Understanding the Role of Receptor for Advanced Glycation Endproducts (RAGE) in Pancreatic Cancer and Melanoma
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In this project we study the role of RAGE in the melanoma and pancreatic cancer progression. Based on published studies, we hypothesized that RAGE localization in melanoma varies with different cellular architectures. To test this hypothesis, we utilized an in vitro spheroid model and a lung colonization mice model to compare the RAGE localization in 3D architecture vs 2D monolayer culture. RAGE was found at the cell surface in WM115 and B16F10 spheroids, whereas RAGE is mostly distributed intracellularly in WM266. We also observed that RAGE is present at the surface of B16F10 melanoma cells within tumor nodules in the lungs of mice colonized with B16F10 cells. Previously, our group has demonstrated that RAGE promotes pancreatic tumor cell survival under normoxic conditions, upon gemcitabine administration. Hypoxia is also associated with increased tumor aggressiveness. Based on published reports, we hypothesized that RAGE upregulation under hypoxic conditions contributes to autophagy and migration in pancreatic cancer cells. We observed that autophagy decreases after RAGE inhibition by FPSZM1. Moreover, we observed decreased cell migration after RAGE blockage, indicating that RAGE also mediates migration under hypoxia. We also investigated Advanced Glycation Endproducts (AGEs) on proliferation and migration of pancreatic cancer cells. Based on published reports, we hypothesized that RAGE activation by AGEs contributes to the proliferation and migration in pancreatic cancer cells. We employed ribose modified BSA to activate RAGE in the murine KPC 5517 pancreatic cancer cell line. We observed that AGE-treated samples showed significant increase in migration but no change in proliferation. As RAGE is involved in the progression of melanoma and pancreatic cancer, our results will help researchers to better understand the biology of RAGE. Our research can help to design RAGE-specific antibodies and inhibitors that could target RAGE more effectively. Moreover, our findings on AGE-RAGE interactions, and on the role of RAGE in pancreatic cancer progression under hypoxia, may contribute to reduce the progression of pancreatic cancer. Our results showing that a RAGE inhibitor can reduce autophagy and migration of pancreatic tumor cells, suggest that FPS-ZM1 could be utilized as a potential therapeutic aid for the treatment of pancreatic cancer.