods made with
flour and potatoes – no meat was available.” (6) It
was the lack of money to purchase beef and the fact that the Rotts
would not eat pork, which set the tongues clucking and wagging.
“Now he’s done it,” the neighbors must have gossiped.
“They won’t eat pork which they could raise themselves,
because of their religion, and now they’re going to starve
from his stubbornness.” But if they had potatoes, they also
likely had other root vegetables for the winter such as carrots,
onions, beets and probably parsnips. And what decent German garden
would be without cabbage and cucumbers for pickling? The Rott family
was also known for drying peas and mature beans from their garden.
Undoubtedly they had a few chickens for eggs and at least a couple
of milk cows. So what could they make with flour, potatoes, eggs,
milk, cream and vegetables? The list of German-Russian dishes made
with just these ingredients is endless! And none of the Rott family
died that winter from illness or starvation.
When haying time came in the summer, everyone pitched in –
one year even a very pregnant Mother Christina Rott. She soon realized
that she had better get to the house before the baby was born in
the field! After little recovery time, Mother Christina was back
out pitching hay. (7)
Boys were taught to do farm work at a young age. As the boys gained
experience, they were given more responsibility. This was wheat
country and a major event was threshing time. As threshing machines
became more common, many young boys aspired to learning how to run
them. On breaks from the more manual part of the wheat harvest,
they would hang around the crew working the machinery and began
learning as they watched. Eventually they could help out the crew
that came to their farm at threshing time, learning to run the steam
engine and the grain separator. If they were good at it, as teenagers
they might start traveling from farm to farm with the threshing
crew and eventually become responsible for a good share of the operation
or even buy an outfit of their own and run their own threshing crew.
On their Logan County pioneer farm, by 1900, the Rotts built a
large comfortable house of wood carted in from Dawson, North Dakota
– a two-day trip if they started out at 4 o’clock in
the morning. (4) This was a two-story house with a wide front balcony
on the second story. They also built a separate summer kitchen a
few steps away from the main house, so that the hot cooking and
canning in the summertime did not have to be done in the main house.
(9) They used large barn window screens and square nails when they
built the summer kitchen. (4) Outside the door was a cast-iron dinner
bell mounted on a tall post, to call the family in for dinner. From
the second-story balcony on the south side of the house one could
look out over the farm yard, past the barn and out over the grain
In 1900, daughter Christina Rott was 12 years old and was doing
the dishes in the kitchen. She and her mother were the only ‘grownups’
in the house, and she wasn’t sure just what her mother was
doing. After a while, Christina needed a dry dish towel, so she
went to get one from the linen cupboard which was in her parent’s
bedroom. She discovered her mother was in bed, holding a newborn
baby. Christina was definitely surprised, as she had no idea her
mother was pregnant. As she got a little older, Christina began
to realize that her mother had given birth alone, with no assistance,
and acted like this was routine. Of course, this was Mother Christina’s
12th baby! (7) (This story places the death of Louise (Voegele)
Kessler prior to 1900, otherwise she would have been helping her
daughter. Louise was born in 1821 so would have been 75 years old
In 1917 son John Rott was inducted into the U.S. Army where he
was trained as a cook/baker at Camp Cody, Deming, New Mexico. He
served during World War I, coming home in March of 1919. He had
been exposed to mustard gas during his time in the Army, and he
arrived home with badly damaged lungs. Joseph Rott sold the farm
in April of 1919 and the family moved into Napoleon. Did they sell
the farm to raise money for John’s needed medical care? Joseph
Rott was 66 years old at the time. Three of the Rott sons, Joe,
Jr., Jake and Dan, had married prior to 1919, with Dave, Ned and
Sam still at home. Joseph Rott did divide a portion of the proceeds
from the farm among his sons. Daughters Christina and Louisa were
married by 1919, with daughters Martha and Ida still at home. John
Rott never recovered his health. In late 1923 he became ill with
the flu and pneumonia and he died at home January 1, 1924 in Napoleon,
North Dakota. (1) (3)
In their Napoleon house, Grandmother Christina Rott had a buffet
in which she kept white peppermint candies in one of the drawers.
When the grandchildren would come to visit, Grandmother Christina
would give each child a treat of peppermint candy from the buffet
In the kitchen, a hand-pump to pump water was attached right by
the sink, so that they could pump water directly into the kitchen
sink as needed. Grandfather Joseph Rott liked to sit at the kitchen
table and peel onions and garlic from his large garden. These he
ate raw, in abundance. Family members always felt this is partly
why he lived to be over 90 years of age. (10)
Around 1920 or 1921 Dave Rott decided to teach his sister Martha
to drive a car. They headed off down the straight roads of their
area, but somehow Martha drove the car off the road and the car
overturned. After that experience, Martha refused to drive any car
on a public road. In later years, she would sometimes, with reluctance,
drive the car on their farm property as long as she didn’t
have to go out on “the road.” (3) (11)
One day, a neighbor told Joseph Rott, “You Adventists don’t
believe in Christmas.” Joseph replied, “Yes we do. And
we have special Christmas treats for the children, just like everyone
else. My wife and I fix up the sacks of nuts, candy, oranges and
apples every Christmas and hide them in the attic, then on Christmas
I bring the treats down from the attic and give them to the children.”
