Witnesses for Christ: A German 20th Century Martyrology:
German-Russian Bishops, Diocesan Priests and Priests from Religious
By Anton Bosch and Eugen Reinhardt, Zeugen für Christus:
Das deutsche Martyrologium des 20. Jahrhunderts, Band II, Ferdinand
Schöningh, Paderborn, Deutschland, 2001
Translation from German to English by Alex Herzog, with
editing by Beverly Wigley
Germans from Russia Heritage Collection, North Dakota State
University Libraries, Fargo, North Dakota, 2003, 42 pages, softcover.
The Germans from Russia Heritage Collection is pleased to announce
publication of this important work, Witnesses for Christ: A German
20th Century Martyrology: German-Russian Bishops, Diocesan Priests
and Priests from Religious Orders.
Father William C. Sherman, Professor Emeritus, Department of Sociology/
Anthropology, North Dakota State University, Fargo, prepared detailed
indexing for this publication. Father Sherman writes: "This
index has been prepared as a supplement to Witnesses for Christ
to assist the read in identifying names and places which may occur
in family genealogical studies. There is a good chance that clergy
in this volume may have baptized, confirmed, or married one's grandparents
of great- grandparents. If such is the case, it will be an interesting
part of the family "story," to be able to say that a truly
heroic clergyman was part of the family's very sacred moments."
There is an Index of Names and an Index of Parishes in which the
Heroic "Witnesses" Were Sationed.
The publication covers these areas: 1) Historical Overview; 2)
Soviet State Terror: Destruction of Churches and Murder of Clerics;
3) Mini-Biographies including the following Catholic Bishops, Deacons,
Prelates, and Priests: Paul Ascheberg, Johann Bach, Johannes Bahl,
Georg Baier, Augusin Baumtrog, Josef Baumtrog, Johannes Beilmann,
Josepf Beilmann, Adam Bellendir, Gottlieb Beratz, Adam Dosch, Alexander
Dornhof, Jakob Duckardt, Leonhard Eberle, Peter Eisenkrein, Ludwig
Erck, Johann Falkenstein, Martin Fix, Bishop Dr. Alexander Frison,
Johann Furch, Adam Gareis, Bishop Dr. Markus Glaser, Robert Glaßner,
Josef Graf, Deacon Michael Hazenböller, Peter Heut, Anton Hoffmann,
Johannes Hoffmann, Philipp Jaufmann, Jakob Kaiser, Aloisius Kappes,
Joseph Kölsch, Theobald Kopp, Nikolaus Kraft, Josef Krummel,
Prelate Joseph Kruschinsky, Johannes Lang, Deacon Ralphael Loran,
Josef Neugum, Johannes Nold, Joseph Nold, Alois Ocks, Paul Olisberg,
Josef Paul, Ferdinand Pflug, Adolf Philipp, Franz Rau, Ziriak Reichert,
Peter Riedel, Peter Rolhäuser, Johannes Roth, Georg Sauer,
Joseph Scheiner, Johannes Schneider, Andreas Schönberger, Klemens
Schönheiter, Paul Schubert, Ignatius Schuckel, Emmanuel Simon,
Michael Still, Johannes Thauberger, Adam Wagner, Michael Wallieser,
Jakob Warth, Peter Weigel, Leo Weinmayer, Klemens Weißenburger,
Jakob Wolf, Josef Wolf, Lorenz Wolf, Michael Wolf, and Johann Zimmermann.
There are dramatic photographs included for some of the clergy.
Many of the Catholic clergy were members of the Diocese of Tiraspol-Saratov.
These are some of the locations where the clergy were born: Blumenfeld,
Heidelberg, Simperopol, Solothurn, Crimea; Dudnikova (Yekaterinoslav);
Göbel, Herzog, Köhler, Landau, Mariental, Neukolonie,
Pfeiffer, Rohleder, Rothammel, Seelmann, Seewald, Vollmer, Zug,
Volga region; Baden, Karlsruhe, Kleinliebental, Klosterdorf, Kotschube,
Mannheim, Neu-Baden, Neukolonie near Seelmann, Rastatt, Selz, Speyer,
Straßsburg, Sulz, Odessa region; Krasna, Krasnoye, Neu-Liebental,
Bessarabia; Leittershausen, Prishib; Zabolotye; Berdishev; Schönfeld,
Cherson region; Yekaterinovka near Jamburg; Probudzdeniye (Mariupol);
and Novaya Krasnovka (Ukraine).
Locations of the deaths of these clergy include: Soloverski Islands;
1937 USSR concentration camp; 1931 exile in USSR; Kamyshin; 1940
in Belbaltlag concentration camp; 1935 in Medveshya Gora concentration
camp; Herzog; exile in Astrakhan (Caspian Sea); 1920 in Katharienthal
(Odessa region); 1931 exilt in Archangelsk; 1936 in Siberia; 1931
in Novosibirsk prison; 1937 in Moscow prison; 1938 exile in Karaganda;
1921 in Marienburg and Mariental, Volga region; 1937 in Yoshar-Ola
concentration camp; 1940 exile in Talgar; 1937 in Solovetski Gulag;
1937 in Nagayev Bay concentration camp; 1938 in Vladikavkas (Ordshonikdse);
1937 in Solovets Gulag; and 1970 exile in Georgyevka, South Kazakhstan.
Father Alexander Dornhorf, born in
1891 at Zug, Volga Region, died on November 1, 1937, on the
Father Martin Fix, born in 1883 at
Sulz, Odessa Region, died on December 8, 1937, on the Solovetski
Bishop Dr. Alexander
Frison, Apostolic Administrator of Odessa, born on May 5,
1875 at Baden, Odessa Region, died on June 20, 1937, in a
Father Aloisius Kappes,
born in 1885 at Mariental, Volga Region, died on November
1, 1937, on the Solovetski Islands.
Father Johannes Nold, born in 1861
at Blumenfeld, Crimea, died on December 23, 1937, in Siberian
Father Johannes Schneider, born in
1979 at Straßburg, Odessa Region, died in March, 1944,
also at Straßburg.
Limbach, M. "Alexander
Frison - 20th Century Martyr." Sendbote Des Hl. Antonius, Offizielle Zeitschrift der Franziskaner-Minoriten,
Basilica del Santo, Padu, 110. Jahrgang,
Heft Nr. 1 Januar 2008.