A Compact Cylindrical-Shape Microstrip Structure with Cloaking Properties for Mutual Coupling Reduction in Array Antennas
Naqvi, Syed Aftab
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A cylindrical-shaped microstrip structure with cloaking properties is presented as a shielding device to reduce the mutual coupling between two patch antennas. The surface comprises of a number of 2-port microstrip (2-PM) elements printed on individual substrates and, to enclose a particular region, several 2-PM elements are interconnected into a cylindrical shape. Each 2-PM element has the capability of coupling an incident EM field on the surface to the adjacent interconnected elements. Then, because the 2-PM elements are connected into a cylindrical shape, the incident EM field is re-radiated from the other interconnected 2-PM elements in a direction away from the transmitter; achieving a behavior similar to a cloak. The prototypes in this dissertation illustrates that this surface has the additional benefit of overcoming many of the manufacturing difficulties of traditional cloaks because microstrip structures are used. To demonstrate this concept, a cylindrical surface operating at 3.89 GHz and a frequency reconfigurable surface (consisting of 2-port frequency reconfigurable microstrip elements (2-PFRM)) operating at 3.68 GHz and 3.89 GHz is simulated in HFSS, manufactured and measured in a full anechoic chamber. Moreover, as an application, the cylindrical surface operating at 3.89 GHz is used to reduce the mutual coupling between two patch antennas operating simultaneously at 3.89 GHz. The radiation pattern and the gain of a 2-element array is measured to demonstrate the negligible effects of a cylindrical surface on the far field antenna array parameters. Simulation and measurement results are in good agreement and validate the proposed EM cloak-based surface for applications such as antenna array shielding, radar cross section and communications in complex EM environments.