Predictors of Prosocial Behavior and Civic Involvement: Differences in Middle Aged and Older Adults
Wenner, Jennifer Rose
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Generativity is important for wellbeing throughout middle and late life. Therefore, it is crucial to understand what contributes to generativity during these life stages. Parenting and work are common ways middle age adults engage generatively. However, older adults may not have these opportunities. Those who are grittier, have a greater sense of religious importance, and a stronger sense of community cohesion may be more inclined to engage in prosocial behaviors and civic activities to stay generative. The current study examined whether age group moderated the relation between these variables and prosocial behavior and civic involvement. Data were used from 188 upper-Midwest adults (aged 37-89). Multiple regression analyses showed that age group moderated the relation between grit and prosocial behavior. Logistic regression analysis showed no moderating effects for any predictors of civic involvement. The discussion focuses on future directions and ways to promote generativity using this research.