The Germans Under the Tsars, Lenin, and Stalin|
By John (Johannes) Philipps
Translated from German to English by Alex Herzog
Edited by Stephen M. Herzog, Ph.D.
Germans from Russia Heritage Collection, North Dakota State
University Libraries, Fargo, North Dakota, 2006, 103 pages, softcover.
The Germans from Russia Heritage Collection is pleased to
publish The Germans Under the Tsars, Lenin, and Stalin
by John Phlipps. Philipps is the author of these other books:
of the Soviet Germans (1984, English language)
Germans by the Black Sea Between the Bug and Dnjestr Rivers
(2000, English language)
deutschen Bauern am Schwarzeen Meer (1994, German language)
im Beresaner Tal der Südukraine: 1809/1810 - März 1994
heut Pestschanyi Brod (1996, German language)
5) Stalin's - Genocide (1994, translated from Russian)
6) About Myself and Repression of the Germans in South Ukraine
under the Tsars, Lenin, and Stalin." Review, North
Dakota Horizons, Summer 2007.
In the "Introduction by the Historical Editor" written
by Steven Herzog, Ph.D., he states: "The value of this book,
therefore, lies in the perspective of its author, John Philipps.
Even though he is not a professional historian, he is admirably
conversant in the basic outlines of Russian history. In particular,
he leans heavily on the iconic works of Conrad Keller and Dr. Karl
Stumpp for discussion of immigration into Russia and the formation
of the German colonies. More importantly, as an eyewitness to conditions
in German-Russian communities, John Philipps adds texture and detail
to the framework that Keller and Stumpp and others have provided.
His account, supplemented with an array of photos and maps, adds
immediacy to these infamous benchmarks of Soviet history and gives
us a sense of how they impacted German communities specifically."
"John Philipps's book provides a unique and important contribution:
the bird's-eye view of a historical narrative coupled with the on-the-ground
perspective of someone who lived his formative years in a German-Russian
About the Author
As German-Russian, John (Johannes) Philipps was born in the Beresan
colony of Landau and grew up in a farming family who, however, was
already expelled early from their home. He studied agronomy and
later worked at the MTS-Waterloo. His youth was overshadowed by
poverty and hunger even though he came from a well-to-do farming
family. He experienced the deprivation of citizen rights and wrenching
deportation of his family, was captured by British troops and finally
uprooted without a country, petitioned for emigration to the United
States of America. After he had conquered initial difficulties,
he arrived finally in New York, in 1952. He moved to California
in 1955, where he accepted U.S. citizenship. John Philipps experienced
Stalin's destructive politics and after World War II, Philipps came
to America where he could build a new home in a new homeland.
In these two
schools I received my education. The left photo shows the central
School (ten grades) during Soviet times. The right photo shows
the girls Gymnasiun, which during Soviet times became a four-year
agrotechnicum (agrotechnical college) whose graduates became
certified agronomists. As pictured, the building looks neglected
and was no longer in use.
The hospital in Landau.
Shown as it appears today with a metal roof.
The cinema in Landau, built in 1934.
Review by North Dakota