Evaluation of Hard Red and White Spring Wheat Genotypes for Tolerance to Pre-Harvest Sprouting
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Each genotype was exposed to controlled PHS conditions for evaluation of susceptibility or tolerance to sprouting, falling number, kernel color, test weight, and yield. The 24 genotypes were grown in replicated trials at three locations over three years, all data subjected to an analysis of variance. Over three years the genotypes were rated for visual PHS using a 1 to 9 scale, with 1 equivalent to no visual PHS and 9 equivalent to maximum visual PHS. The red genotypes exhibited a higher tolerance to PHS than white genotypes with a mean PHS score of 4.46 compared with 5.16 for white genotypes. Not all the white genotypes were equally susceptible to PHS or more susceptible than the red genotypes, suggesting that not all seed dormancy is linked to the kernel color genes.