In 1923 Gilbert Ringering was in the Napoleon, North Dakota area
helping run the threshing machines during harvest time. He attended
the Napoleon Seventh-day Adventist Church and became acquainted
with the Rott family. It wasn’t long until he started to show
an interest in the youngest Rott daughter, Ida (age 18). One day,
he approached father Joseph Rott as to the possibility of marrying
Ida. Joseph Rott informed Gilbert that Ida was not available –
Martha was the oldest unmarried daughter of the family, so it would
be Martha or nobody. Gilbert thought about that for a while, then
started courting Martha. Courting in those days consisted of visiting
with the individual in the parlor or living room of the family home.
The young people would sit and talk in the parlor, and in the case
of the Rott family, would participate in the “singing school”
which father Joseph Rott often organized in his home in the evenings.
Then they could do a little visiting after the singing and preaching
had wound down. In the Rott home, when “Father Rott”
walked into the parlor in the evening winding his pocket watch,
everyone knew “visiting hours are over” and it was time
to go home. After two weeks of courtship, Gilbert Ringering (age
29) and Martha Rott (age 22) were married. For a time they lived
“in town” in Napoleon, then in 1932 they moved their
possessions (including their house) to a farm north-east of Napoleon,
next to the Kapp farm. (8) (10)
Around 1933, grandson Gilbert Remboldt decided to start a wheat-puffing
business. He and his cousin Clarence Horst bought a wheat-puffing
machine and set it up in the basement of Grandfather Joseph Rott’s
house. The Rott family was then “treated” to the noise
of the wheat-puffing machine on a rather constant basis, as the
contraption would heat up, and then the kernels of wheat would explode
with a resounding “bang.” After a few weeks, the wheat
puffing operation was moved to other quarters! (10)
In the summer of 1936, during the terrible dust bowl years, Joseph
and Christina Rott decided to move to Lodi, California, where several
of their children had already moved. Daughter Christina (Rott) Remboldt
came from California to help her parents pack their things, then
Joseph and Christina went by train to California. For a time they
rented a house from their son Jake Rott. When the rental house on
daughter Christina’s back lot became available, they moved
to Christina’s place. (10)
Joseph Rott died in Lodi, California in February 1943 at the age
of 90. Christina (Kessler) Rott died in Lodi, California in September
1948 at the age of 87. Joseph and Christina Rott, immigrants from
Russia, traveled half-way around the world – from Gluckstal,
Russia to North Dakota to Lodi, California. They had 14 children,
seven born in Russia and seven born in the United States. Of these,
three died young in Russia. Three additional sons died unmarried,
without descendents. The remaining eight children provided Joseph
and Christina with 23 grandchildren and 54 great-grandchildren.
Joseph and Christina Rott embraced three religions in their life-time
and fluently learned two languages. They were true pioneers.
1. Family story passed down to Dan Rott.
2. From an interview by Jim Klein with Fred Flemmer (Son of Christian
Flemmer b. 1882 Gluckstal)
3. Family story told by Martha (Rott) Ringering to her daughter
4. From title papers and information from Bert Spitzer.
5. From Viola (Horst) Kaiser, granddaughter of Joseph and Christina
6. Streeter, N.D. Golden Jubilee,1905-1955, p. 72. Republished by
Germans from Russia Heritage Collection, NDSU Libraries, Fargo,
7. Family story told by Geraldine (Rott) Anderson.
8. Family story told by Gilbert Ringering.
9. From photos taken in 1917 by the Rott sons’ “Minute
10. Remembrance of Verna (Ringering) Tillotson.
11. Remembrance of Connie (Tillotson) Dahlke.
Alice Rott marries Fred Bentz 1926
fr: Alice Rott b. 1906; Fred Bentz b. 1904
br: Iva Rott b. 1907; Unknown
Alice and Iva Rott were the daughters of Joe Rott, Jr b. 1879/80
and Katherine Tebailious b. 1884
John and Christina (Rott) Remboldt with son Gilbert
Remboldt – photo taken at Bowden, North Dakota about 1918.
Dan, Ned and Sam Rott with friends
fr: John Tetz, Unknown, Dan Rott, Ned Rott, Sam Rott in North
Dakota about 1913. Remainder of individuals unknown.
