Development of a Genetic Transformation System of Raspberry Cultivars for Gene Function Analysis
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An Agrobacterium-mediated transformation system of purple raspberry ‘Amethyst’ was established after a series of experiments that determined the effect of genotype, inoculum density, and co-cultivation time on transformation. In this study, a plant regeneration protocol was established for ‘Joan J’ and ‘Polana’ (the regeneration protocol of ‘Amethyst’ was previously developed). Agrobacterium-mediated transformation was conducted for all three cultivars. The minimum killing level of hygromycin B and kanamycin was determined. Inoculum density and co-cultivation time were optimized. Polymerase chain reaction (PCR) verified a successful transformation of ‘Amethyst’ with the frequency of 3.3 ~ 4.4 % when leaves were infected with Agrobacterium EHA105 at the cell density of OD600 0.3 and co-cultivated for 3 days in the medium with 25.0 mg∙l-1 kanamycin. Transgenic lines with the PtFIT gene were hydroponically grown under iron sufficiency or deficiency. The real-time quantitative PCR verified the gene expression in response to iron sufficiency and deficiency conditions.