Three Essays on Shared Micromobility
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Shared micromobility defines as the shared use of light and low-speed vehicles such as bike and scooter in which users have short-term access on an as-needed basis. As shared micromobility, as one of the most viable and sustainable modes of transportation, has emerged in the U.S. over the last decade., understanding different aspects of these modes of transportation help decision-makers and stakeholders to have better insights into the problems related to these transportation options. Designing efficient and effective shared micromobility programs improves overall system performance, enhances accessibility, and is essential to increase ridership and benefit commuters. This dissertation aims to address three vital aspects of emerging shared micromobility transportation options with three essays that each contribute to the practice and literature of sustainable transportation. Chapter one of this dissertation investigates public opinion towards dockless bikes sharing using a mix of statistical and natural language processing methods. This study finds the underlying topics and the corresponding polarity in public discussion by analyzing tweets to give better insight into the emerging phenomenon across the U.S. Chapter two of this dissertation proposes a new framework for the micromobility network to improve accessibility and reduce operator costs. The framework focuses on highly centralized clubs (known as k-club) as virtual docking hubs. The study suggests an integer programming model and a heuristic approach as well as a cost-benefit analysis of the proposed model. Chapter three of this dissertation address the risk perception of bicycle and scooter riders’ risky behaviors. This study investigates twenty dangerous maneuvers and their corresponding frequency and severity from U.S. resident’s perspective. The resultant risk matrix and regression model provides a clear picture of the public risk perception associated with these two micromobility options. Overall, the research outcomes will provide decision-makers and stakeholders with scientific information, practical implications, and necessary tools that will enable them to offer better and sustainable micromobility services to their residents.