Detecting Insider and Masquerade Attacks by Identifying Malicious User Behavior and Evaluating Trust in Cloud Computing and IoT Devices
Kambhampaty, Krishna Kanth
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Detecting Insider and Masquerade Attacks by Identifying Malicious User Behavior and Evaluating Trust in Cloud Computing and IoT Devices (1.720Mb)
There are a variety of communication mediums or devices for interaction. Users hop from one medium to another frequently. Though the increase in the number of devices brings convenience, it also raises security concerns. Provision of platform to users is as much important as its security. In this dissertation we propose a security approach that captures user behavior for identifying malicious activities. System users exhibit certain behavioral patterns while utilizing the resources. User behaviors such as device location, accessing certain files in a server, using a designated or specific user account etc. If this behavior is captured and compared with normal users’ behavior, anomalies can be detected. In our model, we have identified malicious users and have assigned trust value to each user accessing the system. When a user accesses new files on the servers that have not been previously accessed, accessing multiple accounts from the same device etc., these users are considered suspicious. If this behavior continues, they are categorized as ingenuine. A trust value is assigned to users. This value determines the trustworthiness of a user. Genuine users get higher trust value and ingenuine users get a lower trust value. The range of trust value varies from zero to one, with one being the highest trustworthiness and zero being the lowest. In our model, we have sixteen different features to track user behavior. These features evaluate users’ activities. From the time users’ log in to the system till they log out, users are monitored based on these sixteen features. These features determine whether the user is malicious. For instance, features such as accessing too many accounts, using proxy servers, too many incorrect logins attribute to suspicious activity. Higher the number of these features, more suspicious is the user. More such additional features contribute to lower trust value. Identifying malicious users could prevent and/or mitigate the attacks. This will enable in taking timely action against these users from performing any unauthorized or illegal actions. This could prevent insider and masquerade attacks. This application could be utilized in mobile, cloud and pervasive computing platforms.