Forming Neighborhood: Creating Community Identity through Connectivity, Placemaking, and Functionality for the Urban Plains Development in Southwest Fargo
More InformationShow full item record
The city of Fargo, ND has been growing steadily in recent years. This has brought up issues of urban sprawl and lack of intentional design because developers mainly just try to keep up with the demand. It is becoming a popular desire within neighborhoods and cities to create walkable and dense developments. Many cities have began increasing density and connecting different uses to follow along with this desire. Dean Schwanke - the Senior Vice President for a company, called Urban Land Institute, dedicated to researching land development - describes the trends of urban and suburban lifestyle with this generation: "The town center style of suburban development has been going strong for decades...increasing in dense, walkable development replicating ‘the great American neighborhood’... It’s a new take on a classic problem for those building far from dense urban centers: the lack of any 'there' there... There’s a need and desire for a more urban feel for all types of suburbs," says Schwanke. "The talented and educated millennial generation may have chosen to live downtown so far. But will they move to the suburbs if they offer a more urban lifestyle?” (Sisson, 2017, p. 4). Following the desires of today’s society, the typical suburbs can be modified to give people their privacy, and at the same time give people an opportunity for community. Our cities do not need to turn into downtowns or suburbs, there can be a middle ground, and I wish to find out what that can look like. Form-Based Code is a tool that encourages density and holistic design for developments, and is seen as a solution to the problems of urban sprawl. This thesis will evaluate how neighborhood planning and land development code can reduce the trends of urban sprawl and un-defined community. Through the use of a comparative analysis between mixed-use developments, guidelines will be identified showing a relative proportion between buildings of residential, commercial, civic, and mixed uses. A secondary comparative analysis will then be performed on the codes used in creating said developments. The results found will provide a spectrum of what the current land development code and Form-Based code can provide revealing a mixture of uses and density that best benefits the neighborhood community, as well as discovering other factors that can be used to formulate a process of creating developments with identity.