NDSU North Dakota State University
Fargo, N.D.
library-image

NDSU Institutional Repository

Drivers of Infectious Disease Outbreaks: How Climate, Environment and Disease Control Programs Influence Occurence of Infectious Disease Outbreaks

Show simple item record

dc.contributor.author Muleme, Michael
dc.description.abstract This research study described the factors driving infectious disease outbreaks using Foot-and-mouth disease (FMD) in Uganda and Lyme disease in North Dakota (ND), Minnesota (MN) and Wisconsin (WI) as case studies. Retrospective data on FMD vaccines and outbreaks in Uganda (2001 – 2010) and Lyme disease in ND, MN and WI (1990 – 2011) was used. The time (7.5 weeks) taken to respond to FMD outbreaks, limited serotyping/subtyping (9/121) of outbreaks and the low percentage of cattle vaccinated (2.1 – 21.2%) portray ineffective control programs. Similarly, increase in fall temperature (P = 0.0189) and annual precipitation (P = 0.0250) were associated with increased human Lyme cases. Shrub land coverage and human population also increased in WI, MN and ND while forest coverage increased in ND. These favor tick and deer proliferation leading to increased human exposure to Lyme Borreliosis. Therefore ineffective disease control programs, climate and environment factors influence infectious disease occurrence. en_US
dc.title Drivers of Infectious Disease Outbreaks: How Climate, Environment and Disease Control Programs Influence Occurence of Infectious Disease Outbreaks en_US
dc.date.accessioned 2012-11-01T21:09:06Z
dc.date.available 2012-11-01T21:09:06Z
dc.date.issued 2012-11-01
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10365/22208
dc.subject Foot-and-mouth disease -- Uganda -- Epidemiology. en_US
dc.subject Foot-and-mouth disease -- Environmental aspects -- Uganda. en_US
dc.subject Lyme disease -- North Dakota -- Epidemiology. en_US
dc.subject Lyme disease -- Minnesota -- Epidemiology. en_US
dc.subject Lyme disease -- Wisconsin -- Epidemiology. en_US
dc.subject Lyme disease -- Environmental aspects -- North Dakota. en_US
dc.subject Lyme disease -- Environmental aspects -- Minnesota. en_US
dc.subject Lyme disease -- Environmental aspects -- Wisconsin. en_US
dc.subject Climatic changes -- Health aspects -- Uganda. en_US
dc.subject Climatic changes -- Health aspects -- North Dakota. en_US
dc.subject Climatic changes -- Health aspects -- Minnesota. en_US
dc.subject Climatic changes -- Health aspects -- Wisconsin. en_US
dc.subject Communicable diseases -- Transmission -- Prevention.
dc.thesis.degree Paper (M.S.)--North Dakota State University, 2012. en_US
dc.contributor.advisor Berry, Eugene S.
dc.degree.departmentCollege Master of Science / International Infectious Disease Management and Biosecurity, College of Agriculture, Food Systems, and Natural Resources, 2012.
dc.date.created 2012

This item appears in the following Collection(s)

Show simple item record

Search DSpace



Advanced Search

Browse

Your Account