Dan Rott b. 1890 marries Pauline Weigand b. 1892 –
married January 1915.
Jake Rott family 1920
Jake Rott b. 1885 Gluckstal with wife Pauline Buller b. 1890
with daughter Lilly Rott b. 1915 and son Albert Rott b. abt
1918. Baby Ella Rott b. 1919 is in the buggy.
Joe J. Rott, Jr. b. 1880 Gluckstal and wife Katherine
“Katie” Tebailious b. 1884 – photo taken about
1928 probably in Harvey, North Dakota. Joe was Registrar of
Deeds for Logan County from 1913 to 1923.
John Rott and S. Newhorth 1918
John R. Rott b. 1894 serving in the U.S. Army 1918, with Army
buddy S. Newhorth. Photo taken at Camp Cody, Deming, New Mexico,
where John Rott trained as a camp cook/baker.
Joseph Rott Aug 1942
Father Joseph Rott b. 1852 Gluckstal (seated) with daughter
Christina (Rott) Remboldt Suelzle on the left and wife Christina
(Kessler) Rott on the right. Photo taken in Lodi, California
August 1942 on the occasion of Joseph Rott’s 90th birthday.
Louise (Rott) (Mrs. Jake) Horst b. 1892 with son Clarence
and daughter Irene. Photo taken in Streeter, North Dakota in
Martha, Ida and Iva Rott
Martha Rott b. 1901, Ida Rott b. 1905, Iva Rott b. 1907. Photo
taken at Napoleon, North Dakota about 1920.
Martha Rott b. 1901 and Ned Rott b. 1900. Photo taken
in North Dakota about 1922.
Ned, Martha and Ida 1914
(l) Ned Rott b. 1900; (r) Martha Rott b. 1901; Ida Rott b. 1905
in front. These were the three youngest children of Joseph and
Christina (Kessler) Rott. Photo was taken around 1914.
Nathaniel “Ned” Rott b. 1900 before he
went to Los Angeles in 1933. Ned farmed for a time, but he had
bigger dreams. He worked for many years as a bell-hop at the
prestigious Savoy Hotel in Los Angeles. He was a fine pianist
who loved classical and rag-time music.
Rott House 1917
In 1900 the Rotts built a frame Victorian house from wood carted
in from Dawson, North Dakota. This is a drawing from a photo
taken by the family’s “Minute Camera” in 1917.
All the photos from the Minute Camera were very dark, even when
they were first taken. Also, all the photos are in reverse-image
(backwards) – this was in the days before it was known
how to correct for the lens reversal in these early “Polaroid-type”
Joseph Rott Family 1917.
fr: Ida Rott b. 1905 (later married Sam Goebel); Christina (Mrs.
John Remboldt) b. 1888 Gluckstal; Father Joseph Rott b. 1852
Gluckstal, Mother Christina (Kessler) Rott b. 1861 Gluckstal;
Louise (Mrs. Jakob Horst) b. 1892; Martha Rott b. 1901 (later
married Gilbert Ringering).
br: Joe J. Rott, Jr. b. 1879/80 Gluckstal (married to Katie
Tebailious); Jake Rott b. 1885 Gluckstal (married to Pauline
Buller); Dave Rott b. 1886 Gluckstal; Dan Rott b. 1890 (married
to Pauline Weigand); John R. Rott b. 1894; Sam Rott b. 1896
(later married Doren “Doreen” Smith); Nathaniel
“Ned” Rott b. 1900.
Photo was likely taken at the funeral of Christian Kessler (father
of Christina (Kessler) Rott) who died November 10, 1917. John
Rott was home on six-weeks’ leave after being inducted
into the U.S. Army on October 3, 1917 at Forsyth, Montana.
Rott Siblings 1963
Left to Right: Dan, Jake, Christina, Martha, Ned.
Jake and Christina were ages 4 ½ years and 1 year old
when the Rott family immigrated to the USA in 1889. Dan was
born in Eureka, South Dakota four months after the family
arrived from Russia. Martha and Ned were born on the Rott
Pioneer Homestead in Logan County, North Dakota. Photo taken
September 1963 in Lodi, California.
Sam and Doreen (Smith) Rott with granddaughter Roberta.
Photo taken near Jewell, Oregon 1955.
Sam Rott b. 1896, Logan County, North Dakota. Sam
loved to sing with his strong bass voice. His wife Doreen was
an accomplished pianist.
Threshing Outfit, North Dakota. Photo
taken probably in the 1920’s. Notice the distance between
the steam engine and the threshing machine. One team of horses
waits while the wheat bundles are unloaded from the wagon into
the threshing machine. Another team of horses is pulling up
the next wagon-load of wheat bundles.