Criminal Justice (CJ) 406/606: Crime and Delinquency
Academic Integrity and Avoiding Plagiarism
Writing Resources and Support
APA Citations: The Basics
APA Style uses the author-date format for all in-text citations.
A Work by One Author
- Research on crime by Smith (2009) shows...
- Research on crime shows... (Smith, 2009).
A Work by Two Authors
- Research on crime by Smith and Jones (2010) supports
- Research on crime supports... (Smith & Jones, 2010).
A Work by Three to Five Authors
- Jones, Smith, and Harris (2012) demonstrate...
- Research demonstrates... (Jones, Smith, & Harris, 2012).
A Work by Three to Five Authors: Additional Citations
- Jones et al. (2012) demonstrate...
- Research demonstrates... (Jones et al., 2012).
Electronic Journal Article
Author, A. A., Author, B. B., & Author, C. C. (Year). Title of article.
Title of Periodical, volume number(issue number), pages.
Tanner-Smith, E. E., Wilson, S. J., & Lipsey, M. W. (2013). The
comparative effectiveness of outpatient treatment for
adolescent substance abuse: A meta-analysis. Journal of
Substance Abuse Treatment, 44(2), 145-158.
Author, A. A., & Author, B. B. OR Name of Government Agency.
(Year). Title of document. (Report No. xxx [if available]).
Retrieved from http://www.someaddress.com/full/url/
U.S. Department of Justice: Office of Juvenile Justice and
Delinquency Prevention. (2012). Juvenile arrests 2012.
(OJJDP National Report Series, Bulletin NCJ 248513).
Retrieved from https://www.ojjdp.gov/pubs/248513.pdf
Author, A. A. (Year). Title of work: Capital letter also for subtitle.
Curry, G. D., Decker, S. H., Pyrooz, D. (2014). Confronting gangs:
Crime and community. New York, NY: Oxford University
Chapter in an Edited Book
Author, A. A. (Year). Title of chapter. In A. A. Editor & B. B.
Editor (Eds.), Title of book (pages of chapter). Location:
Tedeschi, J. T. (1997). Social interactionist interpretation of
the motives for youth violence. In D. W. Osgood and
J. McCord (Eds.). Motivation and delinquency
(pp. 179-222). Lincoln, NE: University of Nebraska