Serviceberry: Potential North Dakota Accessions for the Nursery Industry
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Saskatoon serviceberry (Amelanchier alnifolia Nutt.) is an ornamental Rosaceous shrub producing delicate white flowers that yield fruit similar in appearance and nutrition to blueberry (Vaccinium spp.). Most serviceberry are propagated in Canada and, as imported stocks are often expensive, clones were accessed from 70 locations in North Dakota. Following establishment, a replicated field trial of wild biotypes of serviceberry was initiated at the North Dakota State University Horticulture Research Farm (NDSU HRF) near Absaraka, ND and at the Williston Research and Extension Center (WREC) in Williston, ND. Yield data was taken upon harvest in summers 2014-2017 at NDSU HRF and 2016 at WREC. ND 1-2, ND 1-4, ND 1-6, ND 1-7, ND 48-2 often out-yielded market genotypes. ND 15-2 was high in sugar content and gelling ability, ideal for processing. Through continued selection, North Dakota growers may have quality serviceberry from a local source.