Review of the book All Things Decently and In Order:
And Other Writings on a Germans from Russia Heritage
By Edna Boardman
North American Heritage Press, Bismarck, North Dakota, 1997, 146
pages. Institute Room Germans from Russia F645.R85 B63 1997. (not
available on interlibrary loan).
Book review by Ron Vossler. The Grand Forks Herald, Grand
Forks, North Dakota, October 12, 1997
Edna Boardman's first book - she is currently Minot High School
librarian and formerly a teacher and wife of a clergyman - is a
welcome addition to the literature of North Dakota and the northern
This is a hybrid book, composed of memoir, biographical sketch,
and historical data. Three major sections - Religion; Family and
Farm Life; and History - are further divided into nineteen separate
chapters, most of which were previously published in Heritage Review,
the quarterly journal of the Germans from Russia Heritage Society
in Bismarck, N.D.
Some chapters deal with the author's life, growing up in Mennonite
in a German from Russia family in rural north central North Dakota
in the 1940's and in1950's; other chapters are devoted to people
influential in the author's life, such as her grandparents, and
As the subtitle indicates, this book also contains other of the
author's writings about Germans from Russia. There is, for example,
a rather informal chapter on the history of the Germans from Russia.
Another chapter traces the history of the Mennonite Brethren, a
persecuted Anabaptist group, who originated in sixteenth century
Switzerland, and who eventually gathered converts from among the
Germans from Russia.
Readers will come away from this book with a better idea of how
old world religiosity - in this case, German pietism, which influenced
the writers Goethe and William Blake with its decidedly Gnostic
temper - shaped the daily lives and thoughts of Germans from Russia
immigrants and their descendants in America.
One chapter section details Mennonite beliefs, including, among
others, adult baptism, keeping the Sabbath, and the priesthood of
all believers; the same section lists "Theologies We Opposed,"
such as modernism, evolution, and infant baptism.
Another chapter section, titled "I Second Guess the Evangelists,"
indicates how the author found her own way through a sometimes rigid
belief system, which this immigrant group must have adapted out
of necessity, to keep their German identity. (During the nineteenth
century, Germans from Russia established and lived in 3,000 villages,
which were, as Adam Giesenger, a Winnipeg based Germans-from-Russia
expert, put it: "Islands in the vast Russian ocean.")
Boardman also makes clear how strictly many of those beliefs were
interpreted. At one point she tells us how her mother - "in
a voice that permitted no disagreement" - admonished her for
using a scissors on Sunday. She also tells the reader how as a young
person she dealt with the various "worldly" pleasures
forbidden to Mennonites, such as card playing, dancing, or theater
- a situation not unfamiliar to anyone of protestant German from
Russia background, caught between the old and new.
Another chapter, titled "A Fountain Filled With Blood,"
takes a close look at an old time revival service. She includes
the words of various alter call hymns, like "Almost Persuaded"
or "Just As I Am," familiar to anyone of fundamentalist
background or faith.
Throughout this book, Boardman also writes vividly of various prairie
scenes common to people from the protestant Germans form Russia
background: baptism "in the sun-warmed water of a nearby sandy
bottom lake"; the rich imagery and symbolism of evangelists
who sometimes gave dire "warnings of the end of time and doom";
and "Ecstatic Experience" as it relates to the "old"
way of singing, which, as some experts, like Peter Hilkes of the
Ost Europa Institute of Munich, claim the German colonists in Russia
learned from their Ukrainian neighbors.
Boardman describes how this singing, which can still be heard from
Germans from Russia vocal groups in North Dakota, sometimes moved
a listener "into what seemed an altered state of consciousness."
(The past summer in Ukraine, this reviewer, listened to an elderly
German woman, recently returned from decades of exile in Siberia
and Kazakhstan, as she sang a farewell song, whose tones had that
same "eerie keening" which Boardman describes in her book.)
The bulk of one chapter, which seems to be drawn from interviews
with members of the 'Landsieute' Chapter of the German from Russia
in Minot, gives insight into how difficult it was for older members
of this ethnic group in North Dakota, at least, to adapt. Most affected
by changes were the older people and the women, the most isolated.
As the northern plains became increasingly Americanized. These people
had to give up the language of their heart, German, for religious
sermons and training in English.
Some prairie congregations, as Boardman points out, found interim
solutions to the problem. Young people had to learn both languages
in their church confirmation classes. Then, on confirmation day
- a rite of passage into adulthood - young people appeared in front
of their congregations to profess the tenets of their faith. There,
in what seems the ultimate multicultural experience, they were asked
to give answers to questions, first in English, then in German.
Boardman's writing style, though conversational, is crafted. Besides
that, she is not afraid to be direct, as the following insightful
passage illustrates. It concerns a father she barely knew: and,
as she indicates, his life and his character were more the norm
than many would care to admit:
"Karl Schieve's story is that of a very ordinary German from
Russia, the kind most biographers ignore...Nobody loved or even
liked him very much. He did not know how to relate to his family,
I think, because he had never known any kind of affectionate family
life as a child. His late years were consumed with hypochondria...We
believe he had an exceptionally fine mind, but one without direction
or education. He brought from Russia harsh attitudes that did not
wash very well in America. He never learned to fit into the culture
of his adopted country."
This is one of Boardman's strengths, which accounts for the thoughtful
tone of her book: that she is able to understand the historical
forces which have shaped her ancestors, her parents, and, thus,
herself; for if any ethnic group has been shaped by its history
in discernible ways, it is the Germans from Russia, whose descendants
now comprise near forty percent of North Dakota's population.
However, at one point, despite the care with which she wrote this
volume, the author does lapse into tangled syntax. Call it typographical;
or perhaps just the tug of the Germanic intonations of her own background
- the throw the horse over the fence some hay joke - as illustrated
by the following sentence: "They were not long in America from
a village near Odessa in southern Russia."
Much can be learned from Boardman's book, not the least of which
is how the advent of electricity, the auto, WWII, along with the
spread of common culture and public education brought so many changes
in 1940's to her Mennonite family and friends: forces that drew
the younger generation into the mainstream of American life.
This book also vividly illustrates the manner in which the Germans
from Russia - with their unique cultural history, their double and
triple immigrations, there century of isolation on the Russian steppes,
which, in effect, suspended in time, in at least some ways, parts
of their culture and their language - struggled with the lengthy
process of assimilation in America.
In a broader sense, this book is a worth while read, not only for
anyone with roots in North Dakota, but for anyone who wants to know
what it was like for a people to make the long journey from an eighteenth
century way of life, into modernity; to know what it was like, trying
to retain what is mostly intimately their own, and also to move
beyond themselves, to take part in the shared culture of America.
Reprinted with permission of the Grand Forks Herald.